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Full text of "Etiquettes of Life In Islam By Mohammad Yusuf Islahi"

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AhleSunnah Library ( nmusba.wordpress.com ) 



ETIQUETTES 



0F 



LIFE IN ISLAM 



By 
MUHAMMAD YUSUF ISLAHI 

Translated by 

Prof. RIAZ HUSAIN 

Reyisad by 

ABOUL WAHEED KHAN 



Islamic Publications (Pvt) Limited 

13-E, Shah Alam Markei, LAHORE, (Pakistan) 



CONTENTS 



Introduction * 

Mannera and Etlquettes 6 

Purity »nd Neatnees 7 

Maintenanoe of Health 13 

Etiquettea of Dress 29 
EtiquettesofEatingaiid Drinking . . 44 

Etiqaettes of going to Bed and getting up 47 

" Etiquettea of Walking 63 

Etiquettes of Travelling 68 

■ Etiquettes of Mouming and Grief 74 

Etiquettes in Fear and Panio 90 

Etiquettea of Rejoicing 9» 

DeTotion «nd Prayers 

Etiquettes of Reepeot of Moaque 108 

Etiquettes of Saying Prayers 115 

Etiquettes of Reciting the Qur*an 125 

Etiquettee of Eriday 131 

Etiquettes of Funeral Prayers 1*1 

Etiquettes for Attending the Death-bed 146 

Etiquettes of Visiting Gra^eyards 154 

Etiquettes on Eolipse of Sun or Moon 167 

Etiquettes of Ramadan 160 

Etiquettes of Fasting 166 

Etiquettes of Zakat and Sadaqat 172 

Etiquettefl of Performing Hajj 176 

Decent Living ' I88 

Etiquettes of Dealing with Parents 190 

Etiquettes of Married Life 206 
Etiquettes of Bringing up the Children 



220 



(W) 



238 

271 

290 
283 

287 



316 
319 

322 



Etiquettes of Friendahip 

Etiquettes for the Host 
Etiquettes for Guest 
Etiquettes of Sitting 

T5tiquettes of Greetings . j" 

Etiquettes of Yisiting the Patient ' 

Etiquettes of Meeting each other 
■ Etiquettea of Gonversation 
Etiquettes of Correspondenoe 

Etiquettes of Busineas 

Call to Beligion 33L 

Etiquettes of Coramunicating Islam 

Etiquettes of Preaching 
Etiquettcs of Discipline and Qrganization 
Etiquottes of Leadership 
Seose of Devotion 

j 

Etiquettes of Repentance 

■Etiquettes of Prayer 
Comprohensirc Qnranic Prayers 

Sorae Prayers of the Holy Prophet (p.b.u.h) 430 

Darud and Salam 
The Supplication of Sacrifiee 
Aqiqa Prayer 
The Taravih Prayer 
Qunut-i-Nazila 

Prayer for the Fiilfilment of a need . 455 

Prayer for Momoming Qur'an 457 

Prayer of gaining Understanding of the Qur'an 462 

The Eriday Sermon 466 

The Nuptial Sermou 479 

lstikhara 483 

The Exeel!cnt Attributes ol" God *S« 

. ['rophetie Prayers at a glance 518 

Index of Prayers s * y 



351 
366 
373 
381 

383 
402 

423 
430 
440 
446 
443 
450 
452 




Introduction 



To realise the full potential of your life, to fill it with 
optimum joy and to lead a truly successful life is your inalien- 
able right, provided, of course, that you nnderstand the oorrect 
raode of living and the rulea and etiquettes of a 8UCoeasful 
life ; moreover, not only shouJd you be acquainted with theae 
rules and etiquottes, but you should also be constantly striring 
to adorn and civilize your life by translating these rules into 
practice. Civilifcy aud good manners, dignity and courtesy, 
neatness and purity, prudcnca and discretion, organization 
and diacipline, keen aesthetic sense, magnanimity and nobility 
of teraperament, sympathy and consideration, mildness and 
pleasant speech, hospitality and humility, selAessness and 
sacrifice, luatlessness and sincority, fortitude and perseve» 
rence, sense of reaponsibility and industry, fear of God and 
piety; roliance on God and bold initiative~ — these are the 
magnificent features of a truly Islamic life, which throw a halo 
of attraction round the graceful Iives of thĕ pibus men and 
make their personalitiea charismatio ; so much so that not only 
the Muslims but even the non-Mualims are irresistibly drawn 
to them and the common mind is forced to the conclusion that 
the humanistic culture which confers on mankind such invalu~ 
able manners and etiquettos for adoring and reforming Jife and 
infusing it with charisma, is like air and Hght, the common 
patrimony of raankind. This humanistic culture, therefore, is 
worthy of adoption by the entire humanity so that ail human 
beings may individual!y and coileotively build up a succeaaiuj 
life order. This wiil not only make tteir aarthly lifo * haven 



of contentment and comfort, fclicity and joy, peace and 
tranquillity, but also secure in tlio world Hereafter all that is 
essential for a succossful and redeemed life. The EUqueUea of 
ltstamic Life is an attempt to present these etiquettes and 
mannors of Islamic culture in conventional book form. This 
work whrch rcprescnts a pattern of life ordorod in the light of 
tho tcachings of the Book of God, tho procedent of the Holy 
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), the 
guidancc provided by the immortal decds of our forbearers and 
the Islamic taste and temperament, contains five important 
chaptors : 

Chapter I — Manners and Culture 

Chapter II — True Submiaaion 

Chapter III — Good Society 

Chapter IV — Propagation of Religion 

Chapter V — Sense of Devotion 

Under thcse chapterg, Islamic manners and etiquettes 
relating 1<> «II aspects of human life have been explained in a 
style wlmTi*K iharacterized by : — 

* an impressive arrangement of material ; 

* plain and easy language ; 

* lucid and eloquent explanations ; 

* thought provoking arguments and ; 

* rhetorical diction. 

It is hoped that this manual of Etiquettes of telamic Life will, 
by the grace and beneficence of Allah, prove useful for readers 
belonging to all age-groups and classes, Brethren and sisters 
devoted to Islam are e^pected to adorn their personal lives with 
these precious rules and prayers as well as strive to reform and 
mould the morals, habits and conduct of the younger genera- 
tion along sound lines. They should try their utraost to im- 
press upon the youngsters the value of learning these rules and 
prayers by heart. 

The life adorned with these etiqiiettes will not only be 
acclaimed with reverence and admiration in this world but will 



p I 



also be deemed worthy of reward and favour in the hereinafter. 

+ 

Reference to important works whieh have bcen consulted 
during the preparation of this book are indicated at.appro- 
priate points within thc tcxt. I pray to the Vencrable and 
Exalted AHah to favour this hurable attcmpt with His approvaI 
and enable the Muslims to order their Iives in conformity with 
these rulcs and etiqucttes. They should foster an inclination, 
■ ycarning and zcal for Islam in the hcarts of peopJe. This manual 
should scrve as an effective means of attracting the people to 
the true religion of God, and that it should be deemed a basis 
for thc author's redemption. May God reward all those serving 
the cause of Islam with His favour also whose valuable works 
have been drawn upon in the preparation of this Book. (Amln) 



MUHAMMAD YUSUF ISLAHI 
30th August, 1967. 



Manners and Etiquettes 



Etiqaettea 0f 

* Neatneas and Purity 

* Maintenance of Health 

* Drew* 

* Eating and Drinking 

* Way-faring 

* Travelling 

* Sorrow and griof 

* Fear and harassment 
.*. Joy and jubilation 

Hadrat Jabir (God be pleased with him) stated : "One 
day the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 
him) vi8ited onr home to see ua. He (peace and blessings of 
Allah be upon htm) beheld * man who had disherelled his hair 
and was covered all over with diist. The Holy Prophet (peace and 
blessinga of Allah be upon him) observed : "Has this fellow no 
comb with whlch to aet his hair !" And the Holy Prophet's 
(peace and blessinga of Allah be upon him) gaze fell on another 
man who wore very dirty garmenta. The Holy Prophet (peace 
and blessinga of Allah he upon him) obsorved : «'Can't this man 
prooure even that thing with which to wash his clothes clean." 



(M iahkat al-Matabih) 



Purity and 
Neatness 



A11ah's favourites are those who make constant efforts to 
remain pure and neat. The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings 
of Allah be upon him) has observed : "Purity and neatneBs 
are half of faith". In other worda, Faith partly consists m 
cleansing one's bou! and partly in keeping physically clean and 
pure. The purity and neatness of soul implies cleansrag the 
soul of all impurities such as mfidelity, polytheism, sin and 
vice, and embellishing it with righteous beliefs and pure 
morals. The purity and neatneas of the body denotes keeping 
»t clear of all eiternal filth and adorning it with neatness and 

good manners. 

1. On waking up, clean your hand before putting it in a pot 
of water. You never can tell where your hands lay during 

sleep. 

2. Do not discharge urine on the iloor of the toilet, especially 
when it is made of sotl. 

3. Wben paBsing stools or urino, do not sit facing the direc- 
tion of Qiblah, nor with your back to Qiblah. Having 
relieved yourself, use a clod or water to clean the pnvate 
parts orpurify yourself with water only. Do not use 
the dung, bone or charcoal for cloaning purposes. When 
the private parts have. been cleaned, scrub your hands 
with aoap or earth and wash them. 

4. I»o not sit down to eat when your bowels are under 
' pressure. Relieve yourself of urine or stool, before eating. 

7 



8 

5. Uae your right hand in eating aa woll as m performing 
ablution. For oleaning the private parta of the body or 
for clearing tho nose, use your 1eft hand only. 

6. Discharge urine on soft ground, so that its drops do not 
splash around. Always pass the urine in a sitting posture. 
However, if the condition of the ground or sorae* real 
hardship prevents from sitting down, you may urinate in 
a standing posture. Otherwise, in normal circumstances, 
it ia a very dirty habit and should be strictly avoided. 

7. Do not sit down to answer the call of nature on the 
rirerside, the quay, on the thoroughfares or in shaded 
placea. Such a practice causes ineonvenience to othors 
aad is derogatory to rules of proprtety and good manners. 

8. Put on shoes and cover your head with a cap etc. before 
going to the lavatory and read the foIlowing prayer on 
your way : - 

Allahurrma innl a'udhu bika minal khubthi walkhabaHih, 

{Bukhari+Mudim) 

"God 1 1 seek thy Protection against the devils of the 
masculine as well as the feminine species." 

{Bukhari-Muslim) 

On emerging from the lavatory, read this prayer : 

* .- ^ *# !<** m * * * * * m % \ M ***** 

. JUU j ($W\ <j* ^il cjJUl & o*>J! 



«**L ^l i jLJi 

Alhamdu lillahi-l-ladhi adhaba 'annil adha wa'3/anl. 

(Nisdi, lbn+e~Majah) 

"I thank the Lord who relieved me of the burden and 
granted me ease." (Nasai, Ibn-e-Majah) 

& Discharge youi: nose or phlegm with care in a spitoon, 



9 



or do eo in a place out of the sight of people. 

10. Avoid putting your finger in the nostrils and clearing 

the wax of your nose too often. Clear the nose and clean 

it well out of tho sight ofpeople, whenever the need 
ariaes. 

11. Strictly avoid the practice of spitting phlegm into the 
folds of a handkerehief and rttbbing them together. This 
ia a deapicable habit and must be avoided except when 
it cannot be helped. 

12. While chewing betel leaf, do not talk in such a manner 
aa to aplaah saliva on the person you are taJking to, thua 
causing discomfort to him. If you chew tobacco or betel 
]eaffrequently f you should take great care in observing 
the ruiea of oral hygiene. Beware also, lest you ahould 
talk with your mouth too cloae to the person addrcssed. 

13. Perfonn ablution with great care and try to koep in a 
atateof ablution most of the time, if not at all houra. 
Where water is not available, you may perform 
Tayammum. Recite : 

Bismill&h hirrahma ntrrahim. 

'In the Name of Allah, the Most Benefice$t, the Moat 
Merciful. 

at the beginning of ablution and say the following prayer 
in. the eourse of its performance : 

01 o^il j *J dUj> V »j^j «wl VI <JI V ol a^l 

** * -. * 



US&sp . &j4)au}\ & 



10 

Ashhadu an la ilaha illallahw wahdahu 13 sharika lahu 
xva ashhadu anna Muhammadan^abduhuwarasuluhu. 
Allahumm aj*alnl minaUlawwabina waj l alnl min-al- 
mutatahhirin. {Tirmizl) 

"I bear witness that there is no god save Allah and 
He has no partner. And I testify that Muhammad is the 
servant of God and His Messenger. God 1 Join me with 
those people who repent most and take great care in keeping 
themselves pure and clean'*. 

When the ab]ution-is over, say the following prayer : 

CJl VI 4JI V 01 o_^l iio^-^. j -^JJl iUU^ 

' '«^UV , dUI w/l j iJ^iiJU.1 

Subhanah^allahumrna tca bihamdika ashhadu an la ilaha 
itla anta astaghfiruha wa atubu ilaika. (Nasai) 

"God 1 Thou art Pure and Supreme in Thy Praiaewor* 
thiness. I testify that there is no deity beside Thee. I 
seek Thy forgiveness and I appeal to Thee." 

The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) observed : 

"The emblem of my Ummah on t}ie Day of Judgement 
will be that their foroheads and other parts of tho body 
on which ablution is performed wiil be radiant with Hght. 
Honce whosoevor wishes to enhance his light is free to do 
so." {Bukhari, Muslim) 

14. Brush your teeth with miswak (twig) regularly. The 
Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of AUah be upon hitn) 

has affirmed : 

• 

"I would have decreed the brushing of teeth with a 
miswak (twig) during all ablutions but for the inconvenience 
it would have caused to the Ummah". 



11 

. On one oecasion, eome people &rrived to see the Holy 
■ Prophet (peace and . blessings of Allah he upon him). 
Their teeth were stained with yellow grease. On observing 
their teeth the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah 
be upon him) urged them to form the habit of using 
miswak. 

15. You must bathe at loast cnce a week. Make it a point 
to bathe on Friday and join the Friday congregation ia 
clean and neat dress. The Holy Prophet ^peace and 
blessings of Allah be upon him) observed : 

"Discharging of trast leads to Paradise'% Thecompan- 
ions (God be pleased with them} submitted : "O Apostle qf 

God (peaco and hlossings of Allah be upon you) ! What ia 

meant by Trust ?" 

The Apostle of God (peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) observed r ,■ 

"AHah has appomted uo greater trust than cleansing 
oneself of impurity by taking bath". Hence a person inust 
take bath when he needs one. 

16. Do not go into or pass through the mosque in a state of 
impurity. If no alternative is available> perform the 

Tayammum before entering tho mosque or passing 
throughit. ., 

17. Bress your hair with oil and comb, Trira the overgrown 
hair of your beard with scissors ; apply collyriura to your 
03'es ; and cltp your naila and keep finger~nails clean. 
Adorn yourself with propriety, simplioity and moderation, 

18. Cover your face with a handkerchief on sneeaing, so that 
the escretion is not splashed on to anyone else, After 

sneezing say : 

i j • *.**■ 

Alhamdu lillak 
"Praise be to Allah" ! 



18 

The Kstener sh<raid s*y : 

>, „ * + * - 




YarhamukaUa-h* 

"May Allah show you Mercy" 1 

In responae to this, you should recite : 

>i ^ • • - 

Yahdltcallah. 
"May Allah guide you". 
19 The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be npon 
him^ was very fond of perfame. After performing the 
toiiet on arising from sleep, the Holy Prophet (peace and 
blessings of AUah be upon him) invariabiy used perfume. 



Maintenance 

of Health 



1« Health ia not only a great blesaing of God but also 
a vahiable trust from the Almighty. Regard your 
health as of great value and take every care to safe- 
guard it. Health once loat ia hard to reoover. Ab the 
Httle worm eats iato the books and destroys great Hbraries, 
similarly a little negligenoe or an ordinary sickness ruins 
the life. To neglect the rules of hygiene and to be indifferent 
towards the proper maintenanoe of health is oallous, even 
*s it is an act of ingratitude to the Almi^hty. The 
essence of human life is reason, morality, faith and 
knowledge. It is only the physical health which ensures 
the proper funotioning of human faculties of reason, 
niorality, faith and knowledge. In fact, physical health 

ia the basio faotor ia the development of mind and the 
growth of reason ; it is also a pre-requiBite for the perform- 
ance of sublime acts of morality and the discharge of 
religious obligationa, A weak and sick body has a feeble 
mind whose faculty of reaeon cannot but be unsound and 
utterly hopeless* When life is devoid of longing and 
ardour ; when there is no courage and the will is weak ; 
when the passions have cboled down and are eshausted — 
such spiritless existence is a drag on the infirtn body. The 
true believers have to perform lofty deeds in life and dis- 
charge heavy reaponsibilities of state* It is imperative, 
therefore, that they should have robust physique, sturdy 
intellect and aound mirtd, firm will, high morale and & 
life full of spirit, enthusiasm and sublime passions. 
Healthy and spirited individuals make dynamio nations 



14 

and Btich nations by offeriug supreme sacri&cos' in the 
struggle for existence aehi©ve a pre-emiuent position and 
are a living symbol of tho value aud dignity of fife. 

2. You should always be cheorful, glad, alert and active. 
Make your life well-ordcred, elegant, and*healthy by 
means of good liviug, cheerful m&nners, joyful smiies and 
lively disposition. Avoid sorrow, anger, grudge or anxioty, 
envy, joalousy t slander, narrow-mindedness ; don*t lose your 
spirits and keep your mind clear of all complexes. ^These 
moral ilis have an adverse effect on the digestive syatem 
and a defective digestive system is the major cause of poor 
health. The Apostle of God (peace and blessings of Allah 
be upon him) observed : - 

"Lead a simple life ; adopt moderate habits and keep 
yourself cheerM". (Miahkat) 

The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) once saw an old man wlip was draggiug on 
supported on either eide by two of his sons, The Holy 
prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upoa him) en- 
quired : "What has happened to this old man V* The 
people told him ; "Thisman had vowed to travel to the 
House of God on foot'\ . The Holy Prophet (peace and 
blessings of AUahte upon him) obsorved ; (( It is not the 
will of God that this old man should tormentTiimseir* aad 
then urged the old maa to ride towards his destiuation. 

Hadrat'Umar (God be pleased with him) once saw 
a youth walking along slowly like a siok man< f Umar 
(God be plcased with him) stopped the youth and enquired ; 
"What sickness afflicts you" ? He roplied ; "L am not 
ailing". Thereupon 'Umar (God bepteased wtth him) took 
hold of a whip and threatening him with io said to the 
young fellow :. "Walk on the way energebically with firm 
foot'\ " ■ ■ ; 

The Holy Prophet (peaco and blessiags of Allaii be 
upon him) us.ed to watk with a drm foot aad stepped oa 



15 

the grpund ae if he were descending a slope, 

Hadrat 'Abdullah b. Harith (May God be pleased with 
him) reports : 

"I never met a man who smiled more often than the* 
Prophet of God". (Tirmidhi) 

The Holy Prophet (pcace and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) taught the following prayer to his people and 
you should say this prayer more often : 

^U j J-CJj ^JIj oj^JJj pjl > -4 ij»l jhJji 

„ • - ~ * - • s 



\+)~+ t ^j£w» . *JW «-r- 1 ^ J ui^ 1 



Allahumma a'udhu bika min-al-hammi wal-huzni 

i 

wal~'ajzi wal-kasli wa dala'iddaini wa ghdlabat-ir-rij&L 

(, Allah I I aeek refuge in Thee from the anxiety and 
grief from inability and sloth, from the burden of in- 
debtedness and the domination of men'\ 

t (Bukharl, Muslitn) 

3. Do not lift more burdea than your strength can bear. 
Do not waste your physical energy. It is obligatory that 
you should save and protect your physical strength and 
use it with moderation according to your capability. 

Hadrat ( A'isha (God be pleased with her) reports that 
the Holy Prophet (peace and blessinga of Allah be upon 
him) observed : 

**Act as much as is within your strength, for the Lord 
will not feel wearied but you will get weary". (Bukharl) 

Hadrat Abu Qais (God be pleaaed with him) reports 
that he went. to see the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings 
of Allah be upon him) when the Prophet (peace and bleae- 
ings of -Allah t^ upon him} was delivering a sermon. 
Hadrat Abu Qais atood waiting in the sun. At the bidding 



1» 

of tbe Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 
him) he stepped into the ahade. (AUAdab Al-Mvfrad) 

The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) forbade that a pereon should be standing in a 
pOBition where a part of his body is under the shade and , 

the other part in the sun. 

A lady of tho tribe BahU t Hadrat Mujiba (God be 
pleased with her) relates : 

"Ouco my father called on the Holy Prophet (peaoe 
and blesaings of AUah bc upon him) to seek religioua 
knowledge. Having learat some important mattera about 
religion, my fathor returned home. A year later, he again 
went to seo the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Ailah 
be upon him). The Holy Prophet (peace and bleasings of 
Allah bo upon him) found it iinpossiblo to recognize his 
visitor. Uponthis, my fathor subraitted ; lt O Prophet 
of God ! Don't you remeraber me V The Holy Prophet 
(peace and blessings of Allah be upou him) said : <( No, I 
do not recognise you. Introduce yourself*. My father 
submitted : "I bolong to tho tribe of Bahla: I oame to 
aoe you last year alao'\ The itoly Prophet (poace and 
blosaings of Allah be upou him) observed : "Why aro you 
in such a bad shape 1 Whon you came here laat yoar you 
were in a much better state and looked fine". My father 
ropliod : "Sinco our last meeting, I have been oontinuously 
observing fasts. I eat only at night", The Holy Prophet 
(peaoe and bleasings of AUah be upon hitn) observĕd : "Ifc 
was uttorly needless for you to tormont yourself and 
ruin your health". Then the Prophet (peaoe and blessings 
of Allah be upon him) urged my father, M You should keep 
fa*ts during the whoie of the. month of Ramadan and in 
addition obsorve iasb for one day during each moath". 
My father submitted ; (< Prophet of God (peaoe and bleaa- 
ings of Allah be upon you) 1 Permit me to keep more 
faats". The Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessinga of Allah 
be upon him) enjoined ; M Yoa should observe two fasts 



17 

during eaoh raonth". My father ask&d permission for 
more. The Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings of Allah he 
upon him) said : "You can keep three fasts during oaoh 
month". My fathet eutreatcd for a furthor addition in 
the numher of faste. The Holy Prophet (peace and bless- 
ings of Allah be upon him) replied : "Well thon, you may 
observe fasts" during sacred months each year and then 
Ieave a gap, You may follow this course every year'\ 
Whilo observing this, the Holy Prophet (peace and bless- 
ings of Allah be upon him) made a sign with throo Ĕngers, 
joined them and moved them apart, 

The point that the Holy Prophet (pcaco and blessiugs 
of Aliah be upon him) wanted to bring home to his visitor 
was th^t he should observe fasts during the months of 
Bajab> Dhiqa f dah and Dhulhijjah and Joavo a gap in fast- 
ing during the intervening years). The Prophot of God 
(peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) has ailirmed : 

"It does not behove a believor to. degrade hiinseif". 
The poople enquired :' "In what manner does a believer 
degrade himse!f ?" Tho Holy Prophet (peace and blessings 
of Allah be upon him) observed : "He eubjoots hitusoif to 
intolerable surTerings and thus dogrades himself ; ' 

{Tirmidhi) 
4. You should always be industrious, energetic, hard-working 
painstaking and bold in your daily life. You should form 
tho habit of facing all forms of hardship and tackling with 
the most dimcult situations. Prepare yourself to Iead the 
hard and simplo life of a Mujahid (a iighter ia the service 
of True Faith). JWt be ease-loWng, careless, delicate, 
indolent,- voluptuous, timid and a materialist. While 
despatching Hadrat Mu'adh b. Jabal (God be pleased with 
him) as Governor of Yemen, the Holy Prophet {peace and 
blessings of Allah ba upon him) gare bim tho foiIowing 
instrucbion : 

"Mu'adh! Deny yoursetf the.Iore of ploasure, ior tho # 
. servants of God are not ploaaure-seekers". {Miahkat) 



18 

Hadrat Abu Omama (God be pleased with him) reporta 
the Holy Prophet {peace aad blessings of Allah be upon 
him) aa having said : 

"Simple living symboliseB true Faith". (Abu Ddumd) 

The life of the Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings of 
Allah be upon him) was ever a simple and hard one, like 
a Mujahid. The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of 
Allah be upon him) took care to preserve his physical 
energy and strived to enhance it. The Prophet (peace and 
blessings of Allah be upon him> also liked to swim, for 
this sport proves the beat physical exeroise, Oncethe Holy 
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and 
some companions (God be pleased with them) were swimm- 
ing in a pooh The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of 
Allah be upon him) arranged the companions in pairs of 
two and desired that each man should swim towards his 
partnor. Iladrat Abu Bakr (God be pleased with him) 
was paired with the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah 
beuponhim). The Holy.Prophet (peace and blessings of 
Allah be upon him) swam towards Abu Bakr (God be 
pleased with him) oaught hitn and held him by the neck. 

Hprse was the Prophet's (peaoe and blessings of Allah 
be upon him) favourite riding animal. The Holy Prophet 
(peaoe and blessings of Allah be upon him) hiraself tended 
his horae. He used to rub and olean the mouth of his 
horse with his own sleeve< He would tie the hair j>f its 
mane into knots and used to say : 

"Goodness remlins attaohed to its forehead till Dooms- 

day". 

Hadrat 'Uqba (God be pleased with him) reports that 
the Propbet of God (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 

him) observed : 

"Learn archery &nd horse-riding^ I like the archers 
more than the horse-riders. He who learns the artof 
shooting arrows and then gives it up has paid scant regard 
to a Divine blessing". W* ^***® 



19 

Hadrat «Abdullah b. *Umar (God be pleased with him) 
reports that the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of 
Allah be upon him) stated ; 

"He who guards tho soldiers of Islam against danger 
in the night passes a aight better than Shab Qadr*\ 

In an address to his companions, the Holy Prophet 
(peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) observed : "A 
time will come when the other nations wi]I fall upon my 
followers as diners scramble overfood'\ Someoneenquired: 
"0 Prophot of God (peace ap.d blessings of Allah be upon 
you)! Will our nuinbers so dwindle that other people will 
join forces in order to annihilate us V 9 The Holy Prophet 
(peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) amwered : 
"Not that your numbers will be small. In fact you will be 
much larger in number, but then your number will carry 
no wcight, just as so many straws Aoating in flood~tide are 
weightless. Your enemies will 110 longer fear you. 
cowardice will creep into your hearts'\ At thia point 

a man enquired : "0 Prophet of God (peace and blessings 
of Allah be upon you) ! What will be the cause of this 
cowardieo"? The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of 
Allah be upon him) obseryed ■ «The cause will be that you 
will grow to love the worldly life and hate death'\ 

Hadrat Abu Huraira (God be pleased with him) reports 
that the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 

upon him) observed : 

t( He who holds tho reins of his horse firmly and rides 
to service the cause of Islam, Iives the best life. From 

whichevcr spot the news of threat to the cause of Islam 
reaches him, he mounts his steed and rushes thither. He 
is so fearless of death as if he is after it f, # ■ {Mualim) 

?. Women should also lead hard and strenuous life. They 
should pĕrform aU household chores with their own hands. 
They should form the habit of being active and train 
themselves to bear hardships. They should abstain from 
being work-shy, indolent or voluptaous. They ahould raise 



20 

their children bo &s they le&rn to be sturdy. energetic and 
tough from the very beginning of their lives« Even when 
there are aervants in home, do not encourage your 
children to depend on them for odd jobs. Teach children 
to cultivatc the habit of self-help, The Iadies of the 
companions of the Holy Prophet used to perform house- 
hold tasks with their own hands. They would work in the 
kitchen ; they would grind at the millstone ; they fetched 
water for use in the home, washed clothes, sewed and led a 
strenuous life. In the hour of need, they took the responsi- 
bility ojf rendering medioal aid co the wounded in the 
batfcls*field and supplied water to the Aghting forees. Hard 
work keeps womon fit ; it ensures the purity of their 
moral3 and the good example of tho mothers serves as a 
model for character-building of their children. From the s 
Islamic point of view, a good wife ia the one who keeps 

herself busy in housekeeping tasks. She should be so 
engrossed in household activities that signs of eshaustion 
due to hard work, the blackness of the kitchen and the 
soot of fire*smoke should be evident from her faoe. The 
Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) 
has stated : 

(, I and the woman whose ohoeks are besmeared with 
kitchen smoke will bo close togother on the Day of Eesur- 
rection". (While saying this, the Prophet made a sign by 
joining his index finger with the middle finger). 

6. Be an early riser. Keep your sleeping hours within liraits 
of propriety. Don't sleep little, for in that case your body 
will not get proper*rest and your limbs will feel exhausted 
and weary. On the other hand, do not sleep for long 
hours, for in that case you wili beoome lazy and inactive. 
Pollow the maiim : 

"Early to bed and early to rise" should be your motto 

of life. 

Get up early in the morning and offers prayers to God. 
Go for & stroll into the field or garden aud relax there. 



The fresh air of the morning has a salutary effect on health. . 
Make it a point to do some light exercise daily according to 
your physical gtrength and endurance. The Holy Prophet 
(peace and blossings of AUah be upon him) liked to divert 
himself by viaits to the gardens, He uaed to go for a 
atroll in the garilen once in a whiJe, The Prophet (peace 
and bleesings ofAHah be upon him) forbade to remain 
awakeand engage in conversation after 'Isha' (night prayer) 

and observed : 

"Only that person is permitted to remain awake after 
'Isha' who is either engaged in talk concerning religion 
or haa to discuss some important matter with the memhers 
of his household". 

7. Leam Belf-controI. Keep. your passions, fancies, desires 
and lusts undcr control. Guard against your ideas getting 
distracted or your eyes going astray, Peace of mind and 
contontment of the heart evaporate whcn the passions 
are given freo rcin and eyes begin to wander astray and 
the faces of such people lose all the beauty, grace and 
attractivenoss of a youthful man. Having Jost these 
attributes, these persons prove to be timid, weak-minded 
and cowarda in every sphere of life. 

The HoJy Prophet (peace and . blessings of Allah be 
upon him) has stated : 

"To cast a ]ascivious eye is the aduttery of eyes and 

shamelesa talk is the adultery of tongue. Your lust presses 
a demand on you and your genitals either affirm or oontra* 
diot this demand". 

A sage observes : 

"O Musiiras ! Keep away from sin. Sin entails six 
evils ; threo evils relate to this world and the other three 
are concerned with the eternal world. Those eviJa that 
relate to this world are theae : 

* Boauty and grace vanish from the face of man. 



22 

* The man is seized by the torment of poverty and 
destitution. 

* It shortens the life of man. 

8. Save yourself from intoxicants. They affect the brain 
as well as the stomach. Liquor, of course, is forbiddon, 
but you should refrain from using all other things baving 

■ an intoxioating effect. 

9. Observe the rules of simplicity and moderation in all your 
activities. In physical labour, montal esertion, raarital 
relationa, eating, drinking, sleep and rest, anxiety, 
merriment, recreation, worship> walking and conversation 
— — in short, in all your activities always follow a middle 
course, and regard it as the mam eource of virtue and well- 
being. 

The Holy Prophet (peace and bleseings of Allah be 
upon him) has said : 

"How wonderfu! it is to be moderate in the midst of 
plenty ! And what a fine thing it is to fo!Iow a middle 

course in deprivation, and what a better course it is to be 

moderate in offering prayers". 

(Musnad Bazaz/Kanz aWAm&l) 

\<). Eat at the proper time. Abstain from over-eating. Don't 
munoh all the.time. Take food only when you feel the 
appetite and stop eating before your stomach is filled, 
so that you should still feel slightly hungry when the 
meal is over. You must never indulge in over-eating. 
The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 
him) observed : 

"The believer fills only one intest J ne while the non- 
' believer eats to fill seven intestines". (Tirmidki) 

Good health depends on proper functioning of the siomach. 
Over-eating makes the storaach sick. The Holy Prophet 
(peaoe and blessings of Allah be upon him) bas explained 
• this point in an allegory as follows ; 



M The storaach serves as a cistern, The veins reoeive 
their Iife~bIood from this reservoir. Hence if the stdmach 
is healthy , the veins will be irrigated with the juices 
of health. and in case the stomach ife iU f the veins will 
only suok the juice of sickness". (Bathaqi) 

PeTsuading the people to be abstemious in taking food 
the Prophet of God (peace and blessiDgs of Allah be upon 
him) obeerved : 

"One man's dinner is suAicienb for two". 

11. Always eat aimple fare, Eat whole wheat bread. Do 
not eat while the food is piping hot. Avoid spiced and 
pungent foods and have no unnecessary craving for tasty 

delieacies. 

Make it a point to eat simple, easily digestible, 
' nourishing and healthful diet, Do not crave for delicious 
foods or foods that leave a pungent taste on the tongue. 

The Hply Prophet {peace and blessings of Allah be upon 
him) preferred whole-^heat bread. He did not like bread 
madeof soft flour or thin JoaveB. He never ate while 
the food was piping hot, but waited till it coolpd. 
Referring to the eating of food while it is piping hot, the 
Prophet (peace and blessinga of Allah be upon him) some- 
timea observĕd : 
'God has not ordained us to eat fire' ;. 

.s 

and sorae other time he would say : 

"There is no virtue in eating pipiug hot food'\ 

Meat (especially joints of leg, pieces of neck and ffesh of 
the backside) was the Prophet's (peace and blessings of 
AUah be upon him) favourite food. In point of fact, meat 
is an important and essential food for the nourishmcnt 
of body and for forging a boJd attitude of mind ; and the 
believers should always be bold of heart and sturdy in 
passion, 

The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 
him) has affirmed ; * 



84 

"Thepersonwho died without Sghting in the onn of 
AlJaband had no desire for such fight has in a way died 
in thestate of hypocrisy". (Muslim) 

12.. Eat in perfect peaceofraind and in a rela^ed mood and 
chew the food well. Avoid eating in a mood of sorrow, 
anger, anxiety or perplexity. The -food that is eaten in 
a cheerfuland peacefu] state of raind nourishe*s the body, 
whereas food that is gulped down in a state of anxiety 
or grief has an adverse effeet on the storaach and afforda 
no strength to the body. Don*t be silent, sad or woe-bogone 
while taking meals nor show undue mirthby raising loud 
gnffaws. Laughter during raeals proves fatal sometimos. 

Talk and laugh with moderation while taking meals. 
Eat in a pleasant and cheerful mood and offer thanks to 
the Almighty for His Blessed Provisions ; and when ill, 
take every precaution with regard to your meals. 

Umrae Mundhir (may God be pleased with her) relates ; 

"The Holy Prophet (peace and blĕssings of Allah be 
upon him) once visited me. Bunches of date-fruit were 
hanging in the home. The Holy Prophet (peace and bless- 
ings of Allah be upon him) plucked the fruit and started 
eating it. Hadrat <Ali (God be pleased with him) dtd the 
same. The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 
npon him), however, forbade 'Ali (God be pleased with him) 
and said : "You have just recoyered from illness; you 
should not eat ihis fruit rt . So *AIi (God be pleased with 
him) stopped. Meanwhile, the Prophet (peaoe and bless- 
ings of Allah be upon him) continued to eat the fruit*\ 
Umm Mundhir (God be pleased with her) furfcher relates : 
"Later, I cooked some barley and beet-root. The Holy 
Prophet (peace and blessinge of Allah be upon him) said 
to <Ali (God be pleased with hira) : " «Ali, take this. This 
food will do you good*\ (ShamaHl Tirrntdhi) 

When he (peace aud blessings of Allah be upon him) 
had a guest at meals, he (peace and blessings of Allahbe 
upon him) used to prompt the guest repeatedly to eat 



25 

moie and until he had eaten to hie fill and insisted oa tak-' 
ing no more, the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah 
be upon him) then stopped to prompt him". 

During meals, the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings 
of AHah be upon him) tised to he engaged in amiahle talk 
and maintained an atmosphere of joy and cordiality. 

13. Take a nap after the the mid-day meal and go for a atroJl 
after dinner, Avoid strenuous physical and mental oiertion 
immediately after the meals. There is a well-known maxim 
in Arabic which runs thus : 

^U j*z iS^ «**» - .; 

Taghadda Tamadda, Ta'ashsha Tamashsha.- 

"Stretch out after the midday meal and take a stroll 
after taking dinner". . 
14. Take good care of your eyes. Don't expose your eyes 
to glaring light, Don't set your gaze upori tho sun. Don't 
read in either faint or intense light. Always study under 
a olear and soothing light. Avoid keeping yourself awake 
for too long. Protect your eyes from nlth arid duat. Apply 
collyrium to your eyes and always try to keep your eyes 
clean. Go iot a walk in the helds, gardens and green 
pastures and amuse yourself. The sight of greenery has 
a pleasant effect on eyes. Guard against casting evil 
glances, for this practice will dim the sparkle of your eyes 
and your genoral health will decline. Tho Holy Prophet 
(peaco and blessings of Allah be upon him) has said : 

"Yorir eyes have a right on you#. 

It is, therefore, incumbent upon a believer to raluo 
this Divino blessing. He should use this blessing according 
to the will of the Almighty. He should be particular about 
the protection of his eyes and keeping them clean. He 
should ose all means whioh may be of benefit to bia 
'eyes and avoid everything tbat may «ause injury to them. 



26 

Similar !y, the true belieyer should take care to preeerro the 
strength of other limbs and organa of hia body. Tbe Holy 
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) 
obaerred : 

"0 people ! You should apply eollyrium toyour eyes. 
It clears away all wax from your eyes and helps in tbe 
growth of hair ". {Tirmidhi) 

15, Be careful about dental hygiene and proteot your teeth, 
Clean teeth keep you fresh, produee a good eUect on diges- 
tion and cleanliness makes the teeth flrm too. Form the 
habit of cleaning your teeth with a miswak (twig) ; uae 
dental powder aleo. Don't spoil your teeth by too frequent 
chewing of betel ]eaf or using-tobacco- Clean your teeth 
we]I after every meal. 

Unctean teeth cauee yarious diseases. It was costomary 
with the Ho]y Prophet (peace and Messinga of Allah be 
upon him) that on getting up from aleep, he used to clean 
hia teeth with a miswak (twig). (Agreed upon) 

Hadrat 'X'isha (God bo pleased with her) states : 
**We used to keep the water for ablution and the miswak 
(twig) ready for the use of the Holy Prophet (peaee and 
blessings of Allah be upon him>. By the will of God when 
the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) 
got up ff om aleep he used to clean his teeth with the 
miswak (twig). Later, he performed ablution and then 
offered prayers". (Mualirn) 

Hadrat Anas {God be pleased with him) has reported 
that the Holy Prophet (poace and biessings of Allah be 
upon him) obaerred : 

"I have already laid muoh stress upon the need to 
clean your teeth with miawak (twig)". (Bukhari) 

Ha.drat 'AMsha (God be pleased with her) relates that 
the Holy Prophot (peaoe and Messings*of Allah be apon 
him) stated ; 

"The miswak (twig) cleans the mouth and the Lord ia 



37 

pieased by thia act of cleanliness".. {NasS'l) 

The Prophet (peace and blesBings of Allah be tipon 
him) is reportedto have said : 

»Had I not~considered it a great inconvenience for 
my Ummah, I would have enjoined people to brush their 

teeth with a miswak (twig) before eaoh prayer". 

(Abu Dawud) 

SomeMtislims once came to see the Holy Prophet 
(peace and blessings of Allah he npon him). Their teeth 
were nnclean and were encrusted with yellow grease. Notic 
jng this, the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah 
be upon him) said to them : "Yoiir teeth look so yellow 1 
You should clean them with a miswak". {Musnad Akmad) 

16. When the need arises to answer the call of nature fulfil it 
promptly. Delay in answcring the ca!I of nature affecta the 
brain and the atomach badly. 

17. Pay full attention to keeping yourself pure, clcan and 
tidy. TheHoly.Qur'an says: 

"God's favouritea are those who take great care in 
keeping themselves pure and clean". {Al-Tauba) 

The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) has said •. 

"Cleanliness and purity are the half of Paith" 
In view of the great "importance of cleanliness and 
purity, the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Aliah be 
upon him) has given detailed injunctions about neatness and 
has stressed the need for observing purity and cleanliness 
in every matter.-Keep all articles of food under cover. 
Protect them from being soiled and keep the fliea away. 
You should have clean utensils. Keep your dress and bed- 
covers tidy and spotlessly clean. Keep your body clean 
by performing abhition and taking a bath. Cleanliness of 
body, neatneas of dress and tidiness of all arttcles of use 
is refreshing and pleaeant for the bouI. The body also 



feels delightfully fresh. On the whole purity and neatness 
have a salutary e£fect on human health. 

Hadrat *Adi b. Hatim (God be pleased-with him) 
stated : 

"I always remain in state of ablution for each Salat 
(prayer) since I etabraced Islam". 

The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) once asked Hadrat Bilal (God be pleased with 
him) : "How did you manage to reaoh Paradise before 
me yestorday .?" Hadrat Bilal (God be pleased with him) 
submitted : "Whenevor I proclaim the call for prayer, I 
inyariably offer two Rak^ats of Salat (prayor) and as soon 
as I am not in in a state of ablution, I perform ablution 
afresh and try to remain in this state alwayd". 

Hadrat Abu Huraira (God be pleased with him) reports 
the Prophet of God (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 
him) as having said ; 

M It is God*s right upon ovory Muslim that he should 
take bath once a week and wash hia hoad and body'\ 

(Bukhari) 



Etiquettes 
of Dress 



1. You shoulcl wear a dress which covers and protects your 
body and ineets the requironoents of modesty, honour and 
virtuo. Your dress sliould also be an expression of culture, 
degance and boauty. In rcspcct of tliis blessing, God says 
in the Holy Qur*an : 

3* ..- • -I * - ^ , ... 

<X-V i£jj-i UL*J ^CJp UJjJt xi f *l ^j 



• ^ 



Yabanl Adama qad amalna alaikum libasan yuwari 

muatikum wa risha. 

"O childrcn of Adam ! Wc havc scnt unto youraiments 
to conceaj your shame and to serve as protoction and 
decoration". (7.: 26) 

As a matter of fact the word 'Eish' in the, verse, liter- 
aliy means tho wings of the bird. The wings of a bird 
lend beauty and grace to it and also serve as a meana 
of protoction for its body. The word, howevor, is com- 
monly used when referring to beauty, elegance and 
fine dress, 0f course the purpose of dress is to lend 
beauty and gracc and to servo as proteotion against- 
climatic effects. But the foremost use of dress is to 
cover private parts of the body. Allah has inculcated 
modesty and diffidence iu the nature of man. It was for tliis 
reason that when IJadrat Adam and Hadrat Hawwa (Eve) 
(peace be on both of them) were deprived of the elegant 

29 



30 

tobes of Paradise, they began to use 3eaves of trees to 
cover their bodies. Hence consider this as the principal 
use of dress and ehoose & dress whioh conforms to the 
requirements of modesty. You should also tnake sure that 
your dress, besides affording adequate protection against 
climatic conditions, should also bo of such a style that it 
should lend an aura of grace, elegance and culture to your 
personality. Do not wear dresa of a style whioh should 
make you an object of ridicule or provoke aatirical oom- 
raents among the people. 

2- You should keep in mind while putting on clothes that 
dress is a blessing whioh AUah has conferred on mau only. 
Ithasbeen denied to all otber living creatures. Offer 
thanks to Allah for this special favour and blessmg 
Endowed as you are with this distinotive bounty, you 
should never act oontrary to the deorees of Allah or show 
ingratitude. Dress is a romarkable favour from the Lord. 
While putting on dress, re-kindle this feelmg iu your heart 
and express your sense of gratitude in the words which 
the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Aliah be upoa 
him) had taught to the believex8. 

3, Piety is the best apparel. Piety signifies purity of soul 
as well as righteous physical appearanoe. In other words 
you shoutd wear dress of the kind which the Shari'ah has 
prescribed for the believers, which does not display arro- 
gance or pride, wbich does not lend a feminine air to men 
nor a masculine appearance to women. The dress should 
be an emblem of your righteousness and devotion to God. 
The woraen should strictly conform to the rules set by 
Shari ( ah in respect of female dress and men must observe 
the laws of Shari'ah with regard to male dress. 

4. Put on a new dress with feelings of joy. Name the cloth 
and acknowledge the muuificence and blessing of Allah. 
Inspired by a sense of gratitude to the Lord, recite the 
prayer which the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah 

be upon him) used to offer while putting on a new dress. 



31 

Hadrat.Abu Sa'id Khudri (God be pleased with him) 
reports : M Whenever the Holy prophet (peace aud bless- 
ings of Allah be upon him) put on a new dress, head dress 
shirt or a shĕet ooyering» he uaed to recite the following 
prayer and insert the tutmo of the garment in the 
reoitation : 

f J > j - - ^ ^ » .. • > i* j> > f ^ ,p j 

^ ^ #* ^ ^ ^ . 

Attahumtw lakal hamdu anta kasautanihi aa f aluka 
khairahu wa khaira ma $uni'a lahu wa a l udhu bika min 
sharrihi wa sharri ma suni ( a lahu. (Abu*Dawud) 

O God ! Unto Thee belongeth all praise. Even as Thou 
hast clothed mĕ in this (garment), I ask of Thee the good 
thereof, and the good of that wherefor it hath been made, 
and I seek refuge in Thee from the evi! thereof, and the 
evil of that wherefor it hath been made. 

t 

The prayer bears the following meaning ; God ! Grant 
me the favour to use the dress whioh you have bestowed 
on me for the same purposes which you deem righteous, 
Grant me the favour to oover my modesty with this drees 
and to protect my soul and body against immodesty and 
shamelessness. Grant me the favour to make it a means 
of adornment and graoe for my body. God 1 Grant me the 
favour to eschew displaying ostentatiou, pride or arroganoe 
in dreas and let me not transgress the bounds set by you 
in the use of dreas by youir alaves, both men and women. 

Hadr&t 'Umar (God be pleased with him) stated : 
<( The Holy Prophet (peaoe and blesaings of AHah be upon 
him) observed : M Whosoever puts on a new dress and has 
means, should give away hia old drea* to the poor. Oa 
wearing a new dress, a peraoa ahould reoite the foIlowing 
prayer : 



32 

9 9 *m'm ****** % ++} *# # J m # -M » J * -*#- 



■ . jV J 

m + 

Alhamdu lillah-il-ladhl kasani tnu uwari bihi *auratl 
trn atajammalu bihifl hayatl, 

Praise be to God Who clad me with that wherewith 1 
coyer roy shamo, and wherewith I adorn myaelf in my life. 

Whosoover % reads the above prayer at the time of 
putting on a new dress, Allah will keep him under His care 
and proteotion in this H*fe and in the life Hereinafter". 

{Tirmidhi) 

5. Take carc to put on the dress with tho right *ido first. 
While putting on tho ehirt, kurta, shervani or coat, wear 
the rjght sleeve first. Similarly while putting on a pyjama 
enter the right foot first. The Holy Prophet (peace and 
blessings of Allah be upon him) while putting on the ahirt 
used to wear the right sloeve first and then put the leftf 
arm into the left sleeve. Similarly, the. Holy Prophet 
(peace and blessings of AUah be upon him) used to put the 
shoo on his right foot first and then wore the left shoe. 
On taking off his ahoos, the Holy Prophet (peaoe and 
blessings of Allah be upoa him) first took off his left foot 
and then the right one. 

6. You must shake the garments before putting them on, 
lest there be deadly iaseot hidden in them whioh might 
causeyou harm. Tho Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings 
of Allah be upon him) was once wearing sooks in a jungle. 
He put on a sook and was intending to put on the seoond 
one when a orow dived and oarried off the sook. Tho crow 
soared to a great height and dropped the sock on the 
ground.- The shook of landing threw out of the sock a 
snake which fell afc some distauoe. On seeing this, tbe 
Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessinga of Aliah be upon him) 
offered thanka to Ailah and obserred ; "It is the duty of 



erery Muslim that on intending to wear socks, he should 
shake them first". [Tabarani) 

7. Wear whitc drcss. White dress is idcal for men, espeoially. 
The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 
him) ohserred : "Wear white dress. It is the beat. You 
ought to wear white cloth in life and bury your dead in a 
ahroud made of white cloth» [Tirmidhl) 

On another occasion, the" Holy Prophet (peace and 
blessings of Allah be upon him) observed : "You should 
wear wbite clothes, for the white cloth stays cleaner and 
put your dead in white comns". 

The phrase 'white oloth stays cleaner' implies that 
whitejjloth shows off \he slightest stain instantly, which 
a person may clean immediately. If the cloth is dyed, the 
stains will not he seen instantly. Hence a person will not 
pay immediate attention to wash a dyed garment. 

It is recorded in Sahih Bvtrhari that the Holy Prophet 
(peace and bleesingB of AJIah he upon him) used to wear 
white clothes. In other words, he (peace and blessings of 
Allah be upon him) not only liked to put on white dress 
himself, but also enjoined upon the male membcrs of his 
Ummah to wear white clothes. 

8. The length of your pyjama, Iungi should fall above the 
ankles. The Holy Prophet (peace and bleasings of Allah be 
upon him) holds such people as hopeless, the deprived ones 
and deserving of severe torment who out of pride and haug- 

• htiness let their pyjamas or lungis fall below their ankles. 
The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 
him) has amrmed : "There are three types of people with 
whom God shall not speak on the Doorosday, nor Iook at 
them, nor will He admit them to Paradise after purifying 
them; rather God shall ordain a painful torment for them". 
Hadrat Abu Dhar Ghifari (God be pleased with him) 
submitted : "0 Apostle of Ailah (peace and plessingg of 
Allah be upon you) who are these depriyed and unfortunate 
■ ■- people ?" The Holy Prophet (peace and plessinga of Allah 



84 
be iipoa bim) observed : 

"Firstiy, he who oul of pride and haughtiness lett, his 
'lower garments fall below hisankles. 

Secondly, the man who reminds others of the favours, 
he has <Jone to them* 

And thirdly, the one who wishes to promote his 
business by mierepresentation on oath". ■ (Mmlm) 

Kelating a personal anecdote, Hadrat 'Ubaid ibo 
Khalid (God be pleased with him) says : "I wa* onoe 
walking in the holy city of Medina when a voice said from 
behind: 'Lift up your Jower garment — by so doing a man not 
only guards himself from phyBical filth but also from the 
impurity of sonl". Looking over my shoiuder, I saw tho 
Apostle of God (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). 
I submitted : "0 Apostle of Allah (peace and blessings of 
AHah be upon you) ! It is a simplo sbeet of cioth that I 
am wearing. Hotv can it show haughtiness and pride I" 
The HoJy Porphet (peace and bleasings of Allah be upon 
hira) obeerved : <( Is it not obHgatory for you to folIow ray 
eiample V* On hearing these words of the Holy Prophet 
(peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), my eyes at 
once fell towards his lower garraent and I saw that the 
length of his garment fell to the middle of his caif ". 

The Holy Prophet*s (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 
him) obserration that *by keeping the length of his pyjaraa 
or iower garment above the ankles the man is guardedagainst 
not only physical dirt hut also impurity of eoul, is highly 
significant, It implios that when the length of a garment 
falls beldw the ankles, it gathers filth frora the ground and 
becomes dirty. Soiled clothes are always offensive to a 
person of neat and clean taste. Moroover, the habit of 
wearing garments whose length falls below the a nkles 
betrays arrogance and pridĕ and , these two evils are 
symptoms of the impurity of soul. These considerations 
apaH, the Qur'anic injunetion ( The life of the Prophet is 



35 

the best example for yoo to follow' should sumce for a 
pious belicver. 

According to a tradition roported by AbQ Dawud, the 
Holy Prbpliet (peaco and blessings of AJlah be upon him) 
has giren warning of terrible punishment for this offence. 
The Holy Prophot (poace and blessings of Allah be upon 
him) observed : "The pious believer should wear the 
length of his 'lower garment* up to the middle of his calf *, 
there is no harmtt the length falls to the ankles ; but any 
p&rt of the length which fal!s below the ankles shall 
burn in the fire. And on the Doomsday, God shall not e\en 
look at the man who out of pride and arrogance wears an 
apparel whose lerigth falls below his ankles". 

9. Do not wear siik. Garments of silk are befitting for 
females only. The Holy Prophet (peaco and blessings of 
Allahbe upon him) has strietly forbidden raen to wear 
female dress or to put on elhminato airs. 

Hadrat 'Umar (God be pleased wifch him) 
reports that the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of 
Allah be upon him) observed : "Do not wear silk garments, 
for he who wears thera in triis world shall not wear them in 
the next" (Bukhari, Muslim). The Holy Prophet (peace 

, and blessings of Allah bo upon him) once observcd to 
Hadrat 'Ali (God be pleased with him): 

"Cut this silk clotb 1 into scarves and distribute them 
among these Patimas2." [Muslw) 

\) This eloth had been sent as a gift from the ruler of Okaidar and 

Dooma, 
;2) «Fatimahs' refers to fr>llowing three illustrious ladies : 

(i) Taliraah Zehra (God be pleased with her), favourite daughter 
of tne Holy Prophet (peace and Wessings of Allah be upon 
hiro> and the wjfe of Hadrat. 'Ali (God be pieased with him). 
(ii) Patimah bint Asad (Godbo pleaaed with her) august mother 

of Hadrat Ali (God be pleaeed with him). 
(iii) Fatimah (God be pleased w.ith her) the daughter of Hadrat 
Haniaa, the unele of the Holy Prophet (peaoe and bleseings of 
Allah be uponhim). 



86 

This aJso shows that si)k dresa is desirable for women. 
It was f or this reason that tbe Holy Prophet (peace and 
blessings of Alhh be upon him) urged Hadrat <AH (God 
be pleased with him) to eut the siJk cloth into scarves for 
theladies, otherwise the cloth could have been used for 
some other purpose. 

10. Women should not wear thin drese whioh shonld make 
their form 8 visible, nor should they pnt on a tightly fitting 
dress which might mske their Agures prominent and 
alluring, In this way, they wonld he exposing their 
bodies, despite havi n g worn garments. The Holy Prophet 
(peace and blessings of AUah be upon him) has warned 
auch lmmodest women of dire pumahment. 

"Women who are nnde in spite of having garments on 
them who allure others and are allured by otbers shall 
be oonsigned to Hell. Their heads are awry hke the 
htimps of the Bahht (^) camels because of their coquet- 
tish postore. These women shall not enter Paradise, nor 
shall enjoy the eweet odour cf Paradise, although' the 
sweet odonr of Paradise can be savoured from a Jong dis. 
tance off "" (Rmd.uB.Satihin) 

On one occasion, Hadrat Asma' (God be pleased with 
her) arrived in the presence of the Holy Prophet (peace and 
blessings of Allah be npon him) wearing thin clothes. On 
seeing her, the Holy Prophet (peace and blessirigs of AHaL 
be upon him) turned his face at once and observed : 

"Asma' when a woman comes of age it is not ]awful 
for her to expose any part of her body except face and 
hands". 

11. When wearing a Tehbund or pyjama do not Jie down or sit 
in suoh a poature aa to make prominent or lay bare any 
part of your body. The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings 
of Allah beupon.him) has obeerved.: ,"Do not walk with 
one shoe on. Do not squat with one knee raised while 
you are wea ring a Tehbund. Do not eat with your Ieft 

1. A*heet of oloth worn nn e. lower garnient. 



37 

kand. Do not wrap up your whole body in a sheet in 
such a manner as to make it impossible for you to move 
your hands freeiy for perfonning your work or for offering 

prayers. Do not lie flat and put one leg ovor the other 
lest it should uncover your body. 

12. Men and women should not adopt the same fashiona in 
dress. The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah 
be upoii hiin) aSirmed : "Allah sends eurses on those men 
who adopt fenunine fashions and Allah curses such women 
who adopt a masculine style". (Bukhar'\ 

Hadrat Abu Huraira (God be pleased with him) 
states : «The Holy Prophet (peace and blessiDgs of Allah 
be upon him) has pronounced a curse upon a male who 
puts on female dress and haa cursed a female who dresses 
herse]f in masculine fashion". ^ bii z>awud) 

Someone once mentioned to Hadrat 'A^isha (God be 
pleased with her) that there was a certain woman who 

woro masculine shoes, whereupon Hadrafc *A'isha (God bo 
pleased with her) observed : "fhe Holy Prophet (peaco 
and blessings of AJIah be upon him) has pronouaced a curse 
upon sueh women who adopt masculine habits". 

13. The women must cover themselves with a scarf and keep 
their head and bosom veiled. They should not wear 
scarf of such transparent stuff as to reveal their hair. The 
scarf is raeanb to voii the beauty of the person. God 
ordains in the Holy Qur'an : 



" <- « * i <. 



• ,-• - 



*ri jjJi» . cm** J* u* ^. ou^ J 



Walyddribna bikhumurihinna 'ala juyubihinna. (24 : 31) 
"And draw their veils over their bosoms*', 

The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) ouco recoived tine JSgyptiau voiI, He (peace 
and bleasings of Allah be upon hjm) cut out; a piece and 
handing it to W<*hya Kalbi (God ba pieased with him) 



38 

observed : "Gut a pieoe and make a shirt for yourself 
and giye the other piece to your wife to use as a soarf, but 
tell her to stitch another layer of cloth under it so that 
her form may not be eacposed to view'\ (AbU Dawud) 

Bearing this olear injunction of the Holy Book and 
Sunnah in mind, you should scrupulonaly follow thepnrport 
of Dirine Command. Do not make a mookery pf the 
Ordinance of Allah and His Messenger (peaoe aud blessings 
of Allah be upon him) by wearing only a small strip of 
oloth around your neck, 

Hadrat *A'isha (God be pleased with her) states : 
"When this injunotion was revealed, the women disoarded 
thin garments* They cut their soarres out of ooarse 
oloth". (AbuDiwud) 

14, Dress yourself in keeping with your meana and status. 
Do not dress up to show off vanity and to display an 
attitude of haughtiness towards others or to make an 
indecent show of your affluence. On the other hand, your 
dress should not oost more than your means permit, for 
thus you will be guilty of the sin of extravagance. Do 
not look shabby and orest-fallen so as to make an impres- 
sion of peaury and helpleasness upon othera. Do not 
make a show of destitution, despite having everything. 
^ J*ut on proper, suitable and neat garments in keeping with 
your means and position* Some people appear deatitute 
by wearing rags or patohed garments and oonsider it 

piety" or rirtue. Moreover, they view those who put 
on clean and neat dress as worldly-minded and irreligioua. 

This oonception of religion is wholly fallaoious, Iladrat 
Abu al-Hasan 'Ali Shaali (God be pleased with him) was 
onoe olad in very fine olothes. A destitute Sufl took exoep- 
tion to this elegant turn out of Hadrat Shazlx (God be 
merciful to him) and remarked : "What need have the 
serrants of God to put on such elegant dress ?" Hadrat 
Shaill (God be merciful to him) answered : "Brother, I 
have put pn this elegant dreea to express my gratitude 



39 

and homage to the Grand and MagniSeent Allah, Your 
sbabby appearance is a show of misery. You appear as 
if you werebegging alms from the people", In reality, 
virtue does not consist in wearing rags, patohed garments 
or clothes of inferior quality, nor does it roquiro wearing 
luxurious apparel, The ingredients of virtue aro the pious 
ir.tentions and right thinking of the uian. The truth is 
that every man should adopt a nioderate and balanced 
attitude in all matters in oonsonance with his means and 
position, He should not let his soul grow dull by putting 
on destitnte airs, nor should he display vanity and pride 
-by wearing resplendent garments. 

Hadrat Abul Afcwas (God be merciful to him) reports a 
tradition from his father, "Once I went to the presence 
of the Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings of Allah be upon 
him). I was then clad in very ordinary and mean dress, 
Tho Holy Prophet (peaoo and blessings of Allah be upon 
him) asked me ; <( Do you posseas wealth and means V* 
I submitted : "Yes, I do", The Holy Prophet (peace and - 
blcssings of Allah be upon hira) then enquired : "What - 
kind of goods do you possess t" I submitted ; "Allah 
has bleaaed me with all kinds of got>ds, camels, cows, goats, 
horses besides slaves". The Holy Prophet (peace and 
blessings of Allah -be upon him) observed : <4 Whĕn Allah 
has blessed you With wealth and means, your person should 
manifest His Bounty and Favour'\ {Mishhai) 

The implication is that when God has conferred 
ampla means to you, why do you put on the garb of a 
beggar and destitute porson ? This is an act of ingratitude 
to God, 

Hadrat Jabir reports : "Once the Holy Prophet (peace 
and blessings of Ailah be upon him) visited our house to 
see us. He (peace aud ble^sings of Allah be upon him) 
chanced to soe a man who was covered all over with dust * 
hishairwas dishevelled. The Holy Prophet (peace and 
blessiuga of AUah be upoa him) observ©d : "Doee thia 



40 

» The 



m an possegs «o co.nb witii which to sot his hair ? 
• Holy Prophet (peaee aud blessing* of Allah be upon^htm) 
Llhappeoed to see a man who was elad in a_dirt> ^ dr 
whereupon the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of AUah 
bc upon him) observed: "Does this man not possess 
even that (soap etc.) with which to wash his < M ^^ 

Aman submittcd to the Holy Prophot (peace and 
blessings of ' Allah be upon htm), "0 Messenger of Ailah 
(peace and blcssings of AUah be upon you) ! I like to havo 
fine clothes and I like to.dress my hair with oil, and wear 

niccshoes * ln this manner, he named soveral mceties 

ho was fond of and even .montioned that he wished that 
hia lash should also he of the best quality. The Holy 
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) listcned 
to-his oonversation and then observed : "Atl these thmgs 
are desirable,and God viows this tine taste with fayour . 

[Mustadrak Hakim) 

Hadrat «Abdullah b. 'Umar (God be ploased with him) 
states • ' "I submitted to the Holy Apostle of Allah : 
. ADO B tlcofAUah(p 6 aceandblessing S ofAllah be upon 

vou) . Would I be guilty of vanity and haughttness if I 
wore"fine and nice clothes I" Tho Holy Prophet (peace 
andblessingsofof AUah bo upon him) observed : "No, 
it is olbgant to wear nice dross and elegance of dress 

aii i," • (*** Ma 3 ah ) 

pleasos Allah . x 

The following tradition has also been reported by 
Hadrat 'Abdullah b. 'Umar (God be pleased with hhn) : 
•'The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 
hhn) observed : Put on both garmonts when saying prayers 
(in other words, dross yourseU in full suit). Man owes 
it to God more than to any one elso that he should go 
into His presence in his best apparel and the neatest 

state". l Mmkat > 

Hadrat 'Abdullah b. Mas'ud (God be pleaaed with 

him)'sUtes: "The Holy Prophet (peace and blssings of 



41 

Allah be upon him) observed : He who haa a little bit of 
pride in his heart shall not enter Paradiae". A man sub- 
mitted : M Every man wishea that he should put on fine 
clothea and wear nioe shoes'*, The Holy Prophet (peace 
and blessings of Allah be upon him) obserred : "God 
Himself is Qraceful and elegance pleases Him, In other 
. words, elegant dresa doea not connote haughtineas. 
Haughtiness consists in ignoring the rights of others and 
looking down upon others as mean and base", (Muslim) 

15, Observe good taste and propriety in dress and make-up. 
It is improper and offensive to good taste to go about 
with shirt unbuttoned at the chest, to wear buttons with- 
out- proper arrangement, to roll up one leg of the trousers 
and keep the other down, to walk with one shoe on or to 
keep the hair dishevelled. 

One day, the Holy Prophet (peace aud blessings of 
Allah be upon him) was seated in the mosque when a man 
with dishevelled hair and unkempt beard came into his 
presence. The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah 
be upon him) made a gesture with his hand towards the 
man signifying that he should go and set the hair of his 
head and beard. The man went away and returnod having 
settled his hair in better ahape. Whereupon the Holy 
Prophet (p3ace and blesaings of Allah be upon him) 
remarked : "Isn't it better to look elegant and exquisite 
than to wear unkempt hair ? A man with dishevelled 
hair wears the look of the dovU'\ (Mishkat) 

Hadrat Abu Huraira (God be pleased with him) 
states : "The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Aliah 
be upon himj observed : No one should walk with one 
shoe on; either wear both sboes or take off both". 

{Tirmidhl) 

It is in the light of this tradition that the l Uiama have 
forbidden the wearing of only one sleeve or only one sock. 

16. Avoid wearing, red, gaudy or resplendent dresa 6r showy 
blaok or yellow appareL Red, gaudy and resplendent 



42 

dress is suited only to women and even women should 
obserye proper rules about wearing such dress. As regarda 
assuming superior airs by donning Aowlng robes and yellow 
garments, for the sake of displaying one's distinction, it 
is a sure sign of pride and haughtineas, Similarly, do 
not put on strange and funny clothes which may lend you 

an outlandish appearance and you may becomo an object of 
public ridicule. 

H 

17. Always put on simple, dignified, civilized dress and spend 
moderately on your clothes, Avoid ]uxury and extrava~ 
gant finesso in matters of dress* The Holy Prophet (peace 
and bleisings of Allah be upon him) has observed : 

"Keep away from luxury, for the favourites of God 
are no lovers of ease and luxury"„ . (Mishkat) 

■ * 

The Holy Prophet (peace and blessinga of Allah be 
upon him) also affirmed : ,( Allah wiil adorn that man 
with the dress of honour and nobility who, in spite of 
possessing means and power, observes simplicity in dress 
out of humility and obedience to God". {Abu D&wiid) 

The illustrious companious (God be pleased with 
them) were one day sitting in oompany discussing worldly 
matters, The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah 
be upon him) remarked ; "Simplicity of dress is one of the 
signsof Faith". (Abu Dawiid) 

Once the Holy Prophet (peace and bleasinga of Allah 
.be upon him) observed : "There are many a servant of 
God in the wotld whose outward appearanoe is humble; 
their hair is disheveUed *nd <&isty and their dress is 
ordin&ry and simple, yet in the si#it of God their stature 
is very high. Should they take oath on Bomething, Allah 
fulfils their oath. BrP b, Slalih (God be pleased with him) 
ia one among this type of people*\ ( Tirmidhi) 

18. Give clothes to the destitute by way of eipressing thanks 
to the Lord for having conferrod the bounty of dress on 
you. The Holy Prophet (peace and blesaings of Allah be 



43 

upon him) has obserred : 4< Whoaoever gives clothes to a 
Muslim to covor his body, Allah shall clothe that man 
ou the Day of Judgement in the green dross of Paradise". 

(Abu Dawud) 

The Holy Prophet (peace and btessings of Allah be 
upon him) also affirmed : "A Muslim who gives clothes 
to another Muslim shall be afforded protection and safety 
by Allah as long as thosc clothos aerve as a covering for tho 
body of the beneficiary'\ (Tirmidhi) 

h Giv« & n $ olothes according to your mcans to your servaufcs 
and slaves who serre you day aird night. 

The Holy Prophet (peace and blesaings of Allah be 
upon him) observed: "The slaves, male and female, are 
your brothers and sisters. God has given them under 
your charge. Hence to whomsoever Allah has given power 
and control over some one, he should give him the sama 
to eat as he eats himself aad the same kind of dress to 
wear as he we&rs himseU and he should not give him work 
to do which is beyond his capacity, and should the slave 
be unable to eopĕ with the ldad of work, the master should 
ehare his burden". {Bukhari, Muslim) 



Etiquettes of 
Eating and Drinking 



1. Wash your hands bĕfore taking your meals. It ia in keeping 
with the rules of cleanliness and neatness that your mind 
should be satisSed about the cleanlineaa of your hands 
before starting the meal. 

2. Say (fnt*^ o**v^' ****' (*~0 Bismilla hirrahhama nirrahlm 
*In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent ; the Moat 
Merciful\ while atarting the meal, Should you forget thia 3 
then say *^*.T j a)j\ -5t ^w &g soon as you realise the over- 

sight during the meal. Remember, the meal which is not 
consecrated by the Name of Allah ia made ]awf<jl by the 

devil for himaelf. 

3. Bo not lean against anything when sitting down for a moal. 
Sit in a humble poaition with your knees raised or legs 
croaaed or with one knee prostrate and the other one raised. 
Tho Holy Prophet (peaco aad blessiags of Allah be upoa 
him) used to sit for meals in this posture. 

4. Always eat with your right hand. However t the left haud 
may be uBed simultanoously with the right hand, if needed. 

5. Use three Ĕngera while eating. If required, use four 

AngerB except the litble Jinger. Do not put your tingers in 
the food up to their roots. 

6. Do not take a big morsel, nor a small one. Put the second 
morsel into your mouth cinly after swuilowing the firat one. 

7. Do not wipe your Ĕngers with bread. Thia is a filthy habit. 

8. Avoid brushing o£f the loares and refrain from knoeking 
them about also. 

44 



45 

9 Eat out of the plate frotn the edge which is nearcst to you. 
Do not put your hand in the middie of the plate nor estend 
your hand to eat from that edge of tho plate which is 
nearer to other diners. 

10. If the morsel drops from your hands pick it up and eat it 

after cleaning or wasbing it. 
11 Eat in corapany, Dining in company promotea cordiality 

and love and is a source of blesaing. 

12. Do not find fault with the food. Leave it if you don't 
like it. 

13. Do not eat while the food is piping hot or simmering. 

14. Avoid breaking into guffaws or indulging in too rauch 
eonversation during dinner, 

15. Do not sniff the food needlessly, It is a bad habit. Do 
not often open your mouth so wide during dinner that the 
other people may see the food you are munching between 
your teeth, nor should you pick your teeth repeatedly in 
the course of eating. The other diners will find this habit 
disgusting, 

16. Sit down to eat and sit down also while taking a drink of 
water. However, if needed, you may eat fruit or drink 
water while standing. 

17. If sorae soup is left over in the plate, drink it ; otherwise 
clear the aediments from the plate with a finger and lick 
the finger. 

18. Do not blowon the articles of food, The breath that we 
exhale is polluted and poisonous. 

19. Take three breathing pauaes while drinking water. By 
this method you can drink according to your rieed and 
get full satisfaction. Beware, drinking all the wator there 
is in the container in one breath may be harmful. 

20. While eating in company pay due regard to tho noeds of 
the slow diners as well as those who eat at a rapid pace 
and riae only when all othera have stopped eating. 



46 

21. When you have Anished eating, liok your fingers and then 
waah your handa. 

22. Do not pick up two pioces or slicoii at once whilo eating 
fruit. 

23. Do not drink water irom the spout of a water pot or a 
goblet eto. Drink from such a container that you may 
clearly see the water that you are pouririg iato your mouth 
ia order that no filth or harmful aubatanoe goes into your 
stomach. 

24. Say this prayer at the end of the meal : 



Alhamdu lillahil-ladhl at'arnan<l wa saqdnd wa ja c alan& 
min-al-M u&limin. 

"Praise be to God Who fed us and gave us drink and 
made us Muslimt". 



Etiquettes of 
going to bed and 

getting up 



1. When the dusk falls call your children inside and do not 
permit thera to play outsid*3 the home, It ia safe not to 

let the children go out at night Mtcept in the of an urgent 
need. The Iloly Prophet (peaee and blessings of Allah be 
upon hini) has observcd ; 

"When the night falls stop your children at home, for 
at this hour evil spirits stalk the earth. However, after an 
hour has passed you raay pertnit the children to mo^eout", 

2, Atthehour of nightfall, say the following prayer. The 

Holy Apostle (peace ' and blessings of Allah bo upoifhim) 
used to instruct his Companions (God be pleased with thera} 
to say the same. 

J • J £ -•.... 

ttg&jr . jj^J 1 «tyi j 

Allahumma hika amsaind wa bika ashahna wa bika nahyd 
wa hika namnlu wa ilaikan^nushur. {Tirmidhi) 

"0 God ! with Thy help do we enter upon the morning 
and with Thy help do we enter upon the evening. With 
Thy help do we Iive and with Thy help do we die. And 
unto Thee shall be the Resurrection". 

At the hour of the call for Maghrih (erening) prayer, say 

47 



48 

thie prayer : 



4tfo» £Aj*A i iij^ jUil _, iUJ Jiii ijl» ^JJ I 



4 * * ^ 



Allahumma h&dha iqbalu lailika %oa idbaru naharika wa 
a6U>atudu<<itikafaghjirli. (Tirmizi t Abu-Daud) 

"God, this isthe hour of the approach of Thy night 
and thĕ departure of Thy day and this is the time of Thy 
Mu'addbui'8 calL Hence grant me salration". 

'i 

3. Do nol go to bed-before saying 'Asha prayers, Often the 
*Asha prayer may he missed if you take a nap hefore, prayesr 
for who knows God will return life to man after .this sleep 
(akin to death) or God forfeits hia life for erer while he 
slumbers in death-like sleep. The Holy Prophet (peace and 
blessings of Allah be upon him) did not like to sleep in a 
houee which was not lit up at night. 

4. Soon after the fall of night, light up your homea, The 
Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah he upon him) 
abstained from sleeping in a house which was not lit up at 
night. 

5. Do not keep awake till late houra in the night, Adopt the 
habit of going to bed early at night and rising early at 
dawn, The Holy Apostle (peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) observed in this regard : "After the time of 
*Asha prayers, you may either keep awake for the purpose 
of remembering God or to talk orer necessary matters with 
the members of household'\ 

6. Abstain from keeping awake at night and making up for 
sleop during the day. God has appointed the night a time 
for peace and rest. He has made the day a time for keep- 
ing awake and a time for labour to earn one's living- 
Surah al-Furqan (47) affirms ; 



49 

J~ j UU fJ U(, UU jjl ^O J^ ^JU! ^ j 

Wa huwalladhi ja'ala lakumul laila libaaan wannauma 
subatan-wa ja s alannahara nu&hura. 

"And He it is Who created night a covering for you 
and aleep for repose and made th.e day (a time for) waking 
up'\ 

And Surah-An-Naba affirms : 
jl«Jl UU>- j L-U JJI LUf j bU- r CjJ li£^ j 

Wa ja ( alna naumakum subatan wa ja'atnal laila libasan 
waja ( aln-annahara ma'&9h3. 

"And We made your sleep for repose and We made the 
night a covering and We appointed the day for Hvelihood'\ 
And in Surah al-Namal (86) God says : 

jl 1-A* J2i. aJ ffJLj 'ui uL- U ,,_, ^JI 



-v jWj v i^jcj jji bu? u M J 



**>■>* f^" **£¥ 2m'*j 



Alam yarau anna ja l alnallaila liyaskunu fihi wannahara 
mubsiran inna fl dhalika laay&til liqaumiyyuminun. * 

f< Have they not obsorved how We have made the 
night that they inay rest therein and the day bright (so 
that they may strive during its course), No doubt, there 
are signs in it for a people who believV\ 

The implication of making tke night dark so as to serve as 
a time of peaoe and reat and making the day bright so that 



50 

i 

man may labour and strive is that one should keep a strict 
schedule of sleeping at night and working hard for earning 
one's livelihood during the day. In the light of day devote 
yourself energetically to work and make strenuous efforts 
to earn your 1iving till your faculties and Hmbs begin to 
feel tired. Then in the night when an atmosphere of peace 
and privacy reigns, repose in bed in a calm and comfortable 
state. As soon as dawn breaks, arise and invoking the 
blessings of God enter the field of practical endeavour with 
renewed vigour. People who due to indolence and lethargy 
drone in day time or keep awake throughout night enjoying 
sensuous pleasures and making merry are guilty of 
violating the law of nature. They ruin their health and 
uiidermine their lives. . Thoae who sleep long during the 
hours of the day not only neglect their daily work but also 
deprive theirbody and soul of necessary repose and calm ; 
for Bteep during the day cannot serve as an alternative for 
repose at night in proWding rest and nourishment. The 
Apostle of God (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) 
even disapproved of the idea, that a man should remam 
awake all night for offering worship to God and thus suffer 

an unbearable trial. 

The Apostle of God (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 
himl once said to Hadrat 'Abdullah b. 'Amir (God be 
pleased with him) ; "ls it true what I have heard that 
you regularly keep fast during the day and pass all night 
in offering prayers V Hadrat 'Abdullah (God be pleased 
with him) submitted : "I confess this true". The Holy 
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him): 
observed : "No, don't go on like that. Keep fast sorae- 
times and eat and drink at other times. Similarly get 
some sleep and then rise and say prayers. You owe a duty 

„ (Bukhan) 

to your eye . ' 

7. Do not sleep on a very soft bed. The true believers should 

forbear love of ease, indolence and lusurioUs Imng m the 

world. Life is a Jihad (struggle) for the true behevers. .Tn e 

true behever8 should, therefore, follow an energetic-stren- 



ft» 



51 

uous and a hardworking pattern of life. Hadrat 'X'isha (God 
be pleased with her) related : The Holy Prophet (peace and 
hlessings of Allah be upon him) slopt on a bed made of a 
hide-skin fi]led with the bark of a palm tree". 

[ShamaUl Tirmidhi) 

Someone asked Hadrat Hafsa (God be pleascd with 
her) : 

"What kind of a bed did you make for the Holy 
Prophet (pĕaee and blessings of Allah be upon him) in your 
house V She replied : "There was a eanvas cloth whlch 
we used to fold up and spread undor the Holy Prophet 
(peace and blessings ofAl!ahbe upon him). One day, I 
thought that if X folded the cloth into four layers it would 
make a rather soft bed. So I folded up the eanvas into 
four layers and spread it for the Prophet (peace and 
blessings of Allah be upon him) to sleep on. Next morning 
the Apostle (peace and bleasings of Allah be upon him) 
ewquired : "What was it that you spreadbeneath me last 
night V* I suhraitted : "It was the sarae canvas cloth. 
However, I had folded it up into four layers to make a 
softer bed". The Holy Prophet (poace and blessings of 
Allah be upon him) observed : "No, keep it foldcd in two 
layers. The softuess of the bed provcd a hindorancc in 
risrng up for mldnight prayers iast night". 

(Shama 'il T irm idk i 

Hadrat ( A'isha (Uod be ploased with her) reports : 
°One day a lady from the Ansar visited our houso and saw 
tho bod of tho Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of AUah 
bo upon hiraj, Sho returned homo and prepared a bcddmg 
and heayily paddcd it with wool to make it estra soft. She 
sent it as a gift for tho Holy Apostle (peace and biessings 
of Allah be upon him). When the Holy Apostle (peace and 
blessings of Aliah be upon him) returned horae, he saw the 
bedding and enquirod : "What is it V 9 I submitted : "0 
ProjjjjS* of God (ptacc and blessings of AJiah be upon liim), 
so and ao iady frotu che Aasar came aad saw your bed. 



Sho went back and has sent.this bedding as a gift for you". 
The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 
him) said : "No> retura it to her". I liked that bedding 
so much that I did not really want to retarn but the Holy 
Prophet (peace and blessinga of Allah be upon him) insisted 
so hard that I had to send it back to the lady". 

(ShamaHl Tirmidhi) 

The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 
him) was one day sleeping on a mat. Beoause of thia, the 
mat impressed aome marks on his august body. Hadrat 
'Abdullah b. Mas*ud (God be pleased with him) relates ; 
"On seeing the marks of mat on his body I broke into 
tears". The Holy Prophet (peace aiid blessings of Allah be 
upou him) looked at mĕ and enquired ; "Why do you 
weep V I submitted : "0 Prophet of Qod (peaceand 
blessings of Allah be upon you) 1 The Emperors of Rome 
and Persia reet on silk and velvet oushions and you go to 
sleep on such a rough mat". The Holy Prophet (peaoe and 
blessings of Allah be upon him) observed ; "There is no 
point for weeping in it. They love the world and we orava 
for the Hereafter". 

On one oocaaion, the Holy Prophet (peaoe and hlesaiogs 
of Allah be upon him) obsejved; "How can I lead a 
luxurioua, easy and oarefree life while the angel Israfil 
with a trumpet to his lips, with earaopen, head bowed, 
stands waiting for the Lord's Command to blow the 
trumpet to usher in the Day of Doom". (TirmidM) 

The precedent of the Holy Prophet (peace and bleas- 
ings of Allah be upon him) requires the true beUevora to 
lead a strenuous life in tho world and to abatain from 
luiurious, carefree living. 

8. Perform ablutions before going to bed and sleep in a clean 
and pure state. If your hands are greasy with fat, wash 
them well before going to bed. The Holy Prophet {peace 
and bleasings of Allah be upon him) has said ; "The person 



53 



whose hands are greased«with fat and goes to sleep without 
washing his hands had only himscK to blame if he 
comes to harm (if he is bitten hy somo inscct)". 

The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) used to perform ablution before going to sleep. 
On occasions when he wanted to f sleep while in a state 
when a bath is obligatory, then he used to wash the 
unclean part and go to bed after performing ablutions. 
9. When going to bed, close the doors of your house, 
extinguish the wick lamp or lantern, and put out the burn- 
ing nre. Once nre broke out in the home of a person m 
Medinah at night. On that occasion, the Holy Prophet 
(peaceandbIessingsofAHahbeupo n him) enjpined upon 
the people : "Fire is your enemy. Be careful to put rt 
out before going to bed". 

The Apostle of God (pcace and blessmgs of Aliah bo 

upon him) further observed.: "Do not permit your httlo 

children to go out'at the hour of evening, for at that hour 

evil spirits stalk the earth. When an hour or so of the mght 

haspassed, letthemgooutifneed he. Close your doors 

• at nlght reciting M ^. (Bismillah) the name of God and 

extinguish tho light after rceiting M ?-> {Bismillak) God's 

name, and tie the raouth of the waterskin with the recital 

of M~*i (Bismillah) God's name and again recito -»' r~t 

(Bismillah) the namc of God and cover the vessels in which 

you eat and drink. If there is no cloth cover available 

for this purpose, cover the pots and pans with somethmg 

else. 
10 Take care to keep the following things within reach of 
' your bed at the time of going to sleep. Drinking watei • and 
a glass/a Jug, a ..tick, a box of matches o. rtorch br 
lighting purposes, a miswak (twig for oleamng the teeth), 
a towel etc. If you are staying as a guest in a home, ask 
the host for directions to toilet rooms etc. You may tnus 
save unnecessary inconvenience if a sndden need anses 
during the night. Seven things were always kept ready 



04 

near the bed when tYe Holy Prophet .(peace and blesaings 
of Allah be upon him) wae in repose : (1) A bottle of oil. 
(2) A comb. (3) CoUyrium eontainer. (4) Sdsnors. (5) A 
Twig for cleaning ttie teeth. (6) a Mirror. (7) And a 

small wooden needle used for scnUching the head etc. 

11. Keep your shoes and elothes near at hand while going to 
bed. This will sav« you the trouble of looking for thera on 
arising. Do not ptit on shoes at once after leaving tbe bed. 
Similarly, do not put on clothes without shaking them 
briskly. It is possible that some doadly insect may have 
crept into your shoes or clothes and, God forbid> mey 
oause you harm. 

12. Clean and give a brisk shake to your bed covers before 
lying down for aleep. If you get up from sleep to answer a 
need and return to bed, shake the bed covers once again. 
The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 
him) observed : "When a person leaves the bed at night 
and returns to it again, he sbould dust it thrice with the 
edge of his wrapping cloth, for he does not know what 

creature may have erept on to the bed in his absence". 

(Tirmidhi) 

13. Saythe following prayer, when you get into bed. The 
Prophet's (peace and blessings of AHah be upon him) 
close attendant. Hadrat Anas (Qod be pleased with him) 
reports that on going to hed, th« Holy Prophet (peace and 
blessings of Allah be upon him) used to offer the following 
prayer : 

»* • , „ „-,. * «~~ ~ — • ** • * i J **!: 



Alhatndu liUahibladhl aPamana wa saqana wa kajtina 
tea HawSna fa Jcam mimman lclkd/la lahu wa 1$ mv?tol. 

{Titmidhiy 



I 

Praiae be to God Who gave uu food and drink, 
prbvided us sumoiently, and gave us (a plaoe for) ahelter ! 
How many there are who haye neither a provider nor 
shelterer". 

14. Reoite.8omeportionof the Holy Qur*an at the time of 
going to bed. Thc Holy Prophet (pearo and blessings of 
Ailah he upon him) invariably used to reoite a portion of 
the Holy Qur'an before going to sleep. The Apostle of God 
(peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) has observed : 
«God sends an angel to a man who reoites a portion of the 
Book of Allah on going to sjeep to protect him from all 
harm till the time of his rising", - (Ahmad) 

The Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings of Allah be 
npon him) has further observed : "When a man lies down 
on the bed, an angel aud the devil call on him. The angel 
says to him : "Close thy deeds of the day with a virtuoua 
act". And the devil says : "Close thy deeds of the day 
with an evil aet". If that man then reoites the name of 
God before going to sleep, the angel stands guard over him 
all night". 

Hadrat <X'isha (God be pleased with her) has reported : 
"When the Holy Prophet (poace and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) went to bed, he used to joiu his hands in the 
style of prayer and having recited the Surahs 'J^J' < gOM-' 
^LJl used to breathe upon his hands and then starting from 
his head, face and the front ho passed his hand over his 
body as far as it could go. The Holy Prophet (peace and 
blessings of Allah be upon him) repeated this act three 
times". (TirmidU) 

16, While going to sleep adopt the following posture : Put your 
right hand under the right cheek and turn on the right 
sid,e of the body before falling asleep. Hadrat Bra, (God 
be pleased with him) relates : "The Holy Prophet (peace 
and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to rest in this 
posture that his right hand lay under his right cheek. 
At the moraent of taking repose the Apostle (peace and 



«6 

blessings of Allah be upon him) used to say the following 
prayet ;. 




^ f Jt £fcJ4P ^J ^j 

Rabbi qini *adhabaka yauma tab^athu HbSdaka. 

"0 God ! Sare me from Thy doom on the day Thou 
wilt raise Thy bondmen". 

Hisn Hasln records that the Holy Prophet (peace 
and Messings of Allah be upon him) used to recite this 
prayer three times. , 

16. Do not Jie down on your belly nor take a turn on the left 
sideofyour body when going to sleep, The father of 
Hadrat Mu'ish Tafkhat al-Ghifari (God be pleased with 
him) relates : "I was lying on my belly in the mosque. 
Presently a person startled.me with a touch of his foot and 

observed : "God disapproves of thas posture of lying 
down." When I looked up I saw the person of the Ho!y 

■ 

Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)". 

[Abu Daw&d) 

17. Sleep in a place where fresh air is accessible. Do not sleep 
in closed rooms where there is no opening for letting in 
fresh air. 

18. Do not keep your face covered when asleep. This habit 
is harmful to health. Sleep with your facc uncovered so 
that you may inhale fresh air. 

19. Take care not to sleep on roofs which are not surrounded 
with a ridge of the wall or railing. Put on light before 
stepping down the statrs as a little oversight often causes 
grave eonsequences, 

20. Even in the freezing cold, do not keep the stove burning 
while you are asleep, nor keep the lantern on in a closed 
room* The gaaes produced by fire are deeply injurious tQ 



B7 

health ; sometimes they may even prove fatal and cause 
death. 

21, Say the iollowing prayer before falling asleep. HadTat 
Abu Huraira (God be pleased yith him) haa reported : 
"The Apostle of God (peaoe and blessings of Allah be upon 
him) used to say this prayer before going to sleep : 




,* f * - * ~ 

t«i~* <. iSj^i^ . ^*>JL*JI ibU 

Bi-ismika Rabbi wadaHu janbi toa bika arfa f uhu in 
dimakta najsi farhamha wa in arsaltahd fahfazh& bima 

tahfazu bihl Hhadakas-s&Uhln. (Bukhari* Muslim) 

"In Thy njnne, my Lord t I lay my side (on the bed) 
and in Thy name I ralse ifc. If Thou withhold my soul, then 
have mercy thereon. If Thou send it back, then guard 
it even as Thou doest guard Thy righteoua bondmen". 

In case memory does not retain this prayer, here ia a 
brief prayer : 

Allahumma bismika amutu wa ahy<l> (Bukhari t Mwlim) 
(( God t Tn Thy name do I live and die". 

22. Form the habit of waking up iu the small hours of the 
night. It is essential to rise in the last quarter of the night 
and remember God to master your dosires and pbysical 
demanda and to eatablish communion with God, The 
distinctite trait of the favouritos of God, as God hai 
Himself anjrmed, is that they wake up in the night an4 



68 

bow in humility to God and make proatrations and seek 
His forgiveness for their sins. it was the custom of the 

HoJy Prophet (peace and blessings oi AUah be upon hirn) to 
repose in the early part of the night and to get up in the 
srnall hours aml engage himself in devotion to God. 

23. Say this prayer on ariging from sleep ; 

>•>* ... * - -•.. ..„•„• « ,>♦,-•- 

«U~* c c5jl>ws 

Alhawdu UUaJiil-ladhi ahyana ha'da ma amatana wa 
ilaihin-nushur (Bukhari, Muslim) 

"Praise be-to God Who restored us iinto life, having 
caused us to die and unto Him shall be the Resurrection". 

24, Offer thanks to the Lord on seeing a happy dream and 
take ife as a good omen in your &vour. The Holy Prophet 
(peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) obser^ed : 
"Prophethood now bears glad tidings and nothmg 
■besides". The peopJe enquired : "What do the glad tidings 
signify V The Apostle of God (peace and blessings of 
Allah be upon hitnj observed : "A happy dreara". 
(Bukhari). The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah 
beupon him)further reroarked : "Whoever is the more 
truthM among ye wilj see & raore truthful dream". The 
Prophet (peace and blessings of Aliah be upon him) 
instructed the people, "Offer thanks to the Lord and 
praise Him whenerer you see a happy dreara, And 
relate your happy drearas and relate them to your friends 
only". Wheneyer the Raly Prophet (peace and bJessings 
of Allah be upon him) saw a happy dream, he related 
it to his companions (God be pleased with thera) and ho 
used to say to his friends (God be pleased with thera) : 
"Recount your dreams to me and I shall tell you tbr" 
interpretation". (Bur < - ;) 



6* 

25. Invoke blessings frequently upon the Holy Prophet (peace 
and blessings of Allah be upon him). Perchance God may 
bless you with a vision of His Apostle (peace and blessings 
of Allah be upon him). 

Hadrat Maulana Muhammad *A]i Mongiri (may God 
show him mercy) once asked Hadrat Fazal Rahman Ganj 
Muradabadi (may God show him mercy), "Teach me aorne, 
8pecia! Darud (prayer of Benedietion) by which I may win 
the favour of being blessed with the vision of the Haly 
Prophet (peace and blessinga of Altah be upon him)'\ 
Hadrat Fazal Rahman Ganj Muradabadi replied : "Thore 
is no special prayer of Benediction.. You need to euitivate 
deepdevotion only". Later after soine deliberation he 
observed : "Howe^er, with the following Benediction 
Hadrat Syed Hassan (may God show him raercy) won his 
ohject : . 

* *• ~ * * <* * * 

Allahumma salli 'ala Muhammadin %oa Htratihl b&adadi 

w 

JcnUi maHumin laka* 

"God! shower Thy Grace upon Muhammad and his 
family to the ultimate ertent of numbera whieh are in Thy 

Knowledge"* 

The Holy Prophet (peace and bleaainga of Allah be upon 
him) bbserved : "He who sees my vision in dream actually 
sees me, for the devil cannbt appear in my form'\ 

^. (ShamaHl Tirmidhl) 

Hadrat Yasld Farsl (may God show him mercy) 
u»d to* ealligraph the Holy Qnr'an, Once he waa 
blessed with the viaion of the Holy Prophet (peace and 
biesiings of Allah be npon him) in a dream. Hadrat Ibn 
' Abbas {God be pleased with him) waa alive at that ttme. 
Hadrat Yazid (may God show htm meroy) mentioned hia 
dream to him, Thereupon Hadrat Ibn' Ab6aa (God be j>lea«. 



60 

ed with him) related this tradition to him, "Whoever sees 
my vision in a dream actuaJly seea me, for the devil can 
never appear in my form". Then *Abbas (God he pleased 
with him) aaked Yazld (may God ahow him mercy) ; . "Can 
you describe the appearance of the person you saw in your 
dream V 9 Hadrat Yazld (may God ahow him mercy) 
recounted : "His frame and height were of fine proportions. 
He had a brown complexion inolined towards fairness, He 
had dark eyes and a smiling, h&ndsome, round face. He 
had a thick heard covcring his whole visage and Aowiug 
down to and epreading over his boaom*\ Hadrat Ibn 
'A^bas (God be ploaaed with himj affirmed : ''Yes, if you 
had seeri the Holy Prophet (peace and bleasings of Allah 
he upon him) in his Iife you could not have given a hetter 
description of him" (i.e. The description given by you 
resemblea the actual appearance of the Apostle (peaceand 
blessings of Allah be upon him]'\ {ShamaHl Tmnidki) 

26. When, God forbid, you aee an unhappy or terrifying dream, 

never relate it to any one. Beseech God to protect you 

from the m.enace of the dream, If it pleases God t you 

shall remain free from the evil of the dream. Hadrat Abu 

Salama (God be pleased with him) relates : "I often used 

to fall ill on seeing unhappy dreams. One day, I deacribed 

my complaint to Hadrat Abu Qatada (God be pleased with 

him) who related to me the following tradition of the Holy 

Prophet (peace and blessings of AUah be upon him) : "A 

happy dream is a blessing from God. If any of you sees a 

happy dream, he should not relate it to any one besides his 

sinoere friend. If any of you sees a bad dream, he should 

not mention it to any one. On the other hand, as soon aa 

-■% ■*. _ > j. 

he wakes from sloep he should rĕcite "OUu^JI & <&k 3>^ 

s * " " '* 

ps*^ 1 ' {A*audhubillahi minashshaitd nirrajlm three times 

and breathe a 'tut-tut* towards his left side and then take a 
turn over to the other side. In this manner, he will romain 
safe from the menace of tho dream", 

{Ritfad-ii&-Salehin s Muslim) 



61 . 

27. Dp not relate false dreams cohce!ved by your 6wn imagina- 
tion. Hadrat 'Abdullah b. 'Abbas (God be pleased with 
him) states that the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of 
Allah be upon hhn) observed : "The person who relates 
concocted dreams which he has not seen shall be awarded 
a punishmeat to bind two grains of barley in a knot and he 

- will never be able to do it". (Muslim) 

And the Hoiy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) observed : "It is a groat calumay that a man 
should relate what he has npt seen with his own eyes". 

(Bukhari) 

28. When a friend relates his dream to you, give him a favour* 
able intorpretation and say a prayor to invoke the blessings» 
the blessing of God upon him. A man once related his 
dream to the Holy Prophet (peace and blessin'gs of AUah 

beupon him). He observed : ,( You have seen a good 
dream and it shall have a happy outcome". 

After the dawn prayers the Holy Prophet (peace and 
blessings of Allah be upon him) used to sit crosa-legged 
and asked the people to relate to him if anyone had seen a 
dream and before listening to anyone's dream, the Holy 
Prophet (peace and blĕssings of AUah'be upon him) used to 

observe this saying : 

» 

b'U*l Jp l> j U l^ j *\Jy l^i j oliJLJ l^ 



^^JUJl Uj 41 nU>JIj 

Khairan ialaqqdhu wa sharran tawaqqahu vta khairan 
lana wa sharran 'ald a ( da l i?ia walhamdu lillahi rabbil 

"May the goodness of thia dream be b^stowed on you 
and may you be protected from' its menace. May thi* 
dre&m prove favourable to us aad may it bring curae 



29. 



62 

tipok otar enemies. Praise and thanksgiving is due to* Glod 
alone Who is the Lord of all worlds". 

If a dream strikes feelings of terror into you or an 
awkward dreara perplexes you, you should recite the 
foIlowing prayer t<? get rid of fear or perplexity and aak 
your grown-up children also to learn it by heart, 

Hadrat 'Abdullah b, 'Amr b, al 'As (God be pleased 
with him) related that whenever a person saw a terrible or 
awkward dreani, the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of 
Allah be upon him) in order to resolre his perpleiity used 
to instruct him to say the following prayer : 



• J J • s •«* > * > c 



A'udhu bikalimatillahiUdammaii min ghadabihl xva 
iqabiht wd sharri Hbadihl wa min harmtatishshay&tini 
wa anyahdurun. 

M I seek the protectioa of the perfect words of God 
against His wrath and anger and punishment, against the 
eyil-domgs of His oroatures, against the fears of evil 
spirits and against the posaibility that these eviJ spirits 
or their fears should assail me". 



Etiquettes 
of Walking 



1. WaJk on a medium pace in the way. Do not rush to 
become. an object of ridicuie for the onlookers, nor drag 
your feet so wearily that people might think you are ill 
and etart making anxiou3 enquirics after your health. The 
Holy Prophet (peaco and blessings of Allah be upon him) 
used to take long ateps when walking and placed his feet 
firmly on the ground ; he never dragged hia feet in the 
course of walking. 

2. Walk with poiso and dignity with eyes cast down. Do 
not continue to look sideways at overything along the path. 
It ia childish and improper. The Holy Prophet (poace and 
blessings of Allah be upon him) uaed to walk with his holy 
self inclined forward as if he were descending a slope. He 
(poace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to move 
with dignity at a rather quick pace and kept an alert but 
self-possessed posture of body. He (peace and blessings of 
A.Uah be upon him) never looked sideways, right or left, on 

the road. 

3. Walk "humbly with even steps. Do not walk arrogantly 
and proudly. You can't split the earth w'ith a kick nor 

■ are you going to scaie tho heights of mountains. What is 
the reason, then, for striking arrogant and haughty^ 
postures in walking "i 

4. Walk with shoes on. Do not. walk bare foot. Shoes 

protĕct the feet from injury by thorns, pebbles or other 

harmml bits and pieees lying on the way, as well as from 

- the bites of deadly inaeots. The Holy Prophet (peace and 
blossings of AHah he npon him) observed : "Keep yoiir 

' 63 



64 

shoes on most of the time. A person who keeps his ahoea 
on is a kind of rider'\ 

5. Be mindful of good taste, propriety and dignity when 
walking along the road. Walk with both shoea on, or with 
both feet bare, It is ridioulous to walk with a shoe on one 
foot and the other foot bare. Obsorre uttnost oare not to 
display sueh bad taate or improper behariour uniess it i» 
absolutely neoessary. The Holy Prophet (peaee and 
blessings of Allah be upon him) obserred : "No one shouid 
walk with one shoe on. Walk with both ehoes on or with 
both feet bare'\ (ShamaHl Tirmidhi) 

6. Koep the ends of your dress folded in the course of walking 
to avoid the danger of ontanglements. The Holy Prophet 
(peace and bleasings of Allah be upon him) during walks 
used to roll up hia attire a bit. 

7. Walk shoulder to shoulder with your companions without 
observing any formalities. Do not walk ahead of your 
companions to show off your higher rank. Sometimea walk 
hand in hand with your fellowa in a spirit of close friendship. 
The Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings of AUah be upon him) 
never displayed his distinguiahed rank while walking with 
his companions (God be pleased with theia). Often the 
Pro^pheb (peace and blesaings of Allah be upon him) would 
walk behiud hia companions (God be pleased with them) 
and sometimes took the hand of a compantoa iuto his own 
sacred hand as a mark of intimate companionship'* 

8. Strictly observe the following etiquettes while walking 
along the road. Do not stop or sit on the way with the 
objeot of staring at the passera-by* lf on occasions you 
must stop or sit on the way, you ahould follow the^tollowing 
six rules : ... > ■ 

(1) Keep your eyes downcaat; 

(2) Bemore harmful bita and piece« out of the way. 

(3) Respond to the f aalam' of otjters. 



65 

(i) Persuade the people to do good and prevent them from 
doing evil. 

r 

(5) Show the way to travellers who have lost direction. 
. (6) Help those who are in trouble or are facing hardship, 

9. In the course of a journey, aeek the companionship of 
the good and avoid the chanoe of travelling with the 
wicked. 

10. Men and women should not walk in a mixed company on 
the road. The women should avoid the middle path and 
walk along the edge of the road. The raen should walk 
apart frbm the wbmen. The Holy Prophet {peace and 
blessings of Allah be upon him) affirmed : "Collisibn with 
a mud-stained swine drenohed in stinking slush is tolerable 
yet it is inadmissible that a stranger should rub shoulders 
with a female". . 

■ 

11. Whenever righteous women have to pass along the road out 
of any need or necesaity, they should" wrap their bodies, 
garments ahd all pieces of physical adornment carefully 
with a ( burqa* or a sheot and cover their faces with a veil. 

12. Do not wear a piece of ornamont which gives out a tinkling 
"sound whilo you walk, or otherwise, walk with soft and 
even steps so that the tinkle of your ornaments may not 
invifce the attention of tHbse unrelated to you. 

13. Womon should not use strong perfumes if they intend to 
go out on the road. The Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings 
of AUah be upon him) has diaapproved of such women 
in strbng terms. 

14. When you emerge from your home, look up to the sky and 
say the iollowing prayer : 

JjJ ol & iL Sy>l J\ JjH M jp cJTy iil r 



V - * ^ J * + 



i—u jjn^ j\ jjikj j\ joj j\ j^j m j jjj ji . 



66 

BUmiUahi taimkkaltu 'alallahi Allahumma innl a l udhu 
bika min an~naziita au nuzalla wa an-nadilla au-nudalla 
au natlima au yuzlama "alainaau najhala au yujhala 
'alaina, 

"In the name of God, I rely ' upon God. God 
Behold we seek refuge in Thee lest we slip, or go aatray or 
wrong or be wronged, or act foolishly or any one ahould 
aet foolishly with-us". 

15. On going to the bazar, say this prayer : 

*• > 0>$ *. ■ w • -I i >• * «• /-•*• • - *Ak «* » • 

„ / «A* ♦ * *'.! ** -• ~ * - ■ " - ■ ■» - • - •*•*-- 

^ . ***** ^ •* - <* ** 0* 



BUmillahi Allahumma inni ae 'aluka khaira hadhihia* 
% *wgt tw khaira majiha wa a'udhu bika min aharriha wa 
sharri tn&Jiha. AUahumma innl a'udhu bika an ustba 
bihd yaminan /ajiratan au safaqatan khasiratan. 

"In the name of God. God 1 Behold I ask of Thee 
good of this market and thĕ good of that whioh is therein 
and I seek refuge in Thee from the evii thereof aud the evil 
of that which is therein. O God ! Behold I seek refuge in 
Thee lest I take a false oath or strike a bargain her&in 
incurring loss". 

Hadrat 4 Umar b. Khattab (God be pleased with him) 
atated that the Holy Prophet (peace and blesaings of Allah 

be upon him) had observed : "The man who saya this 
prayer on entering the bazar, God adds ten iakh virtues to 
his account and forgives his ten lakh ains and raises hia 
merit* by ten lakh degrees : 



67 



.■*•>* **-*»*• ■$* r- -• . - rv.V ,», c - „, ■ ' „ 

a^J! <J, i*UUJt d <J dl^i ^ .jb^ M VI <Ji V 



* • - ■ « «. » J 



ttMv* . j-jj* *^i jr 



-" # 



£a i/5Aa ilUdlahu wahdahu Id sharlka lg.hu lahul-mulku 

wa lahul-hamdu yuhyt wa yumltu tca huwa hayyun U 

yamuiu biyadihihkhairu wa huwa f aU kulli shaiHn 
qadtr. 

"There is no deity save God. He.is alone, No 
partner hath He. His is the Sovereignty and His is the 
praise. He gireth Ufe and He gireth death. He i$ the 
Erer LiWng that never dieth. In Hia hand is all the good 
and He hath power to do all things". (Tirmidhi) 



Etiquettes of 
Travel!ing 

r 

1. You shouid aet out oa a journey at a suitable hour so that 
the journey may be oompleted iu the sbortest possible 
time and houra of prayera may alBO be properly obserred. 
The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upott 
him) generally held Thuraday to be a prppitious day to 
start on a journey himself or for sending someone elae on a 

journey. 

2. Do not go on a journey alone. If possible, travel in a 
company of three persons. This ensures proper oare of 
baggage and needs are easily met by mutual oo-operation. 
Companionship duringa journey also ensures safety from 
several dangers and mishaps. The Holy Prophet (peaoe 

: nnd blessings of Allah be upon him) once observed : "K 
■ the disadvantage8 of travelnng aloue that I am aware of 

" are made known to the people, no rider would go on a 
journey alone during the night". (Bukhari). On one 
occasion, a man having made a long journey oame to the 
presenoe of the Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings of AHah 
be upon him). The Prophet (peace and blessings of AUah 
bc upon him) enquired from the tra^eller, "Who is thy 
companion V The traveller submitted : "0 Prophet of 
God (peace and blessings of Allah be upon you) I have no 
oompanion. I have oome alone». Thereupon the Holy 
Prophet(peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) ob9erv- 
ed : "A lone rider is a devil ; two riders are devils too ; 
' but three riders are riders all right". (Tirmidhi) 

3. A woman must go on a journey in the company of her 
* spouse or lawful kith and kin. In the case of ordinary 



travelling for a day or half, ahe may go alone, but it li 
always [disereet for a woman not to move out alone. The 
Holy Prophet (peace and blessinga of AHah be upon him) 
has observed : "tt is not permissible for a woman who 
believea in God and the Day of Judgement to go on a 
journey lasting for three or more days alone". She may> 
however, undertake suoh a long journey if she is accom- 
panied by her father, brother, husband, her otto son or 
any other lawful kith or kin". (Bukhari). The Holy 
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon hbn) is 
reported to have rem&rked on one dooasion,: "A woman 
ahould hot go alone eten on a journey of one day and one 
night". " {Bukhari, Muelim) 

4. On leaving for a journey when you get on to the vehicle of 
transport and it begins to move, say this prayer : 

Ji Ul j «^J >. <J tS* U^ IJU LJ>~ ci^JUt <f~" • 



^jiJlj ^J 1J* U>- J dUS-J Ul j^JJI . OjJ&J bj 
b>>lj IJU U>- Up Oj* fj& ^y bj*4\#*j 

*> - .' " ' ** 

* „. * > -• -* • * - 9 9 S- .*•- *>A - f -•«* 

t J*V! j JLUiJlj >Jl J ^LJI CJI j^Ul^^i 

t ^JiuJi otr j >ji *iMj ^ dL Sj*i Ji j^i 



^ - * j • • > * 



u* jj^JIj JlIjJIj Ja^Ij JUI J ^JLL^JI »>- j 



* } • ^* -• • •» ^ 



•* ^ <p 

5ubAan-aMarf&f sakhkhara land hadM wa md kunna lahu 
mt^rinina .wa innS ila rabbinH Umunqalibun* Alla- 



70 

humma innS na**aXuka fl sajarina ha&hal*birta wat- 

tagwa wa min-aUamali ma tarda. Allahumma hawwin 
'alaind safarand hadha wdtwi *annd bo l dahu, Alla- 
humma antaa-sahibu fis-3afari wal-khalifatu fiLahli. 
Allahumma inni a^udhu bika min wa'tha* is-safari wa 
ka 9 abaUil'manzari wa su'il-munqalabi fil-mali wal-aMi 
wal-waladi wal-hauri b&dahkauri wa da f walihmazlumu 

w 

(Muslim> Abu-Dawud, Tirmizi) 

"Glory be nnto God Who hath subjugated this (beast) 
tinto ue, though we were unable to subdue it- Behold we are 
aaauredly to return unto our Lord. God 1 Behold, we heg 
of Thee in this journey of oura righteousness and piety and 
a conduet wherewith Thou wilt be well pleased. God I 
Make this journey of ours easy for us, and roll up for us 
the distance thereof. God ! Thou art (our) companion 
in this journey, and representative in (our) household. 
God 1 Behold, I aeek refugo in Thee from the toil of this 
joumey, from holding a sad sight and a bad reverse in 
my wealth and household and from deficiency after plenty, 
and from the curse of the opprossod". 

*. Pay due regard to the oomfort and conyenience. of othera 
on theway. Your fe]]ow-trave]lers have a right on you. 
TheHoly Qur'an affirms : s^Jl* v~UJlj~ Was-sahibibil- 
Janbi. "Be nice to the companion beside you". The 
term 'companion beeide you* inoludes all suoh persons who 
happen to be your fellow-travellers auy time, anywhere. 
The brief fel]owship in the course of a journey imposes a 
duty on you to show the best conduot towards your fe!low- 
traveller and take the utmost care not to cauae him any 
physical or mental distress by utterance or deed. The 
Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be npon bim) 
affirmed : "The ohiefofthe nation is the servant of tbe 
people. The person who ercels othera in rendering good 
service to hia fellow men can be surpassed in piety by no 
one, save thoae who attain martyrdom in the way of God". 

{Mishkal) 



\ 



71 

6. S*y two &*k*,*trof TbankBgiring on leaving for a jotnmey 
and on retnrning from it. Such was the custom of the 
Holy Prophet (peaee and blessings of All*h be upon him). 

6* When your train or bus aacenda a slope or yooir aeroplane 
takes off and is air-borne, say this prayer : 



jr £> jm\ 2xj j #j* ■ jrj#«>>ftifl $ 



i 



Allahumma lakash-shara/u 'ala kulli aharajin wa lakat- 
hamdu 'ala kulli hatin. 

"0 God, Thou art supreme over all heights and eleva- 
tions. Praise and Thanksgiving under all circumstances 
is due to Thee alone". 

7. If yon have to halt your journey at night, stay at a safe 
plaoe where your life and gooda are sumciently safeguarded 
against thieves and brigands as well as from the menace of 
deadly animals or inseots. 

8. Having achieved the purpose of ym*, .journey, make haste 
' to return home. Do not waader about .aimlessly. 

9. On return from a jourhey, do not enter your house 
suddenly without sending in advance information of yotir 
arxival. Offer two Raka'ats of prayers in the mosque, 
thus affording time to the members of your. household 
during which they may make preparations to accord you a 
befitting weloome. 

10. Take care of the oomfort and cause of the animals aocom- 
panying you during the journey and look after the nĕeds 
and proteotion of the rider who accompanies you. 

11. Travelling in the cold weather, carry your bedding with 
you. Do not cause unnecessary trouble to your host, 

12. Carry a tumbler and a prayer mat .during the journey to 
avoid inconvenienoefl at times of need like purincation, •-' 



72 
WMm, prayer and taking a drink of wat«t. 

« tL rr t p rr- fro;n amone "^™ * j 

Skl? , r ( r) - But each one should k «p i* 

^ ^™; r nOCOmry " aQd ° thW ^ ia 

,4, 2ft32f /" Is in the conr8e of * ^- ^ **• » y 

alf £ iL £! ; iuw^ u - v ; ^ j^ 



- ■"- » - 






**JI* ^Ib . ajj uj 4J1J '• 



0* 



*m* wa S harn ma khuliga flki m sharri mayadm l 

^nal r , ", hiUahi ^ ma4in *» °^« - 
2* TJ- Wal ^ raU ^^harrisakin-iUala.i 
*a m m . waMtn . wama waUd (A b u.DaJZ } 

"O earth ! My Lord and Thy Lord i 8 God f 8 k 

t re : ge f God j tom thine •*■ and ^ »^^:z 

thee, f TOm the evii of that which hath been created n 
hee and f th6 evil of thafc wh . Qh » creat^ 

Li + ( FefUge ^ G ° d fr0m th « «on and the A 8wad 
Iwel TT "' th ° 8C ° rpi0n ' from «,• -ii of t he ' 

<Z hl Z M Iaad ' fr ° m th0 h ^ r - and ^ wh ch 
<the begetter) begetteth". 



73 

. Vjl 2* j£ <i VJC) Q Q 

Auban auban lirabhina taubanld yughadiru ' alaina kftban. 

{HUn Hassien) 
"We are returners, penitents before our Lord, penitence 
that may not let any effect of our misdeeds remain on iis. 

16. On sending off someone on a journey, accompany him for 
sorae distance. On taking leave, ask him to say a prayer 
ahd say this prayer for him when the traveller departs : 

Astaudi 'ull&ha dlnaka : wa anutnataka wa khawatlma 
'amalika. (Hisn Hassien) 

"Unto God' I commend your faith, your trust, and tho 
concluaion of your dĕeds°, 

17, Ertend a warm welcome to the trayeller when he retnrns 
from the journey. Make affectionate remarks and shake 

hands with him or ernbrace him as need be or aa the 
oocasion demands. 



Etiquettes of 
Mourning and Grief 



1. Endure calamities with patience and calmness. Do not 
lose heart and never Jet your grief and sorrow escĕed 
moderate proportions, No person in the world can remain 
safe and unaffected by sorrow, grief, oalamity, hardship, 
affliction, failure or loss. The response of the believers 
and unbelievers is, however, different in tbis respect. 
The non*believer ]oses his sense under the burden of pains 
and sorrows and is completely immobilis«i by feeiings of 
hopelessness and dismay. Sometimes he sucoumbs to grief 
and commits suicide. In contrast the believer remains 
undaunted in the iace of the*greatest calamity and never 
leaves oommand over his patience. At such times he becomes 
a eymbol of patience and perseveranoe and stands firm 
like & ropk. He takes the view that whatever has occurred 
was decreed by God and no eomraand of God is devoid of 
wisdom or purpose. Hence whatever God commands is 
for the ultimate good of man and surely there is always 
an aspect of grace in all the dealinga of God with man. 
This reasoning produces a sfcate of spiritual caJm and 
"satisfaction and the bitter taste of sorrow turns into sweet* 
ness. Thifl faith i.n the predetermined destiny makes the 
burden of hardship light and caiamity becomea easy to 
bear. God has affirmed ; 

^Ni J ^-~~ & v^ 1 ^ 

,♦,"*»•-. 1 * * - -S +~* • * • - * ' <» * ■ * < 

. . *■ < m - * * s* * 

74 




78 

4f £ o«56a mtm-miwt&a#in fiUardi tva lafl an/usikum illd 
fi kitaabm min qabli annabra'ah&. Inna dhalika 4 alallahi 
yasirun Ukaili htta» f a«m5/atehw, , 

(Al-Badeed : 22 1 23) 

"Naught of disaster befal!eth in the earth or ia your- 
flelves but it is in a Book before we bring it into beiag. 
Lo I that is eaey for Allah that ye grieve not for the sake 
qf that whioh hath esoaped you'\ 

In other words one of the meriis of putting faith in a 
divinely appointed destiny is that the believer finds solaoe 
even amidst the greatest suffering deeming it to be the 
deeree of the Providenoe. He remains unshaken and in 
all matters looks towards the Merciful God and thinks 
only of His Graoe and endeavours to seek good out of 
every evil by employing his virtues of patienceand con- 
tentment under all circumstances. The Holy Prophet 
(peace aqd Messings of Allah be upon him) has pbserred : 

"How exoellent is the etate of the true believers I 
He wias Grace under all eonditions. If he is afflioted with 
grief, aiokneaa or poverty, he bears them in peaoe and 
. suoh trials bring goodnesa to him. If he is rewarded with 
happiness and prosperity it becomes the cause of goodness 
for him". (Muslim) 

2; On hearing a tragio or painful news or if you suffer loaa or 

sustain grief or injury or are beset with a sudden misfor- 

> *. ■■-* * * 

tune, recite at onoe : 0>»»lj Ol Ul j *h U1 — Innd lUlahi wa 

innd Uaihi raaji*Un* 

"Lo 1 We are Allah*s and Io I unto Him are we to 
return". (al-Baqarah) 

The implioation is that all our possessions belong to 
God ; God has given us ererything and He is the One 



7« 

Who <wi\\ take everything. We are hia creatures and we 
must return to Him. Wesubmitto tho Will of God in 
all matters and are conteut with His Dispensation. AU 
acts of God contain certain purpose, wisd.om and justice* 
He acts with greater good in view. It ia the duty of His 

faithful servant'never to resent the actions of the Lord. 
God observes : 

„ • * * « > • ^ * * Ĕ m • .»■ • > %** > ■ ** >* 

m T t J ^ # J ** # ^ ? *» i « »/^ *Yt £ * /■ ^ ■„ 

£%! . 0^4, *JI Ul j <U .Ul l/li <~~~ ^.U» 1 ' 

>« ■ ju •>•>>> T > > * > ■ > > » « * ■* * i> - • *« 



^^ 



l\oV.V0« #/Jli 

TTato nabluwannakum bishaiHm minal khauji waljuH wa 
naqsimminal-am-wdli wal anju&i wassamardti wa bashshi- 
ris-sdbirin-al-ladhina idha-a&dbathum musibatun qdlu 
innd lillahi wa innd-ilaihi rdji'un. UWika 'alaihim 
salawa^tummin Rabbihim tva rahmatun wa uWika humul 
muhta r dun. (2 : lSS-157) 

"And surely we shall try you with something of fear 
and hunger and loss of wealth and lives and cropa ; but 
give glad tidings to the steadfast who aay, when * misfor- 
tune striketh them ; Lo 1 we are Allah's and lo ! unto 
Him we are to return. Sueh are they on whom are blessings 
from their Lord and Mercy, Suoh are the rightly-guided". 

The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of AUah be 
upon him) haa affirmed ; "When a man is ajHicted with 

hardship and says : *fl Ul Innti Hllahi 



God removes his afflictiqn and blesses him with & 
happy outcome and bestowa on him what his heart desires 
in reward for W\ 

On one occaaion when hie lamp went oflf, the Holy 
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said : 

0>*t'j 4£S 1*1 j «i Ul — Innd lillahi wa inna ilaihai raji^un 

Someone enquired : "0 Holy Prophet (peace and 
bJessings of Allah be upon you) ! Is it a calamity if the 
lamp goes off ?" The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings 
of AHah be upon him) observed : " Yes, everything that 
causes hardship to a believer is a calamity". And the 
Holy Prophet (peace and bleasings of Allah be upon him) 
has observed : 

*'God forgives all the sins of those Muslims who «uffer 
a torment of the soul or physical pain, illness, sorrow, grief 
or affliction, even the injury on account of the piercing of 
a thorn (and bear all these trials with patience)". 

(Bukhari, Mudim) 

Hadrat Anas (God be pleased with him) reports: 

"The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon hitn) observed : 'The more severe the trial and 
hardship, the greater its reward. When God cherishes 
Iove for a group of people, He puts them to trial to cleanse 
them more and to make them pure. Henoe those who 
aoquiesoe in the Will of God win the pleasure of God* 
And those who harbour resentment against God in the 
hour of trial, God also is displeased with themV 

(Tirmidhi) 

liadrat Abu Musa Ash ( ari (God be pleased with him) 
relatea that the Holy Prophet (peace. and bleeaings of 
Allah be upon him) observed; "When the ohild of a 
person die«, God enqairw from Hia angels: 'Did you 
extract the soul of the ohild of one of my creatures V They 
tubmit : "Yea'\ God again aak» them ; *Did you extract 



78 

the Boul of the most beioved of my creature?' They submit: 
"Yea". God then enquires from them : 'What did my 
creature aay V Thoy aubmit : "In his hour of affiiotion, 

» - - • ' *. 
he praised Thee and said : Oj^-ij *a>| W * &W--Xnna Ullahi , 

wa inna ilaihi raji'un. Thereupon God oommande the 
angele: «Build a dwelling for thia oreature of MineiD 
the paradise and eall it *Bait ul-Hamd' (The House of 
Thanksgiving)." (Tirmidhi) 

3. It is natural to show grief on suffering pain or meeting an 
aooident. However, care should be observed that even 
under the stress of eitreme pain and grief the tongue 
should not utter an unholy remark, nor the virtuea of 
patience and contentm en t be forsaken. 

The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) had hia son Hadrat Ibrahim {God be pleaaed 
with him) in his lap when the child was about to depart 
thiB earthly Iife. On seeing this piteous Bight tears started 
trickling down the eyes of the Holy Prophet (peace and 
blesaings of Allah be upon bim) and the Prophet of God 
(peaoe and blessings of Allah be upon him) observed : 
"0 Ibrahim, we grieve over thy separation, but our tongue 
shall utter only.that whioh conformfl to the Will of God". 

(Mudim) 

4. Even in the depth 6f grief, do not commit an act whioh 
may smack of ingratitude or oomplaint or which transgres r 
ses the rules of Shari'ah. It is unlawfal for a believer 
to give vent to loud weeping, tearing off clothes, slapping 
cheeks, crying and shouting or beating of head or the 
chest in mourning. The Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings 
of Allah. be upon him) has said : "The man who tears off 
his clothes, slapa hia oheeks, and raves and shouts like 
naRana and wails is 'not a member of my ummah." 
* B (Tirmidhi) 

When Hadrat Ja'lar Tayyar (God be pleased with 
him) attained martyrdom and the news reaohed his home, 

''JSi 



n 

f the women of his household began fco shout and ory and 
started wailing loudly. The Holy Prophet (peace and 
blessings of Allah be upon him) sent word, "Stop wailing". 
But the women continued their lamentations, The Holy 

Prophet (peaoe and blessings of AUah be upon hini) forbade 
them a aecond time, but the women would not comply* 
Thereupon the Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings of Allah 
be upori him) observed : M FH1 their mouths with duat". 

(Bukhdri) 

On one occasion, the Hply Prophet (peaoe and blesa- 
ings of Allah be upon him) was accomanying a funeral 
procession. A woman came carrying a stove* The Holy 
Prophet (peace and bleseings of AUah be upon him) 
reprimanded her so severĕly that she ran away at once. 

(Siwrt~un~N*bi VoL VI) 

- The Holy Prophet (peace and blessinga of Aliah be 
upon him) observed : "No one should oarry fire or funeral 
musio behind a bier". 

There was & custom in Arabia that people who wa*ked 
behind a bier used to cast away their cloaks as a ntark of 
griof and only kept their skirts on. On seeing people in 
this state once the Holy Prophet (peacĕ and blessings of 
Allah be upon him) observed ; Are you obserring a pagan 
custom ! I was thinking of inroking suoh a curse upon you 
that your appearanoes might be deformed". The people at 
once put on their cloaks and nerer aoted in this fashiou? 
again. (26n Maj&h) 

5, Do not curse your illneas, nor utter any word of complaint. 
Exercise utmost patience and self*control and pray for the 
reward in the Hereaffcer, 

The sins of the believera are waahed away by suffering 
illness or enduring tortures. The soul of the belieyer is 
purged and he attains capital reward in the Eternal world* 
The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 
him) hag affirmed ; 



80 

./*AU pain that the believer endure* on aocount of 
physical torture, illness or some other oatise is rewarded 
by God in suoh fashion that God purges the believer of all 
his sins even aa a tree sheds its leaves". (Bukharl, Muslim) 

Once on seeing a lady shivering, the Holy Prophet 
(peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) enquired from 
her, u O Umm Sa'ib or Musayyib 1 Why are you shivering 
so V* She replied : U I am seiased with fever. May God curse 
it l" The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of AUah be 
upon him) advised her, "No, don't curse the fever. Fever 
purges the progeny of Adam of sins even as fire smelts the 
ore to estract pure iron*\ {Muslim) 

Hadrat «Ata b. Rabah (may God be merciful to him) 
describes a *fifb o i«*nd account as follows ; "On one oocasion 
when we were near the Ka'ba, Hadrat 'Abbas (may God 
be pleased wlth him) said to me, "Would you like to aee a 
woman who will go to Paradiae V* "Yes, certainly". 

Hadrat 'Abbas (may God be pieased with him) said : 

*<Look at that black woraau. She once went to the 
presence of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessinga of 
Allah be upon him) and submitted, "0 Prophet of God 
(peace and blessings of Allah be upoa you) I am seized 
with such deep fits of epilepsy that I lose all oonsciousness 
and in this state I become oompletely naked : O Prophet 
of God (peace and blessings of Allah be upon you) 1 Pray 
to God in my behalf". The Holy Prophet (peace and 
b]essingsof Ailah beupon him) observed : "If you continue 
to endure this affliction with patience, God will send thee 
to Paradise or if you wish I shall pray to God to cure 
thee". Ott hearing this, the lady submitted : "0 Prophet 
of God (peace and bleasings of Allah be upon you) ! I am 
willing to endure this aSliction in peace. However, please 
pray to God to save me from the humiliation of being 
rendered naked in the state of epilepsy". The Hbly Prophet 
(peace and bleasings of Allah be upon htm) thereupon 
prayed to God on behalf of thia lady. ^adrat 'Ata (God 



81 

be meroifuI to him reports that he saw this tall lady Umm 
Rafz on the steps of the Ka'ba." 

6. Do not obserre mourniag for more than three days on the 
death of any one. It is natural to be stricken with grief 
»nd to weep on the death of relations, yet the period of 
mouming should not esceed three days, The Holy Prophet 
(peace and blessings of AHah be upon him) obserred : "It 
is not Iawful for a believer to mourn the death of someone 
for a period of more than three days. Howerer, the Iawful 
mourntng period for a widow is four months and ten days • 
During this period, she should not put on a oolo ur fui 
dress, nor use any perfume nor should bedeck herself." 

{Tirmidhi) 
On the fourth day after the death of the brother of 
Hadr a tZainab bint Jahsh (God be pleased with her) 
some ladies visited her to offer condolenoea. Hadrat 
Zainab (God be pleased with her) applied perf U me'to h er 
person in the presenoe of ereryono and remarked : "I did 
not need to use perfume at this time. However, I hay 6 
done so now because I have heard the Holy Prophet (peace 
and blessings of Allah be upon him) to say, "It i s not 
Iawful for a Muslim lady to obserre mourning for more 
than three days for any relation exoepfc her husband''. 

7. Advise each other to bear sorrow, grief or ealamity calmly 
and patiently. When the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings 
of Allah be upon him) returned from the battle of Uhud 
the ladies came to his holy presence to enquire after their 
rolations and kin. When Hadrat Hamna blnt Jahsh (God 
be pleased with her) appeared, the Holy Prophet (pfe ace 
and blessinga of Allah be upon him) instructed her to 
bear her grief calmly, and aaid : «Be patient orer ^ 
martyrdom of your brother 'Abdullah (God be pleased with 
him) and she recited : djL\j «Ul Ul j i uL/ BWtl UUW m 

inna ilaihi raji'un. It is from Allah and we have to return 
to Allah and prayed for the salv»tion of her brother". 



82 

Then the Holy Prophet (peace and blessinga of Allab be 

upon him) instructed her, "Be patient over the martyrdom 

mf your maternal unole Hamza (God be pleased with him)'\ 

Hadrat Hamna (God be pleased with her) again reoited 

0>**-lj *JI Ul j Jb t>l — Inna lillahi wa inna ilaihi raji ( un and 

prayed for the salvation of her uncle. 

The son of Hadrat Abu Talha (God be pleased with 
him) was gravely ill- Leaving his son in this preoarioua 
8tate, Talha (God be pleased with him) had to go out to 
work^ The ohild died in his abaence, Abu Talha's wife 
(God be pleased with her) instructed the people not to 
report the news to Abu Talha (God be pleased with him). 
When he returned home in the evening after work, he 
enquired from the wife ;' "How is the child t" She replied : 
"He is in & more restful state". Then ahe bronght dinner 
for Abu Talha (God be pleaaed with him). He ateitin 
peace and' went to bed. Neit morning the pious wife 
conveyedthe sad news to ber husband in a very wise 
manner. She asked him : <<If someone lends something to 
somebody and then demands it back, what right has the 
possessor to withhold the thing from the real owner V* .Abu 
Talha (God bepleased with him) replied : "It is impossible 
for the borrower to claim suoh a righV\ Thereupon the 
patient wife observed : ( 'Be patient over the loss of your 
son then'\ (Muslim) 

8. Weloome all hardships in the way of righteousness in good 
cheer and feel joy rather than sorrow at whaterer distress 
bĕfalls you in this way. Offer thanks to tbe l^oid that He 
tbus aooepted your saoriĔice in His way. Hadrat Asma' 
(God be pleased with her), the illustrious mother of Hadrat 
«Abdullah b. Zubair (God be pleased with him) once fell 
gr*velyill. Hadrat 'Abdullah {God be pleased with him) 
oame to enquire after her health. The mother said to him 
**Son 1 in the first plaoe, I wish that God shoiild keep me 
until I withess oa6 of the twQ things that either you 



85 

should attain martyrdom on the field of battle aad I 
should obtain the Grace of being patient on hearing the 
report of your inartyrdom or you Bhould gain yictory and 
seeing you a victor I should gladden my sight. As God 
willeditao Hadrat 'Abduliah b. Zubair (God be pleased 
with him) attained martyrdom in the Iifetime of hia 
mother, Hajjaj ordered to kaep his dead body hangiag on 
the stake. Hadrat Asma* (God be pleased with her) was 
at that time too old and weak yet in spite of her old age 
and weaknesa ahe arrired to look at this piteous sight. 
Inatead of crying and wailing on aeeing the dead body of 
her dear aon, she addreaaed Hajjaj and aaid to him : "Has 
not the time yet oomĕ for this rider to dismount the horse?" 
9- Support one another in grief and pain. Share the sorrows 
and afflictiona of your frienda and lend al3 help you oan to 
alleriate their suSering. The Holy Prophet (peace and 
blessinga of AUah be upon him) observed : "All Muslims 
are Hke one human body. Ktheeye beoomes sore, the 
entirebody feels distresa. If there ia a pain in the head, 
all orgaos of the body suffer the agony". (Muslim) 

At the time when Hadrat Ja<far Tayyar (God be 
pleaaed with him) attained martyrdom, the Holy Prophet 
(peaoe and blessings of AHah be upon him) observed : 
"Let food be sent to Ja'far's house, for the inmates of kis 
houae in their abundanoe of grief wilj not be able to cook 
mea1 "- (Abu Dawud) 

Hadrat Abu Huraira (God be pleaaed with him) 
reports that the Holy Prophet (peace and blessinga of 
Allah be upon him) observed : "A man who offers oondo- 
lences to a woman whose child is dead shall be admitted in 
Paradise and he shali be wrapped in the aheet of Para- 
di86 "- . (Tirmidhi) 

And the Holy Prophet (peace and blesatngs ofAJlah 
beupon him) also obsorved ; u The man who solaoes an 
afflicted person shall be rewarded in the aame degree as the 
afflicted one'\ (Tirmidhi) 



In tho samo connoction thoHoly Prophot (poaco and 
hlessings of Allah be upon him) enjoinod upon tho peoplo 
to joiu the funerals, Hadrat Ahu Huraira (God be pleasod 
with him) has reported : "The Holy Prophot (peace and 
blesBings of AUah be upou him) observed ; The peraon 
who joins tho funoraI and says the fuaoral prayor will get 
a roward equal to ono QIrat (Carat) and tho porson who 
after the fuueral prayers attonda the burial also will got 
reward oqual to two Qirats (Carats)". Someone asked : 
"What will be the mass of these two Qirafs ?" The Holy 
Prophet (peacĕ aad blessings of Allah be upon him) obsenr- 
ed ; **The mass of theae two Qira{s will be equal to two 
mountains". (Bukkari, Muslim) 

10« When you are pressed uuder the burden of calamities and 
affiicted with sorrows, turn to God ; offer worship aud bow 
in humility to Him and say prayers to Hira. The Holy 
Qur'an affirms ; 

i s ^ » s •>•<*• *^^ t „ f # *++i 



Ya ayyuhalladhlna amanusPainu biambri waasalah* 

"O ye who believe ! Seek help^through perseverance 
and prayer". 

It is uatural to be sorrowful and shed tears in a grief- 
stricken state. However, avoid weeping loudly. The 
Holy Prophet (peace and btessings of Allah be upon him) 
used to weep in a muffled voice, He (peace and blessings 
of AUah be upon him) used to heave a cold sigh ; teara 
would stream down the eyes and the voice which oame out 
of his holy bosom used to be similar to the sound of a. 
bubbling kettle or the turning of a griading wheel. The 
Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings of Allah be upon him) 
has himself described the state of his grief and weeping* 

"The eye sheds tears'; the heart ia Alled with sorrow ; 

yet our tongue utters only those words whioh ara pleasing 
to our Lord". 



86 

Hsdrai Abu Huraira (God be pleased with bim) teport» 
that whenever the Holy Prophot {peace and blessings of 
Allah be upon him) felt worried, he used to Iook up to the 

heavens and said rcpeatedly pffl M oC^—Subhdnalla 

hi1azlm> Gloried be the Lord the Magnificent and when 
the sorrow deepened and the Holy Prophet (peace and 
blessings of Allah be upon him) devoted himself to prayer 
with greater fervour, he (peace and blessings of Allah be 

upon him) used to say : 

l* . * - ~ 

Ya hayyu ya qayyumu. {Tirmidhi) 

(The AHve, The Eteraal) 
II. Say these prayors in the motoents of intense gricf and 
sorrow ; when calamities befall and you are under heavy 
stress of grief and unrest. Hadrat Sa'd b. Waqqas (God 
be pleased with him) reports that the Holy Prophet (peace 
and biessings of Allah be upon him) affirmed : The prayer 
' which Dhun-Nun^ offered to God from the bclly of the fish 
was as follows : 



La ilaha illa ania sabhanaka inni hun\% min-az-zaUmtn. 

"There is no deity etscept Thee. Be Thou glorified l 
Lo I have been a wrong doer". (21 . 87) 

Hence any Muslim who says this prayer to God in 
tlmes of distress or hardship, God surely acccpts his prayer. 
It is reported by Hadrat Ibn 'Abbas (God be pleased with 
him) that in moments of sorrow or grief, the Holy Prophet 



1. The alluaion is to Hadrat Yunus (peace be upon Jiiro). 



(peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to say this 
prayer ■: 
4^1 * p- i * •-■ * -* £ 0- >< * - * > 

Z5 itete illaUahu rab-uUarah-iWa^lrn. La ilaha iUallahu 
rabb-us-samawati wa rabb*ul-ardi rabb-uUarah-tt-Rarim. 

"Th^re is no deity except God. He is the Master of 
Great Heaven. There is no deity except God. He'is the 
Master of Heaven and Earth and the *Master of High 

Hearen". 

Hadrat Abu Musa (God be pleaaed with him) states 
that the Prophet . of. God (peace and blessmgs of Allah be 
upon hira) observed : 

. w* vi ii & tju % iu vi ijj % Jj^- v 

ia ft#t*to wala gww-toaSa ttf a biUahi wala tnalja minallahi 
illS ilaihi, 

This prayer is a panacea for ninety-nine ills. The 
least bene.fi t to be derived frora sayiDg this prayer is that 
he who says this prayer reraains safe from grief and 

sorrow. 

w 

Hadrat 'Abdullah b. Mas<ud (God be pleased with 
him) reported that the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings 
of Allah be upon him) afflrmed : l( Any one who is affiioted 



I. It is God oxxly Who bestows >the atrength to abstain frora ain and 

bestowa the favour to perform righteoua deeds. There is no refuge 

from the punishraent of God, aave in Hia own Being {i.e. only he 

. oan ©acape frora the punishment of the Lord who seeka refuge in the 

. meroy of the Lord, 



87 



with pain or distMBs and says this prayer, God will snrely 
turn his eorrow and grief into happiness and fehcity : 

„ * *• ' ' '•- *v **\r. 

, ^. jl-^u «iw #*, ^ &i j &¥ ^ r^ 1 



.,,>,., -j - - ■*.*•- ' *•* 






* • 






„., — # > * • • 



%- i^ :,J ; . ^u ^ ^. 01^1 j~ 



Ui 



Jtteta»a fanf '«««** M Ow ^ «a An* 
^«to »a»yafi KyatKto madin Jiyya hukmuka . adHn 
Jiyya q ada>uka aSaluka bikutti imin huwa &ka 
eammaita bihi na/saka a» *nzaltahu Ji kitabtkaau 
•allamtahu akadan min khalqika awistaHharta bthi fi 
•ilmil.ghaibi 'indaka a» taj' a l.al.Qur'an-al-'azimarabi'a 
nalbl wa nura basary wa jala'a huzni wa dhahaba 
hamml. (Ahmad, Ibn Habban, Hisn Hasw) 

«God I I am Thy servant. My father is Thy aervant 
and 60 is rny mother. Thon ha B t power over my whole 
heing. It is thy Law whioh rule 8 my life. All thy 
Commands in my oase are most just. I beaeeeh Thee m 
the name of all Attributes whioh thou have mentioned 
thy own or thoae which thou revealed in thy Book or 
revealed to sorae among Thy ereatures or kept thera 
hidden in Thy veiled Treasures, to make the Great Book 
Qur'an the pleasure of ray heart, the light of my eyes, the 
balm for my arniotion and a cure for my aruriety". 



12. If, God forbid, rcatters come to such a pws that the 
calanjities and hardships oppress you so hard that life 
becomes unbearable and distress assume such fearful 
proportions that the hurden of life hangs heavy on you, 
even under sueh circumstances do never c&ll for deatn nor 
should you ever think of the disgraceful act of taking yonr 
own life. The act bf suicide is a symptorn of cowardioe ; jt 
is the worst form of breach of trust and the most heinous 
sin. Under such conditions of perpleiity and unrest, pray 
constantly to God in these words : 

' -*kr i-i * *'." ' \,"' * •-: *>i- 



*•- J^- 



I 

AUahumma ' ' ahyinl ma kanaUil-haydlu khairan ll wa 
tawaffanl idha Mnat4l-wafatu khairan U, 

{Muslim, BukMri) 

"God ! Keep me alive as Jong aa it is better for me 
to Iive and if there be goodness for me in death, send me 
death". 

13. Say this prayer when you find any one afflicted with 
hardship, Hadrat Abtt Huraira (God be pleased with hira) 
related : The Holy Prophet (peace and blessinga of Allah 
be upon him) obserred ; 

"He who eays the fo!Iowing prayer on seeing the 
other aiHicted with trouble will, God willmg, himself re- 
main safe from this tronble : 

Jp jLkJ j<j&\ ms-A U. dUU ^OJI 4i Ju»JI 



%iS**p . . >uu_- ^ ^ jt 



89 

Alhamdu UUahil-ladhl 'dfSnl mimmabtala kallahu bihi 
wa faddaktnt *ala kathirin mimman khataqa ta/dila. 

(Tirmidht) 

Praise be to God Who saved xae from that where-with 
He hath &fflicted thee and made me to escel with a marked 
esoelletice most of those whom he created. 



Etiquettes in 
Fear and Panic 




1. Assailed by the dread of the glaughter, devastation, 
tyranny, barbarity, misohief and strife unleashed by 
the enemies of faith or panio-stricken by the oatastro- 

phio effeots of natural oalamitie* under all ciroum- 

stances use the insight of a true believer and probe 
into the real causes of these visitations, Instead of 
wasting time on superhcial remedies, focus all your 
energies on putting into effeot the injnnotions oontained 
in the Book of Qo& and the Sunnah, The Holy Qur'an 
affirms : 

y^H J f&*M ^r^ U : J ***** o* f^jW ^J 

*• - # - -* 

Wa m& asabakum min muslbatin /abima iasabat aidikum 
wa ya c fu an kathUr. {Aah-Shura : 30) 

"Whateverof mistortun^striketh you it is what you 
have earned by your own deeds. And He forgiveth mueh". 

And the Holy Qur'an itself reveals the remedy : 

■/• J • * • > S— p ^ ♦> • >* -^- *• ~ ». * • > * J - 

. bj^iij xuj j^>ji y 1**** m ji ij-jj-i j 

TTa tdbd ilallahi jaml'an ayyuhal-mu*minuna la l alla- 
kum tujiihun. . ' . " 

ff And all of you together should turn to God in 
repentanee, O Believere> so that you mayget salvation'\ 

90 



01 

{ Tauba* (Repentance) denotes : *To return', ( To have 
recourse to\ Immersed in the fearful cesspool of sins 
and vices, when the Ummah (Muslim Nation) feels a sense 
of shame and turns to God in a. spirit of deyotion and 
having washed the stains of her rices by tears of repen- 
tance, renews her pledge of allegiance to God — this atate 
is described in the Holy Qur'an by the term <Tauba\ This 
'repentance' and 'petition for mercy' is the most efficaoious 
and genuine remedy against the fear and droad ofall 
■forms of evil and strife. 

2, Do not degrade the honour of your national Iife by adopt- 
ing a cringing attitude b'efore the tyranny, oppression and 
mischievotxs evils of the enemies of faith ; do not reduce 
yourself under their awe to the indignity of begging the 
cruel enemy for mercy. Gird up your loins ; strengthen 
your faith and remove weakness which produces cowardice 
in you and encourages the enemies of faith to oppress and 
extinguish you, The Holy Prophet (peace and blcssings of 
Allah' be upon him) has identified two oausĕs for tbis 
weakness : 

(1) Attachment to the world. 

(2) Fear of Death. 

Make a reso!ve that you will not rest in peace until 

you have eliminated theae two evils from your own self 

'as well as from the general body of the Muslims, The 

Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) 

obserred : 

"My Ummah will pass through a time when other 
nations, considermg you an easy prey, will ia.ll upon you 
just as the hungry rush towards food. Someone asked: 
"0 Prophet of God (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 
you) : WiJl our number diminish inviting the other nations 
to unite together and make an assault to devour us I" 
The Holy Prophet (peace and biessings of Allah b&upon 
him) obserred ; f< No, you will not then be less in number 



98 

• fnitwillrenderyourao|f weightless Hfce straws that float 
helplessly in the flood water. Your enemies wi!l 110 longer 
fearyouand your hearts will be stricken with cowardice 
and helplossness,» At this stage, a man onquirod : "O 
Prophet of God {peace and blessings of AJIah be upon 
you) ! What will be the cause of such cowardice I" The 
Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah beupon him) 
observed : "There will be two causes : 

*You will start loving the world and 

*You will feel allergic tt> death and hate- the very idea of 
lfc * (Abu Dawud) 

3. Purge your society of sensuality, frivo!ity, dominanee 
of women, and wickedness. Make your coIIective strength 
impregnahle and use it to eradieate evi! and mischief. 
Make a determined effort to inouloate and promote brarery, 
zest and courage in each and erery individual of your 
fraternity (Millat). The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings 
of AHah be upon him has aiBrmed : 

<( When your rulera are righteous, and the rich amoag 
yon are generons and parge-hearted and when your collec- 
tive affairs are decided by mutual consultation, then lxfe 
on the aurface of the earth is far better for you than death 
i.e. to be buried down the earth beneath the surface of the 
earth. But when your gorernora and rulers are peraons of 
wicked oharaoter and the rich in your society are Jorera of 
wealth (materialists) and are stingy and misers ; and when 
the course of your affairs is determined by your wives, then 
death i.e. to be buried down the earth is far better for yoa 
than Jife on the surfaoe of the earth." (Tirmidhi) 

4. Never fail to support the right even under the moat dread- 
ful circumstahoes. To give away one's life in support of 
right is far better than to lead a godless and ignominious 
eiistence. Do not shrink from upholdirig the truth in the 
Bererest of trials and in the faoe of the greateat dread. 
Beipond to the threat of death with a smile and- weloome 



93 

the ohanco of atta/ ning martyrdom with zest and eagerness. 
The Holy Prophet (peaoe and ble&sings of Allah be upon 
him) affirmed : 

"The wheel of Islam is on the movc, beware you must 
turn towards the direotion givon by the Holy Qur'an, Be 
vjgilant 1 Tho Qur'an and tho poIiticaJ power will shortly 
part company. Bowaro lest you should foreako tho Qur'an. 
In the times to corae thore will bo rnlors who will impose 
their wiil on you, If you oboy thom, they will lcad you 
astray frpm tho pathof righteousnoss. And if you rebel 
against them, they will put you to death/' A companion 
(God be pleased with him) submitted ; "What should we 
do then, Prophet of God (peaee and blessings of Allah 
be upon you) !" The Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings of 
AUah be upon him) roplied : "Do what the companions of 
Jeaus (peace be on him) did. They were cut through with 
saws and hanged on the cross. It is far better to givo 
one's life obeying the oommandments of Allah than to live 
a life of disobedienoe to the Alraigbty". 

5. 8trive constantly against thoso evils of the sooiety which 
produee an atmosphere of fear and panic in the people and 
load to poverty, famine and riolenoe reducing the whole 
nation to a miaerable and helpless lot suiTering the oppre- 
BHions and tyranny of their ©nemies. 

Iladrat 'Abdullah b. 'Abbas (God be pieased with him) 
remarks \ WhereTOr diahonesty becomes the order of the 
day/the people lose heart and courage and are afraid of 
their enemies and wherever adultery bocomes a common 
practice the people are destined to perish. Whenever 
people start bungling in weights and measures, they 
certionly faoe famine and starvation and where justice is 
denied blood is inevitably to be shed there, Any nation 
whioh commits breaoh of promise is doomed to become the 
slaveofitsenemy M . (Mishkat) 

b W 

6, When you are assailod by the dread of tlio foos, say t V j i > 
prayer : 



94 

.<4Ka£tmma inna naj'aluka fl nuhurihim v>a na l udhu 
bika min shururihim. 

(Abu~Dawud t Nami, Hisn Hasien) 

"O God ! Behold, we plaoe Thee in front of them and 
seek refuge in Thee from their misohiefs*\ 

7, Whon you are surrounded by the enemy, say this prayer ; 

■ ^^jj ^ j ^jj* j^A ^ I 

****** 

^HaAwwnaster 'auralin<l wa aamin rau ( aUna< 

[Ahmady Hisn Hasien) 

*'God ! Do safeguard our honour and respect and 
bless us with po&ce in this state of fear and harassment". 

8. On seeing the windstorm rising or a cloud overcasting the 
sky, you should feel apprehension and feai\ Hadrat 
*Aishtt' (God be pleased with her) reports that "I never 
heheld the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon hira) breaking into laughterin such a manner as to 
make his sacred mouth wide operu In moments of joy> a 
smile used to play on his auguat face. When a windstorm 
arose- or a clortd darkened the sky,. he (peace and blessings 
of Allah be uponhim) used to feel agprehenaive and began 
to aay prayers, In a mood of grave apprehension, he alter- 
nately stood up or sat down and fchis mood lasted uhtil the : 
clouds had burst iato rain, I submitted : * ( Prophet of 
God (peace and blessings of Allah be trpon you) ! I see 
that other poople rejoice when they see a cloud and look 
forward to rain with joyoua hope, yet I see that your holy 
face ahows feeliuga of heavmesa and anxiety on watohing a 



95 

cloud"* Thereupon the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings 
ef Allah be upon him) obserred ; *A'isha (God be pleased 
with you), how can I avoid the apprehension that this 
ctoud wjll not bring down a calamity, when I have the 
preoedent before me that the nation of *Xd were visited wlth 
a caiamitous windstorm. On beholding this cloud, the 
people of 'Ad had aaid : "This cloud will pour rain over 
us". (Bukhari, Muslim). Say this prayer when you see a 
oloud or a windatorm rising : 

i 

Allahumma*j l alha riyahan tmla taj^athti rlhan* Alla- 
humma~j ( alha rahmatan wa la taj*alha adhdbd. 

(Tabrani) 

If the windatorm fills the horiton with deep darknass 
say ; 

*. + m m - >f M* ■ > 

Qul aadhu birabbil falaki. 
« * . * >» ■ ju • > 



I seek refuge with the Lord of the Dawn and I seek 
refuge with the Lord of Men (Surah 113.114) 

Hadtat 'X'isha (God be pleased with her) relates : 
"Whenever theHoly Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah 
be upon him) beheid the windstorm riaing, he used to say 
the foltowmg prayer : 



1. God mak* tbit wind a bl**aing t not aa evil. God mak* it » Lounty, 
not fcD ordeal. 



9« 



cA^Ji [>j^j ^ U j& j U^ iULt Jl ^l 



^Uji U ^s j l*-i U ^i j U^* j. it Sj^l j 4_i 



li££*Jt i ~L*» . 4-j 



Allahumma innl as'aluka khairaha wa khaira ma fiha 
wa khaira rna ursilai bihl wu a'udhu bita min sharrih& 
wa sharri ma/ihd wa sharri ma ursilat bihi, 

"0 God t Behold, I beg of Thee thegood of this (wind) 
and the good of that which is therein, and the good of that 
which hath been sent thorewith. And I seek refuge in Thee 
from the evil thereof and the evil of that which is therein 
aud the evil of that whioh hath been sent therewith", 

9, When exoessive rain threatens loss and destruction, say 
this prayer : 



\J*J\j f mi J* ^i I Up V LlJIj^ ^b 



! 



^ s 



~~ ~ - • - « • J* +> 



i(*-U« 4 ^jUwi . j*Jdl al£* j *^ojVl- djk> j 



Allahumma hawalaina la* alaind Allahumma 'atal-aakami 
waz-zirdbi wa butun-ihaudiyati wa manabit*i$h-$hajari. 

{Bukharl, Muslim) 

"O God ! let there be ddwnpour in our suhurh ; but 
not on us, Let the rain fall on hillocks in the thickets on 
the mountains, rivera, and on the hot beds of plantations". 

{Bukharl Muslim) 

10. On hearing the roar of clouds and the thundorbolt, stop 

conversation and begin rociting the following vcrso of thĕ 
Holy Qur'an : 



9? 

Wa yumbbihuWdu Uhamdihl wal-maWikalu min- 

hhl S aUhi - (Al Ra<d': 13) 

"And the thunder (of the cJouds) hymneth His praise 
and (so do) the Angels for awe of Him". 

Hadrat 'AbduHah ibn Zubair (God be pleased \vith 
him) on hearing the thunderbolt used to stop talking and 
recited the same yerse. {A UA dab a UMufrad) 

'. Hadrat Ka«b (God be pleased with him) states that any 
one who recites this verse three times on hearing the 
tbunderbolt will remain safe from its danger. (Tirmidhi) 

The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) on hearing the roar of the clouds and the thun- 
derbolt used to say this prayer : 



Allahumma la taqlulna bighadabika wa la tuhlikna bu 
"adhdbika wa 'a/ina qabla dhalih. {Al-Adab al-Mufrad} 

"0 God ! Slay us not with Thy wrath and destroy us 
not with Thy punishment but preserre us before that*\ 

11. When fire breaks out, make energetio efforts to extinguish 

it and continue to say : ^Ti M *jS\ &\ (Q d is Great, God 
is Great). The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Ailah 
be upon him) has observod ; "When you 8ee a fire blazing 



./-•-^1- 



out, say : jS^\ £>\—Allahu akbar. % (God is Groat). 'Takbir 1 
(Praise of God) extinguishea the fire". 



D8 



12, When you aro soisod with fear and panic, say this prayor. 
Godwilling fcar wi!l vanish and y ou wi!i attain poace 
of mind. Hadrat Bra' b. <Azib (God be pleased with him) 
reports : "A person once complained to the Holy Prophet 
(peace and blessings of AUah be upon him; : "l suffor 
from panic all the time". The Holy Prophet (poaoe and 
blessings of Allah be upon him) enjoined upon him to say 
the fol!owing prayer. He recited this prayer frequently and 
God freed his heart from panio. 

Subhan~allah-il-malik4UQudduai rabbal-mala Hkati war* 
ruhi jallalUaa-sarnawati waUarda bil-Hzzati wal-jabriit. 

(Mu l jamaUTabrani) 
"Pureand Supreme is the Lord, the Real Soveroign. 
Fau]tlesa ; Oh Creator of Angols and Gabriol I Your 
Power and Awo reigua over tho Heavens and Earth". 



Etiquettes 
of Rejoicing 

U You must eelebrate occaaions of joy in a befitting manner. 

ltejoicing is a demand of human instincts and a natural 
urge. Religion gives due importance to the satisfaction of 
nasural instincts aad permits their fulfilment subject to 
sorae useful restraints and conditions. Religion disapprovea 
of marring ^the attractiveness of your personality by 
assuming such poses as artiScial dignity, unnocessary 
sombreness, permanent sorrow and gloom. Religton allows 
you full rights to oelebrate joy on all lawful festive 
occasions and enjoins upon you to keep your spirits high 
withaboldattitude, zestful living and fresh aspirations, 
To avoid oelebrations of joy on lawful occasions and to 
consider the sentiment of rejoioing as unbecoming to 
tho genuine spirit of religion. 

If God grants you the favour of performing sd&e 
roligious duty; you or one of your relations attains high 
honour in learning and exoellence ; God confers on you 
prospority, wealth or some other bounty ; you return safe 
from a long journey or any of your relations comes back 
from his travels to distant parts ; you receive a visit from 
an honourable guost ; a inarriage comes off or the birth 
of a child takos placo in your home ; you recoive report 
of tho health and well-being of a near relative or the 
happy news of the victory or glorious aohievement of the 

people of Isl&m ; or on festivals it is your natural right 

to celebrate these occasions with rejoicing. Islam not only 

allows the holding of festivities, but regards this act as in 
perfect harmony with the spirit of religion, * 

99 



100 

Hadrat Ka'b ibn Malik {God be pleased with him) 
relates : «When God had accepted my prayer for 
forgiveness and I reoeived the glad tidings of it, I at once 
went to the presence of the Holy Prophet (peace and 
blessings of Aliah be upon him). I ofFered my salam{peace 
be on you), At that moraent, the holy face of the Prophet 
tpeace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was radiant 
with joy, Whenever the Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings 
of AHah be upon him) attained some happiness, his face 
would glow with the radiance of moon and we used to take 
the brightness aad radianoe of his faoe as index of exoe- 
edingly joyous feelings in hiin (peace and blessings of Allah 
be upon him). {Riyad-ua Sdlikln) 

2. Make arrangements to celebrate the festival with free 
rejoicing and open merriment, Feel quite informal and let 
yourself jotn the festivities without inhibitions. On 
arrival at Medina, the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of 
Allah be upon him) observed : 

"You used to oelebrate festivitiea on two days during 
a year. God has now blessed you with two better days, 
i.e., € ld aUFitr and *Id aUAdha, Gelebrate these two 
festivals of the year with great happiness and oomplete 
rejoicing and arrange reunions and indulge in fun and 
recreation in joyoua mood and give vent to your feelings 
of happiness in a natural manner. It is beoause of this 
injunction of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of 
Allah be upon him) that fasting is forbidden on the 
oooasions of these two festivals," The Holy Prophet 
(peaoe and bleasings of Allak be upon him) observed ;. 

"These two days are meant for feasting, celebration 
of joy in union with other people and to remember God", 

(Sharah M^adnuul-Ithar) 

On the day of 'Id, be neat and clean and take a bath, 
put on the best dress aocording toyourmean$,useperfume, 
eat good food and let the ohildren enjoy themaelvea with. 



101 

proper means of reereatlon and games and permit to 
obfterve fun freely and without let or hinderance. 

Hadrat *X'iBha (God be pleased with her) relates : "It 
was the <Id day and some slave-girls were singing the 
vevsea which the Ansar had composed about the battle of 
Bu^th. 1 Whije-the girls were thus ongaged in singing, 
Hadrat AbjrBakr (God be pleased with him) came and 
exclaimed /in astonishment r (< How strange ! Singing in 
the household of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah 
be upon him) !» The Holy Prophet (peace and bleesings of 
Allah be upon him) answered ; "Abu Bakr/never mind. 
Each aition has a festival day and today we celebrate 
our 'Id." 

Once on ( Id day some negro acrobats were giving a 
demonstration of some military manoeuvrea. Tho Holy 
Prophet (peace and blessings of AUah be upon him) 
himself watohed these eiereises and let 'A^isha (God be 
pleased with her) also to see thein from behind his back. 
The Holy Prophet (peace and bleasings of Allah be upon 
him) gave the acrobata constant oheers, When *& isha (God 
be pleased with her) grew weary, the Holy Prophet (peace 
and blessings of Allah be upon him) permitted her to 
de P* rt - . . (Bukhari) 

3. Obsenre the manners, injunctions, taste and spiri.t of Islam 
ih your rejoicings. On recemng happiness, offer thanks to 
yonr Benefactor and prostrate before Him ia gratitude. In 
the exoitement ofyour joy, do not perform any act nor 
adopt any attitude which does not conform to the spirit of 
Islam or is contrary to Islamic mauners and injunctions. 
You raust eipress your "joyous sentiments, but observe the 
rule of moderation and do not let your espression of happi. 
nesssubmerge the sentimenta of obedienoe, devotion and 



1, The battle of Bu'atb refera to thafc famomi war whicb took plaee 
between two prominent tribee of the Ansar, Aua and KhasBraj in the 
pagan times. 



102 

humility and turn into a display of haughtiness and pride. 
The Holy Qur*un affirms : 

» > - - ■ j sj2 > „ >i ^ ■ > »y -. • > - ■ ^ > - 

gr * -» 

Wa la tafrahu bima at&kum wallahu la yuhibbu hulla 
mukhtalin /akhur. (57 : 23) 

"And exult not beoause of that which hath beon givon 4 
Allah'loveth not all prideful boasters". 

Do not bp so intoxicated by happinesa as to forget the 
remembrance of God, The supreme happinesa of the pious 
is to rememker the Bestower of happiness all the more and 
offer prostratidri before Him in gratitude and acknowledgo 
by action and speech the Benefactions, Favour, Greatness 
and the Glory of God. 

After observing fasts during the month of Ramadan , 
and obtaining the favour of reciting the Holy Qur'an and 
saying ( Taravih' prayers at night, when you sight tho *Id 
raoon, your happiness knowa no bounds. On realising that 
you have beon successful in carrying out the injunctions of 
God by His Graoe, you at onee give away the share of your 
poor and needy brethren out of your wealth so as to make 
amerids for any negligence in worship or error in discharg- 
ing the duty of Devotion to God and also to enable the 
poor peoplo to participate with others in the joys 

of the 'Id. In acknowledgement ofthis favourofGod, 
you exprcss your betitting santimĕnts 6f joy by oifering 

two prayers of thanksgiving to God and on the day of ( Id 

al-Adha you commeraorate.. the great and unique sacrifice 

f m 

of Hadrat Ibrahlm and Hadrat Isma ( II (peace be on thera) 
and thua finding your own heart fi]led with the eagerness 
to make sacriiice you offer prostration to God m gratitude. 
And then the hymns of 'Praise be to GodV 'Takbir* and 
'Thariksgiving' resound.through every community and are 



108 

days you eat well and put or, your best clothes and celeb- 
rateyour joysin Iawful f a8 hion according to the injunctions 
of the Shan'ah all tbese activities of yours are recorded as 
AJlTh. 88JOn * ^«owledgement of the authority of 

4. Invite others to join your celebrations of joy and similarly 
part.oipate in the rejoicings of othera to enhance their 

feelingaofhappmea8. Exchange messagea of felicitation 
on ocoasions of joy. 

When the repentance of Hadrat Ka'b b. Malik (God 
be pleaaed with him) was accepted by God and the Muslims 
got news of tbis fact, they came iri crowda to offer 
congratulations to Hadrat Ka'b (God be pleased with 
him). They eipreesed their unbounded joy. Hadrat Ka'b 
waa bo deeply impressed by the feHcitation andespressions 
of rejoioing diaplayed by Hadiat Talha (God be pleased 
with him) that ita memory never faded ali through 
Ws Iife. In his old age Hadrat Ka'b (God be plcased with 
him) related the case o/ his trial and repentance to hia son 
'AbdulJah and espeoially mentioned about Hadrat Talha's 
(God be pleased with him) espres aions of joy.' He remark- 
ed : "I can never forget Talha's manner of fe!ioitation 
and feelings of joy". 

The Holy Prophet (peaoe and blossings of Allah be 
upon him) on oonveying to Ka'b (God be pleased with him) 
the glad tidings of the acoeptance of his repentance 
erpreaaed hia peraonal feelings of exceeding joy and 
observed: "Ka'b, this ia the happieat day of thy lif e I 

(Myad-iis-Salihin) 

On occasions of marriage or birth of a child or on 
ajmilar events of joy, in the homes of other people, join in 
their oelebrations and congratnlate them on that happy 
ocoaaion. 

Hadrat Abu Huraira (God be pleased with him) reports 
that the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 



1M 

upon him) used to congratulato the newly-wedded in these 
words : ■ ■ 



J LX^ ^ j uXj^U iijL, ^ dU M hjC 



tiS^Jt . ^ 



Barak-allahu laha tca baraka 'alaikutna wa jama^a 
bainakuma fl*khairin. (Tirmidhl) 

"May the Lord keep you in prosperity and confer His 
blessings upon both of you and may He grant you the 
favour of liviiig together in perfeot harmony". 

On one occasion Hadrat Husain (Qod be pleased with 
him) instructed someone to congratulate others on the 
birth of a child in the following manner ; 

"May God grant you grace irt this gift. May God 
grant you the favour of offering gratitude to Hhn. May 

God develop this child into a full-blended youth and raise 
him submissire to you". 

5. When a near relative or an acquaintance returna from a 
long journey, go and weloome him and espress your feelings 
of joy on his safe return and successful conclusion of his 
mission. If he holds a function to celebrate the happy 
occasion of his safe return from the journey, go and join 
the party. On the other hand, when you return home safe 
from your travels and arrange a iunction to celebrate the 
occasion, invite your near relativcs to the party. However, 
you must avoid unnecessary expense or ostentatious and 
lavish display. Do not incur ©xpenditure whieh is beyond 
your average means. When the Holy Prophet (peacc and 
blessings of Allah be upon him) rcturned from the baitle of 
Tabuk, the Muslim men and children had advanccd to 
Thaniyyat-ul-Wada* to receive him (peace aud blessings of 
Allah he upon him). (Abil Dawtld} 



10* 



When the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah 

be upon him) migrated from Mecca and reaehed Medina and 

prepared to enter tbe oity frora the southern side, the 

Muslim men, women, boys and girls came out of their 

homes to greet him (peace and blessings of AHah be upon 

him). The small girla of tbe Ansar were singing these 
happy aongg : 



.* — • 



« - • 



^bjJI^UJ^ 



t 



b ^) Uo U 



U^Jp aJI 



j- 



-JI^Lk 












Tal s a albadru *alain& 

« 

Wajabaah-thukru s ahiinS. 
Ayyuh-ahmab* iUu fina. 



M\n ThaniyyatilwadclH. 
Ma d s aa lillahi da x i. 
Ji'ta bil-amrilmttt&i. 



"Today, the moon aroee upon us from the southern 
hill, Thaniyyatul Wada 4 . 1 It is our duty to offer thanks for 
the call and teaching of the Apostle who invited ua 
towards God. Prophet ! Who has been sent among us, 
you have brought such a religion that we will bear allegi- 
anc^ to it'\ 

Once on his return to Medina from a journey, the Holy 
Prophet (peaco and blessings of Allah bo upon him) 
slaughtered a camel and a cow and arranged a feast for the 
people. (Abu Dawud) 

6. Celebrate the occasions 6f marriage with great joy and 
happiness and invite your relatives and friends to partici- 



1. Thaniyyatul-Wada* was the narae of araoundin the south of Medina. 
The citizena of Mcdina uacd to accompany their departing guests up 
to this poinl. 2t was due to this reason that the mound come to be 
known a< Tliiiiiiyyntul Wada' or the raound of departure 



pate in the eelebration of the happy erent. The Holy 
Prophet (pcaco and blcssings of Allah be upon him) per- 
mittcd stnging and playing of music especially "duS* on 
weddings, This injunction is meant to *serve a two-fold 
purpose ; the fulfilraent of the feelings of joy and the 
public announcement and propagation of the newa of 
wedding. 

Hadrat A'ieha (God bo pleased with her) married one 
of her female relations to a man from the Ansar, At tho 
time of the departure of the bride, the Holy Prophot (peace 
and blessings of Allah be upon him) observed : <( Why 
didn't these people send a slave-girl with her to playdt^ 
and sing some songs on the way". (Bukhari) 

On the occasion of the wedding of Hadrat Rabi' bint 
Mu ( avvidh (God be pleased with her), some girls were 
wttingwith her and playing on 'duff\ They were singing 
some verses in praise of thoir fathors who had attained 
martyrdora in the battlo of Badr. One of the girls recited 
this Iine : "And there is a projShet in our midst who 
knows what ia to happen tomorrow", On hearing this, the 
HoJy Prophet (peace and blessings ofAllahbe upon him) 
observed : "Leave it out and sing those verses which you 
were singing before*\ (Bukhdri) 

7. On the happy oocasions of wedding, arrange a feast for 
your relatives and friend3 according to your position and 
means. The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) established the preoedent of arr&nging 'Wallma' 
feasts on his own marriagea and enjoined upon others to 
foltow the sarae practiee. The Holy Prophet (peaoe and 
blessings of Allah be upon him) observed : M If nothing 
else, slaugher a goat ^and serve its imeat to guests'\ 

(Bukhari) 

If for some reason you oannot attend a wedding party, 
do eend a message of congratulations. The practioe of 
exchanging gifts on nuplials, weddings and on aimilar 



107 



occaaions of joy, renews and deepens the rel&tionships and 
augments love and lends warath to it. Nonetheless bo 
careful to send gifts of the value which your means can 
afford and by restraining your feelings of sincerity and love, 
avoid ostentatious display. 



Etiquettes of 
Respect of Mosque 



1. The best portion of the earth in the sight of God is that 
upon which a inosque is raised. The distinctive feature of 
the devotee of God is that he loves the mosque also. On the 
terriSc day of doom when there will be no shadeanywhere, 
God will keep that person under the shade of His Heaven 
whose heart is devoted to fche mosque- The Holy Prophet 
{peace and bleBsings of Allah be upon him) has observed 

"The man whose heart is devoted to the mosque will 
rest under the shade of Heaven". [Bukhari) 

2. Do service to the mosque ; keep the house of God popu- 
lated. To render servioe to the mosque and keep it< 
populated is a sign of faith. God af5rms : 

i •' ^ • *. > «■ -i * .*• i * *• - M$ * " ■ *»* 

Innam% Ya'muru masajid-allahi man amana bihlahi 
wal yaum-ikakhiri. (AhTauba : 18) 

"He shall tend Allah's sanctuaries who believeth in 
Allah and the Day of reckoning". 
3. Always say your obligatory prayers with the congregation 
in the mosque. Maintain a regular system of congregation 
and announceraent of the Prayer-call in the mosque and 
diBcipIine your whole Iifo in conformity with the system 
of the mosque. Mosque is the pivot around whioh the 
wholo circle of a true belie^er'» life revolves. Thri Holy 

108 



109 

Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) 
obserred : 

"There are certain people among tho Muslims who 
Btay in the mosque permanently and do not Ieave the 
place. They have angels as their companions. If suoh 
people disappear from the mosque, tho angels go about 
looking for them. If theae people fall ill, the angels 
enquire after their health and when they are engaged in 
some: task, the angels aid them— — A person who sits in 
the mosque aaticipates bleasings of the Lord*\ 

(Muanad Ahmad) 

4. Go to the mosque with eagerness and enthusiasm to say 
your prayers, The Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings 
of Allah be upon him) affirraed ; "The acfc of going 
to the mosque morning and evening is Iike going to fight 
ia the cause of God". And further observed : "The 
peoplo who go towards the mosque in the dim light of the 
dawn will be aooompanied by full radiance of light on the 
Day of Doom". I» addition, the Holy Prophet (peaoe and '. 
blessings of Allah be upon him) affirmed : "Eaoh step 
that a man takes towards the mosque to say his prayers 
with the congregation, deletes one sin and adds one virtue 
to his aooount". [Ibn Hibban) 

* * 

5. Keep the mosque clean and tidy. Sweep the plaoe and 
clean out all duat or filth. Burn incense, especially on 
Pridays so that the whole mosque becomes fragrant with 
the aroma of the incenso. The Prophet of God (peace and 
blessings of Allah be upon him) observed : "To sweep the 
mosque ; to' keep it tidy and clean ; to cast out all dust 
and filth froin the mosque ; to burn incense in the mosque r 
especially to make the place fragrant with the aroma of 
the incense on Fridays— all thesq are aots which lead to 
Paradise'\ (Ibn Majah) 

Moreover, the Holy Prpp^et (peace and blessitjgs of 
AlUh be upon him) affirmed : V( To olean out the dirt and 



ciust of the mosque is th© mehr (j+*) {the eonsideration 
paid for the marriage oontraot) of a pretty-eyed Houri # \ 

(Tabrant) 

6* Go to the mosque in a state of fear and trepidation. Say 
*Aasalamo 'Alaikum' (peaoe be on you) on entering thp 
moeque. Sit down quietiy &nd pray in such a manner that 
your heart should be filled with the awe of the Greatness 
and Glory of God. Those who enter the inosque laughing 
and talking are oareless and impudent. The hearts of 
suoh people are deroid of the fear of God. Some people in 
their bid to join the congregation before they lose any 
Rak f ah rnsh forward into the mosque. This act is contrary 
to the I&notity ofthemosque- Whether you are able to 
join the *Rak'ah* or not, walk in the mosque with poiso, 
dignity and in humility ; avoid hurried movement. 

7. Sit down in the mosque in peace and avoid worldly talk, 
To shout or make a noise, to cut jokes and raiso laughter, to 
discuss bazar rates, to comment on the world affairs or to 
strike busihess deals in the mosque is a sacrilege, Mosque 
is a place of Divine Worship ; use it for the purpose of 
offering devotions to God only, 

8. Do not take such small ctrildren with you in the mosque 
who have not yet attained awareness of the sanctity of the 
mosque lest they should dlscharge urine, defecate or spit 
in the mosque. 

9. Do not use the mosque as a thoroughfare. On entering 
the gate of the mosque it beoomes obligatory upon you to 
say prayers, or sit down and engage in the remembrance of 
God or recite the Holy Qur*an. 

10. If you lose something somewhere else, do not make an 
announcement ofyourkias from the mosque. Whenever 
someone made suoh an announoemeat in the mosque of the 
Prophet (peaoe and blesaings of Allah be upon him), the 
Holy Prophet <p«we and bletesinga of Allah be upon him) 
W» offeod«d »ad ueed to remaric : 



111 

■ ■ 

i 

La radd-al-hhu 'alaika iSallataka, 
"May God restore not the lost thing to thee 1" 
11. On entering the mosque put your, right step ht and Bay 
'peace and blessinga of AUah be on the Holy Prophet' and 
then aay the fo!iowing prayer. The Holy Prophet (peace 
and blessings of Ailah be upon him) obseryed : "Whenever 
any of you enters the mo8que, h« should say 'poaoe and 
blessings of AUah be on the HoJy Prophet' and then say 
.this prayer ; 

■ 




AUa&umm-aflah ll obwaba rahmatika. 

(< God ! Open the gates of Thy Meroy for me". 

(M u$lim) 

After entering the mosque, say two Rak'ah' of 
supererogatory prayers. These two-Rak'ah are desoribed 
by the term o*^JI l^ «Tahiyyat ul-Masjid'. Similarly, 
whenerer yon retnrn from a, joumey, go firsfc to fche mosque 
and say two. Rak'ah of sapererpgatory prayers aud then 
prooeed to yow house. On retnm from a journey, tha 
Holy Prophet (peace aad bleesings of Allah be upon him) 
used to go first to the mosque and ofiFered supererogatory 
prayers and afterwards proceeded home< 

12. On coming out of the moaque, put your lef t atep out and 
say this prayer : : 

i 

AUakmmma inmt a*'ai*ka min /adlika. 
*<0 <3od 1 I seak yoar FaTour and Blwaing»'*. 

iMmdim) 



112 

13. Maintain a regular system of announcing the prayor-oall 
and holding a congregation for the ^aying of prayers. 
Appoint only such persons aa announcora of the prayer-oall 
or Imam as are on the whole better than others in their 
devotion to religton and possess auperior morals. If 
posaible try to appoint those people as M u^adhdhim and 
Imams who demaad no hoaorarium for their aervicee and 
are willing to disoharge these dutiea voluntarily in antici* 
pation of the reward in the Hereafter. 

14. Say this prayer after hearing the prayer-cali, The Holy 
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upoa him) 
obserred : "The mau who af ter hearing the announoement 
of the prayer-oall oSers the following prayer will thereby 
acquire a right over me to say prayer for him on thĕ Day 
ofDoom". (Mkhkat) 

i .' * + • i*-» * * - • * i ■ « - ■ *H f 

cj\ wtUi ijUWj i^UJi ij*jJ\ *i* ^j fjl\ 
Uli. *£*Aj i**J\ hrj^\j U~M\j IWI 6 >u~ . 



. ->u*Jt «jdw V dU 



^lfeiA«mtn« ra66a AadAiA*W-4»^a»at-a-t(Iam»»a« M/-as- 
*atdM7*9ff'i*iaft aaei Muhammada-niUwasilata w-ah 
/aditata wad+darajat-ar-rajl^ata w*b'athhu magSinam- 
Mahmuda-niUladhl wa*adtahu warzuqna ĕhafa'atahu 
yaum-aUqiy3rnaU innalca la tukhlif~ul~mV3d 4 

"God ! Tho Possessor of thia Perieot Gall and thia 
Congregation atanding for Prayer 1 Grant Muhammad 
(peaoe and blessings be upon. him) thy Friendship, Grace 
and Excel!enoe and appoiat him to that esalted state £he 
promise of whtoh Thou gave him and grant ua the favour 



113 



of Muhammad's (peace be upon him) interceasion with Thee 
on"our behalf. Undoubtedly Thou never take back Thy 
promises". 

15. When the Mu*adhdhin is ajmouncing the prayer-oall, repeat 
bis utterances after him. However, when he says 

*jWI j* \f~Hayya 'ataesalah and £>&( J* ^—Hayya 






Aawto wa^ quwwata illa btUahil 'aliyyWatirn 1 . In the 
course of announcing the call for dawn prayers when the 

Mu 7 addhin says pd! ^* >. i>WI_ Asaalalu khairum 
min-annaum. (Prayer is better than sleep) say these words 



*■* •*■*■*. ** ****** ^ 



in reply "Ojj* j *si.A*"— Sadaq\a wabararta. (You spoke 
true and good), 

16. Wheri the announcer ofTakbirsays *'ij«*)\ c^l? jJ^—D^ 



qama4issalah say these words in reply *l^U1>*i! £Tuf» 4 

— J^ma4a//flAw fw» adanuiha. (May God preserve him for 
ever). 

17. The women should say their prayers in the home instead 
of going to the mosque. Oa one oocasion the wife of 
Hadrat Abu Humaid Sa'adi (God be pleased with them) 
submitted: "O Prophet of God (peaoe and blessings of 
AUah be upon yoii) ! I oherish a great desire to say 
prayers ia your company". The Holy Prophet (peace and 
blessings of Allah be upon him) obeerved : "I am aware 
of your eagerness. But it is better for you to say prayers 
in your room than in the vorandah outside your room *nd 
saying prayers ia the verandah of your house is better for 
you than saying prayers in the courtyard of your home". 

Howĕver, the women ahould try their best to supply 
the need of the mosque. They should arrange the supply 

L There ia no power *nd might but of Allah th* E«lted t the M«gnifioenk 



114 

of water, mats, tneenae and perfumes and other articies of 
uee to the mosques and should cherish feelings of deep 

K ■ 

attaehment to the mooque in their hearts. 

18. Take grown up children with you to the mosquo, Mothera 
ought to persuade their children to go to the mosqtffe so 
that they may develop eagerness and enthuaiasm for 
prayers. Show tenderaess, love and affeotion to ehildren 
in the mosque. If they oommit any wrong or an aot of 
miaohief, do not rebuke or bully them. Make them onder- 
stand the proper etiquettea with love and affection and 
inBtruet them to perform good deeds. 



Etiquettes of 
Saying Prayers 



i. uoserve penect ojeanhness and purity for the purpose of 
eaying the prayers. Brush your teeth al .o when peribming 
ablutioas. The Prophet of Qod (peaoe and bleasing. ^f 
Allah be upon him) affirmed : "The distinotire mark of 
the members of my Ummah on the Doomsday will be that 
their brows and orgaaa of ablntion will be glowing with 
the radiance of Divine Light. Henoe it i. open to every- 
one to enhanoe his share of the Divine Light m muoh m 
he wants". 

2. Put on olean, neat, reepeotable civilized and proper dreaa 
for observing prayera. The Holy gur^aa amrms ; 

*, '**• **..• »t, „., , ,, 

Ya banl SJama khudhu zlnatakum 'inda kulli masjidtn. 

"0 sons of Adam I Adorn yourself properly at eaob 
hour of prayer," 

3. Be punotual in the observance of prayers. 



7»na M afc«a kanat 'aMmu'minlna hitaban mauqut3, 

The prayer haa been made obligatory for the believers 
to be observed at presoribed hours. Hadrat 'Abdullah b 
Mas<ud (God be pleased with him) once submitted to the 
Holy Prophot (peaoe and blessings of AUah be upon him) ; 

115 



116 

**0 Prophetof God (peoce and Mosaings of Allah be upon 
you) I Which deed is the most favourite one to God". The 
Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) 
replied : "To say prayer at the proper hour'\ Furthĕrmore, 
the Holy Prephet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 
him) observed : "God has made five prayen obligatory. 
A person who after performing ablution* carefu.ly observes 
these prayers in perfect humility at their proper hours 
aoquires a right of salvation by God ; but he who neglected 
these prayers haa no right to antioipate forgiveness and 
ealration by Qod. In this case, it is entirely up to the 
Will of God to forgive him or to punish him" (Malik) 

4, Always say your prayers iia cohgregation. At times when 
you miss the congregation for any reason, try to say the 

obligatory (Fard) prayers in a mosque< However, offering 
of Sunnat 1 prayers is permissible at home also. The Holy 
Prophet (peace and blesaings ofAHah be upon him) has 
observed : "The peraon who joins the congregation for 
prayer at the start i.e. first Takbir for forty days at a 
stretch is secured from the torments of Hell as well as from 

theevilof discord'\ . (Tirtnidhi) 

In addition to this, the Holy Prophet (peace and bless» 
ings of Allah be upon hiro) also affirmed : *'If the people 
become aware of the rewards and blessings of offering 
prayera in a congregation, they would hasten to join the 
congregation for prayer despite a thousand hinderanoes. 
The first row of a congregation for prayer is like the 
row of angels, It ia better for two men to offer prayers 
together thaa separately. The larger the congregation the 
dearer it is to God'\ (Abu Dawud) 

5. Say prayers in peace. Perform bowa (Ruicu*) and prostra- 
tions (Sajda) calmly, Rising from a bow, stand atraight 
with ease and then go into prostration. Keep a suitable 



1. Prayer* fcha6 are not obligatocy (Fard ) bufc supererogatory offered by 
,_,_, t the Holy Prophet pmobuaUy aad without faii. 



117 

interval between two proBtrations and in this interral, say 
the following prayer : . 

jihh j^ 3 itjts*j **b J**& As * r^ 31 

„ ,- , - - - - - * 

Allahumm-aghjtr U warhamnl wahdini wajburni wa 'Hjini 
warzuqnl. {AU Dawud) 

"0 God, forgive me, be merciful to me, set me on the 
right path, remove my misery, grant me peaoe and 
provide for my sustenance." . 

The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 
npon him) has observed : "The person who observes prayer 
properly, the prayer Hself blesses him with good wishes 
in theBe words 'May God protect thee in the same manner 
in whioh thou took care of me'". 

And the Holy Prophet (peace and blesaingB of Allah be 
npon him) also atSrmed : "The worst form of theft is the 
theft of prayer". The people submitted : "0 Holy Prophet 
(peace and blessings of Allah be upon yon) 1 How can one 
commit a theft in prayer". The Holy Prophet (peace and 
blessings of Allah be upon him) answered : "By akipping 
over the oomplete performance of bows and prostrations". 

6. Start making preparations for the prayer at once on 
hearing the call. Perform ablutions and reach the mosque 
well before time. Sit down quietly in the line and wait for 
the congregation to form. Ii is syrabolie of hypoorites to 
be sluggish, to tarry and go for the prayers in a languid 
manner after hearing the prayer-call. 

7. Announce the prayer-call with eagerness and zest. A person 
aakĕd the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon) him : "O Prophet of God (peaee and . blessings of 
Allah be upon you) ! Tell me a deed that can lead me to 
Paradise". The Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings of 
Allah be upon him) observed : "Anuounce the call fpr 



118 



prayer>\ The Prophet (peace and blesaings of Allah be 
uponhim) furthcr affirmed : "Within tho extent to which 
the call of the Mu y adhdhin reaches each man who hears 
thecallwill bear witness m favour of the Mu*adhdhin 
on the Day of Judgement. A shepherd who grazes his 
Sock in the pasture and pronounces the call in a loud 
voiee at the fixed hour, all things within the radius of the 
area in which his voioe vibrates will stand testiraony in 
his favour on the Day of Judgeraent". (Bukhari) 

8. If you are acting as an Imam, diseharge your functions in 

relation to the saying of prayer in acoordance with all the 
manners and rules prescribed by religion. Keep in view 
the interests of the congregation and perform your duty 
as a Ieader well, The Ho]y Prophet (peaoe and blessings 
of Alkh be upon hira) affirmed : "The Imaras who lead the 
congregation in prayer in a proper manner and eatertain 
a high sense of personal rcaponsibility for the good 
performance of worship by members of their congregation 
wi]l obtain reward for the prayers of their congregatiou 
also. The Imam*s reward in this case will be eqnal to the 
combined ieward of the congregation. However, the 
reward and virtue of the members of the congregation is 
not curtailed thereby". (Tabrani) 

9. Say yourprayers with humility in such a state that the 
heart should be fi]led with a sense of awe of the Greatness 
and Glory of Gdd and your entire being should be 
overwhelraed with trepidation and soleranity. It is a 
great sacrilege to make annecessary movemonts of hand 
and foot, scratching any part of the body, to pass Angers 
through the beard, to plug the nose with a finger or to 
fold up your dress. Take the utmost care to avdid such 
actions, 

10. Seek to gain neameas to God through prayers, Say prayers 
in sueh a atate of mind as i£ you are in the presence of 
God or at least be mindful that God is watchinij you. 

_ The Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings of Allah be upon 



119 

him) observed : 

"The bondman is nearest to God at the moment when 
he is lying in prostration before Him. Hence whiJe you 
are performing the act of prostratiort, pray fervently." 

(Mu&lim) 

11. Say prayers with eagerhesa and zeat. The formal obaerr- 
ance of prayers as if prayer were a burden or a oompulaion 
lO 10 genuine form of worship. Haring said prayera of 
one time, look forward to the next honr of prayers with 
eagerness and fervbur, One day after having offered the 
-Magbrib prayers, some people stayed waiting for the hour 

of 'Isha prayers. Presently^ the Holy Prophet (peaoe and 
blessings ofAUah.be upon him) arrived with suoh hurried 
steps that he (peace and blesslngs of Allah be upon him) 
was panting for breath, The Holy Prophet (peaoe and 
blessings ofAUah be upon him) observed : "0 people i 
Be happy, your Lord opened a gate of the hearena and 
showed your view to His angela and aaid with pride ; 
*Look, my derotees haye Anished one prayer and are 
awaiting the next hour of worahipV* (Ibn Majah) 

12. Do not say prayers in a hurried manner with a sense of 
*Let us get over with it'', like the careless and carefree 
persona. Remember God with a sineere heart and say 
prayers with oomplete devotion and a aolemn awarenesa 
ofduty and direct your heart, mind» feelinga, passions, 
thoughts aud ideas to converge on God. Prayer, i.n v or4er 
to beoome a genuine form of worahip, must contain 
remembrance of God. The prayer of the hypoorites is 
always devoid of the remembrance of the Lord* 

13. Dischange the duty enjoined upon you by prayer even after 
the prayer and manage your whole lifo in such a tnanner * 
that it should fully refleot the injunotions contained in the 
prayers. The Holy Qur'an atBnns : "Prayer serves as a 
deterrent to immorality and contumaoy'** The Holy 
Prophet (peace and Messmgo of Allah be upon.hira) eluci- 
dated the same point through a deeply impressire simile : 



120 

i 

The Holy Prophet (pcace and ble S8 ing 8 of AJIah be upon 
him) sbook a dry braneh of a tree bri 8 kly so that all the 
Jeaves of the branch fell off. Thereupon the Holy Prophet 
(peaco and blessings of Allah bo upon him) obser^ed : 
"The sins of those who say prayers drop off as the Ieaves 
of this dry branch fell off". Attewards the Holy Prophet 
(peace and blessings of. Allah be upon him) recited this 
verse of the Holy Qur'an : 



Wa aqimi$saUta tara/ayinnahari wa zuldfan min-allail. 
Innal hasandti yudh-hibnasmyyiati. Dhalika dhikra 
lidhdhakirln. " (jj . jjg\ 

"Establish worship at the two ends ofthe day and 

in aome watches ofthe night. Lo ! good deeda annul ill 
deeds/ This is a reminder for the mindful'\ 

14. Recite. the Qur'aii slowly in the course of prayers and 
observe other narrations of the prayer at a slow pace 
with careful attention and devotion of heart and mind. 
The practice of reoiting the Qur'an and saying other 
words of the prayer with understanding aiagments yotir 
forvour and the prayer then attains the form of genuine 
worship. 

15. Obaorve prayers regularly and don't «Ver miss any prayer. 
It is the basic attribute of the helievors to' be regular and 
punctual in observing prayers : 



. t?j*s\> ^^ jp ^ ^iji ^ji vi 

*■ - ^ - „ 

Jl-lal mussalinatladhina hum 'ala salatihim da'imiin."' 

(70 : 22-23) 



121 

"Save worshippers.wbo are constant attheir worship". 

16. Alongwith regular observance of obligatory prayers, 
you should offer supererogatory worship and offor praiscs 
to God frequently, The Holy Prophet (peace and blessinga 
of AUah be upon him) observed : "Any man who offera 
twelve Rak*ahs (supererogatory prayers) during a period 
of day and night in addition to the five obligatory prayers, 
God ordains a dwelling to be built for thia man in 
Paradise". (MasHm) 

17. Say your supererogatory prayers (Sunnan and Nawafil) off 
and oii in your homes also. Tbe Holy Prophet (peaee and 
blessings of AUah be upon him) has observed : "Offer 
sorae supererogatory prayers at horae after saying obli- 

. jratory prayers in the mosque, God shall bestow goodness 
in your homea as a reward for these prayers". (Musliin). 
The Prophet of God (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 
him) himflelf frequently offered Sunan and Nawafil at 
home» . 

18. Wheu you set out from the house for dawn prayers, aay 
this prayer ; 



tf*- J J Uh tSs<H d J Uh ijt^ J J**l |hJJ 



1 



•• - • - *•* • ~ • - - * • j # « - „ • m ■ . m tj 

J& CS J by a*U-i ^ j \jjj ^W. tf J \jy 



bs ^r** J J Ijs J J~-l> \jy ^UI y> j \jy 



<3 j hj J ifj*&'fj j \jji y.ijj \jjj ^ijj 



r 



122 



>rf ,K#ij1 l^ >J'^ ; |Jy j£ ^ j££ QJ 



0*y 



''Allahummapal/igalbinilranwa/l basarl nuran wa 
fl samH nuran wa <an yamtnl nuran wa € an shimall 
nuran wamin khalp nuran wa min amaml nuran wapal 
1% nuran wa fl 'asabl nuran wa fl dami nUran wa fl 
«ham nuran wa 'fl limni ntlran wafal fl naf$l nuran 
wa a ( zim ll nuran wapalnl nuran twj<al min fauql 
nuran wa min tahti nuran Allahumma a ( tini nura. 

h 

{Hian Hasien) 
OGod! Make Light in mine heart, Light m miae 
eye, Light in mine ear, Light oa my right, Light on my 
left, 'Light above. me, Ltght beneath me, Light before 
me, Light behind rae, and make thou for me Light. 
Light in my tongue, Light in my sinews, Light in my 
flesh, Light in my blood, Ltght in mine hair, Llght in my 
body, Light in my soul and magnify for me Light 1 O 
God bestow upon me Light ! 

19. When you have Anished the performance of dawn and 
evening prayers, repeat the folIowing prayer seven times 
before engaging in conversation. 

« v » • * «ja^ 

Allahumma ajirni minan nar. 

"O God ! Proteot me from the Fire" 

The Holy Prophet <poa<re and blessings of Aiiah be 
upon him) observed : 

"After the dawn and erening prayers, repeat the 
" fol1pwirtg prayer seven times before engaging in conver- 
- - sation. JTperchance yon die in the oourse offchafcday 
or night, yon shall certainly be saved from HeU*\ 



123 

20. After each pray«r, repeat 4&I jtoJ Asiaghjir uUah three 
times and then say this prayer : 

•» ^ 

1. ' 



^» - f*jT»ti 



-4Zfa&wtnma ant-asmlamu tea mink-assalamu tabarahta 
y& dhal~jal&li waUikram. (Muslim) 

"0 God ! Thou art the poace and from Thoe ia the 
peace* Blessed art Thou, O Lord of Majesty and Glory. 

Hadrat Thauban (God be pleased with him) reports : 

"The Holy Prophct (peace and blessings of ' Allah be 

upon him) used to repeat M yk^\ (I seek forgiveness from 

Allah) three times after fiaishing e&ch prayer and after* 
wards said this prayer". {Muslim) 

21. Observe proper care in keeping the linea straight for 
' offermg the prayer in .congregation. Keep the lines 
perfectly straight and stand shoulder to shoulder close 
to each other, Ieaving no spaee in between. Do not form 
lines in the rear unless the front lines are filled. On one 
occasipn in a congregatioa for prayer, a man was standing 
m line in such a manner that the position of his che^t 
was inclined forward. On seeing the raan standing in 
this fashion, the Holy Prophet (peace and blessiugs of 
Allah be upon him) warned : "0 people of God ! you mnst 
stand in straight lines in a proper m&nner else God shall 
cause you to stand in opposite directions to each other" 
{Mudim, Vol, 1). On one occasion, the Holy Prophet (peaoe 
and ^lessings of AlUh be spon him) observed ; "Any man 
wbo arrangea the Hne in a formation, God shall bestow 
Graoe on him ; and any m&n who oauses disarray in the 
Km t God «Hall oause him to suffer chaoa", 

(Abu BStcud, Vol. 1) 



124 

22. The line of the children must be formed behind the Jines 
of men, Do not lot the children stand with their elders, 
However, in the 'Idgah, where certain difficulties might 
be faced or where the possibility of the foss of children 
* exiata, there is no need to send the children to form lines 
in the rear 4 Make them atand with you, The lines of 
woraen should be formed either ot the fartheat rear or 
separately ifa separate enclosure has been built in the 
mosque for women, Similarly» in the*Idgah make separate 
arrangements for the congregation of women. 



Etiquettes of 
Reciting the Qur'an 



1. Reeite the Holy Qur'an,with eagernesa and fervour and 
put all your heart and aoul in the reoitation. Be aure 
that love of the Qur'an meana love of God. The Holy 
Prophet (peaee and bleaainga of Aliah be upon him) 
amrmed : "The beat form of worahip for my followers ia 
reeitation of the Qur'an". 

2, Engage yourself in the reoitation of the Qur'an most of 
the time and never feel weary of reciting the Holy Book. 
The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 
him) has amrmed; "God has ordained that any man 
who engages himself in the recitation of Qur'an so cona- 
tantly that he nnds no time to aend prayers to me, I 
shall provide him more without asking than those who 
aak" {Tirmidhl) Purther than this, the Prophet of 
God (peaoe and blessings of Allah be upon him) obaerved : 
«The aervant gets neareat unto God by ^means of recitmg 
the Qur'an. (Tirmidhl) Inatruoting the people to reoite 
the Holy Qur'an, the Holy Prophet (peaoe and bleasinga 
of Allah be upon him) alao obserred : "The man who 
haa studied the Qur'an and rcoitea |t daily oan be likened 
to a baaket iull of muak whoae sweet ameU is making the 
whole atmosphere fragrant. And the man who haa studied 
the Qnr'an but does not recite it may be likened to a 
bottle full of muak whoae mouth haa been sealed with a 

A -*.«-» (Tirmtihi) 

atopper . . .. * 

3 Recite the Qur'ah with the aole motive of swking 
' guidance. Do not recite the Holy Book for the aake of 

125 "« 



120 

gaining popularity, or cstablislung a reputation for good, 
harraonious recitation or making a namo for piety. Theso 
are baso motives and he who rocites tho Qur'an with those 
motives ia mind can obtain no guidauce from tho ^ur^an. 

4. Take care to be complotely neat and clcan beforo you sit 
down for rocitation. Do not touch tho Holy Book without 
performing ablution and recite it sitting in a clcan end 
tidy place. 

5. Sit cross-legged with your face towards tho Qiblah and 
recite tho Qur'an with your head bowed, with utmost 
care, complete attention, oagernoss of heart and in a pro- 
per manner. God affirms : 

/julJ j -uul Ij^-L-J iSjU SJ\ *-Upl ytf 

+ \ * ~ + ~ 

KiiSbun anzalnahu ilaika mubarakun liyaddabbaru 
ayatihi wa liyatadhakkara ulul-albab. {38 : 29) 

"(This is) a scripture that We have revealed unto 
theo, full of blessing, that they may ponder its revelations, 
and that men of understanding may get guidance from it". 

6. As far as possible recite the Qur'an in a ole&r and distinct 
manner and read the letters correctly and uttĕr the syll- 
ables in proper style and recite slowly. The Holy Prophet 
(peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) observed : 
**Use your voice and style to recite the Qur'an in the 
best manner". . (AbuDaioud) 

The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) used to recite each word in a clear and distinct 
manner and read each verse separately. 

The Holy Prophot (peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) aSirmed : 

"He who recites the Qur'an will be told on the Day of 



127 

Judgement". Rocito the Qur'an now in tho same clear and 
distmot mannor and in the same harmonious style in 
which you used to recite it with care and propriety in the 
world and as a reward for the recitation of each verso you 
shall be elevated one degree higher and your ultimate 
place is near thc end of the nnal verse". {Tirmidhi) 

7. Bo not recite in an estremely loud or very low voiee. 
Keep your voice at a medium pitch. God ordains : 



* * * 



Wa U tajhar bisalalika wa la tukhajit biha wabtaghi 
baina dhalika aablla. ny . jjO) 

"Be not loud voioed in thy prayer nor too low voiced 
but follow a way between". 

8. Recite the Qur'an whonever you find time, but do try to 
recite Qur'an in the course of Tahajjud prayer at dawn. 
This recitation of the Qur'an entails the reward of highest 
degree and it should be the aspiration of the true 
believers to attain the apex of ejccellence in roward for 
recitation. 

9. Do not complete the reading of the whole of the Holy 

Qur'an in less than three days. The Holy Prophet (peac--, 

and blessings of Allah be upon him) observed : "He who 

completes the recitation of the full text of the Qur'an in 

less than three days does not understand the meanings of 
the Qur'an at all". 

10. Keep in- mind the. glory and value of the Qur'an and 
as you observe the etiquette of keeping your person neat 
and clean wKile reciting the Qur'an, so also you must 
purge your heart of evil . thoughts, wioked passions a.nd 
impure purposes, The heart that is tainted with evil and 
wicked thoughts and passions oannot appreoiate and admirb 



128 

the glory and value of the Holy Qur'an, nor can the bearer 
of such an evil heart grasp the meauings and realities of 
the Qur'an. Hadrat 'Ikrama (God be pleased with him), 
whenever he opened the Qur'an, ho often faintcd. Ho used 
to Bay ; "Those are the words of my Great and Glorious 
Lord'\ 

11, Recite thc Qur'aa with the conriction thaton this earth this 
Book iB the only sourco of guidanoe for mankind, Meditate 
and reflect deeply over the meanings of the Qur'an from 
this viewpoint and try to grasp the realities and iearii tho 
wisdom contained in this Book. Do not recite it rapidly 
but form the habit of reading slowly, distinctly and with 
careful understanding of the meanings and try W ponder 
over the mossage conveyed to us. Hadrat 'Abdullah b, 
'Abbas (God be pleased with him) often remarked ; "I 
considor it far better to recite small Surahs like 'Ai^ari^ah' 
and 'Al*Qadr' with understanding and oare than to read 
through the ionger Surahs of 'Al-Baqarah' and 'Ali^Imran' 
at a rapid pace without careful understanding of the mean- 
ings of the words* The Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings 
of Allah be upon him) once rocited this oae verse over and 
over again all through the uight. 

>».■.-■■ * * -* 

tn tu f adhdkibhum fa*%nnahum Hbaduka wa in taghjir 
lahum ja-innaka ant-al- x aziz-uVHakim. (5 : 118) 

"lf Thou punisheth them, Lo ! they are Thy slaves, 
and if Thou forgiveth them, Lo ! Thou only Thou art the 
Mighty, the WiBe". 

12. Recite the Qur'an with iull dotermination to adapt your 
life to the injunctions of tlria Holy Book and to rcform 
the pattern of your liring in the light of the guidaace 



129 

prorided by it. Make constant endeavours to order your 
life in oonforinity with the Qur'anic injunotions and purge 
your life of a!l impurities. The Holy Qur'£n like a mirror 
will elearly renect each blot and ipot on your character. 
It ia ehtirely your owii responsibility to waah off these 
blots and stains from your life. 

13. FeoI the full impact of the verses during reoitation of the 
Holy Qur'an. Rejoice and feel happy on reading about 
the narrations of Divine Mercy, Forgiveness and the Ever* 
laating bounties of Paradise, And on reading about the 
narrations of the wrath, anger and the terrifio puniahments 
of Hell you^body should tremble, eyes should flow and the 
heart should melt with the sentimenta of repentanee and 
shame. Your face ahould glow with the light of happiness 

on reading about the successes of the pious and faithful 
people and you should be seized with deep sorrow on read- 
ing about the destraction of nations. The study of versea 
containing warnings and forebodirigs of torments should 
make you tremble and your soul should be filled to the brim 
with the sentiments of gratitude on reading the verses 
which bear glad tidings, 

14. Affcer reciting the Holy Qut*an offer a prayer, The words 
of one of the prayers offered by Hadrat 'Umar (Godbe 
pleased with him) are as fo!lowa ; 

£XW ^ JU s> h L, ^osJlj JLU\ jijj pjj| 



<-JUp J>jJlj *^Mu U^JIj <. <J ^+iJ 



I 



. j-i* ^ $ J* «iArt t ^Ju U dUU JwJlj 



Allahumrnarzuqnlt-tafakkura ttxU4adabbura bimd yai* 
luhu lisanl min kilabika ioaUfahma lahu>tval ma l rifata 
bim&anihi uxm~nazara ft 4 aj<t y ibihi waPamala bidhalika 
md baqitu innaka *ala kulli 8hai*in qadir % 



130 

u Gcod ! Whatever my tongue recites from Thy Book, 
grant me the favour to reflect upon it. God 1 bestow upon 
me the understanding of it. Vouchsafe to tne the knowl- 
edge of its meaning, and spirit, and the vieion to soe its 
nicetiea. Grant rae the favour to act acoording to its 
injunctions as long as I lire. Your Boing is without doubt 
Omnipotent", 



Etiquettes of 

Friday 

1. Take full measures to olean and purify yourself on Fridays. 
Bathe and adorn yourself in the best possible manner. 

Hadrat 'Abdullah b. 'Umar (God be pleased with him) 
reports tbat the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah 
be upou him) obserJed : «<The person who oomea to offer 
prayers in the Friday congregation should bathe hiraseK . 

(Bukhari, Muslim) 

According to the statement of Hadrat Abu Huraira 
(God be pleased witk him), the Holy Prophet (peace and 
blessmgs of Allah be upon him) observed : "Erery Muslim 
owes duty to God that he shouid take bath every week and 
wash his head and body". 

Hadrat Abu Sa'id (God be pleased with him) relates 
that the Prophet of God (poace-aad blessings of Allah be 
upon him) obserred : It it obligatory upon every adult 
youth to take bath on Friday and to brush the teeth and 
use perfume if available" . (Bukhari, Mustim) 

Hadrat Salman (God be pleased with him) states 
that the Holy Prophet (peaoe and belssings of Allah be 
upbn him) amrmed : "Auy man who bathes on Friday and 
takea full care to keep himself neat and clean and uses hair 
oil and perfume and then reaohes the mosque just after 
mid-day and does not part two men sitting in a line in the 
mosque and then offers the prayer whioh God had decreed 
to him and afterwards listens to the serraon seated oalmly 
when the Imam asoeuds the pulpit, God shall pardon all 

131 ' , 



132 

the sins committed by him during the interval between this 
Frid»y and the preoeding one*\ (Bukhari) 

2. Take care to perform good deeds on Friday auch as most 
frequent remembranee of God, reeitation of the Holy 
Qur'an, prayer, Sadaqa, oharity, enquiring after the welfare 
of the sick, joining the funerala, visit to the graveyard and 
other pious acts. 

Hardat Abu Huraira (God be pleased with him) reporta 
that the Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings of Allah be upon 
him) observed : 

«Themost important day that ever dawned is the 
Friday. It was on this day that Adam (peace be upon 
him) was created and on this day he was admitted to 
Paradise and it was on Eriday when he was expelled from 
there (and was appointed the vicegerent, of God) and it is 
on this day that the Doom will descend". (Muslim) 

Hardat Abu Sa'id Khudri (God be pleased with him, 
reports that the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah 
be upon him) observed ; "There are five suoh acts that 
if a man shall perform thom in the course of a single day, 
God shall write his name among those destined to enter 
Paradise. These aots are : 

1. To enquire after the welfare of the sick. 

2. To join a funeral. 

3. To keep a fast. 

i, To offer Friday Prayer, 

6. To emanoipate a slave. (Ibn Hibban) 

lt is evidĕnt that the performanoe of all these five acts 
together is possible only on a Friday. 

In another tradition Hadrat Abu Sa*id Khudri reports 
that the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) observed ; *'Any man who recites Surah Kahf on 
Friday, a radiant light will glow for him in the space 
between two Fridays'\ {NatoH) 



m 

And Hadrat Abu Huraira (God be pleased with Mm 
state 8 that the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah 
be upon him) observed : '<Seventy thousaud angcds beg 
m ercy for the man who recites Surah Ad-Dukhan on Fnday 
night and all of his sins are pardoned». <*"■"».) 

The ' Holy Prophet (peace and blossiogs of Allah be 
upon him) has athrmed : «There is a certain blessed mom- 
ent in the course «f a Friday that any prayer said mby 
a believer i. accepted by tho Almighty". {Bukhan) 

Which blessed moment is this ? The opinion of tho 
•Ulama is at vari a nce on this point, because of the reason 
that traditions mention different times in th» respec t 
However, the 'Ulama agree that two statements are more 
Lect than the others. According to one statemor i the 
Lrvening time from the moment the proacher ascends 
heTulp/to deliver the sermon to tbe end of W» 

. ,, , u5r,«o nne Another version holds tnat> 

is the most propitious one. aiw 

j Ji ,•« the end of Priday when the sun is 

blessed moment is tne ena m . . * tW «fnr« 

about to set in the horison. It .s adv 1S able, therefore 
that you shouldpaes boththe times m orTenng ^J^ 
«pplication. in utter humility and reve rence to he Lord. 
It is better to add the following prayer with your other 

prayers : 

u ; jiiu & *. ii* ^ <;; ^ J# 

-• ■» ** 



*.>•-» <*•*• 
i 






^ M*. .* s^- 






>.„....--« - *»>--•- 



U ^ ^ dl* V •=-* 



1 



Alhihumma anta rabbl U ilaha ilU anta khalaqtani u^ 
aw 'abduka wa ana >aU •ahdika m Wdika m*s.tata>u 



1M 

.«&**« laJca binVrnatila 'alayyd ua abu'u bidhanbt 
faghfrU fain*ahu la yaghfir*udh-dhunuba illa anta 
a l udhu bika min sharri rna sana<tu. (Bukhari, NasaH) 

"God! You are my Lord. There is no deity except 
You. You created me. I am Your servant and I hold firm 
to my promise and allegiance to You as far as Kes in my 
power. I acknowiedge all the bounties and favours that You 
have conferred on me. I confess my sin ; forgive me, for 
there is no one elae except You Who has the power to grant 
pardon for sins and I beseĕoh proteetion against the evil 
effects of my own sins". ■ (BukMri, NasaH) 

3. Ob?erve Priday^ prayers according to all the prescribed 
etiquettes. Priday prayer is obligatory upon every adult, 
healthy, resident and sane Muslim male. If there be two 
ruen Jjeside the Imam present at a place, the Friday prayer 
must be offered. The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings 
of Allah be upon him) observed : 

** The peopie onght not to miss Friday prayer under any 
circumstance or else God shall seal their hearts (and having 
been denied Divine Guidauce) they will become one with 
those who are forgetful (of Religion)". (Muslirn) 

According to the testimony of Hadrat Abu Huraira 

(God be pleased with him), the Prophot of God (peaee and 

blessings of Allah be upon him) affirmed : "Any man who 

comes to the mosque for saying the Friday prayer after 

bathing and washing himself clean and then offers «Sunnah' 

prayers which God had decreed and then sits quietly till 

the end listeoing to the sermon of the Imam and afterwards 

offers obligatory prayers with the Imara, God shall grant 

him pardon for the sins which he committed between the 

preceding Friday and this one and the sins committed tiU 
three days before". 

i 

Hadrat Yazid b. Maryam (God be pleaaed with him) 
relates : "I was going to offer Friday prayers when I 
chanced to meetHadrat 'Abaya b. Rifa ( ah (God be ploasod 
with him) on the way* He asked me ; Where are yoa 



135 

going 1" I aaid : I am going to offer Friday prayers. Hadrat 
'Abaya <God be pleaaed with him) remarked : "1 congra- 
tulate you. Evory step you movo, you move on the path 
leading towards Allah". The Holy Prophot (peace and 
blessings of Allah be upon him) affirmed : "Fire is made 
unlawful for the man whose feet are soiled with dust while 
walking aolng the path of God". 

4. Hasten towards the mosque the moment youhear the call 
for Friday prayer. Close your business and stop your 
other activities at once. Listen to the sermon and aay 
prayers with perfect devotion. Resume your business as 
soon as the Friday prayer is over. The Holy Qur'aa 
afftrms : 

|.-w & llAl <j>jJ 1*1 LM CS^ W-i 



9 9 



01 JCJ j£'fM ^ b>j *»' /* ^ 1 b*" u 

. j -...». s - ' - * - • *■*- * •* • ' 

>/fl J M 1 * M-* 11 <^" ULJ • b ^ r^ 

. / tf ^ S * . - +o > > • - > • - • , # * " ' V 

^ •> •> 

Ya-ayyu-haltadhina atnanu idha nudiya lia-aalati min 
yav.mil jum'ati fasau ila dhihrillahi wadhar-ul-bai'a 
dhatihum hhairullahum in hunlum t'aUmun. Faidha 
audiatisealatu fantaahiru jilardi wabtaghu min fadHUahi 
wadhhur-ul laha kathiran-Wallahum tufiihun. 

{Al-Jiimah : 9-10) 

"0 ye who believe 1 When the oall is heard for the 
prayer of theday of congregation hasten unto remembrance 
of Allah and leave your tradlng. That is better for you 



m 

if ye did bnt know. And when the prayer ifl ended, then 
disperse in the land and seek of Allah's bounty, and 
remember Allah muoh, that ye may be successrul". 

These verseB contain the following injunotions for the 
trne believers : 

1. A true believer should offer Friday prayers with complete 
devotion and foll awareness of airthe etiquettes of this 
prayer. He should stop all other engagements on hearing 
the prayer-call and hasten towards the mosque. 

2. It is nnlawful for tne true believer to carry on business 
or to engage in other worldly interests after hearing the 
announcement of the prayer-call and thus having foTsaken 
the memory of God to turn into a world-loving creature. 

3. Theseoretof a pious man'B salyation lies in his living 
as a servant and slave of God in this world. Whenever 
the call of God reaches him, he should, as a devoted and 
obedient serrant foraake all interests and set aside all 
worldly advantages and rush to respond to the call of 
his Maater. He should proclaim by deed that the sacrirlce 
of worldly advantage for the sake of fulfilling thedemands 
of religion does not signify ruin and failure. On the other 
hand, destruction and failure lies in transgressing the 
bounda of religion in his lust for gaining worldly interests. 

4. The theory of renouncing the world altogether is falla- 
cious. Man should not be so much imroersed in spiritual 
purauits that he should become incapable of dealing with 
worldly atTairs. The Holy Qur'an, in fact, enjoina upon 
the faithful to disperse on the earth as soon as . the 
prayer ja over and to take full advantage of all the 
resources and means of livelihood that God has provided 
on the eartb. The Qur'an affiiros that the pious should 
exert all their energies and eroploy all faculties in the 
business of earning their share of the subsistence provided 
by God. It is not proper for a true believer to be depen- 
dant on others for his.needs, nor is it advisable for him 



1S7 

to negleot*hta duty of providing for the needs of his depea- 

dauta and to oause them suffering and dismay. 

5« The final important iujunctton is that the true believer 
should not be engrossed in worldly affairs so deeply that 
he should forget God. He should remember under all. 
oircumatances that the real gain and eesence of his life is 
the remembranoe of God. Hadrat Sa'id b. Jubair (God be 
merciful to him) remarks : "The remembrance of God 
does not only oonsist in announcing the greatneas of Allah 
or tittering praises of God. 

All those are engaged rn the remembrance of God 
who are buay ordering their lives in conformity with the 
Commands of God M , 

k 

Make an effort to reaoh the moaque for the Friday 
prayer aa soon aa possible and try to get a seat for yourself 
in front line by arriving early. 

Aoeording to the statement of Abii * Huraira (God be 
pleased with him), the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings 
of AUah be upon him) observed : "Any man who bathea 
himself and washes his whole body to cleanae it of all 
impurities and then reaches the mosque first is like the 
person who offera the saorifice of one camel, and he who 
arrive,s neit to him ia like the;person who saorifices one 
oow (or buffalo) and the one who reaohes in the third place 
is like a peraon who offers the sacriĔoe of a horned ram, 
Coming next to him is like a person who gives away as it 
were, one egg in the way of God. Later when the Imam 
comes forward to deliver the sennon, the angels leave the 
gate of the moaqne and come over to ait in the mosque to 
hear the «ermon and »ay the prayers". (Bukh&ri, Mtulim) 

IJadrat 'Irbad b. Saria (God be pleased with him) 
states : "The Holy Proplpt (peaoe and blessinga of Allah 
be upon him) used to invofce mercy of God three times 
upon those who formed ihe first line and only onoe npon 
those who were in the seo^nd line". (Tbn Mfyah t Na*&*i) 



138 

And Hadrat Abu Huraira (God be pleased with him) 
observes: ct The people do not know tho high degree of 
reward and hlossings reserved for tho peoplo who form tlie 
first lino of prayor. 11 they know it, they would start 
drawing lots fur tho priviloge of joining tholirst Iine". 

(Bukharl, Muslim) 

6. Offer your Priday prayere in a congregatkmal mosque, 
Take your seat wherever it is available. Do not Jump over 
people's heads and shoulders in an effort to get a seat in 
front. This causes considorable raental and physical dis- 
comfort to the people, disturbs their peace of mind and 
dcvotion and diverts their attention, 

Hadrat 'Abdullah b. 'Abbas relates that the Holy 
Prophet (peace and bJessings of Allah be upon him) 
observed : 

,4 The person who retreats from the first line of prayer 
and stands in the second line with the intention that his 
brother Muslim may suffer no inconvenienoe, God will 
grant such a man reward and blessing twioe as muoh as to 
people in the first line". (Tabr&ni) 

Hadrat Salman (God be pleased with him) reports 
that the Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) affirmed : The person who bathea himself on 
Priday and cleanses and purifies himself as much as he 
can, and then uses oil aud appliea perfume and reaches 
the mosque just after mid-day and does not part two. 
men Bitting togother (in other words he does not oommit 
the error of jumping over the heads and shoulders of 
people, or making his way through the lines or sitting 
b&twoen two men by pushing them apart, but sits down 
quiotly tfherever he finds room) and offers prayer and 
Suunah which God had deoreod upon him. and afterwards 
Iistens quietly to the sermon when the Imam takes the 
pulpit, God will pardon all his sins which he oommitted 
during the period between that Friday and the preceding 

on *" ■ (Bukhari) 



139 

7. Tbe eermon should be brief as compared to the prayer. 
The sermon in fact is meant to induce people to offer 
devotions and worsbip to <Jod, while prayer is not only 
worship in itself, but the best worship, Henee it is io no 
way proper to prolong the serraon and go through the 
prayer quickly in a shorter period oftime. The Holy 
Prophet (peace and blessings of AJIah be upon him) 
obser.ved : 

"To prolong the prayer and deliver a brief serrnom ia 
an attribute of the wise preacher. Hence say prayers for 
a longer period of time and make the sermon brief\ 

(Muslim) 

8. Listen to the sermon in silence and rapt attention, and 
with devotion, eagerness and in a receptive raood. Make 
tip your mind with aJl sinoerety to act upon the injunctions 
ofGodand His Messenger (peace and bletaingg ofAHah 
be upon him) that you have come to know through the 
seraon. The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah 
be upoa him) has affirmed : 

"The man who bathes and comes to offer Friday 
worship and says the prayer which God has destined for 
him and then sits quiĕtly and listens to thc sermon in rapt 
attention and with perfect devotion till the preacher has 
Anished the sermon and afterward says obligatory prayer 
with the Imam, God shall pardon all his sins which he 
committed during the period between that Friday and the 
preceding one and his sins even eommitted during three 
days before it". (Muslim) 

According to another tradii^n : "Whon the Preacher 
comes forward to deliter th^eermon, then it is improper 
to say any prayer or engage in conversation , \ 

9. The second sermon must be deljttered in Arabic. However, 
in the first sermon deacribe some injunctiena of God and 
His Meaaenger (peac^and blessings of Allah be upon him), 
give some advice, provide guidance and remember God in 



140 

the local language of the participants of the congwgation. 
The sermons which the Holy Propbet (peace and blessings 
of AUah be upon him) preached on Fridays reveal that 
the Preacher should provide adnce and guidance to the 
Mualims in regard to the prevailing «ircumstances. This 
purpose can only be aehieved if the preacher dehvers his 
aermon to the congregation in the people' S own language. 
10 It is highly porpitious to recite Surah al-'Ala and »1- 

Ghashiya or Surah Munafiqun and Surah al-Jum'ah m the 

obligatory prayers on Friday as was the practico of the 

Holy Prophet. 
U Make it essential to offer Darud as much as possible and 

pray for His peace and blessings upon the Holy Prophet 

on Fridays. The Holy Prophet (peace and bleasmgs of 

Allah be upon him) has observed : 

«Reoite as much Darud for me as possible on Fridays. 

Theaneels join this 'Darud' prayer and Darud is presented 

(Ibn Majah) 
to me . . v * 



Etiquettes of 
Funeral Prayers 



1. Do join the funeral prayers. The funeral prayer is a 
petition of meroy for the deceased aud this is a duty which 
everyone owes to the dead. If you fear the funeral prayer 
will be over by the time you have performed ablutions, 
then perform 'Tayammum' and join the prayers at once. 
The Holy Prophet (peace and blesBings of Allah be upon 
him) has observed : "Do <»y &* funeral prayers. May 
be this prayer induces feeiings of sorrow in you. A 
sorrowful man remains under the shadow of God and 
welcomes every pious deed" . (Hakim) 

The Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings of Allah be 
' upon him) also amrmed ; "The deceased whose funeral 
prayers are bffered by three lines of Muslims will certainly 
be admitted to Paradise". (Abu Mwiid) 

2. At the time of saying funeral prayers, put the bier on the 
ground so that the head is towards the north, the feet 
towards the south and the faoe of the dead ia turned in the 
direction of the Qiblah . 

3. Kyouare leading the funeral prayer, stand faoing the 
bosom of the dead. 

4. The number of lines in a funeral prayer must be odd. A 
single line would sumoe if taose present at the funer»! 
prayer are few, but if there «re enough present, fall in 
three. Aa the number of people inoreaees, form more linee, 
yet the number of lines ahould be kept odd. 

'. Make a reaolr^ in your mind before starting the funeral 
prayer that you are saying the iuneral prayera to beg Meroy 

141 



142 

itom the Kind and Bene&ceat Lord for the debeased. The 
Imam aa well as the followers ahould make this resolre. 

6. Whatever the Imam says in the funeral prayer, the fo!lo~ 
wers must repeat the same, Tho followers should not keep 
silent. However, the Imaru ahould say Takbirs in a lou^ 
voioe and the followers should repeat them in a low 
sound • 

7, Say four Takbirs m the funeral prayer. Raise your hands 
up to the e&rs while saying the first Takbir and then fold 
them on your abdomen aud offer praise to God : 

+ i * % *„**>$*, * * ' • ' ' - *>*; --'••* 



Subhanakallahumma wa bihamdika wa tabarakasmukd 
wa ta-dla jadduka wa jalla ihanituka wala ilaha ghairuk. 

«God 1 Thou art Pure and Supreme. High Praise and 
ThanksgMng is due to Thee. . Thy Name is the Most 
Blessed one and the Bestower of GOod. Thy -E»ltedneas 
and Glory art Most High. Thy Praise is Great and there 
is no deity except Thee". 

Now say the second Takblr, but do not raise your 
hands, nor make a motion of the head. At the end of the 
second Takbir, recite the 'Darud' : 



Ul 



u_r *u~ ji j-p j *u~ jpP j-*> p$ 



m m + 

.1 . c * * - • - * - « - * > I 



^ dUl ^l^l Jl J* j ^W J-* 

^jU U^ ju~ Jl J-p j ^*>- J-a iSjL, ^ 1 



143 



1 1 



. J^» Ju*»- «jJUt j^ly-il Jl J* J ^W c> 

Allahumma Salli 'ala Muhammadin Wa l ala ali 
Muhammadin kama sallaila *ala Ibrahima wa-ala-ali 
lbrahlma innaka Hamid~wn-majid. Allahumma barik 
A ala Muhammadin v 'ald-dli Muhammadin kama 
barakta *ala Ibt&hlma wa^ala-ali Ibr&hlma innaka 
Hamldum-majld. 

"God : May Thy peacĕ and blessings be upon 
Muhammad and his family, as Thou sent Thy peace and 
blessings upon Ibrahim aad his family. Without doubt 
Thou possesseth the greatest attributes and art Most High. 
God I May Thy peace and blessings be upon Muhammad 
and hie family, as Thou eent peace and blessings upon 
Ibrahim and his famiiy. Without doubt Thou posaesseth 
the greateat attributes and art Most High", 

Now say the third Takbir without *;aising your handa 
and o£fer a prayer with prescribed supplioation to beg mercy 
from the Lord for the dead. Finally, say the fourth 
Takbir and say 'Salam* turaing the head to right and left, 

8. If the deceased is an adult male or female, say thia prayer 
after the third Takbir. 









4J ~ + ** m+ ** 1* * «* * 










. OL/^l 



Allahitmm*ghfir lih&yyinS wa mtyyitini «w shShiiini 



144 



wa ghaHbina wa saghirina wa kabirma wa dhakarind wa 
unthdnd. Allahumma man-ahyaitaku minnd /aahyihi 
<alal-i$ldm wa man tawaffaitahu minnd fatawaffahu'alal- 
-tman, 

«God ! Show mercy to our living, to our dead, to 
those who are present with us here and to those who are 
not present, to our youngsters, to our elders, to our raen 
and to our women. God t Whomsoever it pleases Thee to 
keep alive among us, keep him alive as faithful of Islam 
and upon whomsoever it pleases Thee to send death, let 
him die in faith". 

If the deceased is a minor boy, say this prayer : 

s * * * - > * - * c,i 



Allahummaj l alhu lant faratan wafalhu land ajran wa 
dhuhhran wapalhu land shdji^an wa mu$haffa ( d. 

*'God ! Let this boy serve as a means of Thy grant of 
salvation to us ahd let him be a repository of our reward 
and welfare in the eternal world aud let him be our 
successiul intercessor". 

. If the deeeaaed is a minor girl, say this prayer. The 
meaning of thie prayer ia identicai with the prayer offered 
for the boy. 



j \j±> j 1^1 UJ \^\j IkjJ UJ l^J-^l j^l 



il 



* - ff *> *. *' * **- - • - • 



j&llahummaj 1 alhd land faratan waj l alhd land ajran wa 
dhukhran waj*alhd land nhaj^atan wa mushaffa'atan. 



145 

9. Whiie going along with a funeral procession think over 
your own end an£ visualise that as you are prooeeding to 
commit the deceased to earth, in the same way othere will 
be proceeding one day to bury you in the earth. In this 
pensive and thoughtful frame of mind, you will gaia the 
favour of rememberingyour ultimate end for some time at 
least and the worries and cares of the world will vanish 
from your mind. 



Etiquettes for 

Attending the 
Death-bed 



1. When you visit a person wbose end ia near, keep on reciting 
the Kalimah i>1 <J>»j ■**** <">' VI Ot S—La-ilaha illaltahu 



Muhammad-ur-ratill uttah, (There is no god but Allah 
and Muhammad ia HiB Apostle) in a loud voioe. Do not 
press the patient to utter the Kalimah . The Holy Prophet 
(peaoe and hlessings of Allah be upon him) has observed : 
"When you sit by the death-bed of any Muslim, keep 
reoiting the Kalimah". (Muslim) 

2. Reoite *Surah Yasln' when the patient is heaving last 
breatha. The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah 
be upon him) has observed : "Reoite 'Surah Yasin' by 
the death-bed". (Patawa Alamgiri, p. 100, Vol. 1). When 
the person has breathed his last, do not recite the Qur'an 
near the deoeased till his body has been washed. The man 
who needs a bath and the woman who is passing through 
the period of her menaes or the after-birth course should 
not go near the dead, 

,f „ »- * - i ■ * . ■ * 

3 Say Oj^j *JI 1>I j *» bl— Innd lillahi toa innd ilaihi rtyYw». 1 

The Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings of Allah be upon 
him) has affirmed : "The following three rewards are 

oonferred on a man who recites »Wj ^" ^ -> AW-Innd 



l. «We ate for Ood. nud we shall return to Him . 

146 



147 

lillaki wa inna ilaihi raji^un. (We are all creatu^es of God 
and we shall return to Him) in the moment of distress ; 

* Rrstly, blessings and salvation descend on him from 
God. 

* Seoondly, he receives the reward for aeeking the 
Truth. 

* Thirdly, his lose is oompensated and a better reward 
in lieu of the dead and lost one is oonferred on the 

bereaved person who says : 0_>~>lj *aJI W j ^ \l\~J Hna 

lillahi wa innd ilaihi raWun. (Tabarani) 

4. Abst&in from loud lamentationa and wailing for the 
deceased person. However, if the eyes are Ĕlled with tears 
out of grief it is but natural. When the Holy Prophet's 
(peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) son Hadrat 
Ibrahim (God be pleased with him) espired, the eyes of 
the Holy Prophet (peace and blessinga of Allah be upon 
him) were fiiled with tears. Similarly, when his grandson, 
the child of his daughter Zainab (God be pleased with her) 
passed away, the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of 
Allah be upon him) shed teara. The people asked : "0 
Prophet of God (peace and blessinga of Allah be upon 
you) ! How is it ?*' The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings 
of Allah be upoa him) obsexved : "This is a blessing which 
God has besbowod upon the hearts of His creatures. God 
showB mercy to those among His oreatures who are tendcr 
hearted and kind". The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings 
of Allah be upon him) further observed : "He who slaps 
his face, tears his clobhe3 and indulges in lamentation like 
the pagans, has nothing to do with us". 

6, As soon as one explres, straighten out his arms and legs ; 
close the eyes and pass a wide bandage below the chin and 
tie its ends Over the head. Both toes of the feet should be 
tied together with a strip of cloth. Wrap the body in a 

isroud and keep on reciting *& J>*j <-L* j e J **' {*•** 



148 

—Bismillahi wa 'aU millati rasulillah. "In the name of 
God and according to the custom of the followera of the 
Prophet of God (peace and blesaings of Allah be upon 
hira). Pasa around an obituary notice among the people. 
At the moment of lowering the corpae in the grave, 
continue tp say the same prayer. 

6. J Mention the virtuea of the dead and avoid narration of hia 
demerits. The Holy Prophet (peace and bleasings of Allah 
D6 upon him) obeerved : "Do mention the virtuea of your 
dead and keep silent about their vioes". (Abit Dawud). In 
addition, theHoly Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah 
be upon himj amrmed : «When a man dies and a few of his 
neighbours testify that he was a good man, God observes— 
"I aceept your testimony and I grant him pardon eten for 

these of his aots which remained a eecret to you". 

(Ibn Bibban) 

On one occaaion the companions (God be pleased with 
them) praised the virtues of a dead man in the presenoe of 
the Holy Prophet (peaee and blessinga of Allah be upon 
hira) whereupon the Prophet of God (peace and blesaings 
of Allah be upon Mm) observed : "This dead peraon'8 
abode has been made in Paradise ! people, you are the 
witneaaea of God on earth. If you teatify that a certain 
man is good, God admits him to Paradise and if you bear 
witneaa that a oertain man is wioked, God conaigns him to 
jt_H»> (Bukhari, Muslim) 

And the Holy Prophet (peace and blesaings of Allah be 
upon him) also affirmed : "When you visit a patient to 
enauire after his welfare or join a funeral proceaaion, do 
utter good remarks, for the angels say <So be it' ('Amin) 
after each good remark you make". (Mushm) 

7 Alwaya show patienoe and fortitude on the death of your 
' nea r and dear ones. Do not utter any ^etaUem^ 
The Holy Prophet (peaoe and bleasinga of AllaETm upon 
bim) haa amrmed : 



149 



"When a man observeB patience on the death of hia 
child, God enquires from His angels, «Did you estract the 
bouI of the child of my bondsman V The angels replyj 
-0, Sustainer! We have complied with Thy bidding 
Then God enouires : . «Did you extract the Hfe of the 
darling of my bondsman "? The angelB submit : Yes . 
God then asks : "And what did -my serrant say 1 l*ey 
submit : Lord ! He offered prai S e to Thee and reoited 



0*j«.T; aJI Ul S «S \i\-Inna Ullahi wa inna illaihi raji'un. 
«We all'belong'to God and to Him shall we return». 
Thereupon God ordains the angels : "Build a dwellmg ;m 
Paradise for this servant of mine and name this dwellmg 
«Bait al-Hamd' (House of Thanksgmng)". (Tirmidhl) 

8. Donotdelav washing the body of the deceased. It is 
bettor to put some leaves of the 'plura tree* in the bath 
water and heat it a little. Stretch the body on a clean 
wooden board ; take off its garments and wrap a sheet 
ronnd the lower part of the body. Oover your hand with a 
oloth and cloan the front and baok private partB of the body. 
Take care that the wrapping sheet does not slip off. Then 
perform ablution on the body ; there is no need, however, 
to rinse the mouth or pass water into the nose of th^body 
during the performance of ablution. When washing the 
corpse block the ears and nostrils with cotton wool so that 
water does not enter into them. Then wash the head clean 
with soap or something else. Turn over the corpse towards 
the left side and pouring water from the right Bl de bathe 
the body from head to foot. Similarly, pouring the water 
from the left side wash the body from head to foot. Take 
off the water soaked sheet and wrap a dry sheet round the 
lower part of the body. Now lift the body from the 
board, and plaoe it in the conin on the cot. The Holy 
Prophet (poace and blessings of Allah be upon him) has 
observed : "God shall pardon forty capital sins of man who 
bathes a corpse and oonceals the sins of the dead per»t>n ; 
and the man who lowers the corpse in the grave, provides, 



180 

as H were, a hcme to thedeceased to live in nntil the Day 

of Doom". (Tabrani) 

9* Use a white cloth of average quality as a shrondforthe 
body ; don*t use a very costly cloth nor a cloth of very 
low quality. For men the shroud should consist of three 
garments : one sheet, one 'Tehband' (a sheet for wrapping 
round the lower part of the body) and a 'Ka&i' or 'shirt' (a 
covering for the upper portion of the body). The length of 
the sheet should exceed the stature of thedead in measure- 
ment 80 that its ends may be tied on the side of the head 
as well as on the aide of tho feet. The measure of 
the width of ithe sheet should be adequate to cover tho 
body well. For women, include an additional apparel 
'sarband', a piece of cloth to oover the head ahd concea the 
hair in the coffin. It should be one yard long and 
measure a Jittle less than a yard in width. A *Chest Band% 
a cloth to provide an additional covering from armpits to 
the knees, should also form part pf a wpman's coffin. The 
Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon hira) 
has observed : "God will provide dresses made of Sundus 
and Astabraql in Paradise for him who puts the body of a 
deceased in coffin". (Hakim) 

10. Keep your pace quick while taking the bier to the grave- 
yard. The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) has observed : "Make haste in the matter of 
funerals". Hadrat Ibn Mas^ud (God be pleased with him) 
submitted to the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of 
Allah be upon him) : "O Prophet of God (peace and bles- 
sings of Allah be upon you) ! What should be the pace of 
our stepa while taking the bier to the graveyard"? The 
Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) 
observed : "Keep the pace of your steps short of running, 
If the deceased was a good man, carry him to his good end 
quickly. If he was wicked one, make haste to remore his 
evil from your midst". (^ & « Dawild) 



1, HigheatJ quality of ailk interwov*ji xvitjx silyer and gold threada 4 



181 

11. Aeoompany tte faneral on foot. On one occasion, whea 
the Holy Prophet (peace and blessinga of Allah be upon 
him) was walking with a funeral procession, he (peace and 
blessings of Allah bo upon him) saw a few participants riding 
along. The Holy Brophet (poaee and blessinga of Allah , 
benpon him) reprimanded them thus : "Don't you feel 
ashamed of yourseIves t The angels are walking on foot, 
while you are riding oa the backs of the beasts*\ However, 
on your way baok from the burial, you can use a transpo*t. 
The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 
him) went with the funeral procession of Abu Wahidi (God 
be pieased with him) on foot and retumed oa borseback. 

12. Stand on your feet on seeing a funeral approaching and if 
you do not wish Jo accompany it, wait till the procession 
has moved onto some distance before resuming your journey 
or other activities. The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings 
of Allah be upon him) affirmed : 

"Stand on your feet on seeing a funeral procession 
approaching. Those wlio accompany the funeral procession 
should not sit down until the bier has been placed on the 
ground". a 

13. Do offer funeral prayers. You should also participate in 

funeral processions and ptit your shoulder under the bier 
for some time. The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of 

Allah be upon him) has observod : 

"Every Muslim owes a duty to accompany the,funeral 
proce3sion of a deceased Muslim". The Prophot of God 
(peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) furthor observ- 
ed : "A man who parbicipates in the funeral procesaion 
and offers funera] prayers will get a reward equal to one 
Carat. He who attends the burial also after saying the 
funeral prayers will receive a reward equal to two Carats". 
Sonae one submitted : l, What will be the size of these two 
Carats V The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah 
be upon him) afflrmed : "It will be equal to the mass of 
two mountains", (Bukh&rl, Muslim) 



m 

14. Let the grave be excavated from north to south lengthwise. 
Keep the body of the deceased turned towards the Qiblah 
when lowering it in the grave. If the body ia light, two 
raen are enough, otherwise three or four men may join in 
interring a body into the grave. At the moment of intern- 
ment, untie the knots of the ahroud and turn over the body 
towards the Qiblah. 

15. Do obaerve purdah when interring a female body into the 
grave. 

16. 8tart filling the grave with earth from the side ofthe 
head. Piok up the earth in both handa and throw it into 
the grave. Bepeat the aet three timea. When throwing in 

the earth the firat time aay ffe3U \&+— M inkd Khalagndkum. 
"We ereated you out of this earth", When throwing in the 

earth the aeoond time, say ^ST *g*i ^s» j Wapha nuHdukum. 
"And We return you to the aame earth". And when you 

throw in the earth the third time, aay <$>■' SjB p£* j** ^^ j 

' — Wa minhd nukhrijukum taratan ukhr#, t( And We shall 
resurrect you from the aame earth". 

17, Do not raise the grave very high, nor make it in the form 
ofa square* Fill the grave with the aame amount of 

"eartb which waa excavated from it. Sprinkle some water 

over the grave after filling it with earth. 

18. Stay a while near the grave after burial. Offer prayera 
begging meroy !br the deoeased, Recite some veraes of 
the Qur'an and send its bleaaings after the departed aoul. 
Aak other people to offer prayera to God to ehow mercy to 
the dead peraon. The Holy Prophet (peace and ble8ainga 
of Allah be upon him) himself used to offer prayera to God 
for the grant of mercy to the deoeased and obaerved to 
other people : "Pray to God that your brother may reraain 
ateadfaat and beg meroy for him from the Lord aa now ia 
be to acoount for every moment of his wordly life'\ 

(Abu Ddwud) 



153 

19. If a bereavement occurs among the kin, relatives, or in the 
neighbourhood, send eooked food for one or two times to 
their house, because theywillbetoo overcomo with grief 
to think of cooking meals. 'Jami' Tirmidhi* records that 
when the martyrdom of Hadrat Jafar (God be pleased 
with him) waa reported the Ho]y Prophet (peace and 
blessings of Allah be upon him) commanded ; "Prepare 
some food for the family of Ja'far. They are pre-occupied 
with grief today". 

20. Do not mourn for the dead for a period of more than three 
daya. However, for a woman whose husband is dead, the 
prescribed period of mourning is four months and ten 
days. When Abu Sufyan (God be pleased with him), the 
father of Umm ul-Mo'minin Hadrat Ummi Habibah 
(God be ploased with her) expired, the illustrious lady 
Zainab (God be pleased with her) came to offer condo- 
lences to her. Hadrat Ummi Habibah (God be pleased with 
her) sent for perfurae in which some quantity of yellow 
saffron had been mixed. Umm ul-Mo*minln rubbed that 
perfume on hei* slave-woman and then applied some to 
her own face. She then observed : "God knows I did 
not need perfume, but I have heard the ProphetofGod 
(peaee and blessings of Allah be upon him) say : "No 
womau who believes in God and the Day of Judgement 
should observe mourning for more than three days for 
any man. However, the period of mourning in the case 
of her husband*s death is four months and ten days'\ 

(Abu Dawud) 

21. Offer some charity on behalf of the deceased according to 
your means. However, strictly £Void performance of 
unpropitious and improper rites in this caae. 



Etiquettes of 
Visiting Graveyards 



1. Aceompany the funeral proceasion to the graveyard and 
attend the burial, Do pay visita to the gr*veyard off and 
on. These visifcs reroind one of the Iife hereafter and 
induoe one to start making preparationa for the life after 
death. On one occaaion the Holy Prophet (peaoe and bles- 

sings of Allah be upon hnn) aocompanied a funeral prooes- 
sion to the graveyard and sitting down beaide a grave 
ahedded so muoh tears that the earth beoame wet* Then 
addressing the compamona (Qod be pleased with them), the 
Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessiogs of Allah be upon hira) 
observed ; "Brothers ! Prepare yourself for this day'\ 

(Ibn Majah) 
Onoe when he was seated near a grave, the Holy 
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be npon him) 
affirmed : "Every grave proolaims in the most terrifio 
voice ; 'O Progeny of Adam ! Have you forgotten me 1 I am 
the house of lonelines». I am » strange land of wilderneas ! 
I am a hole of mites and worma. I am a plaoe of hardehip 
a*id triat. Save thoae fortunate one for whom God makea 
mo commodious and wide. I am for all other human be- 

ings a tortuous plaoe*\ In addition, the Holy Prophet (peaoe 
and blessings of Allah be upon upon him) observed : The 

grave is either one of the pits of HeH or a small Aower- 

garden out of the gardens of Paradise'\ (Tahrani) 

2. Take a warning from the sight of the graveyard aud 
form the habit of ooncentrating your thoughts and 
imaginative powers on the meditation of ]ifo after death. 
Onoe upon a time, Hard»t *Ali (God be pleased with him) 

154 



ISS 

ri«iitĕd a grareyard. Hadrat Kameel (God be pleased with 
him) accompanied him. 6n reaching the gravey«rd, Hadrat 
'Ali (God be pleased with him) looked at the graves and 
then addressing the inmatos of the graves, observed : 

'0 inmates of graves ! O inhabitants of ruina ! O those 
whol ive in isolation in a l&nd of wilderness ! Say, how you 
are ? As regards conditions over here, the aasets left over 
have been.divided, the offspring are rendered orphans, the 
widowa have entered into new roarri&ge contracts. Thia is 
the at.ate of affaira in our world. Now tell ub what is 
happening to you". Hadrat «Ali (God be pleased with h,m) 
then remained silent for some tirne and then turning 
towards Hadrat Kameel (God be pleased with him observ. 
ed : «Kameel, if the inmates of these grav 8 were allowed 
to speak, they wnuld aay : 'Piety is the most vahiable 
treasure'. Having said thia, Hadrat 'Ali (God be ploased 
with him) wept and continued to weep for a long time. 
Later Hadrat 'Ali (God be pleased with him) remarked : 
"Kameel, ' the grave is an enolosure where only deeds 
. matter and as soon as one meets death he realiaes this 

faot". 
3. Say this prayer on entering the graveyard : 

•— * " ** 

,, ,• jl--«.t *>•„,«* - * * ' - - • 

Assalamu 'akiikum ahUtd-diy&ri min-al mo'minina 
walmudimlna wa inna insha' allahu bikum lahiquna 
aJalullah lanS wa lakum-ul-'afiyah. 

"Peaoe be on you, O pioua and faithful inmatea of 
this habitation. God willing, we ahall soon join oompany 
with you. We pray to God, for our sake and for your^sake, 
that He may proteot ua from Hia Torture »nd Wratb". 



156 

4. Don't laugh, craek jokes or engage in worldly talk in the 
graveyard Iike careless and carefree persons. Grave is 
the gateway to Eternity. Let the sight of this gateway 
turn your thoughts to tho nest wprld and overcome by 
feelinga of care and remorse let your eyes shed tears of 
repentance, The Holy Prophet (peace and blessinga of Allah 
be upon him) observed : "I had forbidden you to visit 
graveyarda (so that faith in one God may take firm roots 
in your heart). Bat now if you wish you may go to the 
cemetries, for the sight of graves makea one remember the 
life hereafter'\ (Mualim) 

6. *Avoid building graves of bricka and mortar and do not 
embellish them, When the Holy Prophet (peace and 
blessings of Allah be upon him) was close to end of his 
(peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) earthly life, he 
was restless with physical pain. In this state, he would 
sometimes draw the sheet over his holy faoe and then 
remove it. While the Holy Prophet (peace and bleasings 
of Allah be upon him) was in thta turhulent condition of 
restlessness, Hadrat 'Aisha (God be pleased with her) heard * 
him uttering the fo]lowing words ; "God/s ourse be on the 
Jews and Christians, They t^rned the sepulohres of their 
Propheta into places of worahip". 

6* Do pray that God may bestow rewards on the dead and 
grant them raeroy, whenever you visit the graveyard. 
Hadrat Sufyan (God be pleased with him) atates ' " Juat as 
the living stand in need of eating and drinking, so do the 
dead stand in dire need of prayers for their salvation*\ 

Tabarani recorda the following tradition : "When God 
elevates a pious man one degree higher in Paradise, the 
man aubmits— "0 Creator ! How did I corae to deserve 
this reward ?" God thereupon affirms ; "This reward has 
been conferred upon you by virtue of your aons* petitions 
of meroy on your behalf "• 






Etiquettes on 

Eclipse of Sun 

or Moon 1 

1 When the s un or the moon » eclipsed, do engage yourself in 
' the remembrance of God. Offer prayers to Him. Pr«» 
Him, and gi.e charity. As a blessing %^ZZ 
deeds, God puts off all trial. and calamities. Ha^rat 
MughLhb.Sho-bah (God be pleased w* h^m^elate 
that the Holy Prophet (pcace and ble 8S1D gs °*^* 
upon him} observed : «The sun and the moon aro tho two 
signs of God. They do not go «nder eclipse on the birth or 
death of anyone. Do oril for the grace of God, offer prayers 
to Him, worship Him when you see the aun ortho.oo^ 
«clipae and continue to offer devotions to the Almighty 
unUnheecHpseclearaoS". <«**** *-*"> 

2. When the sun ie under eclipse, offer prayers in a , eong*e- 
gation in the mosque. However, do not announoe ,J» 
prayer-call, noc say «Iqfimaf. Call ^ W* *#>*** 
by some other means. When the moon » » ^**" 
supererogatory prayers (Nawafil). Do not asaemble a con- 

gregation. 
3 Whenthesunis eclipsed, say two <Rak<ahs' oi : sup p^ 

/xr-fl\ in a eonereaation and recite long 

^ri. o.eS «eoite *. Ho ly Q»r^ toud.y duH ng ». 

to-th« «eolipae of the »un*. 

157 



158 

prayers. In the days of the Holy Prophet (peace and 
blessings of AHah be upon him) once the aun oame uader 
eclipse. The sarae day Hadrat Ibrahim (God be ple&sed 
with him), the infant son of the Holy Prophet (peaoe 
and blessings of Allah be upon. him) erpired, The 
people began to say to each other that since Hadrat ■ 
Ibrahim, the son of Muhammad (peace and blesainga of 
Allah be upon htm) haa passed away, the sun haa gone 
under eclipse. The Holy Prophet (peace and blessinga of 
Allah be upon him) assembled the people in a congregation 
and led them in prayer conaisting of two Rak*ahs. The 

Holy Prophet (peaoe and blesaings.of Aliah be upon bim) 
engaged in long reoitation of the Holy Qur'aa in the oourae 

of this prayer and re&d through the whole «f 'Surah al- 
Baqarah\ The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of 
AUah be upon him) then obser^ed to thepeople ; "The aun 
and the moon are tho two Signa of God. They do not go 
into eclipse on the birth or death of anyone, People ! 
Whenerer such an erentoccura, do engage in devotion to 
God. Offer prayers to Him t praise Him, hymn His great- 
nesa and onenesa, Say prayers and gire ch&rity". 

(Bukh&rit Mutlim) 

Hadrat 'AbduKRahman b. Samurah (God be pleased 
with him) relatea : "During the propi$iou3 days of the 
Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings of Aliah be upon him) 
the sun went into an esclipse once. I was at that time 
practising archsry outside Medinah. I at once nung away 
the arrows to see what would the Holy Prophet 
(peaoe and blessings of Allah be upon him) do &t the 
occurrence of . this event. So I went to the presenoe of 
the Holy Prophet (peace and blesaings of Allah be upon 
him). He (peace &nd blessings of Allah be upon him) 
waa occupied in offering pr&iaea to God and repeating His 
Attributea- and uttering* Takbir &nd Tehlil and obserring 
pr&yers and m&king supplioations with his hands raiied 



1. Takbir st&nds for AUah-o-Akbnr while Tablil at&nds for La Ilaha %U- 
Allah, 



159 

to the Hearens* Then the Holy Prophet (peace and 
bleasinga of Allah be upon him) offered prayer consisting 
of two Rak'ahs and recited two long Surahs of the Qur'an 
in the oourse of the prayers and continued to offer devo^ 
tions till the aun cleared off the eolipse". 

The illustrious companions (God be pleasod with them) 
also used to offer prayers during *Kusuf T and 'Khusaf\ 
Hadrat 'Abdullah b. Zubair (God be pleased with him) 
offered prayers on the appearance of an eolipse iu Medinah. 
Similarly, on another oocasion when an eolipse appeared 
Hadrat 'Abdullah b. 'Abbas (God be pleased with him) 
assembled the people and offered a prayer in congregation. 

4. In the course of the prayer on the occasion of an eclipse 
of the sun, recite Surah 'Ankabiit after Surah Fatiha in 
the first Rak'ah and recite Surah al-Room in the second 
Rak'ah, It is propitious to recite these Surahs, but not 
obligatory. Surahs other than those mentioned above 
may also be reoited. 

5. If the women wish to join the congregation for prayer on 
the oocasion of an eclipse of the sun and the facility for 
including tbom in the congregatioa exists, do let them 
join. Persuade the children also to join prayers so 
that faith in one God takes firm roots in their hearts in 
their early years and no other notions derogatory to the 
belief in one God may infiltrate their minds. 

6. If the eclipse of the sun occurs during those hourain which 
the saying of prayers is forbidden i.e., the hours of 
sunrise, sunset and the deolining hours of the day, avoid 
offering 'Namas'. Do offer praises to God however and 
give charity to the poor and the deatitute. If the ectipse 
oontinuea eren after the hour of ianrise or the deolining 
hour of the day have paased, then aay prayera «lso in addi- 
tion to performing the above-mentioned deeda. 



Etiquettes of 
Ramadan 



1. Start preparing your mind from the month of Sha'ban 
for according a befitting reoeption to Ramadan. Keep 
fasts frequently before the Mteenth of Sha'ban. Hadrat 
'A'i8ha (God be pleased with her) relates; "The H£ly 
Prophet (peace and blessings of AUah be upon bim) used 
to keep fasts more often in Sha*ban than in any other 

month". 

2. Make an effort to sight the Ramadan rnooa with full 
attention *and eagerness and say this prayer on sighting 
the moon : 

wa\J oCy\) yj\, iil£ -J»T ^i ^lr i m 

*m +* & vm I * - #- * > •* # * tf ip» m ĕ * *• 

J ^.J • ^J <-*-JUl fa*j&ilj ' (**Wj 

>, - * - 

Allahu akbar Alldhumma ahillahu *alain4 bil-amni wal- 
im&ni was+s&lamati wal-l$lami wat-taufiqi litna tuhibbu 
wa tarda rabbund wa rabbukallah. 

4 God is the greatest i God 1 Do make the appear. 
ance of thia moon a token of peaoe, faith, sairation and 

Islam (obedienoe) for os< Do make this moon arise aa a 
favoor to us so that we may perform deeds which oonform 
toThy Willand are dear to Thee. Oor Lord and thy 
LordiiGod!" 

1W ' 



161 

And say the same prayer on sighting the moon of eaoh 
month. (Tirmidhi, Ibn Hibban, etc.) 

3, Do take special interest in offering devotions during the 
month of Ramadan. In addition to obligatory prayere, 
make it a point to obsorve supererogatory prayers 
(Nawafil) also, Make a firm resolve to win i*he masimum 
favour of God. God has reserved His special favours 
and blessings for this great and propitious month. On 
the final day of Sha'ban, the Holy Prophet (pe&ce and 
blessings of Allah be upon him) in a discourso on the 
blessings of tho month of Ramadan affirmed : 

"0 people ! A great and blessed month is going to 
set in on you. Each night of this month is better than 
a thousand months. God has made fasting obligatory 
during this month and has ordained Taravlh aa a supple* 
mentary prayer. Any man who performs a good deed 
during this month of his own free volition will receire a 
reward equal to the reward for obligatory deeds performed 
during other months. And any man who performs a single 
obligatory aot during this month, he shall receive a reward 
equal to the reward of seveaty obligatory acts during other 
months'\ 

4. Keep fasts whole of the month with deep eagemess and 
aeal. Even if you oan't observe faat due to some serious 
illness or for any other reason permissible in shariah» 
strictly avoid eating before others out of xespect for the 

' sanctity of Ramadan. To all intents and purposes, yoa 
must appear as if you are fasting. 

5. Make it*a point to recite the Holy Qur*an. The month 
of Ramadan haa a special connexion with the Holy Qur'an. 
The Holy Qur'an was revealed in this month and the other 
Divine Books also desoended in the same month. Hadrat 
Ibrahim (peaoe be upon him) received scriptures on the 
first or the third day of this month. 'Zabur* descended 
on Hadrat Dawiid (peaoe be upon him) oa the twefifth. or 



162 

elghtoenth day of this month. Torah waa revealed to 
Hadrat MOsa (peace be upon him) on the aixth day of this 
propitious inonth. On the twelfth or thirteenth day of the 
aame blesaed month, the Bible was transmitted to Hadrat 
•Iaa (peace be upon him). Hence reoite Qur'an aa many 
tiraes aa posaible in the oourae of this month. Hadrat 
Gabriel (peace be upon him) uaed to reoite the Holy Qur'an 
to the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of AUah be uppn 
him) and also heard reoitation of the Qur'an from the Holy 
Prophet (peace and blessinga of Allah be upon him) every 
year during the month of Ramadan. In the final year 
oftheHoly Prophet'a earthly Iife (peaoe and blesaings of 
Allah be upon hira). Hadrat Gabriel (peaoe be upon him) 
completed the whole text of the Qur'an twioe during the 
month of Ramadan . 

6. Try to reoite the Qur'an distinctly and with understanding. 
Along with frequent recitation, be careful to graap the 
meaning of the Holy Qur'an with a elear impact of its 
meaaage on your mind and heart. 

7. During ^Tararlh' do liaten to the reoitation of the whole 
text of the Qur'an. The Holy Prophet used to liaten to the 
whole text of the Holy Qnr'an at least onoe during 
Ramadan. 

8. Say 'TaraMh' prayera with humtlity, eagerness *nd devo- 
tion. Do not just oomplete the number of Rak'aha in a 
meohanical faahion. Offer prayera with underatanding and 
devotion ao that yonr life may be innuenoed by the pro- 
pitious innuence of the Namas and your derotion to God 
may beoome firm and deep. Do offer Tahajjud prayers also 

by the favour of God. 

9. Gire charity and spend whatever you can in the way of 
Allah. Look after the needa of the poor, the widowa and 
the orphana and arrange proviaions for them for 'Sahri' and 
•Iftari'. The Holy Prophet (peace and bleasings of 
AUah be upon him) has amrmed : "Thie ia a montb of 



163 

Mawaaat" 1 . Hadrat Ibn 'Abbas (God be pleased wjth 
him) reports : "The Holy Prophet (peace and blosaings 
of AUah be upou him) was by nature generous and munin- 
cent, but his munificence (peace and blessings of Allah 
be tipon bim) knew no bounds during the month of 
Ramadan. When Hadrat Gabriel (peaoe be upon him) 
visited the Holy Prophet {poace and blessingsof Aliah be 
upon him) each night and recited the Holy Qur'an to the 
Prophet and heard the reeitation of the Holy Book from 
the Prophet (peace and blosaings of Allah be upon him), 
during that period the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings 
of Atlahbeupon him) became even mdre generous than 
the blowing wind'\ 
10. Do offer maximum rakata of eupplementary prayers during 
<Shab Q«dr 2 and recite the Holy Qur*iiu The importance 
of this night is affirmed by the fact that the Holy Qur*an 
was revealed during this night. The Eoly Qur'an says ; 

Lo ! We revealed it in the Night of Power. And 
do you underatand what the Night of Power ia 1 The Night 
of Power ia better than a thousand month*. The angela 
%nd the spirits descend therein, by the permission of their 
Lord with all decrees. (That night is) Peace until the 
riaing of dawn. 

The traditions record that 'Shab QadV ie one among 
the odd nights in the laat week of Ramadan, Say this 

prayer during thts night : 

. jl* ^u >uii v-" j^ ^ 1 r^ 1 



luiTCr*** 



(!) Tke word «Mawasat' meane to ahow eympathy to the poor and the 
needy, Sympathy meane offering ilnanoial help to the poor or 
eipressing your aympathy in ooitversation. Be nioe in your ipeeeh 
aad behaviour towards them. Provide all faoilitie* to your em- 
ployeee and give them Ananoial eupport. 

2. Laila-tul Qadr i.e„ the night whexx the deoiaion* .for the whole year 
»re announoed aud th* deitiog ifl shaped. 



164 



Atlahumma innaka * afuwwun tuMbb-uWaj f wa fa'fu anni< 

(Hian Easien) 



"God ! Forgiveness ifl Thy Greateat Attribute, for thou 
Hkoat to forgive, So forgive me*\ 

Hadrat Anas (God be pleased with him) relates that 
once iii the month of Ramadan, the Holy Prophet (peaoe 
and blessings of Allah be upon him) observed ; " A month 
has come upon you people in which there is one night 
which is better than a thousand months. The person who 
misses offering devotions in the course of this night 
deprives himseif of all the bliss. And oniy that person 
remains deprived of the Grace and Blessmgsof this month 
who really de B erve 8 deprivation*\ {Ibn Majah) 

II. Observe Ptikaf in the last week of the month of Ramadan. 
The Prophet of God (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 
him) used to perform Ptikaf during the last ten days of 
Ramadan. 

Hadrat 'A'isha (God be pleaaed with her) reports : 
"When the last week of Ramadan approached, the Holy 
Prophet (peaoe and blessmgs of AHah be upon him) 
used to keep awake during most part of the nights and 
devoted himself to worship. He (peace and blessings of 
Allah be upon him) also decreed the female of the house- 
hold to remain awake and engaged himself in the worship 
of God with fuil zeal and perfect devotion". 

12. Show utmost tenderness and affection to poople in the 
month of Ramadan. Provide maiimum faoilities to your 
employees and supply their needs with extreme liberality. 
Deal with members of your household with kindness and 
generoaity. 

13. Say the maximum rakats of prayers with humility, 
zeal and devotion. It is related in *Durr Manth%r f that 
when the Holy Month of Ramadan oame, the pattern of 
the Holy Prophet's (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 
him) Ufo underwent a change. The number of the rakats 



165 

of superoragative prayem o£fered by him (peace and and 

blessings of Allah be upon him) increased. He (peace and 

blessings of Allah bo upon him) observed deeper humility 
in prayers and appoarod totally overcome with fear of God, 

The traditions record : "In the month of Raraadan, 
God ordains the heaven siapporting angels to give up their 
supplications and say *Amin (So be it !) after the prayers of 
the fasting pcrsons". 

14. Pay 'Sadaqa Fitr' (charity ordained before Eid prayers and 

at the ond of Ramadan) with a willing heart and give it 
away before saying l Eid prayer, If possible, pay it well 
before the <Eid so that the needy and destitute may also 
buy necossary provisions for the *Eid and go to the 'Idgah 
with everybody else and join in the fe9tivities of the l Eid. 

It is reported in the traditions that the Holy Prophe* 
(peace and blessingg of Allah be upon him) made the pay- 
ment of <Sac]aqa Pitr' obligatory for his foIIowers for two 
reasons: first, as an atonement for any improper or 
liccntious deed that the fasting people may have coramitted 
unconscionsly in thc period of their faat ; and secondly, 
( Sadaqa Pitr' is. to be paid to raake provisions of food for 
thepoorand thc indigciit to afford thcm to cnjoy the 
auspicious Eid day. (Abii Daw&d) 

16., Bosides practicing maximum possible piety yourself m the 
holy days of Ramadan, persuade others also with fervour, 
zeal, tendorness and iact to do acts of piety, so th&t the 
fear of God, Iove of piety and goodness may reign snpreme 
over all &nd the society, as a whole, may derive the greatest 
bonefit from the limitless blessings of the holy raonth of 
Ramadan» 



Etiquettes of 
Fasting 



S 

1. Keeping in vie# the great reward and great blessings of 
Fasting, make atrangement for observing fasts with full 
zeal and complete eamestness* No other form of worship 
can serveas an alternative to Fasting. For this reason, God 
•made Fasting obligatory for every Umn>ah (Pollowera 

of a Prophet). God affirms : 



^. • } S ^ • $ tf« * > *> » -• • ^ 



Ya-ayyuhalladhina Amanu kutiba 'alaikumusiyamu 
kama kutiba 'alalladhina min qablikum Wallakum 
tattaqun, \ 

"O ye who be!ieve ! Prescribed for you is fasting> 

as it waa prescribed for those before you so that you may 
become God~fearing *\ 

The Holy Prophot (peace and blossings of Allah be 
upon hira) ehicidated this sublimo objective of Fasting as 
follows : 

* f A person who does not ronounce false spoech and 
practising fa!sehood while he fasts, God cares not for his 
abstinence from food or drink'\ {BuJchari) 

The Holy Prophet (peace and btessings of Allah be 
upon him) further observed ; 

160 



187 

"The person who fasts with a perfect sense of devotion 
to faith and 'Ihtisab' 1 (sense of accountability), God will 
pardon all the sins whioh he may have coramitted in his 
previous lifo f \ (Buhhari) 

2. Obserre all fasts of Kamadan with full care «und miss any 
fast save in case of severe illnesa or on the ground of some 
religious eicuse. The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings pf 
Allah be upon him) observed : 

"Anyone who misses a single fast during Eamadan 
except in case of severe illness or on ground of religious 
e*cuse caimot make araends for this offence by 

keeping fasts on all the remaining days of hia life " 

{Tirmidhi) 

3- Keep yourself busy in your daily occupation and bo activo 
and cheerfui in work so aa to avoid hypocrisy and false 
appearances during fasting. Do not show weakness or 
lethargy in your behavionr during the fast. Hadrat Abu 
Huraira (God be pleased with him) remarked : "When a 
man observes fasts he ought to annoint himself with oil as 
usual so that the effects of fasting do not show ofP\ 

4, Make your best efforts to aroid a!I forms of evil during the 
fast, because the very objective of the fast is to purge the 
life of man of all evil and make it righteous, The Holy 
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) has 

afflrmed : 

(, Fast serves as a ahield. When *any of you is in a 
state of fastmg, he should take care not to utter any evil 
speeoh by his tongue or to start an affray. In case sorue- 
one starts railing at him or is inclined- to start a fight with 
him, the man who is fasting should reflect that he is in a 
state of fasting- (how can he reciprocate offensive 
language 1) (Bukhari, Mu&lim) 



l. The term 'Thtisab* meanethat tbe fast ahould be observed only fco 
pleaae God and to winreward in the eternal world and to" avoid all 

evils which violate tke epirit of faeting> 



168 

6* Govet the great reward for fastitig as reported in thoTradi- 
tions. Offer a prayer to God especially uear the hour of 
Iftar (breaking the fast). "O God ! Be gracious to accept 
my fast and grant me that favour and reward which you 
have promised". The Holy Prophet {peace and blessings 
of Allah be upon him) affirmed ; Those who observe fasts 
will enter Paradise through a special gateway, The name 
of this gate is 'Riyyan' 1 . When the entire number of all 
those who observe fasts have gone in, the gate will be 
closed and no one will be allowed to enter it afterwards*\ 

(Bukhari) 

The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) also observed : ,( On the Day of Judgement, 
Tast wiil intercede with God and say : "O Creator ! I 
restrained this raan from eating, drinkirig and taking 
other pleasures during the day. OGod! be grackms to 
.aocept my ititercession on behalf of this man". And God 
ahall grant this petition". {Mishkat) 

In addition, the Prophet of God (peace and bleasings 
ofAllah be upon him) observod : "Auy prayer which * 
fasting person offers at the hour of Iftar (time bt breaking 
the fast) is granted and is never refused." (Tirmidhi) 

6. Bear ^the hardships of the fast in good cheer. Do not 
degrade the sanctity of the fast by complaming of the 
pangs of hunger or thirst or weakness. 

7. If you are unable to observe faat during a journey or be- 
cause of severe iilness, you can forgo it, but atone for it on 
other days. The Holy Qur*an affirms : 



1. 'Riyyan' raeans -tha.t which irrigatea'. The Koly Prophet (peace and 
blessings of Allah be upon him) has affirmed : "Those whoenter 
the Gateway of 'Riyyan* wiU never more feei thirst'\ 



169 

Waman k&na marldan au *ala sajarin fa f id datun min 
ayyamin ukhara. (2 ; 185) 

"But whosoever among you ia sick or on a journey (he 
is required to observe fast instead of these days) the 
same number of other days' 1 , 

Hadrat Anaa (God be pleased with him) reports : *'0n 
oecasions when we went on jburneys with the Holy 
Prophet (peace and blessings of .41Iah be upon him), sorae 
of the companions observed fast and other did not. 
However, neither those who had kept fast criticised those 
who had missed the fast nor the iatter objected to the 
fasting of the former". (Bukhari) 

8. Avoid back-biting and casting an evil eye strictJy during 
the fast. The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah 
be upon him) has observed : 

"The person who keeps fast is in fact offering devotion 
to God from inorning till evening unless, of course, he 
baokbites against someone, When he indulges in backbiting, 

hia fast is broken." lAd-Daikni) 

* 

9. Earn a !awful living- No devotion of the body fed on 
illicit earnings is admissible. The Holy Prophet (peaceand 
blessings of AJlah be upon him) has affirmed ; "The body 
fed on illieit earnings ie a proper fuel for Hell-Fire." 

(Bukhari) 

10, Do eat 'SahrP meal. This alleviates the hardship of 
fasting as well as safeguards against weakness and lethargy, 
The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings pf Allah be upon 
him) has observed : "Do eat the 'Sahri' meal, for the eating 
of 4 Sahri* meal entails blessing". (Bukhari) 

Moreover, the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of 
AHah be upon him) obserred : "Eating of *8ahrP meal 
entails blessing, Take a few draughts of water, if nothing 
else. The angels of God send peace and bleasings opon 
those who eat tbe «SahrT jneal," (Ahmad) 



170 

Furthemore, the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of 
Allah beupon him) obaerved : 

"Take some rest at noon and got some ease in tho night 
prayers. Eat Sahri meal to obtain nourishment during fast 
in the daytime." (Ibn Majah). 'Sahih Muslim' records : 
«The Holy Prophet (peaoe and biessings of Aliab be upon 
him) observed : "The only difference between our fasting 
and the fasting observed by other people of the Book » 
that we begin the fast by eating the Sahri meal.' 
11 . Do not delay in ending the fast after sunset, for the main 
objectiye of fasting is to inculcate the spirit of aub^ssmn 
rather than abstinence from food and drink. The Holy 
Prophet (peace and blessings of AUah be upon him) 
amrmed : 

«The Muslims will remain in good condition if they 

hasten to Iftar (meal taken at sunset to end the fast)'\ 

(Bukhart) 

12. Say this prayer at the time of Iftar : 



Allahumma laha sumtu u>a <al* rizqika ajlartu. _ 

(Mushm) 

"O Allah ! it is for thee that I observe fast and it is 
with Thine blessing that I break it. 

Aftor ending the fast, aay this prayer : 

. M *UM yrNl ^ i &$J® £^4* Ukh **** 



Dhahab-az-zam'u trabtallatil 'uruqu wa thabat-al ajru 
inakS Al1*h. (Abu-Daud) 

No more was the thirst, moistened were the veins and 
reward bccamo duo. If tho liOrd so Willed. 



171 

13. When you perform Iftar (endmg the fast) at the house 
of somebody else, say this prayer : 

Aftara Hndakum-tt8^8a , imuna wa akala taamahum-ul- 
abrdru wa sallai 'alaikum-ul-malaHkatu. (Abu-Daud) 

"May it ploase God that the fasting people may per- 
form Iftar at your house and pious peoplo may enjoy the 
hospitality of food provided by you J May the angels iiwoke 
blessings upon you by their prayers 1" 

14, Do arrange Iftar parties. This act entails a high reward. 
The Prophet of God (peaee and blessings of Allah be upon 
him) haa observed : 

4 

"Any man who supplies meal to a fasting person to 
perform Iftar, God shall pardon his sins in reward for this 
act and grant him salration from Hell-Pire. The man who 
supplies meal for Htar to a fasting person will receivo an , 
equal reward with him. The reward of the fasting person 
will not, howe'ver, be curtailed." The people submitted * 
"O Prophet of God (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 
you) ! Where ahall all of us find the wherewithal to make 
provision for the Iftar of a fasting person and to feed him' . 
Tho Holy Prophet (peaco and blessings of Allah be upon 
him) observed : "It is enough to feed a fasting person 
at Iftar with a date or some quantity of milk or even 
supply him a singleMraught of water for Iftar". 

(Ibn KKitzaima) 



Etiquettes of 
Zakat and Sadaqat 



1. Give away in the way of God with the sole raotive of winn- 
ing the favour of God. Do not waste your virtuous deed 
by keeping in view some ultorior purpose or motive. Do 
not expect the beneficiaries of your deed to offer thanka to 
you or aoknowledge your favour or testify to your magnanU 
taity, The true believers anticipate reward for their deeds 
fronr God only. The HoJy Qur'an exprossea the sentiments 
of the true be]ievers in these words ; 



*«JJ~««„«.t,»* J ♦ > ~ » • - . J J • J .5 

. IjjCs Vj *!> JC^ My *$ ^i ^rji JL+*te U! 

Innama nutHmukum liwajhillahi l& nuridu minhum 
jazaan wa l& shakura, (76 ; 9) 

" We feed you for the sake of Allah only. We wish for 
no reward nor thanks frora you", 

2. Avoid display, ostentation and showing ofF. Hypoorisy 
destroys the virtue of the best of deeds. 

3. Pay Zakat openly, so that othera may also be 
induoed to perform their duty. However, offer other 
Sadagat (akaritable aots) seoretly ao ai to promote feelings 
of deep sinoerity in your heart. Deeds performed with 
true sincerity are of great value in the oyes of God. On 
the Day of Judgement in that terribie field where there 
will be no ahade, God ahall keep under the shadow of 
hearen that man who apends in the way of God iti ineh 

17? 



173 

extreme secrecy that thc left hand does not know what th& 
right hand has speat." {Bukhari) 

4. After expending in the way of God avoid reminding 
the beneficiaries of the favours you have donc to thcm nor 
causo them any distrcss. To adminiater shocks to tho 
self-rcspect of the indigent and poor, to injure their feolings 
by rominding them of favours done to them and to expect 
that they sliould acknowledge thoir obligation to you, 
thatthey should always humbly bow to you and regard 

you as their superiors such sentiments when you have 

given away charity in the way of God, are wicked and 
despicable. The heart of the true bclievers should be frce 
of such notions, God ordains : 



• > .. ~ - »-» » j .- •J--1-* * ~*~ * 



&n\j jju ^ou-w» \j^j v sja ^m kiU 

+ 4* + ** *" 

Yaayyuhalladh*na amanu la tubtilu sadaqaUkum bilmanni 
wal adha kalladhi yunfiqu malahu riaannasi. 

Yo who belicvo ! Rcnder not vain your alms giving 
by reproach and injury likc him who spendeth his wealth 
only to be scen of men". 

5. X>o not tako prido or assume an air of arroganco after 
expending in the way of God. Do not advertiso your 

magnauimity among the poople- You should rathor tremblo 
at tho thought whether your sacrtfice has been accepted by 
God or uot. God ordains : 

Walladhina yutuna ma alau qulubuhum wajilalun annahum 
%la rabbihiin raj&un. 



174 

And thoso who give what thoy give while their bearts 
are full of fcar that to their Lord they shall return. 
6. Show tenderaess to the poor and destitute. Do not rebuke 
' them, nor try to rule over thom nor show off your 
superiority over them. In case you have nothing to-give 
to a aupplicant, excuse yourseli with oxtreme humihty and 
politenesa, so that be may depart silently invoking blesamgs 
upon you even without receiving anything from you.. The 

Holy Qur'au says : t 

** .* • / •»•» s - •/ * - 

iYA_J-V- uri» ■ hr# V ^ 

Wa Imrna tu'ridanna annahumub tigh?a rahmatin 
min rabbika tarjuha faquUahum qaulam maisura 

«But if you turn away from them seeking means irom 
thy Lord, for which thou hopest, then speak unto them a 
reasonable word". 

And God alsois-rdams : 

*> * *' - 

*j *>U JJUI Ui j 



, '■■ «•• ■Wa-ammas-saHla fald tanhar. 
"Thf>refor the.beggar drimnot away'*. 

7 Spend in tho wsy of God liberally with eagerness Do 

" not spend with a stingy or grudging heart, nor consider it 

an oppressive nne. Only those people deserre grace and 
«uooess who forswear miserliness, narrow-mmdeduess and 

■tinginess. 

8 Spend only 'Halal* (earned by righteous means) goods in 
' the wayof God^ God aocepts only those goods whieh 

ue pure and have been earned through rjghteous means. 
How can a believer who » eager to spend in the way of 



175 

God bear that his lawfully earned goods ehould be mixed 
with illioit gains ? God ordaina : 

. ^u c^ o- ^i l*» ^ 1 V.W 

Yaayyuhalladhina dmanu anfiqu min tayyibati ma 
kasabtum, 

,f Ye who believe ! Spend of the good thinga that you 
have earned". 

9. Give away the best goods in the way of God. God 
ordains : 

„ •£ > « • > • > i * fi • > -h *p * ^ 



Lantana lulbirra hatta tunfiqu mitnmd tuhibb&n* (3 ; 92) v 

°You shall never attain righteouBness until you expend 
of that whioh you love". 

Gooda given away as Sadaqa (oharity) are being 
accumulated for the benefit of etemal life in the Hereafter. 
How can a believer bear the thought of defective goods 
for his everlasting life. 

10. If you are liable to pay the Zakat (poor-due), do not delay 
the payment. Pay it at once after oareful aoeounting bo 
that, God forbid, nothing remains due in your aocount. 

11? Pay the Zakat (poor-due) under a oollective system and 

apond it irrider the col!ective system. Where Muslim 

governments do not exist, the Muslim citiaena can form 
partiea and oreate a Baitul Mal for ^e receipt and expondi~ 

ture of Zakat (poor-due). 



Etiquettes of 
Pertorming Hajj 

1 Do not delay or keep putting off the performance of 
£jj WhenLr God bestows enough .— « £" 
for the faialment of this interestmg obhgat^ 
set out for Hajj at the earliost opportumty You do not 
know how much longer lifo will last, so why should you 
keep putting off the performance of thi. duty from one year 
to the next. The Holy Qur'an amrms : 



y j^ <> * i 



*• " ■" 

WalWaU 'alanndsi hijjul baiti manistataa ilaihi sablla 
wa man kajara jainnalUha ghaniyyun 'anil'alamln. 

«And the people owe this duty to God that whoever 
baa the mean3 to journey to His House shouid make a 
oikrimage to it. Aud whoever reruses to obey this com- 
.Lnd should know that God needs no favour from any one 

in the world". 

A greater ruination and deprival of man cannot be 

imagined than that God should thus openly procla.m H.s 

Jndifference and disconoern to man. 

The Traditions relate : "The person who makeE . np 
hismtndto go on the pilgrimage should make haste to 
p er form tbi. obligation. It i. possibe that he may be 
taken 01 , or his she-camel may «et lost, or perhaps an 

17«» 



177 



T h°T Whl "° h mftkeS * ita *<»°M* for him to go io 
ajJ " (IbnMajah) 

The implication is that when means are available a 
person shoujd not evado the performanoe of this duty 
withoui sumoient roason, for one never kuows if these 
means, freedom and facility will .tlU be available to him 
m the near mture, and, Ood forbid, the man may romain 
depnvod of the blessiog D f performin g the Hajj fo» ever. 
May God save every believer from this deprival I The 
Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) 
has reprimandod euoh persons in very strict terma. The 
Tradition records that the Holy Prophet (peaoe and 
blessings of AUah be upon him) observed : . 

"A man who -is not prevented by illness or genuine 
need or is free from the restraints of a tyrannioal and 
despotio ruler and yet does not perform the Hajj may die a 
Jew or a Christian for aught we oaro." 

(Sunan Kubra, VoI. 4) 

Hadrat 'Umar (God be pleased wlth hJm) was heard as 

saying : "I wish to impose jizya on those who, despite 

havmg means, do not perform the Hajj, for they are not 

Muslims, they are not Muslims at all". 

2. Go on a pilgrimage to the House of God and perform Haji 
to please God alone. Do not stain this pure objeeti™ 
with any worldly motivea or interests. The Holy Qur'an 
amrms : 

-.»• »« » * * * ^ -»•> *p ■ 

|Y ouUJli . |H" 



Wa la Smmln-aUaital Harama yabtaghuna /adlan tnir 
rabbihim toa ridhwctna. (5 • 2) 

"And hinder not those who are proceeding to the 
Saored House seeking the graoea and pleaBuro of AUah," 



178 

Ffa atimmul hajja wal-umrata lillah, (2 ; j?96) 

"And complete the Hajj and 'Umrah for Allah's (sake)" 

m 

■* 

And the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) has affirmed : "The reward for the performance 
of ( Hajj Mabrur 1 is certainly no less than admission to 
Paradise". 

3. Do not circulate the news of your going to the pilgrimage. 
Keep your departure for Hajj and yoar return a private 
matter. Avoid striotly all those customs and ceremonies 
which smack of ostentation or display. Even thongh the 
real test of righteousness and acceptability of a deed is 
that it,should be peTformed with the sole intention of 
pleasing God, and that the motive of the act should be free 
from all taint of any extraneous desire, but this point 
should be especially borne in mind in the case of Hajj, for 
Hajj is the last resort foi effecting a spiritual revolution 
atid the purification of soul and the moral conduct of man: 
The 'spiritual patient* who is not suocessfully oured by this 
efficacious treatment has no hope of healing by any other 

means, 

4, Even if you have no wherewithal to proceed to the pilgri- 
mage, you should cherish the deaire to view the House of 
God, to offer 'saiam' (peace and blessing) on the Mausoleum 
of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 
hira) and keep the Ibrahimi sentiments of sacrifioe which 
are produced in the souls of the believer by Hajj ever. 
afresh in your heart* The heart which is devoid of these 
sentiments is not that of a true be]iever but resembles to a 
desolate ruin. The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of 
Allah be upon him) haa affirmed : 

1, *Hajj Mabrur refers to %h& ^pilgrimage performed wifch all th* 
proper rulas and oonditions ia order to earn the pleasure of 

God. 



179 

Those who go to perform Hajj or 'Umrah are the 
apecial guesta of God, Their prayers are granted by God 
and if they supplicate for mercy, He forgivee them", 

{Tabrani) 

5. Take the best provisions with you when you go for Hajj, 
The best provision in th£s oase is fear of God. In this 
journey of righteouaness, tbe man who aroids tranagressing 
the Commands of God arnd who reaps the maximum benefit 
of the blessings of pilgrimage ia the one who fears God 
under all ciroumstancea, and has a burning zeal to win the 
favour of God. The Holy Qur'an saya : 



Wa tazawwadtt fa-inna khairazzadit4aqu>a. (2 : 197) 

"And take provisiona for the journey (to perform 
Hajj) for verily the besi; provision is the fe*r of Allah." 

6. Having resolved to go to Hajj, start making preparations 
with single-minded devotion. Keep the date of the Hajj 
constantly in view. ReAect upon each article of the 
obligation of pilgrimage. Try to realiae the feelings whioh 
God intends to promote in the heart of the believer through 
the obseryance of these articles of the obligation of Hajj. 
Like'. a oonsoious and knowledgeable believer, observe all 
the articles of Hajj with full awareneas and imbibe the 
realities oontained in the articles of Hajj and endeavour to 
bring about a righteoua revolution in your lifeinoon- 
formifcy with these realities. It ia for thia reason that God 
hasordained the performanoe ofHajj obligatory for the 
believers. God ordaina : 



^J <j~j ^ ^s a\ j ^ru.* ur tjjSi\j 



,.- e 



MU-oyJI» . ^JUJl 



180 

Wadhkuruhu ha^madakum wa inkuntum min qabtihi 
lamin-aMallin. * (2 : 198) 

"And temember Him as He has gtrided you and 
verily prior to it you were of those gone astray". 

For tbis purpose, deeply reflect upon those portions of 
the Ho]y Qur'an which describe the reality, importance 
andthe sentUments created by the performanoe ofHajj. 
A careful study of the Traditions of the Holy Prophet 
(peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and those books 
which deal with the dato of the Hajj and discuas the 
articles of Hajj will also prove useful in this respect, 

7. Memorise the pro^itious prayers which should be offered 
<during the Hajj. These may be found in the Books of 

Traditions. A.ad-iir"tHĕ^words of the Holy Prophet (peace 
and blesaings of Allah be upon him) .beg not from God than 
what the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 
him) himself had asked for. 

8. Protect your Hajj from all unpropitious motires or actions. 
Beware lest your Hajj should become like the Hajj of those 
who will get no share in the Hereafter, because the latter 
group shuts its eyes from the rewards of the eternal world 
and begs exclusively for worldly blis^ When they reach the 
House of God, they offer the following prayer : 

I | fc 

. &£ ^ s>Vi J IS Cj UoJ i J M iL 'j 

Rabbana aatina fid*dunya xva rna lahu fil akhirati min 
1chalaq, # (2 : 200) 

"Our Lord, give to us in tbis world. Atid for such 
there sh&ll be no portion in the Hereafter'\ 

Make a plea to God for graoe and saccess in botl 
worlds by means of the Hajj and pray to God in thest 
worda ; ^Creatori I hare come to Thy Preseuoe to euppii- 



m 

eate for suecese and the fu)fi]ment of my righteous dealres 
in hoth tbis life and the life Hereafter*\ Keep saying 
thia prayer also : 

^IJU bij *j~^ 5>VI J j L^ LJoJI j tol \u, 



,Ti\ ^ulti . jtll 

Rabbana aatina fid*dunya hasanatan wa fil-aakhirati 
hasanatan wa qind 'adhaban+nSr, (2 : 201) 

"God 1 Grant us goodness in this world and good in 
the.. H.ereaiter (also) and proteot us from 4he agony of 

Fire'\ 

9. During Hajj avoid transgreesion of God's commanda with 
extreme sensitivity. The journey to perform the Hajj ia 
in fact a paesage to the House of God. You are the guests 
of God there. You have gone there to renew your eoven»at 
pfdevotiontoGod, By putting your hand on the 'Hajar 
Aawad' yon are in fact taking a pledge of faith and 
hondage and when you kiss the stone, you kisa the emblem 
of submiseion to God You proclaim your fidelity by 
chanting repeated Takbir (praises) and Tahlil (La ilaha illa 
Ilah) of God. Imagine, then, that in auch an atmoaphere 
how disgusting would be the commission of even a mino* 
vice or the hlemish of a smail transgresaion. God haa 
warned Hia aervants who present themselvea in His Court 
in these worda : 

Wa l& fwuqa. 
"There should beno ungodliness". 

10, During Hajj keep away from all sorts of quarrels. In the 
course of the johrney when there is a rush of people 
everywhere, when you suffer discoraforts, when there is a 



18* 

cleah of interests at evety step, when feelinga are injured 
every moment, it is the duty of the guest of God to display 
large-heartedess and self-sacrifice and show toleration, 
liberality and kindness to everybody, Abstain from 
rebuking your serva»t even« 



. gftf J Jlir % 



Wa U jidSla fll Bajj. 

"And there should be no quarrela". 

11.- 8afeguard againat sesual matters and oontinue to b» 
rigilant against oarnal sentiments in the course of Hajj. 
In the course of the journey when there is a greater 
possibility of provoeation of sexual passion or of eyes going 
astray, you should become more alert against the evil 
promptings of your passions and the devil and try to 
protect your piety at all costs. In case you are accom- 
panied by Y your spouse, you should not only avoid 

indulgence in sexual relationship with her, but also shun 
all that can stir up seiual passion. In order to warn the 
pilgrims, God ordains : 

Alhajju ash-kurrun m^aliimatu faman /arada /Ihinnal- 
hajja fala rafatha. 

The pilgrimage is (in^ the well-knowa month, and 
whosoever is minded to perform the pilgrimage (let him 
remember that) there is (to be) no lewdness". {2 : 197) 

And the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) has affirmed : 

,c Any man who comes here to perform Hajj in the 
Ho ase of God and keeps away from immoral and sexual 
affairs and has not indulged in ungodly aots returna in that 
atate of purity and innooenoe in whioh he was born from 
the womb of his mother*\ {Bukhari, Muslim) 



183 

12. P&y fall reverence to the symbols of Qod. The word 

'Sha^irah* refers to the symbol appointed by God to remind 
and bring home to the people some spiritual or meaning- 
ful reality. 'Sha'air' ia the pkral of the above word. Ali 
thjngs associated with the Hajj serve as symbols to bring 
home to you of some reality about devotion to AUah. 
You ahonld rever them all. The Holy Qur*an affirms : 

r i^l j|4fi Vj 41 jJUA ljJUv N 1^1 #4M WiW 



Ya-ayyuhalladhina amanu la tuhillu&ha' airallahi 
wa lashshahral harama wa lalhadya walal^aWida wa la 
ammina4-baital harama yabtaghilna /adlam-mirabbihim 
wa ridwana. 

O ye who believe ! Profane not Allah's emblems 
nor the Sacred Month nor the oiTspringa nor the garlands 
nor those repairing to tho Sacred House, seoking the 
grace and pleaaure of Allah, 

*Sura Hajj' affirms : 

« J J * **#*.# -pS -- i ** *■ .** ■ ■» * * ■ *' »' t *■■ 

H^a maw yu'azzim sha 1 airallahi fa+innaka min laawal 
qulnb> ■ 

And whoso observe tho sanctity of what have been 
ordained as Symbols of Allah, do so because of the piety 
of the hearts. 

13, Perform the artioles.of Hajj with utmoet humility and 
adopt an attitude of deatitution aud helpleasness before 
God, for above all God likes the virtues of humility, 



184 

modeaty *ad poverty in m&n. Someone ecqnir©d frotn the 

Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings of AUah be upon him), 
"Who ib a Haji"? The Holy Prophet (peace and blessinga 
of Allah bĕ upon him) observed : "The peraon who haa 
dishevelled hair and is covered with dust all over*\ 

14. Say Tatbih with a loud voioe after tying the 'Ihram', after 
eaoh prayer, while ascending a height or deacending. a 
alope, on joining a caravan and on waking up each morning. 
The worda of the Talbih are as follows : 



*^ 



-W*JI 01 dL-J Si ^ N dLJ dLJ ^i dJLJ 



Labbaiha Allahumma labbaiha labbaika la $harfka laka 

w 

labbaika inna~l«hamda wa-n-ni^mata laka walmulkala 
$haribz laha. (Mishkat) 

Here I am Lord* Here I am, Here I am. No partner 
haat Thou. Here I am, Behold unto Thee belong the Pr&ise 
and the Bounty ; and also the Soyereignty, No partner haat 
Thon, 

15. On arrival at the plain of «Arafat\ say the maximum 
number of prayers for merey and offer penitence. The 
Holy Qur'an affirms : 

„t €^t ******* ~ -- ■ > * ' - » .•/***> 

&\ oi m hj*j^\j ^ui ym d-»- c/ W r 

Thumma afidhu min haithu afadhannam wastaghJiruUah. 
Innailaha Qhafoor*ur-rahim+ {AbBaqarah) 

«Then hasten onward from the place whencĕ the 
multitude hasteneth onward and ask forgiveness of AHah. 
Yerily Allah is Forgiving, Mercitol", 



186 
The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) has observed : 

«The day of 'Arajtt » the best of all days in the yiew 
of God. ' On this day, the Lord of the Heavens espemally 
turns His attention towards the world and «^ *■ 
Pride before the angels on tbe hnmility and misery of 
His pilgrims. God obserres to the angels : O Mgeto, 
• look 1 my «rvan* stand before me in the sun m a helpless 
8 tate. They have gathered here from afar and the hope 
of begetting My Merey haa drawn them to th» pW 
ajthough they have not yet seen the agony of punishment. 
After ezpre B sing His pride, God then ordains that these 
people have been granted salvatipn from the torments of 
Hell. On no other oocasion are suoh' a greater number of 

men'granted salvation as on the day of 'Arafa 

(Ibn H%ooan) 

16. On reaching Mina, offer saoriiiee with the ^**f™*° 
z eal and devotion to God with wbich the ihend of God 
Hadrat Ibrahim (peace be upon him) had placed the kufir< 
on ' the neck of his dear son Hadrat Isma<il (peace be upon 
■ him) Imbibe these feelings of saoriuces and let them be 
embedded in your mind and heart so that you may be 
wTlling to offer sacrince in every field of life and your 
practioal life renecte an image of : 



1**9* 



lf WNVi .<Jdli> 



Inna salati wa nusuki wa mahyaya wa mamMi KUahi 
rabbilalamina U skarlka lahu. 

Verilv m-y prayer, and my sacrifice, and my liying and 

ly dyinlare for Allah, Lord of the worlds». (Al-An-am) 

17 Occupy yourself continuously in the remembrance of God 

" iu the days of Hajj and never let the memory of God fade 



186 

from yotir heart. Remembranee of God is the essence of 
all worship. God affirms : 

.- • ■/ ■* $* » i /> » *p 

Wadhkurnllaha fi ayyamin mSadudatin* (2 .* 203) 

"Remeraber Allah during appointed days". Further 
God observes : 

. 1/5 4ftl 

Fa4dha gadaiturn manasikakum /adhkurullaha 
kadhikrikum abaa^kum au ashadda dhikra, 

"And when you have eompleted your devotion then 
remember Allah as ye remember your fathers or with more 
lively remerabrance". 

The main purpose of the articles of Hajj ifl tbat 
during the days of Hajj, you should keep youraelf comp- 
]etely absorbed in the commemoration of God and the 
memory of God should so permeate through your soul that 
the raundane activities and struggles of life may not 
succeed' in turning your thoughts away frOm the memory 
of God. In the days of paganism, people uaed to laud the 
memory bf their anoestors and made loud boasts about 
them after performing the articles of Hajj. God ordained 
that these days should be spent in the remem brance of 
God and in acknowledging His grandeur alone Who is truly 
Great. 

18. Perform circumambulation of God's House with feelings 
of great love and devotion. God ordains : 

"And you should circumambulate the Houae of God f \ 



187 

• The Holy Prophet (peace and blessing» of Allah be 
upon him) has affirmed : 

"Each day God confers a hundred and twenty favoura 
on His pilgrims. 8ixty blessings are showered upon those 
who circumambulate the House of God ; forty blessings are 
bestowed upon those who offers prayers in House of God , 
and twenty blessiugs are conferred upon such as only teep 
gaaing at the Ka<ba (Baihagi). Furthermore, the Holy 
Prophet (peace and biessings of Allah be upon him) 

observed : 

"He who has performed fifty circumambulations of 
the Baitullah (House of God) is purged of all his sina and 
ii.tranaTormed into that state of innocence in which he wae 
on the day of his delivery from the womb of hie mother". 

(Tirmidhi) 



DECENT LIYING 



189 



* + • *- ^* ^ 



9 — 



' ••> - ^ 



uwi ^ojsjju j M o i^- i/j 41 fJ i;;,; 



i «m 



*■ • - * i „# ^. 



ii-'- ( • ^ ♦ 



aj&\ & jUJij jtt-CJij ^j>\> a ju\ ^jl, j 



Uj . J_Lj| ^Ij ^ju ^UJlJ Jljl jUJlj 



* ^ j -*.- • „ 



WV bud-ullaha wa la tmhriku bihi Shai'an wa bilwali- 
daini ihsana wa bidhil qurbd wal j/atama wal masakini 
wal Jari dhil qurba wal Jaril junubi was Sahibi bil 
jambi wab nissabteli %va ma malakat aimanukum. 

Offer devotions to Allah 

Appoint no one His Partner 
Be Good to 

Your Mother and Tather, 

Your Kith and Kin, 

The Orphans, 
The Needy, 

The Neighbour who ia & relative, and 

The Neighbour— who ie not a relatire, 

The Companion- in whoae feHowehip you spend eome 

time, howerer brief it may be, and 
Be kind to the traveller, and 

The eaptives (alaves) who are under your oharge. 



(4 . 36) 



Etiquettes of 
Dealing with Parents 

1. Behave well towards your father aod mother aad coaaider 

thia good coudaot »b a propitioua aot which will earu 

God'a graee iu tbia world a-s well as in the next. Next 

to God, man owea the greatest obligation to his parents. 

The greatnesB and value of thia obligation towards one's 

parents may be realiaed from the faot that the Holy Qur*aa 

at aevex-al pointa meatiooa the rignts of pareuts aad the 

righta of God aimultaueously at oue place. Furthermore, 

the Holy Qttr'an haa ordained the duty of offering thaoks 

to the parents along with tbankBgiviag to the Lord. 

„ t « ,» » / S * • **** s •- - * - « - * 

*ir - J-V' i& 

Wa qadd rabbuka an4la ta'budu UUi iyyahu wa bil wali- 
daini ihsana. (i7 ; 23) 

"Thy Lord hath decreed that ye worahip none aave 
Him and (that ye ahow) kindnesa to parenta". 

Hadrat 'Abdullah ibn Maa'ud (God be pleaaed with 
him) reiates "I Bubmitted to the Soly Prophet (peace and 
ble8BingBofAlIahbeupoahim) which deed will wia the 
" highest favour of Godl" The Holy Prophet (peace aad 
bleaaiags of Allah be upoa him) anawered : "The prayer 
whioh ia offerod at the appointed hour". I aubmitted 
aEain • "Next to tbia which other deed will wia the 
■■ greatest favour of God 1" The Holy Prophet (peace and 

190 



19i 

blessings of Allah be upon him) affirmed : "Good conduct 
towards father and mother". I again aubmitted ; "And 
next to this V* The Prophet of God (peaoe and blessinga 
■ ofAIIahbe upon him) obserred : "Jihad (Fighting) in 
the way of Allah". (Bukhari, Mualim) 

Hadrat 'Abdullah (God be pleased with him) reports : 
*'One day a person went to the presence of the Holy Prophet 
(peaoe and bleesings of AUah be upon him) and submitted : 
"I give my hand into your hand and swear allegiance for 
perforraing Hijrat and Jihad and I beseeoh & reward from 
God in return for this". The Holy Prophet {peace and 
blessings of Allah be upon him) enquired : "Is one of 
your parents alive ?" He submitted : "Yes, praise be 
to God, both my father and mother are alive'\ Thereupon 
the Prophet of God (peace and blessinga of Allah be upon 
him) observed : '* Well then do you really.want to reeeire 
a reward from God for performing Hijrat and Jihad V* 
The man rephed ; "Yes, indeed» I beseeoh reward from 
God in return for these acts". The Holy Prophet (peace 
and blessings of Allah be upon him) obsenred : "Go then. 
Attend to your parents and serve them well". (Muslim) 
Hadrat Abu Umama (God be pleased with him) relates : 
4t A man enquired from the Holy Prophet (peace and blesa- 
ings of Ailah be upon him) : "O Prophet of God (peaoe 
and bleasinga of Allah be upon you) ! What are the rights 
of pareats over their offspring V* The Holy Prophet 
(peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) affirmed : 
"Your entry into Paradise or Hell depends on your good 
or bad oonduot towards your parenta". (tbn Majah) 

In othor words» if you treat them well, you will be 
sent to Paradise and if you violate the rights that your 
parents have over ybu, you will be consigned to serve as 
fuel for Hell-Fire". 

2. Be grateful to your parents Thanksgiving and an 
acknowiedgement of debt and gratitude are the fir*t dutiea 
whioh a beneAoia r y owm to the BaaeTactor. It ia a facfc 



192 

that the parents aro the palpable cauee for our existence. 
Again, it is under their proteotion and upbringing that we 
grow up to an age of maturity. The extraordinary self- 
sacrifice, tmparalleled devotion and deep affection with 
whioh they patronise us dernand that our hearts should be 
filled with sentiments of reverence, indebtodness, love and 
an acknowlegoment of their magnanimity and every fibro 
of our heart should pulsate with feoling8 of gratitude to 
thew- It i* for thia reason that God has ordained offoring 
of gratitude to parents along with thanksgiving to Him. 

„#* * * ♦ • j • «^ 

«» #* * *» 

Aniahhurli wali utaUdaiha. 

"(We willed) that you ehould offer thanks to Me and 
remain grateful to your father and mother". 

3. Alwaya try to make your parenta happy. Do not say 
anything in opposition to their will or temperament which 
may dispteaae them, espeoially whea they are adranoed 
in age they aoquire a peeviah and irritabie tetnperameut. 
In old age the parents atart making unexpeoted demands 
and begin proferring imposaible olaims. In this caae also 
tolerate their behaviour in good cheer and do not say 
anything in anger in response to their demanda whioh 
may oause them pain and may injure their feelinga. 

Jmma yablughanna 'indakal hibara ahadu-huma au 
kilahuma fala iaqullahuma uffin %va la tanharhuma. 

"If one or both of thy parents reach an advanced age 
with thee, say not 'fie* unto them nor rop 1 ' 1 them". 



193 



™"f. KMitirely t0 — «• -»» offli^T. t 2? 

u* le, , our pereate fe6| . opibyallyo(youp ^ 8 ^ r 

W»l -AbdolUh b. Amr (Ood be pleM6d wj 

rel.,e 8 ,b., ,te HoIy Propbet (pe , 06 J «* >"> 

b» u pon bin. .ffi rmed . „ Th6 , . „ °f" 01 AiI '» 

i. tb. P ie*, ura of ,b. f ., ber ivr ™ h^ di r t,ined 

~w-d ta ,b. di 8p , e ., ure of tbe Jj^ SpleM °™ is 

(«rm«M, ft» Hij^ ffoWsi) 

Iu ott« word., uy on. wbo wuate to pl e ,, 6 <?„, 
Aould «h* , be pWure of u , ,be f .,w 

" -W. ,be m™, of Ood e. MO , b. e . med h9 Th f :t e . 

»h„ m . les u. f4tw Mgry provokM the wroth " f ». ou. 

p = we epiog md came to the i T tt ^; 

Prephet ( pMoe mi oleB , of A b i„, f " 7 

P» r P M »°foff.r«g.llegi.ace to tbe P ro X, ! 

bl^tag. of A.l.b be g opon biu, for at KT: kT 

*. Do ser^ioe to jour parents with heart and aoul. If God 
has a ff orded you the opportuuity to ser.e y ou7paJn ts tt 
» » fact a favourable o P portunit y for you to earn Tnll 

a^l t radiSe aQd ^ WlQ th ° Pb «» of ^ £ od 

ht)::;i and tae ™ xt - ^ rat *- < God h * *^* 



194 



"Any man who deairea that bis life should be pro- 
longed and his subsiatence raay be increased ought to do 
good aervice to his parents and show kindness to them". 

{Al+Targhib+o+Tarhib) 

The Holy Prophet (peaco and blesaings of Allah be* 
upon him) has observed : 

"Let that man be disgraced, and disgraoed again and 
let him be disgraced even more". The people enquired : 
"0 Prophet of God (peaoe and hleasings of Allah bo upon 
you) who ia that manl" The Prophet of God (peace and 
blessings of Allah be upon him) affirmed : "I refer to the 

man who findfl his parents old in age both of them or 

ono of them— and yet did not earn entitlement to 
Paradise by rendering good eervice to them". {Muslim) 

On one occasion, the Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings 
of Allah be upon him) gave precedence to the obligation of 
looking after one*s parents over one of the supreme forms 
of worship Hke Jthad* The Holy Prophet (peaoe and 
blessing» of Allah be upon him) forbade a companion (God 
be pleaaed with him) to prooeed on Jihad and urged him 
to look after his parents. 

Hadrat 'Abduliah ibn 'Amr (God be pleaaed with him) 
relates that a person came to the preaence of the Holy 
Prophet (peaoe and blesaings of Allah he upon him) with 
the intention of partioipating in the Jihad. The Holy 
Prophet {peace and blesaings of Allah be upon him) 
enquired from him : "Are your father and mother aliveV 
Hesubmitted: "Yes, they are alive". The Holy Prophet 
(peaoe and blessinga of AHah be upon him) thereupon 
©bserved : "Go and render good servioe to them. This 
ii the Jihad". (Buihari, Mutlim) 

Reapect and adore your parenta and do not show dia- 
reepeot to them by a single word or aotion* The Holy 

Qur'an «irms : 



195 



«vr J=M Ji* . Uj^- v W jj j 

JFa g«tfaAwn3 gawian iarlmS. (17 ; 23) 

"But speak to them a graoioua word". 

On one occaeion Hadrat 'Abdullah h. 'Umar (God 
be pleased with him) enquired from ECadrat Ibn 'Abbas 
(God be pleased with him) : u Do you wish to ward off 
Hell and gain entry into Paradise %** Ibn 'Abbas (God be 
pleased with him) answered : "Yes, why not; I swear in 
the name of God I cherish this desire'\ Hadrat Ibn 'Umar 
(God be pleaasd with him) then asked : M Are yonr parents 
alive V 9 Ibn 4 Abbas (God be pleased with him) replied : 
"Yes, my mother is alive'\ Ibn *Umar (God be pleased 
with him) remarked: "If you talk to them in a polite 
manner and look after their needs and feed them welJ, you 
will certainly be admitted to Paradise prorided yon abstain 
from eapital evils'\ {AUAdab-ul Mufrad) 

Hadrat Abu Huraira <God be pleaied with him) once 
saw two men. He asked one of them : "What is your 
relationship with the other man"? The person replied : 
"He is my father'\ Hadrat Abu Huraira (Gpd— be-ploassd" 
with him) thereupon advised him» *'Look, never call him 
by his_proper name, walk ahead of him nor sit before he 
■ takes his seat'\ (AUAdab-ul Mujrad) 

6. Be faithful and humble towards your parents. 

. Cj\ l* m ' c \* 0' J»!4 

Wakhjid lahumd janahadh dhulli minar rahmah. 

"And lower nnto them the wing of submiasion through 
ineroy"\ (17: 23) 

To offer humble obedienoe to parents implies to pay 
oonstant regard to their dignity. Do not assumo a baughty 
attitnde towarda them, nor treat them with inaolerice. 



m 

7. Love your parents and ocmsider this aot as a pririlege arid 
a source of rew&rd in the etern&l world. Hadrat Ibn *Abbaa 
(God be pleased with him) relates th&t the Holy Prophet 
(peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) observed : 

"The pious offspring who casts a single look of affec- 
tion at his parents reoeives a reward from God equal to 
the reward of an accepted H&jj." The people submitted : 
"O Prophet of God (peaoe and blessings of Allah be upon 
you) : If someone caats a hundred such glances of iove 
and affection at his parents, what then ?" The Holy 
Prophet (peaoe and blessings of Allah be upon him) 
observed : "Yes, indeed, even if one does so & hundred 
time a day, he will get a hundred fold reward. God is 
far greater than you imagine and is completely free from 
petty narrow mindednees." * {Mutlim) 

8. Obey your parent» with full devotion. Even if they ahow 
some intransigence, obey their will oheerfully. Keeping 

. in view the great favours whioh they have done to you, 
try to fulfil all their demands willingly whioh may^be 
offensive to your own taste or temperament, provided, of 
course, they are not derogatory to the tenets of religion. 

Hadrar A&» 3^'id (God be pleased with him) narrates 
that a person oame to the presenoe of the Holy Prophet 
(peace and blessings of AllahJiS^os him) from Yemen. 
The Prophet of God (peaoe and blessings of Allah be upon 
him) enquired from him : "Do yoa have any relationa 
in Yemen ■■*" He submitted : "Yes, my father and 
mother are there'\ The Holy Prophet (peace and bless- 
ings of AUah be upon him) then asked ; "Did they give 
you permission to leave V* He submitted : "No, Idid 
nottake their permission", The Prophet of God (peace 
and blessings of Allah be upon liim) thereupon obeerved : 
"Go back then and ask the permission of your father »nd 
mother. If they agree, oome back and join the Jih*d, 
otherwise, attend on them and render good «eryice to 
them". (Abu Damtd) 



197 

Realiae the value of rendering obedienco to parent* 
from the fact that a mah came from miles intendiug to 
joia the Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessinga of Allahbe 
apon him) in Holy war for the glory of religion, yet the 
Holy Prophet (peaee and bleasings of Allah be upon him) 
turned him baok ,aaying : "You can join the Holy War only 
if both your father and mother allow you to do ao". 

Hadrat Ibn 'Abbas (God be pleased with him) reporta 
that the Holy Prophet (peaoe aud blessings of Allah be 
upon him) observed : "Tbe man who wakes up in the 
morning having previously dis^harged all the duties and 
obligations laid upon him by God oonoerning his parents, 
he will flnd the two gates of Paradise open for him on 
waking up in the morning ; and in oase there is only one 
parent, the person will find one door of P&radise open for 
him. And in oontrast if a man wakes up in the morning 
having previously disreg~"ded any obligations or dutiea laid 
upon him by God oonoerning hia parents, %m he will find 
two g&tes of Hell open for him on waking up in the 
morning ; and in case one of the parents is alive, then the 
1 man will find one gate of Hell open fot him'\ The man 
submitted; "0 Prophet of God (peace and bleisingaof 
AH&h be upon you), if the parents are treating him 
wrongly, what then?" The Holy Prophet (peace and 
blessings of Allah be upon him) affirmod : "Yes, even if 
they are treating him wrongJy; yes, indeed, even if they are 
treating him wrongly'\ (Mishhat) 

9. Gonsider your own goods as the property of yonr parents 
and spend your oapital on them with an open hand, The 
Holy Qur'an &ffirma : 



^ #> -ULUI L. JJ itjUij M U 




* 



* - - 4* 



tf\o t^Jll. .• j.jJ^U4 



198 

Tua'al«naka madha yunfiqAna qul »«* onfaqt*m min 
khairin Jalil walidaini. (2:215) 

They aak thee, what they shall spend. 8»y what ye 
spend for good must go to parenti". 

On one ocoaBion a man oame to the presenoe of the 
Holy Prophet (peaoe and bleaainge of Allah be upon him) 
and complained that his father took whatever goods he 

• wanted from him. The Holy Prophet {peace and bleseings 
of Allah be opon him) aent for that man's father. An old, 
in6rm man came walking with the help of a atick. When 
the Holy Prophet (peaoe and bleasings of Allah be upon 
him) interrogated him on the point, the old man submit- 
ted : "O Prophet of God (peace' and blessings of AUah be 
upon you)l There was a time when I was strong and 
he was weak and helpless. I had money and he was empty- 
handed. I never forbade him then to lay hts hands on 

% anything that I possessed. Today, he is strong and 
healthy and I am old and infirm. He has money and I 
am empty-handed. He now denies me access to hts goods . 
Upon hearing this tale of the old man, the Benefaotor of the 
humanity (peaoe and bleasings of Allah be upon him) burst 
into tears and addressing the son of the old man 
obserred : "You and your goods are the property of your 

father". 
10. Even if your father and mother are non-Muslims, treat 

themwell. Continue to pay them respect and devotion 
and serve them faithfully. However, in case they oommand 
you to become a polytheist or indulge in a sinful act, 
refuse to obey them and sternly repulse their demand. 



-- ^» 



. tjj» L_uJi J L*>. ^j ^r* . 

Wa in jahadaka ala antuthrika bim& laiaa laka bihi 
Hlmun fala tuti *huma wa sahibhuma jlddunya ma ( rw/«* 



199 

' ' " "And 5f your (parents) pressunse you to associate 
aome one with Me of whioh you have no knowledge, obey 
them not, yet oontinue to treat them well in the world." 

Hadrat Asma' (God be pleased with her) states : "In 
the sacred Ufetime of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings 

' of Allah he upon him), my mother viaitcd me ou one 
occasion. She was a polytheist at that time. I ■ubmitted 
to the Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings of Allah be upon 
him) : "My mother has come to pay me a visit and she 
is an unbeliever in Islam. How should I treat her V The 
Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) 
observed : "Yes, you should continue to show kind ^" 
to your mother". * 

11. Offer prayers begging grace for your parents, Bring to 
mind their fervent appeals to the Lord and beg His nieroy 
for them with a sealous »nd sincere heart. <*oa 

ordaina ; 

Wagul rabbirhamkumd kama rabbayant saghira. 

«And say : My Lord ! Have mercy on them both 
as they did care for me when I was little." # 

In other words, say : "O Creator, with meroy, 
devotion, affection and love my Lord they reared me in 
childhood and saerinced their own pleasure and ease for 
my sake but, they, in their innrmity and helplossness of 
old age, are more deserving of kindness and love than 
I ever was. God 1 I can pay them no recompense. Do 
patronise them and show them mercy in their miserable 

state". 
12- Observe speoial oare in looking after your mother, By 
nature, the mothe r is weak and more sensiti^e and neods 
your better treatment and devotion. Moreovcr, her 
favours and sacrinces are comparativeIy far greater tban 



200 

the father." Hetice religion haa conceded preferenti»l rights 
to the mother and has enjoined upon the believera to treat 
their mothers with special consideration. The Holy Qur'an 
affirms : 

U^T a^I ajlL* t UUI -ojUI^ SuVI 



?"J J 



$ 



^ Oji-U <JUu j 4_L». j U^r 2^+j j 



Wa tuawainal inaana biw&lidaihi ihsHnd. Hamalat«hu 
ummuhu hurhan wa wa^a' athu kurhan wa hamluhu wa 
Jisaluhii thalMh&na shahrS. (4$ : 15) 

u And We have commanded unto man kindneaa to- 
warda parents. Hia mother beareth him with suffering t 
bringeth him forth with suffering, bearing of him and 
weaning of him is thirty months". 

While enjoining upon the believers to ahow good 
behaviour towards both father and mother, the Holy 
Qur'an haa drawn a poignant pioture of oonstant auffering 
of pain and hardships by the mother and has excellently 
pointed out in a psyohological manner the fact that the 
devoted mother deserves comparatively more of your 

8ervioe and kind behaviour than your father.- The aame 
fact has been eluoidated in greater detail by the Prophet 
of God (peace and blessings of AUah be upon him)* 

Hadrat Abu Huraira (God be pleased with him) 
reports; "A man came to the presence of the Holy Prophet 
(peace and bles8mg8,of Allah be upon him) and submittpd : 
*'0 Prophet of God (peaee and blessings of Allah be upon 
you't Who de8erves the noblest treatmeat from me V* 
The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 
him) observed : "Your mother'\ He again submitted : 
"And next V 9 The Holy Prpphet (peace and bleaaing» of 



201 

AHah be upon him) observed : "Your mother". When tbe 
man submitted for the fourth time : "And who nert" % 
The Holy Prophet (peaoe and bleasings of Allah be upon 
him) observed : "Your father". (Al-Adabul Mujrad) 

Hadrat Jahma (God be pleased with him) paid a oall 
on thĕ Hely Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 
him) and submitted : "O Prophet of 6od (peace and 
blessings of Allah be upon you) ! I wish to join you in 
the Jihad and have come to solicit your guidance in this 
matter. I seek yonr eommand". The Holy Prophet (peace 
and blessings of Allah be upon bim) enquired from him : 
"Is your mother alive?" Jahma (God be pleased witb him) 
submitted : "Yes, she is alive,'\ Thereupon the Holy 
Prophet (peace and blessingsof Allah be upon him), said 
"Return to her then and devote yourself to her service, for 
Paradise lies under her feet'\ {Ibn Majah, NasaH). 

Hadrat Awais (may God show him meroy) was a con- 
temporary of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of 
.Allah be upon him), but be could never attain the pri- 
vilege of oalling on the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings 
of Allah be upon him). He had an old mother to whose 
servicehedevotedhimself day and night. He cherished 
a great desire to see the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings 
of Allah be upon him) and it was but natural for every 
MusJim to have a burning desire to oatch a ghmpse 
of the Prophet of God (peace and blessings of Allah 
be upon him). Hadrat Awais (God be merciful to him) 
indeed wanted to pay a oall, yet the Holy Prophet (peaee 
and blessings of Allah bo upon him) forbade him to eome. 
Similarly, Hadrat Awaia (mercy of God be on him) 
cherished an ambition to discharge the obligation of Hajj, 
ye.t as long as his mother remained alive, Hadrat Awais 
(God be merciful to him) never set out for the Hajj alone. 
Be fuifilled the desire to perform Hajj only after his 
mother*a demise. 
13. Treat your foster mother well. Do service to her and 



202 

•how her respeot and adoration. Hadrat Abn Tufail (God 
be pleased wath him) states : ''I once witnessed the Holy 
Prophet (peaoe and blessings of Allah be upon bim) 
distributing meat at a plaee called -Ja ( rana\ Presently, 
a lady arrived and approached near the Holy Prophet 
• (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). The Prophet 
of God (peace and blessings of Allah be upon.him) spread 
out his sheet for her and the lady sat on it. I enquired 
from the people, (t Who is this lady?" The people told me : 
"This lady is the foster mother of the Holy Propbet (peace 
and blesaings of AUah be upon him), (Abu Dawud) 

14. Remember 5 your parents after they have passed away. 
Observe the foIlowing etique~ttes to render good service to 
your deceased parents : 

I, Offer prayers continuousiy invoking mercy of God 
upon your dead father and mother. 

The Holy Qur'an enjoins upon the pious to say thia 
prayer : 

RabbanaghJirU waliwalidayya wa lil mo^minlna yauma 
yaqumul hisab. 

O our Lord ! Grant forgiveness to me and my parents 
and pardon all the faithful on the day of Reckoning. 

Hadrat Abu Huraira (God be pleased with him) states: 
w When the deceased is elevated to high degrees of favour, 
he enquires in astonishment : ( *How so?" He is informed 
by God, "Your offsprings have been offering prayers 
begging mercy for you (and God has accepted those 
petitions of mercy)'\ 

Hadrat Abu Huraira (God be.pleased with him) also 

states : 

"The Holy Prophet (pe&ce and blessinga of Allah be 
upon him) obseived ; The opportunity to do something 



203 



ends with one's death, yet there are three thmgs whioh 
continue to afford beneut to him after death-a reoumng 
charitahle act j knowledge which he has imparted to others 
from which people derive beneiit and thirdly, pious offspr- 
inga who continue to offer prayers invoking mercy of God 

upon him. 
2.FulfiI all the contraots and promises made by your 
parente and carry ont their will. Your parents must have 
made many egreements with some people, they migh < have 
made a covecant with God ; they might have taken a 
vow ; they might have promised to deliver goode o .om* 
one ; they might have owed a debt to somebody but were 
unable to disoharge it before death overtook :them > they 
might have made a will at the time of their death. 
Fulfil »11 these obligations to the extent of your means. 

Hadrat «Abdullahb. 'Abbas (God be pleased with him) 
narratos : "Hadrat Sa<d b. 'Ubada (God be P^*~* 
him) .ubmittod to the Holy Prophet (P"" «* W «""* 
* illah b» upon him), »0 Prophet of God (p«>ce and 
blessings of Allah be upon you) 1 My mother had token 
a vow, but she oapired before discharging Jt. Can 1 oarry 
out the vow on her behalf V The Holy Prophet (peace 
and ble.sings of Allah be upon him) amrmed : "Why not 1 
You must carry out the vow taken by her . 
3. Show good oonduot to the friends of your father aod ihe 
female companious of your mother. Treat them wrth 
respeot. Seek their advico just as you seek the advice of 
your elders and pay due regard to their opinions and adnoe_ 
On one oooasion, the Holy Prophet (peaoe and Wessmgs of 
Allah be upon him) observad : «There is no ««P e "^ d ^ 
ofpiety than that man should do ^good sernoe to the 
oompanions and friends of his father". 

Onoe Hadrat Abu Darda (God be pleased with him) 
fell iU and hii oondition continued to aggravate till they 
lo.tallhope.ofhi.life. Hadrat Ynsuf b. «Abdullah (God 
be T lea«d withhim) inade a long journey and came to 



204 

enquire after hia health. On seeing him, Hadrat Abu 
Darda aaked in aatonishment : **How are you here ?" 
Yusnf b. 'Abdullah (God be pleaaed with him) repiied ; 
"I have come here only to enquire a'fter your health, for 
you were on termsof deep friendship with my late father'\ 

Hadrat Abu Barda (God be pleased with him) relates : 

"When I arrived in Medinah, 'Abdullah b. *Umar (God 

be pleased with him) paid me a visit and said : "Abu 

Barda (God be pleased with you), do yon know wby I 

have come to aee you!" I replied : »W . I have no idea 

why you have come here." Thereupon Hadrat Abdullah b. 

'Umar (God be pleased with him) said : * «I hav e heard 

the Prophet of God (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 

him) as affirming : "The man who wishes to render good 

aervice to his father, who te in the grave, ought to show 

good treatment to his father's companions and friends." 

Having related this saying of the Holy Prophet (peace 

and blessings of Aliah be upon him) 'Abdullah b. 'Umar 

(God be pleased with him) remarked : "Brother, my 

father ( Umar and your father (God be pleased with him) 

were on terms of deep friendship. I wish to commemorate 

this friendship and fulfil ita duties." (Ibn Hibban) 

4. ShoW oonatant good treatment to the relations of your 
parents %nd entertain full reepeet and pay due regard to 
the sanetity of these connexions. An indifferent and 
irresponsible conduot towards these relations is tantamount 
to treating your own parents with indifferenoe and 
negligence. The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of 
AUah be upon him) observed : "Do not obserye inditter- 
enoe towards your • forefathers. To show carelessness in 
your oonduct towards your parents is to dispiay ingrati- 
tudetoGod." 

15. If, God forbid, you have been guilty of negligenoe in treat- 
ing your parents well or discharging your full obligations 
towards them during their Hfetime, do not despair of 
God's merey. Offer prayers constantly invokiog blessings 



205 



of God upon your deceased parents. It is possible God 
may forgire your sin of negligence and admit you among 
the ranks of the pious people. 

Hadrat Anas (God be pieased with him) relatea : The 
Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of AHah be upon him") 

affirmed : ' 

"If a person does not obserre filial devotion to hi« 
parents during their lifetime, and both parents or one of 
them passes away, the person ought to offer prayers for 
his deceased parents and beg His Mercy and beseeoh Him 
to grant salvation to them till God in His Mercy ordain» 
their admission to the rolla of the pious people". 



Etiquettes of 
Married Life 



The Bublime ouJture and civilization whieh lslam 
envisages oan only come into existence when we auooeed 
in building up the atructure of a righteoua soeiety. And 
a atable and well-organiMd family ayetem ii a prerequisite 
for the birth of a righteous aociety, Family life begina with 
the sacred matrimonial oonnexion between husband and wife 
and the deyelopment of this oonnexion into a permanently 
happy and pleaaant matrimonial Ufe chiefly depends on the 
fnll awareness of the etiquettes and dutiea of marital life 
in both husband and wife and their zeal, sinoerity and 
devotion to observe those etiquettes and diaoharge obliga- 
tions of married life. Let us in the first plaoe deal with 
those etiquettea and obiigations whiohooncern the husband 
and then we ahall prooeed to disouaa thĕ etiquettea and 
duties to be ob«erved by the wife. 

1. Treat your wife well in life. Diacharge your obligations 
towards her with a liberal heart and adopt a favourable and 
self-sacrificing attitude in every matter oonoerning yoar 
wife. God ordains : 

Wa &$bir^hunna bitma*nifi. 
"And live with them in a good manner , \ 

In a sennon to a mammoth oongregation on the eve 
of Hajja-tul-Widali (Laat Hajj) of theProphet (peaoe and 
bleasings of Allah be upon him), the Holy Prophet (peaoe 

206 



207 

and bleasinga of Allah be upon him) enjoiaed upon the 
Muaiima : 

"0 people ! Liaten ! Behave well towards women for 
they are like captives with you. y ou have no right to 
give them harsh treatmcnt eave in the case when they show 
open disobedienoe. U they are guilty of disobedience, keep 
away from them in the bed room. In case you punhh them, 
take care not to oause them severe injury. When they come 
round and obey your will, do not find pretexts to harass 
them. Liaten carefnlly ! you have some rights over your 
wives and your wives have some rights over you. They 
owe an obhgation to you not to let your beds be trampled 
by anyone whom you dialike and not let anyone trespass 
into your house whose visit you do not iike. And 
listen, you owe a duty to tbem to feed them well and provide 
good elothing to them". (Myad-m-Salihin) 

In other words, make such provi 8 ioas for their feeding 
and clothing aa are befitting to a marital relationship of 
unique intimacy, union of hearts and a spirit of companiou- 
ship. 

2. Entertain a good opinion about your wife as far as possible 
and adopt an attitude of poiiteness, toleration and magna- 
nimity for the sake of amioable ]iving with her. Ifshe 
lacks beauty of face or person or is deficient in good 
manners, morality, good sense or skill in household affairs, 
bear these faulta with patienoo. Look to her Tirtues and 
maintain a harmonious relationship by meana of 
generosity, liberality of mind and aelf-saorifice. God 
ordains : 



l^-UJIj 



WaMulhu khair. 
"And amity contairia goodneas," 
And tbe believers are enjoined upon as follows : 



208 
» , , - . - « -»- ■ > - • .- • ■ - < '• s * * * *• ' * * 



Wa-in-karihtumuhunna fa~ l asd antakrahu &hai 7 an wa ya y j 
alallahufihi khairan kathlra. (4 * M) 

"Forif ye hate them it may happeu that ye hate a 
thing wherein Allah hath placed much good'\ 

The same subjeot has been elucidated by the Holy 
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) m the 
following Tradition : 

"No believer should hate his pious wife. If he dis- 
likes one habit of his wife, it is possible he may like her 
for eome other aBpeots of her character", 

As a raatter of fact each woman has some weakness of 
onesort or another and if the husb&nd turns against 
her on account of her bearing a oertain deficiency and 
conoeives a hatred for her, a pleasant home life becomes 
impossible for the couple. Commonsense dictates that man 
should adopt a liberal attitude and reposing his trust in 
God sbould endĕavour to live amicably with his wife. It 
is possible that God may vouchsafeto that man. merely for 
the sake of this woman, such bounties which his limited 
mind cannot comprehend. For instance, this woman may 
possess excelient virtues of religion, faith, charaoter and 
morality in reward for which God may shower blessings 
upon her own family or may be a pious soul ia born of 
this woman who raay prove beneftoial for the whole man~ 
kind and may serve as a Sadaqa Jariah (Contining Charity) 
in favour of the father till the end of his life, or perhaps 
the woman may serve as a meansof reforming the eharaoter 
of her man and thus may help him to gain proximity to 
Paradise or it may be that God may bless this maa with 
large subsistenoe and prosperity because such a blessing 



209 

of prosperity was deatined for hia wife. At any rate, do 
notruin your married life impetuously on the grounds of 
an apparent defect in the woman. On the other hand, be 
wise and try to promote gradually an atmosphere of happj. 
ness and concord in the home. 

3. Adopt an attitude of forgiveness an d kindness. Forget 
all the faults of omission, stupid actions and disobedient 
attitude of your wife. The woman is deficieni and weak 
in wisdom and commonsense and bears an estremely 
passionate temperainent. Hence try to bring her round 
with patience, calmness, kindness, affection and devotion 
Try to get along with her with .patience and restraint 
God ordains : 

jXi ij^ ^Ci i ^iJr^ o"i \£\ ^i i^L* 

* » \]fci) i^; ^i/i ;;%& 

Yd-ayyuhalladhina dmanu inna min azwdjikum wa 
auladikum aduwwan lakum fakdharukum wa-in ta'fu 
watas/aM wa taghfirn fa-mnallaha ghafururrahlm . 

{Attaghabun ; 14) 

" ye who believe ! verily , among your wi vea and your 

children, there are enemies for you, therefore beware of 
them. And if ye efface and overlook and forgive, then 
Allah is Forgiving, Meroiful". 

The Holy Prophet (peaco and blessings ofAllahbe 
upon him) affirmed : 

"Be good to women. Th,, woman has been created out 
of the rib and the uppermost part of the rib ends m a 
curve ; so if you try to straighteu out the ourve, it wjll 



410 

break, yet if you leave it alone, the curve will remain. 
Hence, be good to vomea". {Bukkari, Muslim) 

4. Treat your wife politely and show love and affection to 
her, The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) has affirmed : 

"The beltevers who possess perfecb faith are those who 
display the best manners, and the best among you are 

thoae who treat their wives in the best possible manner". 

{Tirmidht). 

Politeness and tenderness of behaviour can best be 
judged in the home. People are constantiy living amidst 
their family members and the realtemper and moral con 
duct of man ia completeiy revealed xn the free and uninhibit- 
ed atmosphere of the home. It is a fact that only such 
believerspos8essperfectfaith who display cirility, kind- 
ness and affectionate behaviour towards their family 
. members and whd support, sympathise, love and adore 
inmates of their houaehold. 

Hadrat <&'isha (God be pleased with her) reports : t( I 
used to play with dolls along with my playmates in the 
house of the ■ Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah 
be upon him). On the arrival of the Holy Prophet (peace 
and blessings of Allah be upon him) all of them used tc 
hide themselves in the nooks and coraers of the house, The 
Prophet of God (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) 
used to searoh out eaeh one of them and aend them to join 
me in the play". (Pukhdri> Muslim) 

Once onthe occasion of Hajj, the camel of Hadrat 
Safiya {God be pleased with her) sat doWn on the ground 
and she was therefore left behind while t.he entire oaravan 
passed on.. The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah 
be upon him) .came to her and found her weeping without 
restraint. The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah 
be upon him) stood there wiping off her tears with the edge 
of a sheet with his own holy hands. While the^ Prophet 
of God (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) wiped 



211 

off tears from her eyes, siie (God be pleased with her) 
continued to weep unrestrainedly for a long time'\ 

5. Make liberal proviaions for a]l the needs of your wife and 
do not stint in expenses. Feel a sense of pleasure and 
corafort in spending your lawful earnings on members of 
your family. You owe an obligation to your wife to 
provide her with food and clothing and to struggle 

energetioally, in order to earn enougb money to discharge 
this obligation, is the most pleasant duty of a husband. 
The performance of this duty with an open and oheerful 
heart earns for the belierer the reward of a happy marital 
life in this world and a favourabIe recompense and bounty 
in the world to c<5me. The Holy Prophet (peace and bless- 
ings of Allah be upon him) has aflfirmed : 

"You spend a dinar in the way of God ; you spend 
another dinar to ransom a slave ; you give away one dinar 
as alms to a beggar ; and there is one dinar which you 
spend on your family. Among all these, the dinar that 
will earn the beat reward and blessings of God is the one 
which you have spent on you famiIy M . (Muslim) 

6. Teach your wife the rules and manners eajoined by religion 
Let her observe Islamic morality and make her life grace- 
ful. Make every possible effbrt to train and mould her 
according to the Islamic pattern of life so that she may 
prove to be a good wife f good mother and a pious devotee 
of God and may discharge her duties as a wife efficiently 
and faithfully. God affirms : 



. tjU r CUi j ^CiJI ly l^«| ^JLJl [^u 

Td-dyyuhdllddhin manu qu an/umkum wa dhlikum ndrd. 

"0 ye who believe! Saveyourselves and your family 
fromthe Fire of Hell". 

As the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 
him) deroted himself topreaching and ieaching the iaws 



212 

of religion outside the home, likewise he continued fco per- 
form the same function mside his home. Making an 
illusion to this fact, the Holy Qur'an addresses the wives 
of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 
him ) in these words : 

. "And remember the veraes of God and the matters 
of wisdom that are conveyed to you in your house". 

The Qur*an has advised the belieyers through thfc 
rainistry of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah 
be upon him) : 

. l^j_U jJ**\j IjUSl «ilW J j 

+ + ** 

Wa*mur ahlaka bissalati wasiabir 'alaiha. 

* 

<( And urge upon the inmates of your house to observe 
prayers and fully abide by this obligation yourself 
too s \ 

The Prophet of God (peace aud blessings of Allah be 
upon him) aSirms : 

(( When a man wakes up his wife during the night 
and they offer two Rak r ahs of Prayers together, God 
ordains that the man's name shouid be inotuded in the 
rolls of the male rememberer$ of God and the woman^s name 
in the register of those females who offer praises to God 
and remember Him. M (Abu Dawud) 

The second Caliph Hadr&t 'Umar {God be pleased with 
liim) used to stand all night offering devotions to God. 
Near the hour of dawn he used to wake his wife saying : 
"Kise, get up and say prayers", and I&ter he (God be 
pleased with him) used to recite this verse also : 

* m 

• J^-jJLp j^^J SjLaJU tjJUUI ^i j 
Warnur ahtak bi$-mtati wastabw aiaiha* 



213 

"And urge upon the icniatos of yciir hou^* to obaerve 
prayere and fu]]y abide by this obligation youraelf '\ 

7. If you possess several wives, show equal treatment to all of 
them. The Holy Prophet (peace and htessings of Allah be 
upon him) used (o observe great care in diapensing equal 
treatment to his wives. On the eve of setting out for a 
journey the Prophet of God (peaee and blessinga of Allah be 
upon lum) used to draw !ots and took with hira the wife 
whoae name was decided by tho toss. Hadrat Abu Huraira 
(Ood be pleased with him) states that the Holy Prophot 
(pt>acc aftd hlessings of AUah bc upon hiro) ohserved : 

* "lf a nian has two wjyes, but does not treat them with 

equality and evcm-handed justice, he ehali be reaurrected 
on the Day af Judgement in such a condition that half of 
his body- is paralysed". (Tirmidhi) 

*Justice' and 'equal.ity' imply to troat them equally in 
all tnatters and $how the same kind of behaviour to eaoh 
wifo. As regards the fact that a man may be speeially 
attracted towards one wife or may be drawn to her or 
cherish deeper fceJings of love for her, God will award no 
pmnshment to the man for it, 

8. Obey your husband with a wiiiing heart and feel pleaaure 
and satisfaction in being faithful to him. This is what 
God commands a wife to do and the believing woman who 
acta according to tho will of God wins His Favour. The 
Holy Qur'an affirms : 

* - ~ > t s „ 

Fa& mlihain qanitatun. 

(t T\\e pious wives are thoee who show obedience to 
their husbands' 9 . 

The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) observed : 



9. 



214 

"No woman should keep fa,t without tho permission of 

her huaband". ,-. „. , 

\AbuDuwvd) 

Stresaing tho importance of rendering obedience and 

devot,onto her husband, the Holy Prophet (peace and 

blessmgs of Allah be upon him) haa warned the 
woman : 

"There are two types of persons whose prayers do not 
me abore their heads-the prayer of a slave who desert* 
his maater until he returns to his service and the prayer 
of a womart who shows disobodience to her husband until 
shc recants from this behaviour". 

(Al-Targhib-o-A l-Tarhib) 
Protectyourhonour and chastity. Keep away from all 
matters or actmties which contain a possible threat to 
^olate your honour or chastity. This is what God comm- 
ands and it is also an essontiai prerequisite for making your 
mantal life happy and plcasant. No amount of devotion 
and I obedience of the wife can win the heart of J,er husband 
<f the Beedsofsus P icion a boutherinfideIityareoncesown 

V," m,0d - ^™ an ° rdinar y acfc <* carelessness on the 
wiies part may prompt the devil to fill the heart of her 

husband with indelible doubls and suspicions. Hence 
heepmg ,„ view thi8 human weakne8B) exepo . Be utmog{ 

vigilance in such mattera. 

The Prophet of God (peace and blessings of AJlah be 
upon him) has affirmed : , 

'U the woman offere prayers five times a day, protects 
her honour and chastity, remains faithful to her husband 
nhe may enter Paradise by whichever gate she likes". 

(Al-Targhib-o-Al-Tarhib) 

10. Do not go out of the house without leave or permission of 

your husband. Do not call athomes of which your husband 

disapproves ( nor admit anyone into your house whom your 

^"-Kand djslikes. ' 



215 

H&drat Mu'adh ibn Jabal (God be pleased with him) 

* ■ 

narrates that the Prophet of God (peace and blessinga of 
Allah be upon him) observed: 

"It is not lawful for a woman who believes in God to 
admit a man into her house whose visit ia disapproved by 
her husband or that she should go out of the house against 
her husband's will or she should obey the will of someone 

else in opposition to her husband's wishes". 

(Al-Targhib-o-Al-Tarhib) 

i 

In other words, obey the wishes of your husband, even 
watch and ba mindful of tbe slightest indications of 
his approval or disapproval. Do not follow the counsels of 
others which are in opposition to the will of your husband. 

11. It shoald be your permanent concern to make your 
huBband happy by your words, actions, behaviour and 
manners. This is not only the real secret of a successful 
marriage, but a means to win the favouf of God and admit- 
tance into Paradise. The Holy Prophet (peace and bless- 
ings of Allah be upon him) has affirmed : 

"The woman who dies in such a state that her husband 
was entirely satisfied and in concord with her, will certain- 
ly enter Paradise". (Tirmidki) 

Purthermore, the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of 
Allah be upon him) observed : 

"When a man calls his wife to fulfil the sexual urge 
and she declines and for this reason the husband remains 
angry with her all night, the angels send curses upon such 
a wife till dawn." " * (Bukhari, Mualim) 

12. Love your husband and value his eompanionship. He is 
the ado-rnment of your life, 3'our life'a support and a great 
companion ahd helper in the oourse of your life. Give 
thanks to God for this great Bounty and value this Bounty 
too with all your heart ahd soul. The Holy Prophet 
(peace acd blessings of Allah be upon him) observed on 
one ocoasion : 



216 

"For the two who Iove one another there 10 no better 
thi$fe than the 'Nikah' (matrimonial tie)'\ 

Hadrat Safiyya (God be pleased with her) cherished 
deep love for the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of 
Allah be upon him). When ilineas overcame the Holy 
Prophet of God (peace and bleaslnga of Allah be upon hhn), 
Hadrat Safiyya (God be pleased with her) spoke with 
genuine concern : «Would God that I had fallen iU 
instead of you, Holy Prophet of God (peace and bless- 
ingsof Allahbeuponyou)!" At this expression of deep 
Iove by Hadrat Safi yya (God be pleased with her), the other 
wives of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) Iooked towards her in astonishment. Thereupon 
the Holy Prophet (peace and bloesings of Allah be upon 
him) obaerved : 

"She isnot merely making a show of her affection ; 
she is expressing her genuine ]ove M . 

13, Acknowledge the debt of gratitude you owe to your 
huaband and remain grateful to him. Your greateat 
benefactor is your husband who is always concerned with 
makingyou happy, providing for your needa and feels 
satisfied when he haa made all provisions for your comfort. 

Hadrat Asma* (God be pleascd with her) narrates the 
Tradition : J was onoe with my neighbour friends when 
the Holy Prophet (peace aud blessings of Allah be upon 
him) passed near me. He (peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) said 'Salam* (peace be on you) to us and observ- 
ed : "Avoid being ungrateful to those whom you owe a 
debt of gratitude. One of you, for instanoe, Jives with her 
parenta in an unmarried state for a long period. Then God 
confers upon her a husband. Subsequently, God grants 
her offspring. Yet in apite of all these favours when she 
feels enraged with her huaband onsome matter, she utters, 
'Never have I reoeived anything goc^d from you'\ 

(Al-Adab ul Mufrad) 



217 

The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 
npon him) in a warning statement to an ungratefui and 
unthanking wife obseryed : 

"On the Day of Judgement, God will not even look at 
a woman who is ungrateful to her husband, despite the 
fact that a wife cati never get along without her hnsband". 

{Nasa'i) 

14. Feel happy in doing service to your husband and afford 
marimum comfort to him at the eipense of your own in~ 
convenience. Devote yourself to his welfare in all matters 
and by means of this sincere service capture the deep 
affections of his heart. Hadrat <A'isha (God be pleased 
with her) used to wash the clothes of the Holy Prophet 
{peace and ble^smgs of Allah be upon him) with her own 
hands, annointed his sacred head with oil, combed his hair, 
and rubbed perfume on his holy person (peace and blessings 
of Allah be upon him). The other contemporary pious 
ladies - (God be pleased with them) served their hu&bandg 
in the same manner. 

On one occasion, the Hc-iy Prophet peace and blessings 
of Allah be upon him) observed : 

"It is unlawful for a human being to prostrate before 
another human.. If it.had been permissible, the wife 
would have been ordained by God to offer prostration to 
her husband. The husband has the supreme right over 
his wife, and such is the optimum degree of thia right that 
in case a husband's whole body is covered with wounds and 
the wife lioks them all with her tongue, the obligation she 
owes to her husband is even then not discharged in full 
measure". . [Mwmad Ahmad) 

15. Safeguardthe home, property and goods of yonr husband. 
After marriage consider the huBband's home as your own 
and spend the wealth of your husband wisely and economi- 
cally on the adornment of your home, on the enhancement 
of the prestige of your husband and on securir-g a better 



218 

future for your children. Consider the advancement and 
prosperity of your husband as your own personal achieve- 
ments. Praising the virtues of the womeo of the tribe 
of Quraish, the Holy Prophet (peace and blessmgs of Allah 
be upon him) observed ; 

i( How exoellent are the women of the tribe of Quraish/ 
They are most affectionate towards children and most 
effioient guardians of their husband*s homes", (BuJchari) 

Describing the rirtues of a pious wife, the Holy 
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) 
observed : 

n Next io the fear of God the most useful and the 
bountiful reward for a believer is a pious wife. When he 
' asks her to do something, she does it cheerfully. When 
he looks at her, she pleases him to the core of his heart 
When he swears upon her trust, she fulfils 
his oath. When he goes away, she protects 
her honour and chastity in his absence and finally in super- 
intendence of her husband's goods and property she 
remains truly faithful and devoted to his interest." 

(Ibn Majah) 

16. Obserre oleanliness, manage your household affaira wisely 
and look after the deooration and furnishing of your 
homes. Keep your house clean, Arrange everything tidily 
and use things with proper care and skill. A clean and 
tidy home, neatly furnished rooms, good management 
of household affairs and home economy and a 
beautifnlly dressed and adorned wife wearing a pleasant 
smileonher lips......all this oharges the home atmosphere 

with ourrents of deep love and affection and the inarita! 
Iife is enriohed with happiness and blessings. This is the 
only way f or a wife to gain her personal salvation and to 
win the favour of Qod. 

On one occasion during a meeting Hadrat 'A'iaha saw 
that the wife of 'Uthman b. Ma»«fin (God be pleased 



«9 

with both of them) was dreased in plain olothes and wore 
no adomments. Hadrat ( A'iaha (God be pleased with her) 
was taken abaok and enquired : ** 

"My good ladyl Has your husband 'Uthman gone 
out on a jonrneyr* 

You oan judge from the exclamation of Hadrat 

*X'isha (God be pleased with her) what a propitious act it 

is for a tnarried woman to adorn and beautify hersef for 
her husband. 

Onoe a Mualim lady of Medina (God be pleased 
with her) presented herself before the Holy Prophet (peaoe 
and bJessings of Allah be upon him). She was at that time 
wearing gotd bangles. The Holy Prophet (peace and 
blessings of Allah be upon him) eapreased his disapproval 
of her wearing the gold bangles. The lady submitted ; 

"0 Prophet of God (peace and blessings of Allah be 
npon you)! If a woman does not adora herself and make 
her person attractire for her husband, she would soon lose 
her ralue for him, (NasaH) 



Etiquettes of 
Bringing up 

The Children 



1. Consider your children as a bounty of God. Celebrate the 
birth of a child with joy and exchange messages of congra- 
tulation on such Occasions. Welcome the birth of children 
with prayers for grace and blessings of God. Offer thanks 
to the Lord that He has conferred upon you the favour of 
rearing one of His creatures and that He has afforded you 
the opportnnity of leaving behind an heir to represent 
you in spiritual as well as mundane Iife. 

2. If you are childless, pray to God for favour of granting 

you pious offspring in the same manner as the yenerable 
Prophet of God Hadrat Zakaria (peace be apon him) had 
prayed to God for fche grant of pious offspring, 

, *UoJl *~*+** di*l cJ« 4^ji (iJJoJ ^y J ^A wr> 

Rabbi kabU min ladunha dhurriyyatan tayyibatan innaia 
sam^-ud-du^a. (3 : 38) 

Lord! Bestow apon me by Thy bounty goodly offspring. 
Lo ! Thou art the Hearer of prayer". 

3. Do not feel downcast on the birth ofaohild. Strictly 
guard against feeling remorse or considering the birth of a 
child as a burden on account of Anancial hardship, ill- 
health or for any other reason. 

i 

220 



»1 

4. Do not procure an abortiou - Abortion or killing a child after 
birth are both acts of heinous barbarity, gruesome cruelty 
and extreme oowardice and entaii roination in this world 
and hereinafter God affirms : 



. ^ j& \^JU f*a%\ \Jjl* ^JUl ^ Ji 



Qad kha&i-ralladhtna qatalu aulddahwm sa/ahan bighair- 
i-'ilm. {6 : 140) 

"Thoae who kill their children out of their foolishness 
are the greatest losers'\ 

In an impressive coademnation of human short- 
sightedness, God has clearly forbidden the genocide of 
children : 



^ * .* s j ■ .- >♦- 



j (^jj jJ j>j . J^i i^e. fS&J \jSUj: V 



0» * # t - - »J„ • .— ff * > <• 



Walalaqtulil auladakum khashyata imlaq nahnu 
narzuquhunt wa iyydkurtt innd gatlahum kdna khita l n 
kabira. (17 : 32) 

"Slay not your children fearing porerty. We 
shall provide for them and for you* Lo ! the slaying of 
them is great sin", 

"On one occasion a companion (God be pleasod with 
him) enquired from the Holy Prophet (peabe and blessings 
of Allah be upon him), "O Prophet of. God (peace and 
hlewings of Allah be upon you) ! Which is the greatest 
sin"? The Holy Prophet (peace artd blessings of Allah be* 
upon him) observed : "Polytheism". The companion 
(God be pleased with him) again asked ; "And what 
next" The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of 
Allah be upon him) observed : "Dieobedience to parents". 
The oompMnon (God be pleased with him) enquired tho 



242 

third time : "And which siu is the greatest next to it?" 
In answer to this, the Holy Prophet of God (peace and 
blessings of Allah be upon him) observed : **To kill your 
eiildren fearing that they will share your sustenance/' 

5. At the time of delirery, reoite Ayat-ul-Kursi and the 
following two verses of Surah Al-5'raf near the pregnant 
woman. Reoite also Surah *A1-Falaq' and Surah 'An-Nas' 
repe&tedly and after eaoh recitation blow your breath over 
the woman awaiting delirery : 

#• ** *• 

, . Oj**Jl V-^" A*J *^ ^H ^' ^*^* a 4 *lTH ^J^H 

Allahu.la~ilaha iUahu+toal-hayyul qayyum ldta'khudhuhU 
sinatun wa lanaum lahu ma Jiesamawdti wa m& fil ard 
man dhalladhl yashfa*u indahu illa bi'idhnihi y*alamu 
ma baina aidihim wa ma khal/ahum wa la yuhltuna bi- 
shai-im-min Hlmihl illa bimd M«'a waai*a hursiyyu-hus- 
eam&wati toal arda wa Id yaUduhH hifzuhumd wa huwal* 
'aliyyul *aztm. (2 ; 255) 

1 

Allah I There is no God save Him» the AUve, the 
Eternal. Neither slumbar nor sleep overtaketh Him, 
unto Him belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and what- 
soever is in the earth. Who is that interoedeth with Him 
save by His leave ? He knoweth that whieh is in front 



483 

of them and that which ia behind them while they 
enoompasB nothing of Hia knowledge aave that what He 
wills, Hie throne inoludeth the heavens and the earth and 
He ifl never weary of preaerving them. He is the Sublime, 
the Tremendoue". 

The two versea of Surah A'raf are as under : 

% * * ■ m+* * i » S -* *> - ■ • * >i > ■■ s - * 

m m + w* 4* *•* 

*A jV" <M ^. < u i J JI J* **jH r fM 

VI . .^L .£*>* CJ *Jlj ^JUlj o~aij M 
(£.j lj«' . a^" 4j *» 3%? 2*J jwi *J 

**• .. I J* i >*r* jr^«jiffjr*^-. 



•/nwa rabbaku*mulla*hulladhi khalaqa*'Samawati wal 
arda fl sittati-ayy&min thummaatawd *alal 4 arsh\ 
yughshillail-annah&ra yailubuhU hathithan wash- 
shatnaa walqamara wannu+juma mumkharatin bi-amrih. 
Ala lahulkhalqu wal-amru. Tabarakallahu rabbu< 
*<*iami». Ud'au rabbakum tadarru'an wa khujyah 
innahHM yahibbul mu % tadln. {7 : 54*65). 

"Lo i your Lord ia Allah. Who oreated the heaven* and 
the eartb in six days, and then sat upon the throne of his 
Kingdom. Who makeejthe night oover the day whieh i» in 
haste to follow it and haa made the sun and the moon and 
thc star» Bub»ervient by His Command. Hie verily is all 
oreation and oommandment. Bleesed be AUah the Lord of 
the worlds 1 (O mankind) Call upon your Lord bumbly and 
io aeeret. Lo I H* loveth not aggreaaors*'. 



224= 

e After birth, bathe the infant and say adhm m ito right 

' and ?£»««* in ita" left ear. On the birth of Hadrat 
Husain (God be pleased with him), the Holy Prophet 
(peace and blessings of AUah be lipon him) had said adhan 
and IqarruU in his ears". ( (Tabrani) • 

The Holy Prophet (peace and bleasings of Allajh be 
upon him) is also reported to have amrmed : "Whenever 
someone begets a child and says Adhan in its right and 
lqamai in its left ear, the child is immunised against the 
affliotion of Umm-ul-Sibiyan^ by this aet". (Abu Ya'la) 

There is great wigdom in conveying the names of God 
and His Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 
him) to the ears of a new-born infant, 

"Inhis workentitled ' Tuhfa-tul-Wadud' , 'Allama Ibn 
Qayyim observes : The signihoance of this aot is that the 
proclamation of the Greatnesa and Glory of God should be 
the first to reach the ears of a human being". And the 
amrmation of belief which he will render in fuU oonscious^ 
ness later in order to enter the fold of Ialam should be 
eonveyed to him in the very nrst day of his life as a man 
is prompted to recite Kalimah Tauhid (Affirmation of 
belief in One God) at the time of hi* death. Another 
a dvantage o'f saying the Adhan and lqamal in the ears of 
the child is that the devil, who lies in ambush planning to 
entrap the human being in trials, flees on hearing the 
sound of Adhan and before the devil can draw the soul of 
the child towards himself ( the child is called towards Islam 
and worship of God". 
7. After the Adhan and Iqanuit get a date chewed by some 
piousman or woman and paste its pulp on the palate of 
the infant and ask that man or woman to offer aprayer 
invoking grace and blessings of God upon the ohild. 
Hadrat Asma (God be pleased with her) report* : "When 
«Abdullah ibn Zubair {God be pleased with him) was bora I 

T^^W»" refers to Epilep,y whiob devel<^ in «hUdren d„e 
to polluted air. T he ebUdren f»u>t "nder the effeet of this mlmont. 



225 

put him in the lap of the Hdly Prophet (peace and 
blessings of AJlah be upon him), The Holy Prophet (peace 
and blessings of Allah be upon him) asked for a date, 
chewed it and applied his sacred saliva inside the mouth 
and pasted the chewed pulp of date on« the palate of 
'Abdullah ibn Zubair (God be plcased with him). After- 
wards, the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) offered a prayer invoking grace and blessings of 
God upon thc child". 

Hadrat 'A^isha (God be pleased with her) states : 
*'Infants were brought to tho presence of the Holy Prophet 
(peace and blessings of Aliah be upon him). The Holy 
Prophet (peaoe and biessings of Allah be upon him) used 
to Tehnik 1 and pray for the favour and blessings of God 
upon them". (Mualim) 

WhenHadrat Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal (may God be 
merciful to him) was blessed with a child, he asked for 
Meccan date whioh was available in the homeaud requested 
a pious lady Umm 'Ali (may God show her mercy) to 
perform the Tehnik. 

8. Gire your child a fine namo, preforably a name resembling 
that of the Prophets (peace bc upon them) or put a prefix 
<Abd with sorne attribute ofGod,just as 'Abd-Allah or 
'Abd-Bahman, to make up a name for your child. 

The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings ofAUahbe 
upon him) has affirmed : "On the Day of Judgement, you 
shall be oalled by your names, So presoribe firie names for 
yourseives". (Abu Dawud) 

Furthermore, the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of 
Allah be upon him) observed : "Among all your names 
"Abdullah and, 'Abdul Rahraan are the most favourite of 
God'*. In addition; the Prophet (peace and blessings of 
Allah be upon him) affirmed * "Prescribe those names 



1, 'TehnW means to chew the date into a sott pulp and apply this pulp 

on tho palate of the mfant. 

V 



228 

whioh resemble the names of the Prophets (peace be upon 
them)". 

It ici reoorded in Bukhari that the Holy Prophet 
(peace and blessinga of Allah be upon him) also observed : 
"Name y.our children after my name, but do not give them 
my ' Kuniyyat". 

9, IC you have prescribed a wrong name due to ignorance, 
change it and presoribe some good name. The Holy Prophet 
(peaee and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to alter 
wrong names* The name of one of Hadrat 'Umar's (God 
be pleased with him) daughter was 'Asiya. The Holy 
Prophet (p^ace and blessings of Allah be upon him) 
ohanged it and named her Jamila (Qod be pleased with 
her). t . (Mtcslim) 

The original narae of Hadrat Zainab (God bepleased 
with her) the daughter of Abu Salama (God be pleased with 
Mm) was *Barrah\ which means 'the pious one\ On 
hearing this name, the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings 
of Allah be upon him) observed : "Do you make a self- 
procJamatkm of piety?" The people submitted, "What 
other name shall we prescribe then?" The Prophet (peace 
and blessings of Allah be upon him) observed : "Name her 
Zainab'\ (Abu Daioud) 

10. Perform the *Aqiqa ceremony on the seventh day of the 
birth of a ohild. Sacrifice two lambs for a boy and one if 
the baby is a giri, However, it is not obligatory to 
slaughter two lambs for a boy. You may aacrifioe one animal 
also. Get the hair of the head of the baby ahaved off and 
give away in charity gold or silver equal in weight to 
these hair. The Hoiy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah 
be upon him) has observed : 

"Presoribe a name for the ohild on the seventh day 
after birth and perform 'Aqiqa^ oeremony after getting 
the baby's head shaved off'\ - (Tirmidhi) 



U Se« the prayar fco be off«red at the tim* of <Aqiqa on p. 452. 



227 

11* Get the male ohild ciroumcised on the seventh day after 
birth. HoTvever, if for some reason the operation is put 
off, it is obligatory to get the oinmmcision performed 
befor the male ehild reaches the age of seven. Ciroumoision 
ispart of Islamic faith. . 

12. When the child learns to spĕak, teach him firat of all to 
recite : 4J1 H\ *J1 V, La Haha illallahu. (There is no god 
but Allah). The Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings of AHah 
be upon him) has observed : 

"When your offspring starts speaking, teach him to 
recite':— *H\ V\ *fl V* La Uaha Ulallahu. (There is no god 
but Allah) and ne.ver fear about his end. When the milk 
teeth are uprooted, order your ohtld to observe prayers". 

The Tradition also records that whenever a child in the 
householdof the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of 
Allah be upon him) began to speak, the Prophet (peaoe and 
blesgings of Allah be upon him) used to teaoh him the 
aeooiid Yerse of Surah al-Furqan in whioh the ooncept of 

the beliet* in One God has been beautifnlly expressod in a 
oonoise form. 




» • rf- 



. 1 



t 

Alladhi lahu mulkussamdwdU walardi walam yattakhidh 
waladan wa lam yakun lahu $harlkun jll mullci wa 
ihalaqa kulla shaiin faqaddarahu taqdir$, 

"He unto Whom belongeth the sovereignty of tho 
heavens and the earth, He hath ohosen no son nor hath 
He aay partner in the sovereignty, He hath oreated 
everythiug and hath metod out for ita roie"* 



228 

13. Feed the ohild on your breast-milk, The mother owes this 
obligation to the child. The Holy Qur'an has maderepeated 
references to this favour of the mother to her child and has 
enjoined the pious to treat their mothers with extraordinary 
devotion in return for their favour. It is the duty of the 
mother to. moulcate in the soul of the child belief in One 
God, devotion to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah 
be upon him) and love of religion along with the drops of 
her milk which sho feeds to the child. She should make 
sure that the heart and soul of her child completely 
assimilates the spirit of religion. Do not ease your burden 
by transferring the duty of rearing the child to a nurse. 
Perform this pleasant obligation of religion yourself and 
enjoy spiritual satisfaction and eostasy. 

14. Avoid ffightening the ohildren, The fright instilled in the 
mind of the child in the early years overshadows 

his mind and iritelleot for the remainder of hia life 

and these children usually prove inoapable of achieving 

eitraordinary success in life. 

15. Make it a point not to shout at, reproach or rebuke children 
on every triAing matter, Make an affectionate endeavour 
to train the children to form good habits with derotion 
and good sense instead of expressing annoyance or con- 
tempt on the faulta of children. However, act in such 
a way that children must remain in fear that you will not 
tolerate any of .their actions which do not oonform to the 
dictates of religion. 

16. Always treat your children with affection, love and 
tenderness. Keep them happy by providing for their needs 
and requirements accordirig to your means. Promote 

■■ sentiments of loyalty and devotion in your children. 

Once Hadrat Mu'aw,iya (God be pleased witb him) 
asked Ahnaf ibn Qais (God be jdeaaed with him), "Say, in 
what manner the offapring should be treated?" 

Ahnaf ibn Qais (God be pleased with him) answered : 
"Amir-ul-Mo^minin, the offspring are the fruif of our 



f 

hearta, a support for our backs ; we are like the aky 
providing a protective sha<le over them ; we are like a soft 
and harmless grouad on which thoy recline, It i8 they 
who give us the inoentive to perform great deeds, Hence 
if theydemand anything from you, fulfil their demand 
with a generous heart. If they are stricken with sorrow, 
alleviate their grief. Oonsequently they will love you 
and appreciate your paternal concern. Do not be 
an intolerable burden on them to the extent that they 
should in annoyancc wish that you were betterdead than 
alive and hate to come ncar you". 

Hadrat Mu'awiya (God bo pleased with him) was 
deeply "moved on hearing this wiae speeoh of Ahna/ ibn 
Qaifl (God be pleassed with him) and remarked : «Ahnaf 
(God be pleased with you) I awear in the name of God that 
when you came and sat beside me I was burniug with rage 
against Yazid". 

Later, when Hadrat Ahnaf (God be plea*ed with him) 
departed Hadrat Mu'awiya's (God be pleased with him) 
anger had cooled down and he felt reconciled to Yazid. He 
at once sent two hundred dirhams and two hundred dresses 
* B a token of love to Yaiid. On reoeiving these presents, 
Yaaid divided them into two equal portions and despatehed 
one hundred dirhama and a hundred dresses as a gift to 
Hadrat Ahnaf ibn Qais (God be pleased with him). 
7 Pat tbe heads of children with affection; take them up and 
' aeat them in your laps, fondle them and treat them in good 
humour. Do not rule over them as an irate tyrant. Such 
an attitude stunts the growth of anectionate sentnneuta 
towards parents in the hearts of children, destroys their 
aelf-oonfid e nce and adversely affects the development of 
their inborn faoulties. 

On one occaaion Aqra' ibn Habis (God be pleased with 

him) came to the preeence of the Holy Prophet (peace and 

blessings of Allah be upon him). The Holy Prophet (peace 

• mi blessings of Allah be upon him) was at that time 



230 

i 

engaged in fondling Hadrat Hassan (God be pleased with 
him), Aqra' (God be pleased with him) felt rather surprised 
and submitted, "0 Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of 
Allah be upon you) do you also fondle children. I have 
ten children and have never shown fondness to even one of 

them" The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah 

be upon him) raised his eyes and taking a look at Aqra' 
obserred ; "If God has deprived your heart of kindness 
and affection, what can I do V* 

Hadrat 'Amir (God be pleased with him) heid a high 
post in the government during the reign of Hadrat Umar 
(God be pleased with him). He once paid a oall at the 
house of Hadrat «Umar (God be pleaaed with him) and was 
astounded to see that a few children had mounted the 
. chest of the Caliph and were engaged in play. The Caliph 
realised the feelings of annoyance writ large on the face of 
'Amir (God be pleased with him) and enquired, "What 
manner of treatment do you show *to your children ? 
*Amir (God be pleased with him) now got the opportunity 
to expres9 his riewpoint on the matter. I^ said : "Amir- 
ul-Mo'mmm, as soon as I enter my house the people of my 
household are struck with terror and stand dumb with fear M . 
On hearing this, Hadrat *Unrar (God be pleased with him) 

said in a deep tone of sorrow : 

" 'Amir (God be pleased with you), you are a follower 
of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 
him) and yet are ignorant of the important in}unction that 
a Muslim should behave towards his family members with 
extreme love and deep tenderness," 

18. Concentrate all your efforts to train and educate your 
children in piety and honesty and consider the greatest 
sacrifioe too little to achieve this purpose. This is an 
obligation laid upon you by religion ; it is a favour you 
owe to your children ; and it is the greatest good that you 
can do to yourself. The Holy Qur'an«affirms ; 



231 
* - »t • ».,»**»•*•* »**,,»* ,i, , 

. \ji r C_ui j ^Ciji ly i>.i ^JUi i^Lj 

Y &*ayyuhalladhina Smanu qu anfu&akum ua ahlikum 

n&ra, 

,( Believers, proteot yourselY and the people of your 
household from the fire of Hell'\ 

The only means of obtaining salration from Hell-Pire 
js that man should be aware of all the requiaite knowledge 
about religion and his lifo should pass in loyalty and 
derotion to the commands of God and His Messenger (peaoe 
and blessings of Allah be upon bim)* 

The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings ofAllahbe 
upon him) has observed : "The best gift that a father oan 
bestow upon his son is to arrange good education and 
traming for him." (Mishkat) 

In eddition to this, the Apostle of God (peace and 
bleesings of Allah be upon him) affirmed : "The actiona of 
man cease with his death. But there are three deeds whose 
reward and blessing continue to reach him even after death : 
One that he should make a Sadaqa Jariah 'Recurring 
Cbarity), Secondly, he should leave behind a legacy of 
knowledge from -whieh people raay continue to derive 
benefit ; thirdly, pious offspring who continuously invoke 
meroy of God upon him." (Muslim) 

In fact the pious offspring are the only means of keep- 
ing alive your cultural traditiona, religious dootrines and 
the concept of faith in One Gbd, after you have expired. 
The believer prays for pious offspring so that the younger 
generation may keep the message of the old generation 
ever green and alive. 

When the children attain the age . of seven years, teaoh 
them 'Namaz' and urge them to;bbaerve prayers. Take them 
to tho mos^ue with you to arouse their interest. If the 
children neglect to observe prayera when they have attained 



232 

the age of ten, administer suitable punishment to them. 
By word and aotion make it absolutely clear to them that 
you will not tolerate their evasion of saying prayers. 

20. When the cbildren attain the age of ten years, give them 
separate beds to sleep in. The Holy Prophet (peace ancl, 
blessings of Allah be upon him) has observed : 

"When your children are seven years old, urge them 
to observe prayers. When they attain the age of ten and 
neglect saying prayers, punish them, and after this age 
provide separate beds for them to sleep in." 

21« Alwaya keep your children clean and neat. Take care that 
they are olean, neat and bathed. Keep their dress pure 
and olean. However, avoid exoessive adornment or ostent- 
ation in dressing up ohildren, Keep the dreas of *a female 
ohild simple and clean. Do not spoil the nature of your 
children by dressing them up in gaudy and Aambuoyant 
clothes. 

22. Do not point out tbe faults of your children in the presenoe 
of others and strictly abstain from degrading or hurting 
the se!f-reepeot of your children. 

23. Do not expresa your dismay at reforming your ohildren in 
their presenoe. Instead praise them generously even for 
their ordinary virtues in order to boost up their morale. 
Make oonstant endeavours to encourage them, and to foster 
self-confidence and boldness in them so that they may atrive 
for the highest goals in the field pf life. 

24. Keep telling the children th© stories of the Prophets (peace 
and blessings of Allah be upon them), tales of the pious 
people (God \& pleased with them) and episodea of the 
courageous feats of the illustrious cOmpanions of the Holy 
Prophet "(peaoe and blessings of Allah be npon him), This 
maat be oonsidered an essential meana of training, 
cirilisdng, character-building and arousing love for 
religion among the young and despite countleaa other pre- 
oooupations y<m must flnd sonse time to t*H on ihem 



238 

aubjeota with your children. Beoite to them the Holy Qur'an 
ia a aweet rbythmical voice frequently and on ocoaaiona 
relate to them the stirring stories and traditions o£ the life 
awJ work of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessinga of Allah 
be upon him). In this manner, you should try to inculcate 
in the hearts of the young warm sentiments of true love 
and derotion to the Holy Prophet (peace and blessines of 
Allah be upon him). 
25. Let the childrea distribute food or money to the poor with 
their own hands sometimes so that the rirtues of Hberality, 
generoaity and charity to the poor may develop in their 
hearts. On ocoasions, let brotbers and sisters diatribute 
shares of food or other eatablea among themselvea without 
your aid. This will create in them an awareness of the 
rights of others and accustom them to fair-dealing. 

26. Do not comply with each legitimate or non-genuine desire 
of the children. By means of patience and commonsense 
teaoh them to give up tbis habit. Be strict with them at 
times and do not turn them into obs.tinate and self-willed 
youngsters by showering excessive love upon them. 

27. Avoid thundering and shouting at the highest pitch of 
your voice and urge the children to speak softly in a 
moderate tone and abatain from shouting or railing at eaoh 
other. 

28. Inculcate the habit of self-he3p in children. They should 
not look to the servants to do every little job for them. 
This habit makes the children Iazy and crippled in some 
ways. Posterthe habits of sturdiness, hard work and 
strenuouB appHcation among the children. 

29. In the event of an altercation taking place among ohildren, 
do not lend undue support to your own child. You must 
realiae that the aentimenta whioh you cheriah ia your 

■■ heartforyour ohild are eiaotly the aame whioh other 
people have ior their childrea. Keep ia view the faulta of 
your own child and in all untoward oiroumatanoea try to 
pinpoint the error and fault'of your owa ohild and thea 

V r 



234 

raafefe an earnest endeavour to eliminate these childish 
shortcomings in a wise manner by exercising constant 
vigilance. 

30, Show equal treatmont to all your children and avoid going 
to extremes in the matter of behaving towards children, 
If you are naturally drawn towards a particular child then, 
of course, it*can't be helped. Yet in behaviour and 
dispensation of requirements you raust show equal treat* 
ment and evenhanded justiee. Do not show distinctive 
favour to a child to the dismay of other children, This will 
foster inferiority complex, hatred and frustration and ali 
,this will finally erupt into rebellious conduct. These evil 
sentiments greatly retard the development of natural 
facultieB of a child and leave an adverse effect on the tnoral 
and spiritual growth of the child's persohality. 

On one occasion Hadrat Bashir (God be pleased with 
him) took his son Hadrat Noaman (God be pleased irith 
him) to the presence of the Holy Prophet {peace and 
blessings of Allah be upon him) and submitted : "0 Prophet 
of God (peace and blessings of Allah be upon you)! I 

possessed orie slave and I have transferred that slave to 
the ownershtp of this son of mine'\ The Holy Prophet 
(peace and blessings of Allah beupon him) enquired : <( Have 
you given a slave to e&ch of your sons ?" Hadrat Bashir 
(God be pleased with him) aubmitted : "No". Therenpon 
the Holy Prophet {peace and blessinga of Aliah be upon 
him) commanded him : *'Take the alave back from him. 
Fear God and show equal treatment to all of your 
children'\ Hadrat Bashir (God be pleased with him) 
returned home and revoked the tranefer of ownership of 
the slave to No'man. According to another traditon, the 
HoJy Prophet (peace and blessings of AUah be upon him) 
had observed on that oooasion : **I>o not make me a 
witneas of sin. I shall not be a witness to injustice'\ In 
. yet another tradition It is reported that the Holy Prophet 
(peace and blessings of Allah be upon hitn) obsorved to 



2S5 . 

Hadrat Bashir (God be pleased with him) : "Do you wish 
that all your sons should behave equally well towards you?" 
Hadrat Baahir (God be pleased with him) aubmitted : 
"O Prophet of God (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 
yoii) : Yea, why not !" The Holy Prophet (peace and 
blessings of Allah be upon him) observed : "Do not act in 
this manner then". {Bukhari, Muslim) 

31. Always present a good praotical model before the children. 
Your own life style serves as a mute and permanent 
precept for your children. Children constantly learn and 
adopt lessons from your own conduct in life. Do not tell 
a lie even as a matter of fun before the ohildren. 

Hadrat ■ ABdullah b. 'Arair (God be pleased with him) 
relates an episode from his own 3ife as foIlows : "One day 
when the Holy Urophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) was present in our house, my mother called for 
me and said : "Come here. I have something for you". 
The Holy Prophet (peace and bleseings of Allah be upon him) 
was watching. He (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 
him) observed to my mother, "What is it that you want 
to give to the child V 1 Mymother submitted : "I wish 
to give him a date". The Holy Prophet (peace and 
blessings of AHah be upon him) observed : "If you had 
oalled the boy on the pretext of. giving him something and 
in fact did not givĕ him anything on his arrival, surely 
this sin of falsehood would have been added to the seroll 
- of your deeds". [Abu Dawud) 

32. Celebrate the birth of a female child with m muoh rejoicing 
as you observe on the birth of a male chiid, Boy or girl, 
both are a gift from God and only He knows better whether 
a boy or a girl is propitious for you. It does not behove 
a faithful of God to demure or feei erest*fallea on the birth 
of a girL Suoh behaviour ie the height of ingratitude and 
an insolence towards the Omniscient arid Merciful God. 

Tho Tradition records : "When a girl is bornto someone 
God sends angels to hia home who pronowce ; *'0 



236 

inmates of this house ! peaoe be on you". The angels take 
the baby girl under their wings and passing their hands on 
her head in a gesture of affection observe : <( This is a 
weak creature born out of a weak creature. Whosoever 
protects and rears this infant girl, God shall sustain hira 
till doomsday". (Tabrani) 

}3. Train and bring up your girls with a sense of great 
pleasure, spiritual satisfaction and in the spiritof religion. 
In return for this pious Bervice anticipate from God that 
He will admit you to the uppermost level of Paradise". 
The Holy Prophet \peaoQ and blesaings of AUah be 
upon him) has affirmed : "The man who patronises 
three daughters or three sisters, edueates them and 
teaches them good manners and behaves kindly towards 
them till they become independent of his care by the will 
of God, is entitled by God to enter Paradise." Thereupon 
a person submitted : i( If there be only two daughters or 
two aisters !" The Holy Prophet (peaee and blessings of 
Allah be upon him) affirmed: (( The same raward will bo 
given for similar conduct towards two daughters or two 
siaters", Hadrat Ibn f Abbas (God be pleasei with him) 
observes : "Had the people enquired about the reward for 
rearing one girl in this manner, the Holy Prophet (peace 
and blessings of Allah be upon him) would hare given the 
same glad tidings". (Miehkat) 

Hadrat 'Aiehah (God be pleased with her) narrates, 
"One day » woman accompanied by two small girls came 
to riait me and begged me to give her something. I had 
only one date which I handed over to her. The woman 
diyided the date into two halves and gave one half to each 
giri, Ieaving nothing to eat for herself. Afterwards she 
atood up and went out. The same moment the Holy Prophe^ 
, (peace and blessinga of Allah be upon him) entered the 
house* I related the whole matter to him (peace and 
blewings of Allah he npon him). On hearing the case, the 
Holy Prophet (peace and bleasings of Allah he upon him 



237 

observed ; "Any man who is pat to trial on account ot 
daughters being born to him and he oomea out of the trial 
successful by yirtue of showing good treatmentto his 
datighters, these girls will serve him aa a ahield againat 
the fire of Hell on the Day of Judgement", (Mtehkat) 

34. Do not look down up tho female child, nor show prefereiioe 
to the boy over the girl in any matter. Treat both with 
equal love and behave towards both in an equal raanner, 
T-he Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 
him) has affirmed : "Anyone who is bleased with the birth 
of a girl and does not bury her alive ih the manner of the 
.pagan da^B and does not look down upon her; neither shows 
preferenoe to the boy over the girl nor oonsider» the boy in 
ariy way superior to the girl, such a man will surely be 
admitted into Paradise by God". (Abu Dawud) 

35. Give the prescribed share to the girl out of your property 
willingly and careful attention. Thia ahare is ordained by 
God and no one has the authority to increase ot deorease 
the amoimt of this share. It does not behove a pious 
believer to make escujpes in the matter of paying the share 
of the girl or to feel content by giving away some fraotion 
of it according to his own personal views. Suoh an action 
is a breach of covenant with God aa well as tantamount to 
offering an insult to the religion. (God forbid !) 

36. Along with these praotioai meaeures, say prayers from the 
depths of your soul and with sinaere devotion of heart for 
your offspring. We may truat the Munineent and Kind 
God tbat He will not let earnest prayers offered by the. 
parents out of the depth of their soul go unanswered. 



Etiquettes pf 
Friendship 



l. Love your friends and beeome the objeot of love of your 
" friends. The man who ia held in deep affeotion by his 
friends and who choriahes feelings of love for his friends 
is the most fortunate peraon. The person who avoids the 
company of other people and whomthe people regard with 
feelinga of diaguat ia the most deprived man. The man who 
haa no wealth is not poor. In point of fact great poverty 
cowusts in being friendlesa. A friend makes life beautiful, 
acts aa a supporter in the journey of life and is a gift of 
God. Make friends and become frienda of others. The 
Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) 
haa amrmed : 

"The believer ia an embodiment of love and aSection. 
And the man who neither lovea others nor ia loved by 

othera has no good or virtue in him." 

(M ishkat, Bab al-Shafqal) 

The Holy Qur'an has affirmed : 



» ' .' ■ 

Walmo'minuna walmo'minati ba'duhum auliyau ba'd. 

(9:71) 

"The believing men and believing women are protect- 
ing friends of one another." 

The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon hlm) used to oherish deep feelings of affcction for all 
bis illu»trious companions (God be pleased with them) so 

238 



489 

eaoh one of them entertained the happy thought that the 
Holy Prophet (peaoe and bleesings of AUah be upon him) 
Ioved him more than any one else. 

Hadrat *Amr b. al- ( As (God be pleased with him) 
reports : "The Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings of Allah* 
be npon him) used to eonverse with me with suoh deep 
attention and sinoerity and lavished such great care on me 
that I came to beliere myself to be the best person among 
my people. And one day I submitted to the Holy Prophet 
(peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) : "0 Prophet of 
God (peace* and blessings of Allah be tipon you) : Who ig 
better— Me or Abu Bakr ?" The Holy Prophet (peace and 
Blesaings of Allah be upon him) obaerved : "Abu Bakr is 
the better one." I submitted again r " Who is better~Me 
or 'Urnar (God be plea3ed with him) I" The Holy Prophet 
(peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) affirmed : 
"Umar is better," I submitted once more : "0 Prophet of 
God (peace and blessings of Allah be upon you : Who is 
better— Me or 'Uthman (God be pleased with him) t M The 
Prophet of God (peaoe and blessings of AUah be upon him) 
observed : "Uthman is better than you". I then requested 
the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 
him) to explain the reaf matter in detail whereupon the 
Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) 
told me the plain truth. I felt greatly ashamed of myself 
and wondered what impelled me to ask suoh quesfeions 1 
2. Maintain amicable social relations with your friends and 
try to dereiop sincere links and oontinue to oement friend- 
ships. Avoid adopting an attitude of annoyanoe with your 
friends or keeping aloof from themi Whenamaa livea in 
the sooiety of other men and bas to partioipate in sooial 
matters^it "is inevitable that he ahould suffer different 
kinds of shooks, Sometimes his eentiment» are hort ; at 
other timee his reputation is tarnished ; one time his peao» 
is diitnrbed, other times hia usual »otivities are interfered 
with. Sometimes things are done against his temper and 
deeires ; it other timos his patienoe and endoranoe ar* 

■■■*■■ , 

■ m 



244) 

aererely tried and at timea he has to suffer great Anancial 
Iom. In other worda, he has to faoe all kinda of trials and 
tribulationa, But when a man suffers these hardships, 
his heart is strengthened and he gains in wi&dom and 
experience. Good morala develop in his personality and 
• passing through a natural process of training aud purifi- 
oation he makes rapid spiritual and moral progress. He 
thus, acquires the sublime virtuea of patienoe, forbearance, 
aelflesaneas, affection, aympathy, humanity, respeot, loyalty, 
derotion and oo-operation, sinoerity and love, generosity 
and gallantry, kindnesa and favour to the highest degree 
and he becomes an instruraent of goodness aud bleasing for 
the human aooiety. Every man holds him in esteem and 
values his friendship ; eaoh man eoimders him a aource of 
blesaing in his favour. The Holy Prophet (peaoe *nd 
bleaaings of Allah be upon him) haa obae*vĕd : 

"The Muslim who participates in social matters with 
other men and ahows forbearanoe if h? auffers any pain 
from them is a far better peraon than the one who isolatea 
himself froni the people and is dismayed at the hardsbips 
oaused by othera." (Tirmidhi) 

S* Form friendships with the pure and righteous people, In" 
the choice of frienda do keep in mind the thought as to. 
how far the people with whom you are forging bonds of 
amity and friendship can prove uaeful to you from the 
viewpoint of religion and raorality. There is a famous 
maxim whioh says:. If you wish to aacertain the moral 

state of a man, look at the moral eondition of his friend&*\ 
And the Holy Prophet (p«aoe and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) has obaerved ; "A man foIio^rs the beliefa of his 
friend. Hence eaoh man should deeply oonaider the que9tion 
aa to what kind of a mati ia the person with whom he ia 
striking a friendship M . (Muanad Ahtnad, Mishkat) 

The obaervation that a man will follow the beliefs of 
his friend . irapliea that when a man keepa the company of 
hia friend he will te affected by the sentiments, thought»; 
taate and the mental outlook of hia friend. He will inevi~ 



841 

tably begin to judge thmgs aooording to the standard of 
likes and disljkes adopted by his friend. Hence a raan 
should esercise. utmost oare in ohoosing a friend and should 
establish bonda of arTection and fdendship with a person 
whose taste, temperament, and actmties" oonform to the 
tenets of faith and religion. The Holy Prophet (peace and 
bleasings of Allah be upon him) has enjoined : "Develop a 
relationshipof love and friendship with a belierer only and 
eatanddrink in his eompany only». Furthermore the 
Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) 
affirmed : 

"Keep company. with the belierer and only the right- 
eous should eat from the Dastar Khwan^ of a believer." 

Eating together naturally stimalates sentiments of 
warm affeetion and love between frienda and these links 
should only be developed with the believers who are God- 
fearing and righteous people always keep away from those 
wbo have forgotfcen God and are irresponai ble and indifferenfc 
in oarrying out the oommands of religion and are immersed 
in immorality. The Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings of 
Allah be upon him) has desoribed the nature of relationship 
with a good and bad friend in a sublime allegory : 

"The eiample of a good or a bad friend is like that of 
a dealer of musk-perfume and an ironamith who atoke» the 
furnace. In the company of the perfumer you will certainly 
derive some benent i.e. you will buy musk perfume or at 
leaat its sweet odour will afford pleasure to you. On the 
other hand, the furuaoe of the ironsmith will burh your 
house or set your olothes ablaae or the foul fumes emitted 
by the fumace will give you a head&ohe." 

(Bukhari, Mualim) 

The Tradition is recordad by Abu Dawud in the fol!ow- 
ing words : 

"The eiample of a pious friend is Uke that of a musk- 
periumery shop-keeper. If nothing, at least the benefit of 



Olothaprsad on fchs grouad on whioh food U laid for tha dram. 



24* 

f 

sweet smell oan be derived from this friend. The example 
of aa evil friend is like that of a fumaoe, Even if your 
clothea are not sefc ablaze t yeur dress will certainly be 
blackened by the fumes of the fumace". 

4. Love your friends for the sake of.,God. The favourites of 
Allah are those who join together on the basis of God's 
religion and struggle shoulder to Bhoulder witb perfeot 
unity of mind and soul fco discharge their obligation of 
establishing the religion of God aud stand like a solid wall 
in defence of their oreed. 

The Holy Qur*an affirma : 
■ * * ■ * > *>*-**: £ -> * -* * ~*> ~j •*» s i * -i ^ 

i #* «■ - ^ *• ^ «* «#• 

h 

Innallaha yuhibulladhina yuqatiluna /f sabilihi saffan 
ka-annahum bunyanum marsils (61 : 4) 

"IiO ! Allah loyeth thoae who battle for His cause in 
ranks as if they were a solid structure". 

And the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) has affirmed : 

"God will ordain on the Day of Judgement ; Where are 
thoae people who used to love their fellows for my sake 

only. I shall place them under My own shadow". 

(Muslim) 

The enviable state of dignity in which these people 
wili flnd themaelves on the Day of Judgement has been 
described by the Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings of 
Allah be upon him) in these words \ 

"There are some loy*l servants of God who, though 

they are not Prophets or martyrs, yet they shall be 
elevated to auoh high status by God on the Day of 
Judgement that the Prophets and martyrs will envy their 
good fortune'\ The illustrious companions (God be 



243 

pleased with thĕm) aubmitted : "O Prophet of God 
(peaoe and blessings of Allah be upon you) 1 Who will be 
these fortnnate persons V 1 The Holy Prophet (peace and 
blessings of Allah be upon him) affirmed : "These will 
be the people who loved each other on the baais of the 

religion of God they *ere not related to one another 

by blood, nor had any commercial connection with each 
other. I swear by Go3, the faces of these people will be 
glowing with radiance nay they will be.the embJema of 
pure light* When all the people shall be trembling with 
fear, they shall be free from fear. When all the people 
will be grief-stricken, they shall know no sorrow". After- 
wards the Holy Prophet {peaoe and blesainga of AUah 
be upon him) recited this veree of the Holy Qur*an : 

. <S>J>J '<J>% '^S J»> V M *Ujl 01 5i 

AIS inna auliya aliahi la khaufun 'alaihtm wa U hum 
yahtanun. (10 ; 62) 

"Lo ! verily the friends of Allah are (thoae) on whom 
fear (cometh) not, nordo they grieve", 

Hadrat Abud-Darda (God be pleased with him) 
states that the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of 
Allah be upon bim) observed : "Some people shall be 
raised from their graves on the Day of Judgement in a 
state that their faces will be glowing with radiant light. 
They shall be seated on pulpits made of pearls. Other 
people shall envy their elevated state. These dignified 
people, however, will neithfer include Prophets nor 
martyrs". The companions submitted : "O Prophet of 
God (peace and blessings of AUah be upon you) ! Who 
are these people \ Tell us their distinguishing qualities'\ 
The Holy Prophet (peace ajid bleasings of Allah be upon 
him) obaerved : "These are the people who love each 
other for the sake of God only'\ (Tabrani) 



244 

5. Consider the love of pious people aa a source of aalvation 

iu the eteraal life and a means of winning fche favour 

of God. Pray to God to bless you with the love of 

righteous people and beseech Hia favour to admit you to 

the ranks of the pious. Hadrat 'Abdullah ibn Mas*ud 

(God be pleased with him) nartates ; "A person came to 

the presence of the Holy Prophet (peace and bleasings of 

Allah be upon him) and submitted : "0 Prophet of God 

(peace and blessings of Allah be upon you), a person 

loves a pious man for hia 1 piety, yet himself does not 

eraulate the good deeds of this pious man, how shall he 

be treated in the nexfc world V 9 The Prophet of God (peaoe 

and Mesaings of Allah be upon *him) affirmed : "It 

does not matter at alL Man ahall find himself in the 

company of that peraon whom he loves." (Bukhari) 

One ^right the Hoiy Prophet (peaoe and bleasings of 
Aliah be upoa him) was blessed with the Vision of God> 
God Baid to' the Holy Prophet (peace and blesaings of 
Allah be upoa him) : "Aak what thou wilt V* There- 
upon the Holy Prophet (peaoe and bleaaings of Allah be 
apon him) said this prayer : 

^IjCuiJ 6j3 j ^ljiJl JJ ^\ Jl Jili 

oiji lii j j^-jj j j^sj^j d\ ] ^uji 



• - * > * * m j ^ ■ $0 *> m •/ # > ^»> « %** „ # „ 

+ * * I « >« ^ > ,* ^ . S / > > j i 



4ttofcwnma wwt ĕw'oJttia j6*lal &fcwr*tf «w iori-a/- 
muniarSti toa hubb-al-mae&hlni wa an taghfira U wa 
tarhamnt tea idhS aradta Jitnatan fi quamin fatawajf&ni 
ghaira ma/iiinin wa ae'alukd huiiaka wa hubba man 



246 . 

yuhibbuha wa hubba 'amalin yuqarribunl US hubbiha. 

*■ {Musnad Ahmad) 

"God ! I beseech Thy favour to perform good deeds 
and avoid evil deeda and I seek the love of the poor and 
' I implore Thee to grant me forgivenesa and show tae 
Thy Mercy- When you wish to send a calamity over a 
people, lift me in a state in which I may enjoy Your 
protection from the calamity. I implore Thy love and I 
beseech Thee to grant me love of that persbn who love» 
Thee and grant me the favour to perform deods which 
may serve as means of obtaining nearness to' You'\ 

Hadrat Mu'adh ibn Jabal (God be pleased with him) 
states that the Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings of 
Allah be upon him) aiSirmed : "God ordaina that I owe 
love to those people who develop links of love and friend* 
ship among themselves for .My aake and aaaemble at one 
place to reeite My name and meet each other for the love 
of Me and show good treatment to eaeh other in order t& 
win My favour." {Ahmad, Tirmidhi) 

The Holy Prophet (peace and bleasings of Allah be 
upon him) giving an inapiring description of the meeting 
of two friends, obserred : 

"A man set out to call on hia fnend who lived in 
another habitation. God appointed an aogel to await 
him on the . way. The angel enqtiired of him : "Where 
are you going V* The mari made the answer : "I am 
proceeding to that village to see my brother." The angel 

further ĕnquired : "Does he owe you a debt of favour 
which you are now going to receive from him !" The man 
replied : "No, "Iam going to meet him only beoause I 
Iove him for the sake of God'\ The angel thereupon 
told him : "Listen then ! God has sent me to eonvey to 
you the glad tiding that God loves you as much as you 
love your friend for God*s sake." (Muslim) 

6. Make friĕndships with thoae who deaerve to be your 
friends from the viewpoint of Islam aud then try your 



U6 

— i 

utmoat W maintain a loyal arid devoted friendly relation- 
ehip throughont your lxfe. Aa-the choice of pioua pepple M 
frienda ia & mattet of utmoet importance, so equally is the 
oontinuous endeavour to maintain and atrengthen theae 
bonda of friendship, 

The Holy Prophet (peace and blesaings of Allah be 
npon him) has affirmed : "On the Day of Jndgement when 
there will be no ahade any where exoept nnder the heaven 
of God, Ottly aeven typea of people will flnd plaoe under 
the ehade of God"s heaven. Of the first type will be 
two perBons wbo were friends of each other for no other 
purpo&e exoept for the sake of God. The love of God would 
have forged a oommon link of friendBhip between them and 
they would separ&te from eaoh other in the aame oondition. 
In other words, their friendship would be based on their 
common love of God and they would endeavour to maintain 
and oement this bond of friendship throughout their livee. 
And when one of them would be near the end of his life, 
their friendahip would be ihtact at that time and they 
would part in thia world aa friends. 

7. Truat your friends. Behave cheerfully while you are in 
their oompany. Avoid being gloomy and making your 
friende gloomy. Be informal, frank and good natured 
amidst friends. Do not frown; nor stand on formality* Try 
to aot aa an informal companion, a good-natured mate and 
a oheerful oomrade among your friends. k Your £riends 
ahould not feel bored with your presence ; rather they 
should feel happy and alivein yourcompany and should 
feel drawn towarda you. 

Hadart «Abdullah ibn Harith (God be pleaaed with 

i ■ 

him) relatee s "I have never aeen a person who smiled 
more often than the Holy Prophet of God (peaoe and 
blesainga of Allah be upon him). {Titmtihl) 

Iladrat Jabir b. Samrah (God be pleased with him) 

narratea: "I waa present in o.ver hundred sittings 

: w»th the Holy Proph^t (peaoe and.bleaaings of AUah be 



247 

upon him). In theae sittings the illustrious compamona 
(AUah be pleased with them) used to recite versea and 
related stories and anecdotes dating baok to pag&u times. 
The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 
him) used to hear all this in silence and even joined in 
laughter himself at times". (Tirmuthi) 

Hadrat Shuraid (Allah be pleased with him) reports 
that '*on one occasion I waa sittiug behind the Holy 
Prophet (peace and bleasings of Allah be upon him) on. the 
back of an animal, During the journey I recited a hundred 
verses of Umaiya ibn as^Salt to the Holy Prophet (peaoe 
and blessings of AUah be up on him). After each verse the 
Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) 
aaked me to recite some more verses and I oomplied", 

[Tirmidhi) 

Similarly, the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of 
Allah be upon him), soraetiines himself used to relate 

stories in his comp&ny. Hadrat 'Aisha (Allah bepleased 
with her) reports : "Once the Holy Prophet (peace and 
blessinga of Allah be upon him) related a story to the 
members of his houaehold. A lady submitted : "This 
strange tale resembles the stories of Khurafa,", The 
Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) ... 
asked her : "Do you know the real story of Khurafa 1" 
and then himaelf narrated the true story of Khurafa in 
great detail." : Sirailarly, ^the Holy Prophet (peace and 
blessings of AUah be upon him) onoe related a very ia- 
terestiug story of eleven women to Hadrat f Xisha (Gpd 
be pleased with her), 

Desoribing the ihformal conduct and cheerful temper 
of the-illustrious companions (Allah be pleaaed with them), 
Hadrat Bakr ibn 'Abdullah (Allah be pleased with him) 
rclates : 

(, The illustrious companions (Altah be pleased with 
them) used to throw the peelings of melon at each other 
iBpiayittl fun, yet when the time came for attack or 



246 

defenee the valour of the companions (God bepleased 
with them) outweighed othera in this field also". 

. (Al-Adab«ut-Mufra4) 

Hadrat Muhammad b. Ziyad {God be merciful to 
him) report» : I have seen the timea of the righteous 
forebears, Several familiea of them lired in a single 
mansion. On many occasions it so happened that a family 
receivcd a visitfrom a guest. At that moment food would 
be oooking in a pot in the quarter of another family. So, 
the host who had received a gueat would go to the quarter 
of his neighbour and bring over the food without in- 
forming the family. The owners of the pot would then go 
about searching for their pot of food and wonld ask the 
people : "Who has taken away my pot ?" The host 
who had taken the pot would then confesa to'him. "Brother, 
I had received a visit from a guest so I took away 
your pot of food M . The owner of the pot of food would 
^thereupon say t "May God bleaa you by increaging the 

: quantity of this food'\ Muhammad ibn Ziyad (God be 
merciful to him) also states that when these people baked 
bread, the same thing happened. 

(Al-Adab-ul-Mufrad) 

A saying of Hadrat *Ali (God bepleased with him) 
is as follows : m 

"Let your heart be free at time. Let yotir mind 
' oonceive pleasant notions, for mind also gets weary eren 
as the body is fatigued". 

8. Do not be dull and spiritless. Be of good eheer and 
keep your spirits high. Beware, however, that your 
cheerful temper and. humour does not exceed proper 
Hmits. Along with a cheerful temper, fuh and recreation, 
you should never forget to observe sanctity of religion, 
prestige arid self respect, balance and moderation in your 
aotivities. 

The illustrious companion of the Holy Prophet 
(peace and bleasings of Allah be upon him), Ila^rat 



249 

w 

. Abdui Eahman (Gcd be pleassed with him) reporte that 
the ilhistrious companions of the Holy Prophet (peace and 
blessings of Allah be upon him) neither were devoid 
of humour nor walked about in a lifeless manner They 
tised to recite verees and narrate tales and legends of 
pagan times in their sittings. But when in any matter- 
soihething was demanded of them whieh did not conform 
to justice and truth, the pupils of their eyes were inAated 
with such intense anger as if they were seized with a fit 
of madneas". (Al-Addb-id-MuJrad) 

Somebody remarked to the renowned traditionist 
Hadrat Sufyan b. Uyaina (May God ahow him meroy) 
that humour is a nuisance. He answered ; "No, humour 
is a Sunnah, but only for that man who knowe the guitable 
occasion on which to practise it and has the ability to 
indu Ige in good jokes'\ (Sharh 8hama'\l Tirmidhi) 

9. If you love someone, you muet espres* your love to that 
person. Its psychologieal effect on that person will be 
that he will develop a sense of nearness to you, The 
exchange of feelings and passions on both sides wjjt 
auginent love and sincerity to an ektraordinary extent. 
Lore then will no longer be merely a feeling connned 
within the heart but will begin to play a potent role in 
practical Iife. Thus people will have an opportunity of 
taking deep intereet in the indmdual lives of each other 
and coming nearer to each other. 

' The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allahb^ 
upon him) has affirmed : "Any person who oherishes in 
his heart sentiments of love and sinoerity for his brother, 
he shonld express these sentiments to his brother and tĕll 
him clearly that he holds him in love and affection". . 

(Abii Dawud) 

'On one oooasion, a man passed in front of the Holy 
Prophet (peaoe and blessings of AUah be upon him). 
Some people were at that time in attendance on the 
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). One\ 



260 

of them submitted ;. "0 Prophet of God (peace and 
blessings of Allah be on you) ! I Iove this man for the 
sake of Qod alone'\ On hearing this the Holy Prophet 
(peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) enquired 
from him : "Have you told this to the man n % The 
man submitted ; "No, I have not". Thereupon the 
Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) 
urged the man : "Go and tell the man that you love him 
for the sake of God". The man stood up at once and 
approaching the passerby eipressed to him his sentimente. 
The passerby made the answer : "May the Lord love 
thee for whose sake you entertain feelings of love for me". 

(Tirmidhi, Abu Datoud) 

In order to cement the bonds of-friendship and to 
bring friends closer to each other for their mutual bene- 
fit, it is essential that you should take proper interest in 
the individual and private matters of your friends and 
espress to them your spocial feelings of devotion and 
concern, 

The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) has observed ;. 

"When a man establishes ties of friendship and 

fraternity with another person he should ascertain from 

him his name, father's name and particulars about his 

family as this strengthens the roots of mutual friendship". 

(Tirmidhi) 

10. Adopt a moderate course in espressing your !ove and in 
the conduct of mutual relationship. Do not display such 
unconcern that your love and connexion may appear 
doubtful, nor permit yourself to go to such extremes of 
passion that your Iove and friendship may assume the forra 
of craziness and perchance you may suffer a shock at times 
(God forbid !) Always obaerve moderation and keep your 
feelings at balance. Adopt a moderatc attitude wbich 
may be enduring and long-lasting. Hadrat Aalam (God 
be pleased with him) statea that Hadrat l Umar (God be 



261 



plcased with bim) obeerved : "Your love ehould not assume 
the form of madness, nor should enemity estsite you to 
perpetrate torture on other". I submittcd : Sir, how should 
vre do bo "i Hadrat Tmar (God be pleased with him) 
obserVed : «In'th"is manner that if yon love someone you 
start hugging him in a childlike fashion and di B play other 
form8 of childish behaviour. And if you feel angry witn 
someone, you resolve npon the de-struction of his hfe and 
property and utter ruination". (AUAdab.ul-MuJrad). 

Hadrat 'Ubaid Kindi (God be merciful to him) reporta : 
I heard Hadrat.'AH (God be pleased with him) observing : 
"Adopt a tender and moderate attitude towards your 
Mend ; Ke 1 might tum your enemy tomorrow. Likewise, 
follow a tender and moderate course in your conduct 
towards the enemv ; he might become yoor friend sometime 
, . r „ , (Al-Adab-ul-Mufrad) 

11. Be loyal and devoted to your friends. The best form of 

' deVotion to yoar iriend is that you should increasmgly try 
to elevate his morals. You should be more concerned 
with his 8 alvation in the eternal world than his advance- 
ment in the material world. The Holy Prophet (peace 
and blessings of Allah be upon him) .observed : "Religion 
wholly consists in seeking the we)fare of others". The 
real test of a well-wisher is that one should wish for his 
friend the same thing that one wishes for his own self, 
for a man oan never be his owa ill-wiBher. 

The Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) has affirmed : 

"Iswearby Him Who hath power over my life, no 
m»n can be truiy pious unless he wisties for his brother the 
same thing that he wishea for himselT. 

Laying down six obligations which eaoh Muslim -owes 
to the other, the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of 
Allah be upon him) observed : «And the believer ahould 
act a> a well-wisher of his brother both in his presence 
and absence", Furthermore, the Holy Prophet (peace and 



262 

blessings of Allah be upon him) affirmed : 

"Without doubt God has ordaihed the ordeal of fire 
for that man and He has forbidden his entry into Paradise 
who forfeits the right of a brbther Muslim after having 
sworn to fulfil his obligation". Someone from among the 
illustrions companions (God bo pleased with them) sub- 
mitted : "What if that obljgation relates to a very 
minor thing "1 The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings 
of Allah be upon him) affirmed : "Yes, even if he owes an 
ordinary branch of the 'Pelu' tree to another Muslim'\ 

12. Share the grief and sorrow of your Mends, Likewise, 
participate actively in their joyous occasions. The purpose 
of your sharing their grief should be to alleviate their 
suSering and the aim of your participation in their festivi- 
ties ought to be to ehhance their joy. Every friend 
. rightly espects from his sincerĕ associates that they will 
standbyhim intimesof trial and will never desert him 
in the hour of need. Similarly, he anticipates that his 
friends will add to his felicity by increasing the grace 
of his festive parties with thoir presence and active 
participation, - 

". The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings ofAllahbe 
upon himj has observed : 

"The Muslim fraternity is like a mansion. Even as 
each brick supports and cements the othej: brick, so does 
a Muslim act as a supporter and a source of strength for 
the other Muslirn". So saying the Holy Prophet (peace 
and blessings of Allah be upon him) interlocked the fingors 
of his both hands and thus esplained the mutual link and 
close connexion that ought to subsist among the Muslim 
community". {Bukhari, Muslim) 

The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) enjoined : "In their sense of mutual love and 
affection and peroeption of common distress, you ,wi)l find 
Muslims as one body ; if one organ of this body is affiicted, 



253 

the whole body is affected by fever and sleeplessness". 

{Bukhari, Muslm) 

13. Meet your Mends in a cheerful, amicable, joyous and 
sincere manner. Greet them warmly and observe proper 
etiquettes in receiving them. Avoid showing an indifforent, 
cold and unconcerned behaviour. These evils create a rift 
inthehearts Say words ofpraise and thanks and joy 
and satisfaction during meetings with your friejids. Abstain 
from talk which reveals sorrow, grief and low spirits. 
Behave in such a manner during meetiugs with your 
friends that they should be thrilled with feelings of joy 
and lireliness. Do not greet them with euch a gloomy face 
thatthey may feel crestfallen and may oome to regard 
your fellowship as intolerable nuisance.. 

The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) has affirmed : 

<( Do not look upon any pious deed as insigniAcant, 
may ifc be greeting your brother with a eheerful heart'\ 

(Muslim) 

On another occasion, the Holy Prophet (peace and 
blessings of Allah be upon him) observed ; "Your smile pn 
seeing a brother is also an act of sacrifice on your part'\ 

(Tirmidhl) 

Tenderness, politeness and civility generate feelings of 
affection and love in the heart and it is on the basis of 
these virtues that a good society can be formed. 

The Holy Prophet (peace- and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) observes : 

"I tell you the distiuguishing marks of a person for 
whom -the fire of Hell has been made unlawful and who is a 
forbidden person for the Hell Fire to consume ; He is a 
man who bears a sweet temper, tender heart and is soft* 
spoken". {Tirmidhi) 

The illustrious companions (God bo pleasod with them) .-■ 

relato that the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah 



254 

W upon him) n«sd to be attentive with hia whole posture 
towards the person with whom he was talking and listened 
to the talk in rapt attention, Once the Holy Prophet 
(peaoe and blessings of Ailah he upou him) was aitting 
in the mosque. A man paid a call and the Holy Prophet 
(peaoe and blesaings of Allah be upon him) shif ted his 
posture and shrank a little, The man submitted : "0 
Prophet of God (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 
you) I There is ample room here". The Holy Prophet 
(peace and blessings of Allab be upon him) observed : 

"A Muslim owes it to his brother that on seeing him, 
, he_shottld move for him a Httle." (Baihaqi) 

Describing the virtues of the believers, the Holy 
Qur*an affirms ; 

' Adhillatin 'alal mo^mintn. 
"They are always very gentle to the believers'\ 

The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 
mpon him) bas eluoidated the same faot in the folIowing 

words : 

"The believers are forbearing and soft-hearted like a 
camel who is tied with a nose band ; the camel is drawn 
to whiohever direction his nose-band is tugged and if he is 
anade to sit on a etone, he complies". (Titrmidhl) 

14» "Whenever you differ among yourseIves on any matter 
reaolre it at once. Always take the initiative to «eek for- 
giveness and to admit ybur fault. 

lCadrat Abud-Darda (God be pleased with him) 
reports : M 0nce there waa an exchange of hot worda 
between Hadrat Abu Bakr and Hadrat 'Umar <God be 
pleased with them v . Hadrat Abu Bakr (God be pleaaed 
with him) felt it hard and went to the Holy Prophet 



285 

(peace and blesaings of Allah be upon him) in a very 
sad and sorry raood and submitted : "0 Prophet of God 
(peace and blessings of Allah be upon you) ! A difference 
arose between 'Umar and myself whereupon I flew into 
rage and we ©xchanged some bitter words. Later, I felt 
greatly ashamcd of myself and solicited ' Umar {God be 
pleased with him) to forgive me. But, Prophet of God 
(peace and blessings of AUah be upon you) ! 'Umar was not 
reconciled and declined to forgive me. I am feeling very 
rauch upset and uneasy so have I come to you. The Holy 
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) 
observed: 'God.will grant you forgiveness and salvation'. 
Meanwhile Hadrat 'Umar (God be pleased with him) also 
realised his fault and rushed to Hadrat Abu Bakr's (God 
be pleased with him) house. He was informed that Abu 
Bakr (God be pleased with him) has gone to the presence 
of .the Holy Prophet {peace and blessings of Allah be upon 
him). Whereupon 'Umar (God be pleased with hira) also 
hurried to the psesence of the Holy Prophet (peace and 
blessingS of Allah be upon him). Signs of anger and 
displeasure appeared on the countenance of the Holy 
Prophet (p. b. u. h.) on eeeing Hadrat Umar (A. b. p. h.) 
Noting the displeasure against Hadrat Umar, Hadrat Abu 
Bakr (God be pleased with him) felt deeply perturbed. He 
fell on his knees and submitted to the Holy Prophet 
(peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) in great 
humility "0 Prophet of God (peace and blessings of Allah 
be upon youj ! 'Umar (God be pleased with him) is not at 
fault. All blame rests on me. I committed the fault It 
was I who spoke harshly to him". Thereupon the Holy 
Prophet (peace and blessingsof Allah be upon him) 
observed : . "God sent me as His Prophet among you and 
when in the early days you refuted me, it was Abu B&kr 
who amirmed his faith in me and stood by me at the cost 
of his Iife and property. Would you now aggrieve my 
eompanion" t 

Do not lose time in making peace. The longer the 



256 

■h 

H. ■ 

delay in resoMng quarrels, the deeper grow the roots of 

contentiori-, and the wider grows the gulf of separation 

between the hearts. The following precept of Hadrat 'Isa 
(peace and blessings of Allah be npon hitu) contained in 
the Bible is intensely heartw&rming : 

"So if you are engaged in offering sacrifice at tbe altar 
and you suddenly reeall to mind that your brother has 
some complaint against you, Ieave your offering at the 
altar and return at ohce to your brother to make 
peace with him, Then go back to the altar and make your 
offering". 

The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) has observed ; 

<+ The deeds of the people are presented to God on every 
Monday and Thursday and every believer is granted pardon 
e&cept the one who nurses a grudge against any of his 
believing brothers. God ordains : "Leave them ao that 

they may resolve their quarrel". 

Who knows whether the next moment will bring death 
or life ! Who knows whether he will witness the next 
Monday or Thursday ! Why and on what hope do you 
delay in purifying your heart and settling the oomplaints 
of your friends ? Is any sensible person who believes in 
the Day of Judgement ready to present himself with an 
impure, dark and gruesome heart before the Almighty 
God 1 

Beware also thatifyour friehd admits his iault and 
requests pardon» you should accept his excuse and forgive 
him from the core of your heart, 

The Holy Prophet (peaoe and blesaings of Allah be 
upon him) has affirmed, 

"The Muslira who deolines to accept the confession of 
his fault and a request for forgivenes& from his brother 
Muslim ia held guilty of a sin as grave as the sin of cruelty 
and oppression committed by an Octroi man who extojcts 
an illegal ceBs'\ 



w- 



3 ■ ■ 2*7 



111 a 



15. Restrain your tongue eren iffriend*r talk or behave 

manner which is offemuve to your temper or taste. Do" not 
«tter harsh or offensir e 8pee oh in retaliation. Itistead let 
' the matterpaas with tact and gentle conduot. 

The Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings of Aliah be 
upon him) observed : 

Hadrat Musa (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 
hnn) submitted to God : My Lord ! Whioh one ig tha 
dearest to you among y our creatures" V God afflrmed • 
"That one who bath the power to take revenge. yet 
forgives'\ iMiahkSt) 

In addition Ho this, the Holy Prophet (peaoe and 
blessings of Allah be upon him) observed ; 

"Thcheaviestthingputinthe balance of a believer 
on the Day of Judement will be his politeness. God looks 
upon tbat person with intense wrath who utters indecent 
and foul speech".. 

' Hadrat 'Abdullah ibn Mubarak(God be merciful to 
him) Kas defined the virtue of poltteness in three ways : 

1. A person should meet others with a brightj 
• \ smiling face. 

2. A man should spĕnd his wealth on the destitute 
and needy persons. 

3. A person should not cause harm to any one. 

Hadrat 'Aisha (God be pleased with her) reports : "The 
Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings of Allah be upon him) 
observed : "The worst man in the eyes of God on the Day 
of Judgement will be the one whom the people avoid on 
aocount of his indecent and fouI speech". 

(Bukhari, Mualim) 

16. Do not shirk your duty to reform your friends and train 

them in righteousness. Do notlet vanity and pride take 

root in the ohaiacter of your triends which is the greatest 

. hurdle in their reformatiori and moral uplift Aiways try to 



268 

persuade your friends to realise their omissions and errors 
and develop moral courage to confess their faults. They 
should always be mindful of the fact that failure to realise 
one's shortcomings and insistence upon one's faultlessnes8 
mars one's spiritual development. 

As a matter of fact it is very easy to show off false 
humility, to call oneself as insigniiicant and to display sub- 
missiveness in style and manners, but it is extremely diABcult 
to sustain an injury to your feelings, to iisten to and admit 
your shortcomings with a cool mind and to tolerate the 
criticism direoted by your friends against your personal 
faults. Yet true friends are those who keep an enlightened 
eye on the conduct of their friends and are always alert 
and alive to the taek of protecting eaoh other from the evils 
of vanity and prido by sincere counsel and practical 
eiample. 

The Holy Prophet (peacĕ and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) affirms : 

Three thinga are fatal ? 

1. The passion which is aliowed to prevail upon ones 
good sense. 

2. The greed and lust whioh is allowed to hecome the 
guiding principle of one's life. 

3. And vanity the most dangerous of the three 

1118'*, {Baihaqi, Mishkat) 

Criticism and accountability are lancets which purge 
the moral existence of man from all undesirable elements 
They augment moral strength and infuse new life into the 
individual and the society. To take offence, to get 
irritated and to consider oneself aa above the criticism and 
accountability of friends is detrimental to one's morai 
being as well as to evade healthy and construetive oriticism 
of one*s friends to oheck and protect them from moral 
degradation. Do feel uneasy if you find hideous faults,and 
«hortcomings in your friends and take wise measures ta 



2«9 

©liminate thoae blemishes on the charaotera of your 
Jriends. Similarly, give a ohanoe with genuine humility 
and large-heartedness to your friend» that tbey should 
expose to you your own foibles and faults, When your 

• friends discharge this unpleasant duty towards you, do not 
be vainglorious, but weloome their critioism with large* 
heartedness, oheerfully and with . a grateful heart. 
Express your gratitude to them for their sincerity and 
kindness. The Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings of Allah 
be upon him) h&s desoribed this exemplary friendship in a 
most eloquent allegory, 

"Each one of you servee as a mirror to his brother. 
Hence if you fcee any fault in your brother, eliminate it". 

(Tirmidhi) 

There are five illuminating points in # this allegory 
whioh oan make your friendship exemplary in genuine 

terms : 

(1) The mirror reAects the spots and st&ins on yourperaou 
when you stand before it with the intention 6f locating 
these spots and stains. . When you stand aside, the mirror 
ceases to reflect these blemishes. Similarly, you should 
expose the foibles of your friend only if he willingly 
presents himself before you for critioism and chastisement 
with an open-mind. At the same time, make it sure that 
his mind is receptive to your critioism and that his heart 
is eager to aooept suggestions for the oorrection of his 
faults. In the absenoe of these conditions, you should 
keep silent and put off the matter wisely for a later 

occasion. In the absence of your Criend especially you 
ahould exercise the utmost care not to utter a single word 
pointing to any shortcoming of your friend, for this would 
beoounted as back-biting and baokbiting divides the 
hearts rather than uniting them . 

(2) The mirror reAects very honesty all suoh spots or stains 
whioh are really present on the faoe J it neither hidea their 
munber nor makes an addition to them. ITurtbennore, the 



260 



■v 



..,, mirror reAeots only those deformities whioh are outward 
and apparent ; it does not expose the hidden blemishes, 
neither probes inward, nor presonts an illusory picture of 
your.demerits. Likewise, you should alao present a genuine 
and true picture of the inadequacies and faults ofyour 
friends, Moved by sentiments of undue politeness and 
A^ttery you should neither suppress the esposure of a few 
ioibles of your friends nor exaggerate their dimensions or 

add to their number in the heat of your passionate oratory 
and deolamation. Moreover, point out only those fauita of 
your friends whioh are exposed in the normal oonduot of 
life. Do not display curiosity or an eagerness to spy into 
thĕ.seorets of othera. To expose the seoret faulta ofyour 
friends is no mfcral service, in" fact it is a perilous and 
immoral aot on your part. 

■ 

The Holy: Prophet (peaoe and ble$singg of Allah be 
lipon him) onoe ascended the pulpit and warned the congre* 
. gation in a very high tone of his holy voice : 

i 

"Do apt pry into the vices of Muslims. God exposes 
the hidden vioes of a perspn who seeks to expose the faults 
. of his brother Muslijns ; and when God decides to expose 
the faults of someone, He tnevitably reduces the man to 
disgrace, even if suoh a raan hides himself in the inner 
reoedjea of his home". {Tirmidhi) 

(3) The mirror discharges its duty unaiBeoted by any sort of 
motivea. Any one who faces the mirror, the mirror shows 
him his true imsge without any reservations, The mirror 
nurses no grudge or yendetta against anyone, nor wreaks 
vengeance on anybody. You shouid also chastise your 
friendsunaffected by person&l motives, feelings of vendetta> 
grudge, pique, or dishoneaty. Your only motive in 
criticising your friend should be to enable him to reform 
himself, as a man adorns himeelf fay eliminating spots 
and stains fcom his person by looating them through their 
refiection in the mirror. 

(4) No one ieels annoyed at seeing his true image in 



261 



the mirror,nor Wihmits the bkmder of brcakingup the 
mirror in a fit of rage. Instead raost people on looking 
into the mirror begin to adorn themselves hy removing 
the apparerit defeots on their peraons and in fact realteing 
fche valuable services of the mirror in this regard are 
. thankftil to it in their bearts. They are iully conscious of 
the faot that the mirroy ha$ proved extremely helpful 
to them in the task of embellishing their persons, They 
believe that the mirror haa done its natural duty remark- 
ahlyand they pnt it way a carefully for use at another 
time. Similarly when someone preSenta your true picture 
before you m bis own words, do not retaliate in annoyanoe. 
Instead express your gratitude to him for his sincere 
performance of the obligation of friendship. Feel grateful 
to him in your heart also, apart from offering him thanks 
in worda and set about reforming yourseH at once. 
Realising the vahxe and greatness ofyourfriend with an 
open mind and with a sense of extreme gratitude, request 
your friend to continue to show you the favour of his 
valuable suggestions. 
(5) The final point is that "every Muslim serves as # 
mirror unto his brother Muslim". , A brother ir an emblem 
of sincerity and lovefor his hrother. A brother is loyal, 
devoted, sympathetic a well-wisher and a helpcr in grief 
to hisbrother. He feels restless on seeing his brother in 
trouhle and is overjoyed at hia happiness. Hence the 
oriticisra of a brother and a friend is motivated by feelings 
ofextreme sincerity, devotion, sympathy and love. It 
will be charaoterised by a deaire ,*for the welfare and 
extreme concern for the best intoreats of hia friend. Every 
word oTthis friendly criticism will reflect the spirit of 
reformation*. Such a form of criticism may be tightly 
expected to unite the hearts and correct the wrongs. 

17, Exchange gifts in order to express your feelings of sincerity 
and love for your friends and to deepen the relationstyip 
of love and affectiori. Mutual exoftange of gifls unites 



2«* 

t 

the hearts and cement* the bonds of lorĕ* The Holy 
Prophet (peaoe snd blessings of Allah be upon him) has 
observed : 

"Exohange gifts with each other. This wiil generate 
mutual feelings.of love and eliminate feelings of animosity 
and estrangement from your hearts". . (Miehkat). 

The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of AUah be 
upon him) hiraself ofteu used to send gifts to hia illaatrious 
Companiona (God be pleasod with them). The Prophet'a 
Companions (God be pleased with them) also frequently 
exchanged presents and gifts among themselvee, In the 
matter of exchanging gifts always keep withm your means. 
Whatever the status of the receiver, do not think that your 
gift ehould necessarily be a costly one. Give according to 
your means and whatever is easily available. The real 
worth of your gift depends on your eincerity and the 
nature and depth of feelings with which you have preeented 
the gift. It is the fee]ings of sincerity and deep passiong 
of love and devotion which unite the hearts and the cost 
or value of the gift is insigniĔcant in this regard. Do not 
regard the gift of your friend as insignifioant, however 
cheap in cost it may be. Instead put a high value on the 
feelings of love and aincerity- reAected by the gift of your 
friend. 

The Holy Prophet (peace and bleesings ofAllah.be 
upon him) observed : 

"Even if someone offers me the leg of a goat as a gift, 
I shall accept it and if someone invites me to a dinner 
oonsisting of a cooked 3eg of goat, I shall certainly join the 
feast". (Tirmidhi) 

You must answer a gitt with & gift. The Holy Prophet 
(peace and bleasings of AHah be upon him) used to observe 
this rule strictly. The Holy Prophet'8 (peaoe and blessings 
of Allah be upon* him) favourite gift was perfume. You 
should also oonsider the present ofaperfume as a propi- 
tions gift^ In the present-day eircmmsUnoes, thepreaen* 



263 

tation of a book can alao be regarded as a propltious gift* 
In this connection, you should hold common feasfcs at 
times. Invite your friends to dinner at home. When 
frienda inrite you to funetions at their homea, make it a 
point to join their partiea. Mutual entertaiument promotes 
feelings of love and affection, awl bonds of fratemity are 
further cemented. However f on these occasiona insteadof 
observing excessive forma!ities and laying out lavish 
quantities of food and drink, you ehould put more emphasia 
on displaying and augmenting the feelings of Iove and 

sineerity* 
18. Look *f ter your friends. Stand by them in their hour of 
need, even at the oost of your own life and property. 
Ajbahani relatee in a tradition : "A person came to Hadrat 
'Abdullah b- 'Umar (God be pleased with hira) and asked ; 
Which one is the most favonrite of God among the people"? 
Hadrat 'Abdullah b. 'tlmar (God be pleased with him) 
answered : **The most favourite person of God among the 
people is he who aSbrda the greatest benefit to his fĕllow 
men, The deed which wins the greatest favour of God is 
that you should raake a Musiim happy in such manner that 
you should alleviate his suffering or hardship or make a 
provision of food to satisfy his hunger. I would go oui with 
abrother Muslim in order to help him in his need rather 
than Bit in the mosque of the Holy Prophet (peace and 
bleaaings of Allah be upon him) and perform rtikaf. God 
shall fill the heart of that man with His favour on Dooms- 
day who controlled his rage at a time when he could give 
vent to his fury, if he so wished. And the person who 
aooompanied his brother in order to help satisfy his need 
and actually provided for his need shall be rewarded with 
the favour of God on Doomaday when the other people will 
be staggering, thia peraon will walk with a firm gait". 

The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) has anirmed : "Any man who provides for the 
need of his brother, AUah shall always keep fulfilling the 
needs of that man* And any person who all6viates some 



264 

hardship of a Muslim, Allah on Doomsday .hall remore one 
of his hardshipu out of the many hardships of that day'\ 

{BukhM, Mualim) 

The Holy Prophet (peace and bles&ings of Allah hp 
upon him) also affirmed: "Allah continues to help a man 
as long as ho continues to belp his hrother." {Tirmidhi) 

Hadrat 'Abdullah b. «Abbas (Allah be pleased with 
him) has reported that the Holy Prophet (peace and bless- 
ings of Allah be upon him) obserred: "The reward and 
blesaing for the act of proriding for the need of a brother 
Muslim exoeeds the reward and blessing for performing an 
I'tikaf for a period of ten years." (Tabrani) 

Hadrat Anas {Allah be pleased with him) states that the 
Holy Prophet of AUah (peaoe and blessings of Allah be upon 
him) obserred: "A Muslim who conveys a meesage of 
/elicity and happiness to a brother Muslim and thus afforda 
him bappmess, Allah shall, on Doomsday, make this 
meWiger happy." {Tabarani) 

19. Be a trustworthy conAdent. If a friend, relying on your 
good faith, oonfides his secret in you, you should safeguard 
his eeoret. Do not betray the confidence of your friend. 
Make your heart an iron vault for the safe keeping of 
secrets, so that iYiends ma^ take oounsel with you without 
hesitation and also in order that you may proffer good 
advice to your friends and eitend your full co-operation to 
them. 

Hadrat 'Dmar (Allah be pleaaed with him) narrates; 
"When Hafsa (Allah be pleased with her) was widowed, I 
called on 'Uthman (Allah be pleased with him) and said to 
*him: VK you are agreeable I should giveHafsa in marriage 
to you." «Uthman (AHah he pleased with him) answered: "I 
shall think over the matter". I waited for his message for 
m&ny nights, Later 'Uthman (AUah be pleased with him) 
met me and aaid: "I hare no intehtion of marrying at the 
moment", T then went to see Abu Bakr (Allah be pleased 
with him) and proposĕd; u If yoti wish you may take Hafsa 



285 

(Allah be pleased with her) as your wife". Abu Bakr (Allah 
be pleased with him) kept silent and made no answer. I 
was offended at the silence of Abu Bakr (AHah be pleased 
with him). I was more deeply offended with him than even 
at the response of 'Uthman (Allah be pleased with him), 
Many daya passed and one day the Holy Prophet (peace 
and blessinge of Allah be npon him) sent me a prpposal to 
marry Hafsa (God be pleasad with her). I accepted the 
propoaal and gave Hafsa (AHah be pleased with her) ra 
marriage to the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of 
AHah be upon him). Later one day Abu Bakr (AHah be 
pleued with him) met me and said: u You talked to me 
concenring Hafsa (Allah be pleased with her) and I kept 

ailent. My response might have caused you some pain," I 
replied: "Yes, I did feel sore at your silence". Abu Bakr 
(AHah bepleased with him) thereupon told me: "I knew that 
the Ho]y Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 
him) himself intended to send a proposal for marriage with 
Hafsa (AHah be pleaeed with her). The Holy Prophet (peace 

and blessings of AHah be upon him) had confided this 
aecret to roe and I did not intend to reveal it. If the Holy 
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) had not 
expressed his intention coneerning Hafsa (AHah be pleased 
with her), I would certainly have accepted your proposal." 

(BukhW) 

Hadrat Anas (Allah bepleased with him) relate*: "One 
day I waa playing with boys of my age when the Holy 
Prophet (peaoe and blessings of Allah be upon him) arrived 

and blessed us with 'salam' (peace be on you). The Holy 
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) told me 
hia need and sent me onsome errand. The errand took 
rather a long while. When it was over and I reaohed bpme 
late my mother enquired: "Where have you been for so 
long?" I answered; "The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings 
of Allah be upon him) had seat me on an errand". She 
askedt^Whatr^otrisaid^Ttisasecret matter". There- 



2«6 

upon my mother advised me: "Look, do not reve«U the 
secret of the Holy Prophet (peace aud blessings of Allah he 
upon him) to anyone". {Mu$lim) 

20, Your moral conduct towards the people should be 
characterised by a cosmopolitan, vast, comprehensive, and 
toler^nt outlook, so that people of every taste and temper, 
thought and ideal may feel an uncommon sense of attrac- 
tion towards you. Keeping in view the particular taste, 
viewpoint and temperament of every one, behave towards 
each person so wisely that no one's feelings are hurt. Do 
not adopt the unwise attitude of measuring everyone 
according to your own particular standard of propriety, nor 
make an absurd and unauccessful attempt to mould every 
pne according to your own taate and temprament, The 
variety of tastes and temperaments is a beauty of Nature. 
Do not deform the beauty of Nature for the aake of 
acquiring artificial beauty, Keep your relations according 
to the nature of acquaintance and the temperament of your 
friends, give them respect and importance aecordingly and 
keep them attached in bonda of friendship with you hy 
means of your own liberal behaviour and good character. 

An all-round genius as the Holy Prophet (peace and 
blessings of Allah be upon him) was, men of all tastes and 
temperaments found consolation and contentment in his 
auguat company, Nobody felt any uneaaineas due to the 
magnanimous toleration and extraordinary charitable 
nature of the Holy Prophet (peace and biessings of AUah 
be upon him). The august company of the Holy Prophet 
(peace and blessinga of Allah be upon him) included embod- 
iments of toleration and affection like Abu Bakr (God be 
pleased with him) and men of iron nature and courage like 
*Umar Farooq (God be pleased with him), paoinsts who . 
trembled at the prospeot of war like Hassan b, Thabit 
(God be pleaaed with him) as well as the gallant victor of 
Khybar Hadrat *Ali (God be pleased with him). There waa 
Abu Dhar Ghifari (God be pleased with him) a aaintly, 



2«7 

gloomy Bgtire aa weli as 'Abdnl Rahman b. ( Auf (God be 
pleased with him),sumptuously rich and elegant in person. 
It was by virtue of the coamopolitan outlook, excellent 
conduct, deep love for humanity and the highest degree of 
statesmanship of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of 
Allah be upon him) that men of divergent personalities were 
extremely devoted to the person of the Holy Prophet 
(peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and the Prophet 
of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon hira) him- 
aelf treated ĕveryone of them with such deep consideration 
that every one thought himself the most favourite friend 
of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 
him). Again, it was owing to this cosmopolitan moral view- 
point, statesmanship, wisdom and unique selAessness that 
the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 
him) formed that matchless group of illustrious Companions 
(God be pleased with them), who despite their variegated 
natures and temperaments, werewelded together in aunique 
oombination characterised by uncommonunity, co-operation 
and enviably deep mutual love and affeotion. The mankind 
as a whole may rightly consider this era as the easence and ■ 
substance of its long existence so far. 

Your friendships, in fact, can only be successful and 
kmg-lasting when your collective attitudes and behaviour 
reflect rationality, liberalism, patience and tolerance, forbear* 
ance and magnanimity, forgiveness and selAessness, mutual 
understanding and humility, submissiveness, mutual 
accommodation of each othex's sentiments and due consider- 

ation of each other's intereats in every day life. You may 
jadge from the following few references from the life of the 
Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) 
how considerate, magnanimoua, liberal, forbearing and 
tolerant was the Prophet of Allah (peaoe and blessings of 
Allah be upon him) towards the natural needs, feelinga and 
frailtiea of human beings: , 

* "I oome to o£Fer prayer and wish to prolong 
the prayers. Bat I hear some infant <*rying on the woman'* 



* k 



268 

side and I shorten my prayers, for I cannot afford to pnt 
the mother of the child to inconvenience by prolonging the 
prayers". (BukhM) 

* Hadrat Malik bin al Hnwarith states : "Some of 
us young men of the same age group paid a visit to the 
Holy Prophet (peace and bleesings of Allah be upon him) in 
order to learn religion from him. We stayed with the Holy 
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) for 
twenty days. The Holy Prophet (peace and hlessings of 
Allah be upon him) was very kind and tender in his deahngs. 
At the end of our twenty days' stay, the Holy Prophet 
(peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) felt that we were 
anxious to retnm home. The Prophet of Allah (peace and 
blessings of Allah be upon him) enquired from us: "Tell me 
about the people you have left behind at home". We 
related to him (peace and bleBsings of AHah be upon him) 
the affairs of our households in detail. Whereupon the 

•Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) 
•commanded us: "Go back to your wives and ehildren. 
While living among them teach them everything you have 
learnt here and urge them to oberve piety Tell them the 
proper timings for offering prayers. When the time for 
prayer comes, -one of you should call the people for prayers 
by saying Adhan and he who eicels in knowledge ahd good 
morals among all of you, should aot as leader in the prayor". 

(Bnkhart Mualim) 

* Hadrat Mu'awiya b. Hakam Sulami (Allah be pleaBed 
with him) relates one of his own eiperiences as follows : 

"I was saying prayers behind the Holy Prophet (peace 
and blessings of Allah be upon him) when a man sneezed. 
Porgetting that I was eaying my prayors I epontaneonsly 
replied <3>\ <J^ji Yarhamakallah whereupon the people 
stared in rebuke at me. I said to them : "May God proteot 
you, why do you stare at me V I felt, however, that 
■ the people wanted me to observe silenee, so I kept mum. 
When the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of'*Allah be 



269 

upon hira) had finished the prayers— May my father and 
mother be sacrificed for him, for never had I seen nor saw 
afterwarda anyone who was a better teacher and guide 
than the Holy Prophet (peace and blesaings of Allah be 
upon him)— he did not- reproach me, neither beat me» nor, 
rebuked me. He (peate aiid blessings of Allah be upon him) 
oniy obeerred: "This is worship and it is not proper to talk 
in the prayer. Prayer is meant to announce the purity of 
God, to acknowledge His Groatness and to recite the 
Qur'an." {Mualim) 

21. Be very much particular in prayers. Pray for your frienda 
and request them to remeraber you in their prayers. Pray 
for your frienda in their presence as welt as ia thoir absenoe 
Think of your friends and pray for them by namein 
their absence. Hadrat 'Umar (Allah be pleased with 
him) reports: "I requested teave of the Holy Prophet 
(peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) to perform 
'Umrah. Granting the leave, the Holy Prophet (peaoe and 
blessings of Allah be upon him) observed: u O My brother, 
do not forget us in your prayers*. Hadrat*Umar (God be 
pleased with him) says: "I felt so happy on hearing this 
observation of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of 
Allah be upon him) that I would not have felt happier had 
I been offered the whole world". 



4 



The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) has affirmed : "When a Muslirn says a prayer for 
his brother Muslim in absentia, AUah aocepts his prayer and 
appoints one of his angels on the Muslim who is offering 
the prayer so that when this Muslim prays for his brother 
Muslim the angel says: "Amen, you shall receive from 
Allah fbr yourseif too what you are asking for your brother," 

(Muslim) 

Beaeech Allah in your sincere prayers: "Allah, olear our 
hearts of ali grudge, rendetta, enemity and misunderstand. 
mgaod tie us with bonds of ainoerity and love. Make our 



270 

relationships pleaaant by meaus of mutual cooperation and 
love'\ Say this prayer of the Holy Qur'an also : 

^ ^ «# ^ ^ *»^ •* 

. ^ ^»jj «lUi hny i>*r jjOU ^p N>M J 

Hahbanaghfirlana wali ikhwaninalladhina aabaqiina 
billmani wala tafalft qulubina ghiltallilladhina amanu 
rabbana innaka raufurrahim. 

"Our Lord ! Forgive us and our brethren who were 
before us m the faith, and plaoe not in our hearts any 
ranoour towards those who believe* Our Lord; Thou art full 
ofpity, Meroiful," (59:10) 



Etiquettes for 
The Host 



1. Express your joy and love on the arrival of a guest. Greet 
him with a cheerful heart. Welcome him with open arms 
and show him every mark of respect and honour. Do not 

display stinginess, inditTerence, oold attitudeor resent- 
ment. 

The Holy Prophet (peace and blessinge of Allah be 
upon him) has observed : 

"The people who believe in God and the Day of 
Judgement should show hospitality to their guests". 

(Bukharl, Muslim) 

Hospitality inoludes all those matters which are 
essential for ahowing due respeot and honour to the guest 
andto make provisions forhis comfort, peace, happiness 
and fulftlment of his need». Sbowing respect to yonr guest 
means treating your guest with politeness and in good 
oheer ; to entertain him with pleasant oonversation, to make 
pwmsions for his rest and relaiation ; to introduce him to 
your other respectable friend* ; to look after his needs, to 
arrange provisions of food and drink for him with a liberal 
and generous mind and to give personal servioe and atten- 
tion to all the requirements of your friend. 

" Whenever reapectable guests paid a visit to him, the 
Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings of Allah be upon him) 
used to attend to their hospitality himself ". 

"Whenever the Holy Prophet (peace and bleasings of 
Allah beupon him) *erved meals to hia gueat he (peaoe and 
blessings of Allah be upon him) uaed to prompt the gueet 

371 



272 

repeatedly to . partake more of the food* When the guest 

had taken to his fill and expressed inability to e&t more, it 
was then that the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of 

AJlah beupon him) ceased urgihg him to take more, 

2. When a guest arrives, say Salam (peaee be onyou) to him 
and pray for him. Then enquire about his health. 

The Holy Qur T an affirms ; 

\J& li &*J&\ ^w* oli £*■ i& ji 



«Y»-Yj £»\JMi* . ?%* Jl» . U!>L- l/tf_i «4J* 

Hal at&ka hadithu daiji IbrahlrrwUmukramina idh 
dakhalu *alaihi JagSlu saldm&* Qala salam. 

"Hath the story of Abraham's honoured guesta reaehed 
thee (O Muhammad) when they oame in anto him and said: 
"Salam" Hadrat Ibrahim aaswered salam'. (51 : 24*25) 

3 Show generous hospitality to your guests and offer them 
the best that is readily arailable* On arriral of his guests> 
Hadrat Ibrahim (peaoe be on him) at once gotbu&yin 
making arrangements for their dinner. He (peace be npon 
him) had a fat calf in his home, whioh he slaughtered and 
got it roasted for his guests. 

The Holy Qur'an affirms : 



I ** 



Waragha ila ahlihl /aja^abi-Hjlin saminin faqarrabahu 
UathiiJi, (51 : 26-27) 

"Then he went apart unto his housefolk and brought a 
fatled ealf rpaeted for the guests ; and presented it before 

them". 



273 

*UI J\ g}J gar&ghaiU aklihi also bears the raeaning 
that Hadrat Ibrahim (peace be upon him) went inside his 
home-to make arrangements for the feast without informing 
any one lest the guests should feel informal or forbid 
preparation of food for them for fear of oausing inconveni- 
enoe to the host. In that case, it would not be possible 
for the host to entertain his guests. 

HadratAbu Sharih, ia his report of the mannerin 
which the Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) has urged the Muslims to show hospitality to 
their guests, states as follows ; 

"I saw with my two eyes and heard with aine two 
eare when the Holy Prophet 'peaoe and blessinga of Allah 
be upon him) was delivering this oounsel : "The people who 
believe in God and the Day of Judgment should show 
hospitality to their guests. The first night and first day of 
his stay is the pmed day and night for you". 

(BukharijMutlim) 
To attribute <InW (reward) to the first night and first 
day of the guest^s stay implies that as the munifieent feels 
spiritual oontentment on giring away (reward with 
deep sentiments of joy and love, a similar behaviour should 
be displayed by the host towards the guest on the first night 
and first day of his stay with him. Likewise as the benefici- 
ary receives the (reward) with joy and happiness deeming 
it as his rightful due and appreoiates the mnnifioence of 
his benefaotor, a eimUar attitude should be adopted by the 
guest towards his host during the first night and firat day 
of his stay with him. The guest should not stand on 
formality and ought to acoept the offerings of the host with 
sentiments of joy and close fellowship oonsidering the 
host's hpspitality towards him as his rightful due. 

4. As sooir as the guest arrives, think first of his natural 
human needs. Make disoreet enquiries as to whether he 
wishee to uae the toilet or bathroom. Arrange a bath for 
him, if it is required. Even though it mfty be a late hour 






m 

for meal*, aak your gueat if he wanta to eat%r drink in tuch 
a discreet manner that he ahould not deoline as a matter 
of formality. Show your guest hia t^ toorn where he ia 
to atay. 

5. Do not peater your guest with your eonatant oompany. 
Similarly do aot keep him awake late in the night talking 
or discuB&ing mattera. Allow him sufficient time to rest so 
that he may not feel inconvenient. When the guests paid 
a visit to him, Hadrat Ibrahim (peaoe be upon him) 2eft 
them alone for a while and went inside hii home to prepare 
a feast for the gueata. 

6. Do feel pleasure when the gueats are dining with you. Do 
not ahow any signs of stingineas, annoyanoe or wearineea. 
The gueat is not a burden, but a aourco of bleasing, grace 
and Divine favoar, Whomaoever God aenda to you as a 
gueat, He send s proviaioas for the gueat al&o, The gueat eats 
with you whatever was deoreed for him ; he does not eat 

your share of the dirine bounty. The visit of a guest adda 
to your honour and dignity. 

7. Protect the honour and diguity of your gueat and oonsider 
hia honour and dignity as vital as your own. In caae any 
one poaes a threat to the honour of your guest, you ahould 
consider it a challenge to your own honour and 
conscience. 

The Holy Qur'an affirms that when the people of the 
habitation aasaulted the guesta of Hadrat Lut (peaoe be 
upon him) with evil intentiona, Hadrat Lut (peace be upon 
him) roee up in their defence and declared : "These people 
are my guests. Do not diagraoe me by treatiug them 
offenaively. I hold their disgrace aa a!n offence againat my 
own peraon". 



d^^A ^Jb 



J75 

Qdla inna haolai daifl fala iafdahuni waitaqullaha wa 
la tuhhziln, 

"He said : Lo t they are my gueste. Affront me not 1 
And fear Allah and ahame me not'\ (22 : 68-9) 

8. Observe all the etiquettes %f Kbspitality with deep 
enthusiasm and eagerness for three days. The guest has a 
right over you to entertain him for three days and a 
believer should always be extremely generoua in discharging 
their obligations. On the first day the guest should be 
shown speoial hospital.ity,.;Henoe make sumptuous arrange- 
mehts for the entertainment of your guest. On the subsequ- 
ent two days it does not matter if that Ievel of sumptuous 
entertainment cannot be maintained. The Holy Prophet 
(peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) has obaerved : 

Wad~diyafatu thalathata apy&min f<m& ba<da dhalika fa 
hu wa lahu sadagatun. (Bukhati, Muslim). 

( *And hospitality is ordained for three days. Later 
whatever entertainment the host offers to hie guest ia a 
charity on his part". 

9. Consider rendering service to the guest as-your moral duty. 
Do not consign your guest to the oare of your servants and 
children. Instead devote yourself personally to the 
service of your guest, The Holy Prophet (peace and 
blessings of Allah be upon him) used to look after the 
entertainment of the guests peraoually. Wten-^adraT 

Imam Shafi '{God he merciful to him) paid a visit to Imam 
Malik {God be meroiful to him), he was received with every 
mark of honour and respect due to a guest and was lodged 
in his bed room to sleep for the night. At dawn Imam 
Shaf*i {God be merciful to him) heard a knook on the door 
and a voice said in affeotioaate tonea : "May God ahow you 



276 

His Meroy I Ariae, the hour of prayer hae come*\ Imam 
Shaf'i (Allah be merciful to him) at once got up and found 
Imam Malik (AUah be merciful to him) standing on the 
door with a vessel full of water in his hand. At thia, Imam 
Shaf'i (Allah be merciful to him) felt some embarrassment, 
notioing whioh Imam Bfalik (Allah be meroiful to him) 

remarked in deep affeotion "Never mind, brother, it is 
obligatory to look after the guests", 

10. Having iodged the gueat, tell him the looation of the toilet j 
provide him with a vessel of water ; point out the direction 
of the Qiblah, and supply him with a prayer-mat. The 
aervant of Imaqi Malik (Allah be merciful to him), having 
lodged Imam Shafi (Allah. be meroiful to him) in a room 
submitted. to him : «Hadrat ! This is the djrection of 
the Qiblah ; the vessel of water is placed here and the toilet 
is looated this way'\ 

11. At dinner time wash your handa first and reach the table 
before your gueats wash their hands. When Imam Maiik 
(<3od be meroifu! to him) observed this etiquette, Imam 
Shafi ( i (God be merciful to him) asked him the significanoe 
of this gesture. Thereupon Imam Malik (God be merciful 
tohim) observed, "Before starting the meal the host 
should wash his hands first and reaoh the dining place 
before his guests in order to greet them at the meaL At 
the end of the meal, however, it is the guests whose hands 
ahould be washed first and the host should waeh his hands 
last of all leat aome more guests should drop in before 
the host gets up from the dining place." 

12. The quantity of food and the number of plateashould be 

somewhat in excesa bf the actual number of guesta. It is 

possible that someone might turn up during the meal, In 

that ease, the host wiil hare to get up and take the extra 

trouble of making further arrangements. If th« provisions 

and plates are already there the new guest will be saved 

from embarrassment and wiil rather feel happy and 
honoured. 



277 



13, Show selAessnesa and Bacrificom the case of aguest. Provide 
comfort to him at the cost of your owo conveaience. 

One day a person cameto the presence of the Holy 

Prophet (peace and blessinga of Allah be upon him) aml 

submitted : "0 Prophet bf AUah (peace and Messings of 

Allah be upon you) ! I ara in a terrible agoriy of hunger". 

The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 

him) sent word to one of hi» holy wives (Allah be pleased 

with them) : "Send whatever food is available f, t The 

answer he (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) 

received was : '-Tn the name of Allah Who has sent you aa 

His Apostle, there is nothing escept water available here"^ 

The HoJy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 

him) thereupon sent the same mesaage to a second wife and 

reoeived the some reply. The Holy Prophet (peaoe and bless- 

ings of Allah be upon him) made enquiries from each of his 

wives, but answer was invariably the aame, The Holy 

Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) then 

turned towards his companions and observed ; "Who among 

you will accept this man as his guest for tonight". A 

comp&nion from among the Ansar (Allah be pleasedwith 

him) submitted : "O Prophet of Allah (peace and blessmga 

of Allah be upon you), I acoept this man as my guest". 

The Ansari (Allah . be pleased with him) there- 
upon toot the.guest to his house and told his wife : 
"I have brought a guest from the Holy Prophet (peace and 
blessings of AUah be upon hira) with me, Show him some 
hoapitality", The wife answered : "I have just enough food 
for children and no more". The illustrious companion (God 
be pleased with him) said : "Put the children to aleep by 
diverting their attention to some thing else and when you 
serve the meal befor« the guest, eitinguish the lamp on 
some pretext and sit down beside the guest so that he may 

feel we are sharing the meai with him". In this manner, 
the guest ate to his fi]J, but the hosts passed the night on 
an empty stomach. Next morning when this illustrious 



878 

Companion ( Allah be pleaeed with him) re&ehed the preaenoe 

of the Holy Prophet {pe&ce and bieBsinga of AUah be upon 
him), the Prophet (peace and bleasings of Allah be npon 
him) on beholding him observed : The goodnees both of 
you displayed towards your guest has wonyou theimmenae 
pleaaure of God". {BukhHri, Muslim) 

14. Even if yonr guest has treated you with bad manners and 
given you a cold shoulder on some occaaion in the past, 
behave towards him with generosity, liber*lity and 
magnanimity. 

Hadrat Abul-Ahwas Jashmi (God be pleased with 
him^relates about his father that once he submitt- 
ed to the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of AUah be 
upon him) : "If I come acroas someone and he does not 
perform his duty of hospitality and entertainment towarda 
me and later if he happens to meet me, is it obligatory 
upon me to show him hospitality ? 6r should I act towards 

him in the s&me impolite and indifferent manner ? The 
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) 
observed : "No, you should perform your obligation of 
hospitality towards him in any case", (Mishkat) 

15. Make a request to your guest to offer a prayer invoking the 

favour and grace of God on you, especially when the guest 

is a man of piety, a devotee of religion and a person of 

excellent faith. Hadrat 'Abdullah b. Busr (Allah be 

pleased with him) reports : (( The Holy Prophet (peace and 

blessings of Allah be upon him) once stayed as a guest 

with my father. We presented to him a dish of 'Harisa'. 

The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of AUah be upon 

hira) ate some of it, Afterwards we oft'ered some dates. 

Th* Holy Prophct (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 

him) ate the dates and taking the kernels between the two 

forefingers of his hand, oast them away. FinaIIy we 

presented a drink. He (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 

him) took some draughts of it and passed it on to the next 

person sitting on his right. When the Holy Prophet {peace 



27* 

and blesaings of Allah be tipon him) got up to leave, my 
father took hold of the bridle of hia horse and submitted : 
"0 Prophet of God (peace and blcssing* of AHah be upoa 
you) ! Pray for us". Thereupon the Holy Prophet (peace 
and bleaainga of Allah be upon him) prayed for him. 



r^jtj p* J jMj ' r&h M f4 i &Ji (^ 



I 



Allahumma b&rik lahwmjtma razaqtahum waghfir tahum 
%oarhamhum. {Tirmidhi). 

u O God ! Blesa the provisiona you have vouohsafed 
to them with Thy increased bounty, grant them salvation 
and ahow them Thy Mercy". 



Etiquettes 
torGuest 

1. Whenyoupay a visit to someone as a gueat, do take some 
gifts for the host or for his children according to your 
means. Keep in mind the taste and liking of your host 
while choosing gifts for him. Exchange of presents and 
gifts augmente sentimenta of love and . promotes intimate 
relatwnship. The gift creates a soft corner in the heart of 
the receiver for the donor. 

2. Donotstay for more than three days as a gueet with any 
one, save under specia! circumstances or when the host 
inaists on your staying with him for a longer period. The 
Holy Prophet (peaoe and hlessings of Allah be upon him) 
anirms : 

"It is not permissible for a guest to stay so long with 
the host as to cause him trouble". (Al-Adab~ul-Mufrad) 

'Sahih Mualim' report* : "It is not permissible for a 
Muslim to stay so long with his brother aa to make him a 
sinner". The people submitted : "0 Prophet of God 
(peaoe and blessings of Allah be upon you ! How will a 
Muslim make his brother a sinner in this manner "? By 
staying so long with his brother that his brother may be 
eihausted of all meana of entertaining him". ' 

3. Do not always be a guest of others. Invite othera also to 
be your guests and entertain them liberally. 

4. When you go to atay as a guest with somebody, take 
neceaaary baggage and bedding etc. acoording to the season 
along with yoa. In winter, espeoially, nerer forget to take 
the bedding with you, otherwise the hoat will be put to 
extreme hardahip. It is highly improper that the gueat 
shall in any way become an unbearable burden for the host. 

880 



281 

5. Keep in mind the engagements and dutiesofyour host. 
Take eare that your host's occupation, duties and engage- 
ments are not in any way disturbed by your presence as a 
guest with bim. 

6. Do not make all aorts of demands on your host. Be content 
with whatever proyjsions be makes for your comfort and 
entertainment and thark htm for this. Do not put him in 
any extraoidinary trouble. 

7- lf your host's women are not your close or blood relation, 
avoid entering into conrersation with themwithout reason. 
Do not eavesdrop oh the mutua] conyersation of your host's 
women.. Behate ycureeH in euch a manner that your con. 
versation or conduct dces not become a nuisance for them. 
Do not violate the privacy and the Iimitations of Purdah in 
any case. 

8. If for som« reason you do not wish to eat with your host, 
or you are observing a fast, excuse yourself politely and 
say a prayer invoking the Grace and Blesaings of Allah 
upon your host. 

When Hadrat Ibrahim (peace be upon him) presented 
a sumptuous meal to his v e nerable guests and the guests 
would not partake of it, Hadrat Ibrahim (peace he upon 
him) said to them : "Gentlemen, why don't you eat 1 " 
In a bid to put Hadrat Ibrahim at ease the angels sub- 
mitted : "Please do not take it ill. As a matter of fact, 
we oannot eat. We have come only to convey the glad 
tidings of the birth of a talented son to you". 
9. When you attend a feast, say a prayer at the e«d of 
the meal invokiug Allah to bless the hoat with extensiv e 
means, grace, favour, salvation and His Mercy. Hadrat 
Abu Athhim b. Tahan (Allah be pleased with hira) once 
mvited the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) and his illustrious Companions (Allah be pleased 
with them) to a feast. When the meal was over, the Holy 
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) 
observed: "Reward your brother". The iWustrious 
Companions (God be pleased with them) submitted - 



282 

M 



How oan we reward him,OProphetof Allah (peaee and 
blessings of Allah be upon you) I" The Holy Prophet 
(peaceand blessings of Allah be upon him) obserred : 
"Wben a man pays a visit to his brother and eats and 
drinks there, he can reward his brother by praying for 
God's favour and blessings upon his brother". 

(Aba DawOd) 
The Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) once visited the house of Hadrat Sa'd b, 
'Ubadah (Allah be pleased with him). Hadrat Sa'd (God hi 
pleascd with him) presented to the Holy Prophet (peaoe 
and Wessings of AJlah be upon him) bread and olive oil. 
The Prophet of Allah (peace and blessing of Allah be upon 
him) took the meal and then prayed for him : 

* 9 - -***** tt * ** ******* s t> ** **»* 

j jU^< ,X*U1» j$\ j 0^'UJI f?x* >l 



* + -* M j j * „ „ 



Afiara Hndakwni-u8*8a* im&na wa akala ta< dmakum-uh 
abrdru wa mllat 'alaikum-uhmaWikah. {Abu Dawud) 

"May the faating people break their faste with your 
proviaions 1 May the pioos partake of your meols and 
may the angela pray for AU&h's Meroy and forgiTOaees fbr 
you'\ 



Etiquettes 
of Sittings 



1. Try to keep oompany with persona of good character. 

2. Join in the conversation that is going on among thoae present 
in the company, To exclude youTself from the eonversation 
and to sit in oompany with a frowning faoe betrays a haughty 
attitude, The Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings of Allah 
be upon ^him) used to take an aotive part in the conver- 
sation among his illustrious oompanions (Allah be pleaaed 
with them), Do not adopt a gloomy attitude or a posture of 
depression while sitting in a oompany, Wear a smile on 
your faoe and sit in the company in a fresh and joyous 
mood. 

3, Try that the remembrance of Allah and the Iife in the Here- 
&fter ahonld form part of aiscussion in eaoh of your meet- 
ings. When you feel that the intereet of the participants is 
lagging in conversation on religious matters, change your 
topic to worldly issues* Later when a suitable opportunity 
arisea make * discreet effort to bring the talk round to 
religious topios again. 

4, When you go to a meeting take a seat wherever you find 
room* Do not make a bid to move ahead by pushing 
throngh or jttmping over the heads or shoulders of the 
people, Suoh conduot causes inconvenienoe to those who 
oame efttly and took their seats first and the man who 
indulgea in rach impolite behariour reAecta a sense of 
selHmportance and haughtineea. 

6, In • meetingrdo not try to dislodge a pereon from his seat 
inorder to oooupy ityouraelf, This is a very bad habit. 
Such oonduct j>rovokes hatred and ill-wil) in the hearts of 



28i. 

othera and betrsys asense of aelf-aseertion and a haugbty 
attitude towards others. 

6. In a meeting wbere people are sitting around in a circle, do 

not sit in the centre of the cirole. Suoh a hehaviour is not 

only ridiculous, hut extremely improper. Tho Holy 

Prophet (peace and blessing$of Allah be upon him) has 
cursed such defaulters. 

7, Do not try to grab the seat of a person who ]eaves hia 
seat for a while. Kecp his seat reserved until he returns. 
However, if it is known that the person will not return, you 

. are free to take the seat previously occupied hy him. 

8, Do not separate two persons sitting together in some 
gathering without seeking their permission, They might 
be sitting together becauae of intimacy, love or for some 
other reason and separation may hurt their feelings. 

9. Avoid sitting at a place of distinction in a gathering. If you 
pay a visit to somebody*s house, don't try to take a seat 
of distinction, save in case the host himself insiats on your 
taking aueh a aeat, Always sit in the meeting in a respect- 
ful manner. Do not spread your feet or stretch your legs. 

10. Do not make a bid to always sit near the person presiding 
the meetiag. Sit wherever you find room, and leave 
space for those who arrive after you to find a place to sit 
conveniently. In case a greaternumber of people arrive to 
attend the meeting, you should try to adjust yourself in a 
smaller space and generously Ieave room for the new 
comers to find a seat. 

11. Donot stand before or around someone, even to show 
respect as it is against Islaroic etiquette. 

12. No two persons should talk to each other in conSdence in a 
gathering or sitting. This annoys othera and creates 
a feeling that they do not deserve to be taken into confi- 
dence. It may also oreate a misunderstanding among others 
that the two persons are perhaps engaged in baek-biting ; 
against others present over there. 



13, Seek the permission of the chairman before you say anything 
in a meeting. While you speak or take part in question and 
answers, do not assume such role as if yon are presiding over 
themeeting. It may be taken asan attempt to impose your- 
self upon others as well as an insult to the chairman of the 
meeting, 

14, Only one man should apeak at a time. Eaoh one should he 
heard with fuli attention. Eagerness to express himself 
first in a meeting may create ehaoa and pandemonium, 

15, The mattera disoussed in confidenoein the meeting must not 
be apread ererywhere. The partieipanta are under obligation 
tb guard the secrets of the meeting. 

10, Do not broach another issue until the-meeting conclude» 

. discussion about the matter under consideration. Do not 

interrupt a speaker in order to start speaking youraelf. 

In oase, it is impe^atire fox you to speak up atonce, you 

should do ao with the permission of the speabor. 

17. In the oourse of the proceedings, the Chairman of the 
meeting should pay equal attention to all members. He 
ahould address the meeting turning towards right and l©ft 
so that each side^ receives the benefit of attention, . The 
Ghairman should aUow the partioipants a right to express 
their views. 

18. Say this prayer before dispersing the meeting, The meeting 
should not end without offering this prayer; 



^l . UaJl jUi. L-J* 4-j d;v U ^jjj 



I -* 



H. 



MjljJl 4j^.\j L^J U UjjJ j UjU«I j U*L-U 






(r* J* Lr^aJlj u-ju ^ j* ujU J~-1j t b-- 



UjJI J-^j Vj Lia J b- ^ ... ^ J**J ^j UM* 
V ^ L-J* JaU Mj b-JL* ^l* Vj t u» ^r I 

-4Jtoftttmmo?«tm fewa mit» khashycUika md tahulu 
bainand xca baina ma^siyatika u>a min ta f atika ma 
tuhallighund bihi jannatalca. Wa min*al-yaqtni md 
tahUnu bihi 'alaind madar^rud-dunya. Allahumma 
mattPna bi-asmdHnd wa quwwatind ma ahyiiiand teaj- 
* alhul-waritha minnS. Wafal thaarand *ald man 
zalaman& wansurnS <ald man 'ddand wa Id tapal 
mwibatand fi dinina u>a Id tafal-id-dunyd akbara 
hummina toa la moblagha *i1mina wala tusallit 

*alaind manld yarhamund. (Tirmizi) 

"God, grant us Thy Irear and Morcy whioh may stand 
between ua and diaobedienee to Tbee, Vouchsafe to 

us that derotion whioh may entitle us to Thy Paradise* 
Qive ua such deep Faith which may render all wordly 
losaes as worthlesa for us. God, grant ua the favour of 
utilising our sense of hearing, aight aud physioaLstrength 
to our advaatage and oontinue this favour even after we 
are no more. Take our revenge from him who oppresses 
us* Grant us yictory over him who ahows enmity towards 
us. Do not put us to trial cancei*hing religion* Do not make 
worldly gooda the chief objeots of our lives. Do not make 
thia world thelimit of our knowledge and wisdom, nor 
entrust m under the oharga of a person who ahows no 
meroy to ua," 



Etiquettes 
of Greetings 

I. Say <AssaIamo*<Alaikum' on meeting a Muslim brother in 
order to eacpresa your feeling of attachment and felioity. 
The Holy Qur'an affinna : 

- (X^ f *- Jii L*U Oj^ ^JUl il^ isi , 



4 »Fa *rfAa ja^akaltadhtna yWminuna bidyalina faqul 
sat4mun f alaikum. (6 ; $4) 

"And when thoee who belieye in our rerelations oome 
tratotheesay: Peaoe be unto you*\ 

Thia verse whioh is addresaed to the Holy Prophet 
(peaee and blessings of Allah be npon him) imlirectly 
teaohes a moral etiquette to the entire Ummah i.ts. wdtm* 
ever two Muslima meet eaoh other, they ahould exehange 
feelinga of Iove and felidty with eaoh other, and the best 
means of doing this *s that they should pray for the sal- 
ration and well-being of eaoh other* One should say 
'Assalamo^Alaikum* ; the other should respond with *Wa 
'Alaikumue salam\ Offering the salam is a meana of 
maintaining and augmenting love and affeotion. 

The Holy Prophet {peace and blesaings of Allah be 
upon him) ai&rmed : 

"Yeu cannot enter Paradise until yon aoquire piety 
and yon oannot attain piety nnleas yon leara to lore eaoh 
other. Let me toll yon a darioe. If you nse it> yon wiU 



% m 



288 

learn to lore each other. Make the praotioe of oSering 
salam to eaoh other common among you". (M ishk&t) 

2. Always say 'salam' after the IsJamio fashion. In personal 
conversation or in correspondence, you must use theae 
words of greeting which have been prescribed by the Holy 
Qur*an and Sunnah. Do not avoid the usage of thia 
Islamic etiquette of greeting, nor use substitute word* or 
eipressions preacribed by modern sooiety. This Ielamio 
mode of greeting is not only ve#y simple, meaningful, and 
impressive but also a comprĕhensive prayer for salvation 
and peaoe. The sigaificanoe of your . offering a ealam to 
your Muslim brother is very vast. 'Assalamo-^AIaikum' 

implies *May Allah bless you with allkinds of peaoe and 
salration'; 'May Aliah protect your life and property'; *May 
Allah protect your hearth and home ; May He keep yoar 
family and relations in safety' ; 'May Allah «af^guard yoor 
faith mA belief ; May yoa live in peace in this world and 
in the world Hereafter' ; ( May God vouohsafe to you graoes 
of which I know and grace3 of whioh I have no knowledge* ; 
I bear deep sentimeuts of good-will, love aud sinoerity, 
safety and peaoe for you. Hence do not have fear on my 
aooount. You will never oome to harm from auy deod of 
mine\ By adding ( Alif and 'Llm* to the world 'salam' 
and sayiug 'Assalamo-'AIaikum\ you offer all the good 
prayers for the addressee. Just imagine what better words 
than 'Assalamo^Alaikum' can be used for eipressing heart- 
felt Mioity, sincerity, love, goodwill and derotion to the 
person whom you meet, provided these words are uttered 
with full awarenesa of their signifioance. When you greet 
your brother with the worda <Assalamo- l Alaikum\ you in 
fact invoke the blessings of AUah to protect your brother ; 
you invoke the blessings of Him Who is the Fountain of 
all good and Whose Being is synonymous with peace and 
salvation, 'Assalam' ig one of the attributes of -Allah and a 
perecm can attain peace and salvation only at the goodwill 
of tho Almighty and whomsoever He denies salvation is 
deprived of it in both worlds. 



289 



^A <P ~° *" d "— - "■* - 

"AssaJamiaoaeortheattributesorAIlah Tt * u 

to ■*, it , becMM the 8S 17™ Xt M T 



4£«ji PSZ- £j, iil3i & ^; ^.jr 



• > • J *, - « .*• 



^t^^n 



w •>*-- ■*---« ^.a- .. 




J^Ib . 5°"' 



5f m % y^^-^tt^inal.ladhina tatawattahu. 

Thus Allah repayeth thoae who ward off (eWl). 
"Thoae whorn the angeh» ca« 6 e to die (wheu they are) 



290 

good. Theyaay: Peaee be unto you i Enter the garden 
beoause of wiiat ye used to do". 

When these God-fearing people will arrire at the gates 
of Paradise, the sentinels of Paradise will accord them a 
magniiioent welcome with the same words : 
+ > + * ^^ ** ' *>* % •>«-» •*- * -• * -• - 

mv w ^ ^i ^ 1 ^ r*u ^ u^ 1 &* > 

If a sJgaJJadA* nattaqau rabbahum ' ilat jannati zumar& 
hatta idha jS 9 iiha wa Jutihat abwabuha wa q&la lahum 
khazanatuh& aalSmun 'alaikum tibtum /adkhuluhd 
khalidin. (39 : 73) 

"And tbose who keep their duty to their Lord are 
driven unto the gardens in troops till when they reach 
and the gates thereof are opened and the warders thereof 
Bay unto thom : Peaoe be unto you ! You are good so 
enter you (the garden) to dweU therein forever". 

And when they shall have entered Paradise> the angeis 
will enter from all the Gates of Paradise and say 'Assalamo- 

'Alaikum* to them. 

' " ■** ** * 

. jlall ^Jp fU f>j»o U 

Jpal ffta2a*ttoUi yadkhuluna 'alaihim min kulli bibin 
aalamun" alaikum bimd sabartum fani l ma ( uqbadd&r. 

(, And the angels shall arrire to offer them welcome 
from each Gate of Paradise and say to them : j**^ *{%* 
SaUmunSataikum. This is the reeompense for your patience 
and steadfast conduct. Hence how eicellent is this eternal 
home"- 



2fll 

The people of Par&diBe will al«> greet each other with 
the same words : 



Da'wahum flha subhanaka allahumma wa tahiyyatw 
humfihd aalam* 

"And therein their tongues shall pronounoe. "0 God 1 
Thou art Pure and Sapreme" and they shall pray for each 
other in these words : "Salam" be on you". 

Even God jhallseM^Jihem-giwtmgso^Sa^am^ and 
•BtesiMngs\ 



s 



rljjl j f*; iij&b Jii J fJ JI iijJl ^^1 01 



tf •>„ * * «* - -■ ■ >> - »/ tfi »■ > - i • 

i ■ ff * S « p *•„ # - - *#>0 ~ 

+ ++ *+ 

Inna as-habal jannatihyawma fi shughulin /akihuna 
hum wa azwajuhwm fi zilalin 'alal ar&*iki muUaki*una 
lahumflhafakiha-tunwalahumma yadda^un, Salamun 
gaulan min rabbirrahim. (36 : 55+58) 

f *Lo ! those who raerit paradise this day are happily 
omployed, they and their wives in pleaaant shade on thrones 
reclining ! Thoirs the fruit and theirs that they ask ; the 
word from a Meroiful lord is peaoe 1 

In reality, there shall be greetings of 'Salam' for the 
believers from all sides in Paradis^, 

La yaama ' una fiha lagkwan wa la taHhiman illa 
qllan $alaman salama. 



m 

"They shall not hear improper absurdities there, nor 

* £*"? ? Bin - There * n * 11 onl y- begreeting, of <8alam\ 
'Salam', on all sides". 

Inviewof these clear injunotionsand evidenee of the 
Holy Qur'an and Sunnah, it is not lawful for a behever to 
foraake the manner preaoribed by Allah and Hie Prophet 
(peace and blessings of- Allah be upon him) under 
any circumstance and adopt other modes of expreaiing love 
and felioity. 

3. SaySalam to every Muslim, whether you have a prior 
aoquaintanoe or oonnexion with him or not. The condition 

- -Sist- n« ia year. Muslim brother 8ufflces for establishing a 
relationship or making an aoquaintanoe and a MusKm mast 
oherish sentiments of Iove, sinoerity, goodwill and loyalty 
ibr his brother Muslim. A person submitted to the Holy 
Prophet (peaoe and bleseings of Allah be upon him) : "What 
is the most commendable deed in lalam"? The Holy Prophet 
(peace and blessiage of AJlah be upon him) observed : "To 
feed the poor and to offer Salim to every Mushm, whether 
you have a prior acquaintance with him or not". 

(Bukh&rl, Muslim) 

*. On entering your house, say 'Salam' to members of your 
family. The Holy Qur'an affirms : 

^ ^ ^ * *» — ' I .- 



-Fa idha dakhaltum buyiltan /asallimtl 'ala anfu*ikum 
tahiyyaian min 'itidillahi mubarakatan tayyibatan. 

(24:61). 

"But when ye enter houaes salute one another with a 
greeting from AH»h bleseed aod sweet". 

Hadrat Anas (God be pleaeed with him) reports . that 
the Holy Prophet {peace and blesaings of Allab be upon 



293 

him) had adriaed him : "Dear son ! On entering your 
houae, you ahould first say 'Salam' to membera of your 
fflmily, Thia ia an act of goodneas and bleasinga for you 
and your family;\ [Trimidhi). 

Similarly, when you call at somebody's house, say 
'Slam' before entering the houee. Do not go into the houae 
without saying 'Salam* first. 






Yd ayyuhalladhlna arnanu l& ladkhulil buytltan ghaira 
buytiUkum hatta tasta 'nisii toa tusalUmu* ala ahliha 

(24 : 27). 

"0 ye who believe ! Enter not houses other than your 
own without first announcing your presence and invoking 
peaoe upon the folk thereof '. 

When the angels called on Hadrat Ibrahim (peace be 
upon him) as his venerable gueets, they offered 'Salara* and 
in reaponae Hadrat Ibrahim (peace be upon him) also said 
♦Salam' to them. 

5. Say 'Salam' to small ehildren also. This is the best means 
of teaohing the children the manner of offering 'Salam' a* 
well aa an obaervance of the Sunnah of the Holy Prophet 
(peace and bleasings of Allah be upon him). When Hadrat 
Anas {God be pleaaed with him) passed near the children, 
he said 'Salam* to them and obaerved that the Holy Prophet 
(peace and blesaings of AHah be upon him) used to do tbe 
same". {BukhSrl, Mutlim). 

Hadrat «Abdullah b, «Umar {God be pleased with 
him) uaod ti> write 'Slam 1 m his letters to ohildren aiso. 

{AlAdab*uUMufrad) 

0. Women can offer 'Salam* to men ; likewise men oan offer 
'Salam* to womeo. liadrat Asma An^aria (God be pleaaed 



294 

A 

with her) states : "I was sitting among ray lady iriends 

when the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 

upon hira) paseed by ua* He (peaoe and blessings of Allah 
bu upon him) offered 'Salam' to us, {Al-Adab-ul~Mvfrad 

Umm Hani {God be pleaaed with her) states : "I oame to ' 

the pregenoe of Holy Prophet (peace and bleasings of Allah 
be npon him), He (peaoe and bleasings of Allah be upon 

him) was taking a bath at that time, When I offered 
'Salam' to the Holy Prophet (peaee and blessings of Allah 
be upon him), he (peaoe and blessings of Allah be npon him) 
enquired about me, I submitted : TJmm Ham, The Holy 
Prophet (peaee and blessings of Allah be upon him) said : . 
"Most Welcome." {Al+Adab«uUMufrad) 

Aceustom yourself to say *Sa!am' aa otten as possible and 
never- miss the opportunity of saying 'Salam'— -^-Say 
«Salam* to each other as oft«n aspossibIe.Theaotof offering 
'Salam* promotes loveand in reoompense for this act, God 
grants proteotion from all pain or losa. 

TheHoly Prophet (peaoe and bleasings of Allah be 
upon him) has affirmed : 

"Let me tell you a devioe, whioh will promotelove and 
friendship among you. Say Salam to ĕaoh other as often 
as possible". (Muslim) 

In addition, the Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings of 
Allah be upon him) also observed : "Make the praotioe of 
offering 'Salam* oommon among you. God shall grant you 
salvation in reoompense". 

Hadrat Anaa (God be pJeased with him) roports that 
the iJlustrious Oompanions of the Holy Prophet (peace and 
blessings of Allah be upon him) used to say *Salam* to each 

other very ofien. So oommon and widespread was the 
practice that if at times a Companion went out of sight . 
behind a tree and appeared in view again, heoffered 'Salam* 
again. The Holy Propbet {peace and blessings of Allah be, 
upon him) has observed : 



295 

"Any person who meets a Mualim brolher should say 

'Salam* to him. L»ter if one of them goes out of sight 

behind a tree, wall or a stone and reappeara, he shoutd offer 

'Salam' onoe again on seeing his brother". 

(Riy&d us-SSIihin), 

Hadrat Tufail <God be pleased with him) reports : "I 
used to call on Hadrat * Abdullah b. 'Umar (Allah be pleased 
with him) often and also accompanied him oh his trips to 
the bazar. When both of us went to the bazar it wa» the 
oommonpraoticeofHadrafAbdnllabibn •Umar (Ood be 

pleased with him) to say 'Salam' to every passer-by, may he 
be a junk-man, a shopkeeper or a poor or destitute person. 
In faot he invariably offered 'Salam' to every peraon who- 

ever he may be". 

One day when I called on him, he eaid : "Let us go to 
the bazar". I submitted : Hadrat (God be pleased with 
you) what will you do in the bazar 1 You never stop to 
make any purchases.-neither enquire about any goods ; nor 
atrike a "bargain ; nor attend any company in the baaar. 
Come, sir, let us sit here and talk". Hadrat Tufail (AHah be 
pleased with him) observed : "0 Abu Ba^an (fat-bellied) ! 
I go to the bazar merely to offer 'Salam'. Whoever happens 
to meet me I say 'Salam' to him". {Muwatla Imam Malih). 

8. Beware that each Muslim has a right over you to offer him 
'Salam'. DiBoharge this obligation towarda a brother 
Muslim open-heartedly and never nrss an opportunity to 
say 'Salam' to another Muslim. 

The Hely Prophet (peace and bleasings of Allah be 
upon him) has observed : "Eaoh Muslim owes an obligation 
to another MusKm to offer him 'Salam' whenever they 
happen to meet". (Mutlim) 

Hadrat Abu Huraira (God beplewed with him) states : 

"The most niggardly person is he who lets go anopport- 

,unitytosay«Salam'," <AlAdab-uUMufrad) 

9. Always be the first to say 'Salam'. If, God forbid, you 
are not on good terms with someone, eveo then you should 



596 

{Abu DHwud) 

AnIT b6im T' the Holy Prophet (Deace attd bI «**S« * 

Allah be upon h,m) affirmed : «It ia not Iawftll fo * 

Knikm i to aerere all conneiion with hi 8 brother Mualim for 
• penod of thftn three ^^ ^ Moh exteQt 

they happen to oome acrosa eaoh other, one ahould turn 
£ZL T " + l and • f e 0thOT 8h ° Uld chM « 6 hia C0Q ™ 

z^, t° . er 8!de - Between thMe **>> h « » ** 

"Penor who i, the firat to aay 'Salam' to the other". 

(Al-Adab*ul~Mufrad) 
Someone aubmitted to the H ]y Prophet (peaoe and 
bh-u^ of Allah be upon him) : «wj, two^rel 
bappen to meet each other, who should say.-Salam' fimi" 
The Holy Prophet (peaoe and ble 88 ing 8 of Allah ^ 
lum) obseryed : «He who i B better than the other in ^he 

° ye8of Qod "- (JNmm, 

Hadrat «Abdullah b. 'Umar (God be pleaeed with 
him) was so muoh partiouJar in being the firat to offer 
Salam that no one eTer suoceeded in beating him in thi 9 
reapect. 

10. Do offer the 'Salam' by word of mouth and say Asaalamo- 
Alaakuminadistinot voiee so that the addressee may 
hear it elearly. There is nothing wrong with making a 
«gn wjth your hand or nodding your head if need be along 
w.th saying the 'Salam'. Por example if the peraon to 
whom you wiah to offer 'Salam' is out of the reaoh of your 
Toioe, or he is unable to hear you because of deafnees, you 
mu«t make a geatureof 'Salam' aiong with uttering 
Aaaalamo-'AIaikum. . 

Hadrat 'Abdullah b. 'Umw (<3od be pleaaed with 



297 

hhn) hae obserred : "When you ofFer 'Salam' to aomeone, 
make sure that he hears it, for 'Salam* is the purest and 
the most blissful prayer vouchsafed hy God to man". 

(Al-A dab-ul* M ufrad) . 

Hadrat Asma' daughter, of Yazld (God be pleased with 
her) has reported : " One day the Holy Prophet {peaoe and 
blessings of Allah be tipon him) passed near the mosque 
where a gronp of women vrere aeated. While passing by 
the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 
him) offered 'Salam* to the women with a gesture of his 
holy hand". 

It is evident that the Holy Prophet (peace and 
blesaings of Allah be upon him) made a geature of the hand 
along with uttering the words Assalamo^Alaikum. The 
Traditioarecorded in the Abu Dawud also oonfirms this 
poiat. Hadrat Asma (God be pleased with her) statea 
that when the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of AUah 
be upon him) passed by us, he offered us 'Salam'." It is 
proper, therefore, to make a gesture of the handornod 
the head if need be, but the words of 'Salam' must be 
uttered all the same. 

11. Be particular in offering 'Salam' to your elders. If you are 
waiking along and eome people are sitting on the way, 
you should be the first to offer them <Salam\ When you 
are part of a small group and your small group comes acrosa 
a larger number of people, the smaller group must take the 
initiative in saying the 'Salam\ The Holy Prophet (peaoe 

and blessings of Allah be upon him) has afflrmed : 

i( The younger should be the first to say 'Salam' to the 
elder ; the passer-by should be the first to offer 'Salam* to 
those who are sitting ; likewise a smaller group of peopte 
should take the initiative in saying *Salam' to the larger 
group." (Al-Adab-ul-Mufrad) 

12. If you are mounted, you must be the first to say 'Salam* 
to the predestrians and to those who are aitting on the 

way. 



298 

> TheHoly Prophet (peace and blessiogs ofAll*h be 
upon him) observed : 

"The mounted should take the initiative in offering 

the 'Salam' to the pedestrians ; the pedestrians shonld be 

the first to offer 'Salam' to those who are sitting on thft 

way ; and a smaller group of people should say 'Salam' to 

- the larger group first". ' (Al-Adab-ul-Mu/rad). 

13. When you call at somebody'3 house and enter his aitting 
room or paas by a orowd or on arrival at a meeting, offer 
'Salam*. Similarly, say 'Salam' at the time of taking 
leave. 

"The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) has observed : 

"You should offer 'Salam' on arrival at a meeting and 
say c Salam' again on leaving the meeting and remember 
that the recompense for the first 'Salam* is in no way more 
,th*n the reoompenso for the second 'Salam*. (The 
implication is that you should not underrate the importance 
of offering 'Salam' on taking leave or conaider saying of 
'Salam' on amval enough to oover the offering of ( Salam s 
at the time of Ieaving.)" (TirmidU) 

14. On arriral at a meeting» offer 'Salam' to the meeting aa a 
whole ; do not offer 'Salam' to a particular person by name. 
One day Hadrat 'Abdullah (God be pleased with him) was 
seated in the mosque when a supplioant arrived and offered 
him *Salam > addressing him by name. Hadrat Abdullah 
observed : "God atdrmed Truth and the Holy Prophet 
(peace and blesaings of Altah be upou him) fully disoharged 
his duty of communicating the Divine Message". Afterwarda 
Hadrat 'Abdullah (God be pleased with. him) went inside 
his home. The people waitod, wondering what his words 
meant, At last, when he returned, Hadrat Tariq (God be 
pleased with him) enquired : *'Sir we coald not graep 

the sense and substanoo of your utterance". Hadrat 
'Abdullah {God be pleased with hhn) answered : "The 



2W 

Holy Prophet (peace and bleaaihgt* of Allah be upon him) 
affirmed that when the poomsday will approach near, the 
people will adopt the eustom of Mying 'Saiam' to particular 

persona bv name on arrival at meetings , \ 

{A UAAah-u h Mnjrad) . 

15* If an opportuaity arises to convey 'Salam* to an elder, a 
near re'ati ve or f riend throngh somebody else or by means 
of a letter written by someone else, you must take this 
opportunity to commnuicate your 'Salam\ 

Hadrat f Aiaha (Allah be pleased with her) states: "The 
Holy Prophet (peace and blewings of Allah be upon him) 
observed to me, «Aisha, Gabrtel says <Salam> to you\ I 
answered : 

?>*■>* i >-»•** > >>* >>* ■** * 

Wa^alaikumusslamu wa rahmatullahi xca barakatuhu. 

{Buhhari, Muslim) 

10, If you arrive at somĕ place where aome people are asleep, 
aay 'Salam' in sueh a low voioe that the wakeful may hear 
it, yet those who are asleep may not he diaturbed by your 
voice. 

Hadrat Miqdad (Allah he pleased with him) reports : 
"We used to keep some milk for the Holy Prophet (peace 
and blessings of AHah he upon hira). When the Holy 
Prophet (peaoe and hlesaings of Allah be upon him) oame 
home late at night, he used to say 'Salam' in such a manner 
that those who were asleep might not he disturbed by the 
sound and the wakeful might hear it. So the Holy Prophet 
(peaoe and blessings of Allah be upon him) oame and said 
'Salam' as oeual. {Mualim) 

17. Make a cheerful and happy responae to the 'Salam'. You 
owe tbis obligation to your Mualim brother wbo offers you 



300 

a> 'Salam\ You Bhould never miss an opportunity to 
reapond to the offer of 'Salant'. 

The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) has affirmed : 

"A Muslim haa fiverights over another Muslim : 

* To make a responee to the Salam, 

* To viait him if he is lying iil. 

* To join in the funeral procession. 

* To aocept the invitation. 

* To reapond to a sneeze*\ 

. Furthermore the Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings 
of Allah be upon him) enjoined: "Avoid sitting on the 
road sides". The people wubnutted: "0 Holy Prophet 
(peaoe and blessings of Allab be upon you): It is an 
unavoidabIe necessity for us to sit on the roadside," The 
Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) 
obaerved: "If it is unavoidabIe for you to sit on the 
roadside, then you must discharge certain obligations 
oonoerning the roadaide." Tbe people submitted: "What 
are those obligations concerning the roadaide ? O Prophet 
of Allah (peace and bleasings of Allah be upon you)"? The 
Holy Prophet (peaoe and bleasings of Allah be upon him) 
observed: <( To keep your eyes cast down, not to cause 
inconvenience, to reapond to the *3alam\ to preach piety 
and to forbid people to indulge in wicked deeds." 

18. In response to 'Salam\ do not juat confine yourself fco 
saying 'Wa *Alaikumua salam\ but utter the worda 
*j|$0jJ 4J$az+*.jj Wa rahmatullahi j Wa barakatuhu 

The Holy Qur'an affirms : 



(An - vuii) 



301 

Wa idhd huyyttum bitahiyyattin /ahayyu bi-ahsana minha , 
au rudduha {4 ; 86) 

"And when ye are greeted with a prayer greet ye 
with a better prayer than it or repeat it." 

The implication is that you should never miss the 
opportanity of responding to the <Salara\ Say a better 
prayer in response by adding more worda to the '8alam\ or 
at leaat utter the aame words. In any case a re&ponse to 
'Salam' muat be made. Hadrat 'Imran b. Haeeen {Allah be 
pleased jyith him) relates: "The Holy Prophet (peaoe and 
blesainga of Allah be upon him) waa seated when a man 
oame and said f&h jOUJI Assalamo^Alaikum. The Holy 

Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) 
responded to the *SaIam* and observed: 4 Ten' (in other 
worda the man had earned teu virtuea). Then a aeoond man 
arrired and aaid, -UJ1*u*>j ^^Cl* ^oLJt As$alamO'Ala%kum 

Wa Rohmatullah* The Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings of 
AUah be upon him) responded to the 'Salam' and observed: 
Twenty' (in other words the man had earned tweaty 
virtues). Later a third man oame to the preseuce and said: 

^&jiJ *li\*~>+.)j ^SCjl* fihJ\ Assalamo- 1 Alaihum Wa Rehma- 
tullah Wa Barahaiuhu The Holy Prophet (peaoe and 
blessings of AUah be upon him) respouded to him and 
observed 'Thirty' (in othor words that mau had earned 
thirty virtues). {Tirmidhi) 

Hadrat 'Umar (AUah be pleased with him) has reported: 
"Onoe I was riding behind Abu Bakr (Allah be pleased 
with him) and Abu Bakr (God be pleased with him) said: 
j»S^U ^^wJI Assalamo "Alaikum to every one whom we 
passed by and every one reaponded with the words ($4*J 
aJJI 4U**jj ,-5LJI Wa 'Alaikum Asmlam Wa Rehmaiulhth- 
And when Aba Bakr (AHah be pleased wi.th him) aaid: 
Assalamo 'Alaikum Wa RehmatuHah, the people responded 
with the words: Wa*AIaiknm Aaaalam Wa Rehmatullahi 
\?*B*rakatahu. Thereupon Abu Bakr (God be pleaeed 



302 

with him) observed: Today the people have surpaased us in 
excellenoe to a great eacteut. {Al-Adab-uUM\tfrad) 

19. On meeting aome one say 'Assalamo 'Alaikum* first. Do 
not start oonversation straightaway. Start conversation 
only aft0r offering the ',Salam\ 

i 

The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings ofAllahbe 
upon him) has enjoined: * 

"Donot respond if somebody starts talking before 
saying the 'Salam*. 1 ' 

20. Avoid aaying 'Salam' under the following oonditions : 

(1) When people are engaged in reading, listening to or 
teaohing the Holy Qur*an and Hadith. 

(2) When some one is either delivering a aermon or » 
listening to it. 

(3) When some one is announoing 'Adhan' or *TakbIr\ 

(4) When a religious topic is being disoussed in a meeting 
or aome one is telling what AUah has ordained to us. 

(5) When the teacher ia engaged in giving a lesaon. 

(6) When aomebody ia relieving himaelf of eioretion*. 

Moreover, under the fol!owing oonditions, you should 
not only avoid saying 'Salam* but alao expreaa your 
unooncern and apiritual agoay in a diaoreet manner: 

(1) When aomebody is engaged in iicentiousneea and ml 
aots or merry-making auch aa ia forbidden by Shariah 
and ia thua guilty of contempt of reiigi on. 

(2) When someone ia defaming religion by uttering abusee, 
inean and sameless talk, fabric'ated liea and nonsense ot 
is indulging in obsoene jokes. 

(3) When someone is propag&ting views and philoaophiee 
whioh are repugnant to religion and ia trying to 
proaeiytise people or inoiting them to anti religioua 

: aetmtiea aad immoral and unethioal mannera. 



303 

(4) When some one ia deseorating religipus beliefs and 

mannera and is indicating his inner wiokedness and 

hypoorisy by making fun of the principles and 
injunctions of the Shariah. 

21. Do not take the initiative in offering 'Salam' to the Jews 

or Christians. The Holy Qur'an anirms the faot that the 

Jews are the worst nation as regards their disbelief, denial 

of truth, tyranny and savagery, falsehood and deception. 

God showered oountless bounties upon this nation, yet 

they always displayed ingratitude to Him and persisted 

in ^heir foul praotices. It ia the same nation whioh 

assaasinated the reneraWe Prophets (peace be upon them) 

sent by God. Hence the believer should eschew ail suoh 
conduct which shows even the slightest traoo of respect or 

esteem forthe Jews. Onthe other hand, the believers should 
adopt suoh conduct towards the Jews that they shonld be 
repeatedly reminded of the faot that recompense for oflfering 
the moat hideous opposition to Truth is always disgraoe 

and humiliation, 

The Holy Prophet (peaco and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) haa observed: 

"Do not take the initiative in sayiflg 'Salam' to the 
Jews and Christians, When you meet themon the way, foroe 
them to move over to the edge of the road," 

(Al-Adab'ul-Mufrad) 

The implioation is that you should walk with such 

dignity and in a stately manner that the jews and 
christians should move over to the edge leaving the road 

open for you. 

22. However, say *Salam' on arrival at a miied meeting of the 
Muslims and polytheists. The Holy Prophet (peace and 
bleesings of Allah be upon him) once passed near a meeting 
in whioh Mualims and polytheists were all taking part. On 
thatocoasion the Etoly Prophet (peaoe and blessings of 
4-Uah be upon him) had said: ( Salam r to the whole meet- 
ing." (Al-Adab-uUMufrad) 



304 

23. In case an oocasion arises to greet a non-Muslim with som« 
words of respect, do not say Assalamo-^Alaikum. Use 
words like— <Adab ArzVTaslimat' (respect or honour to 
you) etc. Do not make a gesture of your hand or nod your 
head or make any other sign whichis repugnant to the 
tenets and-spirit of Islam. 

The letter which the Holy Prophet (peace and bleesings 
of AUah be upon him) had addressed to Heracles contained 
the following words of greetings; 



Saldmun'ala manittaba r a alhudR 

"Salam be on him who follows Guidance (of the 
Lord"), 

24. Do shake hands after sayiag the 'Salam' in order to expresa 
feelings of lore, felicity and rererenee. The Holy Prophet 
(peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) himself used to 
shake hands with people and hia illustrious Compankma 
(Allah be pleased with them) also used to shake handa when- 
ever they met eaoh other. In fact, the Holy Prophet (peace 
and blessings of Allah be upon him) had enjoined upon his 
Companions (God be pleased with them) to adopt the custom 
of shaking hands with eaoh other, and had explained the 
merits and importanoe of this etiquette in many different 
ways. 

Hadrat Qatada (Aliah be pleased with him) enquired 

from Hadrat Anas (Allah be pleased with him) : "Was the 

custom of shaking hands current among the iltustrious 

/Companions (Allah be pleased with them)?" Hadrat Anas 

(Allah* be pleased with him) replied: "Yes, it was." 

{Bukhari) 

Hadrat Salama b. Dardan , (Allah be merciful to him) 
states: "I saw that Hadrat Malik b. Anas (Allah be meroi- 
ful.to him) was shaking hands with people. He aaked me 



306 

*Who are you?* I answered: "lam the slave of Banl Laith*\ 
Thereupon he passed his hand three times over my head 

and obflerved: "May Allah bless you with goodness and 
bounty." *' 

On one occaaion when some visitors from Yemen 
arrived, theHoly Prophet (peaoe and biessings of Allah be 
upon him) observed to his illustrioua Companiona (God be 
pleased with them): "The people of Yemen have oome to 
you and they deserve handshakes more than other visitors/ 

(Abu Dawud) 
Hadrat Huzaifa b* Yaman (Allah be pleased with him) 
reports: "T^e Holy Prophet {peace and blessings of AUah 
be upon him) observed: When two believera meet each other 
and after exohanging 'Salam' shake hands with each other 
they are shorn of their sina as dry leaves faU off from the 
trees'\ ITabrani) 

Hadrat 'Abdullah b. Mas'ud relates; "TheHoly Prophet 
{peaoe and blessings of Allah be upon him) affirmed : 
"To shake hands is to complete your Salam." 
25. When a friend, near relative or elder returns from a 
journey, embrace him in greeting. On reaching Medinah 
Hadrat Zaid b< Haritha (AUah be pleased with him) went 
to the Holy Prophet'a (peace and blesaings of Allah be npon 
him) house and knooked at the door. The Holy Prophet 
(peace and blessings of Allah be upon hira) dragging his 
co^ering sheet behind him reaohed the door and embraced 
him and kissed his forehead*" {TirmidM) 

Hadrat Anas (AUahbe pleased with him) statea: "When 
the illustrioua oompaniona (Allah be pleased with them) 
happened to meet eaoh other, they shook hands and when 
any of them returned from the journey he was greeted with 
an embrace." (Tabrani) 



Etiquettes of 
Visiting the Patient 

1. You must enquire after the health of the patients, To viait 
a patient is not only a sooial require ment or a means of 
promoting muttial cooperation and sympathy, but it is 
alao a right of a Muslim over another and an essential 
pre-requisite to devotion to Allah. He who is devoted 
to Allah oannot remain anoonoerned with the oreation 
of God. To evade the obligation of oAering sympathy, 
consoiation and assistance to the aick is tantamount to 

foraaking the remembranoe of AHah. 

The Holy Prophet (peace and blessinga of Allah be 
upon him) has affirmed : 

"On the Day of Judgment Allah shall ordain : '0 son 
ofAdaml You did not visit me when I was ailing" ? 
The man will submit : *0 Creator ! You are Lord of the 
whole universe. How could I dare enquire after your' 
welfare" ! Allah shall ordain ; *Such and such person 
from among My oreatures fell ill and you did not enquire 
after his health. If you had gone to enquire after 
his welfare, you would have found Me there. {In other 
words you would have earned My Favour and Blessing)". 

(Mualitn) 

In addition, the Holy Propbet (peace and blessings of 
Allah be upon him) observed : 

"A Muslim has siz rights over another Muslim", The 
people submitted ; "0 Holy Prophet (pe&ce and bleesings 
of Allah be upon you) ! What are' those rights" 1 The Holy 
Prophet (peaoe and blessings of Allah be upon him) 
affirmed ; 

t i 

806 



1. Say 'Salam' to your brother Muelim whenever you meet 

him. ■ ■ . 

2. Aocept the umtation of your brother Muslim whenerer 
he invites you. 

3. Offer proper advice witb all sineerety to your brother 
Muslim whenerer he seeks your good advice. 

4. When your Muelim brother sneezeB and says 'Al- 
Hamd-o-LiBah', respond with aaying <Yar hamokallah\ 

5. Visit your brother Muslim whenever he falls ill and 
enguire about his health. 

6. When a Muslim brother dies, join in bis funeral 
"■ P roce8rfo »"' (Muslim) 

■■■ Furthermore, the Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessinga f 

AHah be upon him) amrmed : 

"He who enquixes after the health of an ailing Muslim 
brother will find a dwelling place on the highest lerel of 
Paradi8e "' (Al.Adab-ul.Mufrad) 

Hadrat Abu Huraira (God be pleased with him) has 
reported that the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of 
Allah be upon him) obserred : 

"When a person goes to enquire after the he&lth of a 

Muslim brother or just pays a call on him, a caller from the 

Heaven pronounces, "you have done well • your walking is 

■ propitious ; you have earaed a dwelling plaoe in Paradiae". 

(Tirmidhi) 
2. Sit towards the head of the patient, pass your hand over hi a 
head or body and utter words of sympathy and consolation, 
so that the patient may start thinking about the reward 
and recompense awaitmg him in the eternal world ; and he 
may abstain frpm uttering any remarks showing impatience, 
or feelings of anguish and complaint. 

Hadrai 'Aiaha bint Sa'ad (Allah be pleased with them) 
reports that her father related : "Once while in Meooa I 
fell gravejy ill. The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of 



Allah be upon him) came to euquire after my heatth, I 
submitted ; "0 Holy Prophet (peace and blessings ,of Allah 
be upon you) ! I am leaving behiud a great deal of wealih 
and I have only one daughter. Should I will away two- 
third of my wealth and leave one-third for my daughter "1 
The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 
him) observed : **No'\ I aubmitted ; "Should I then will 
away half of my property and leave half portion for my 
daughter" ? The Holy Prophct (peace and blessings of 
Allah be upon him) obBerved : *No'. Thereupon I submitted : 
•"O Holy Prophet ofGod (peace and bleasings of Allah be 
upon you) t Should I then will away one-third of mj 
wealth" i - The Holy Prophet (peace and bleasings of Allah 
be upon him) observed : " Yes, will away one third of your 
wealth and this is enough'\ Afterwards, the Holy Prophet 
of Allah (peace and bleasings of Aliah be upon him) plaoed 
his hand on my forehead and passed it over my face and 
belly and then said the following prayer ; 

"0 Aliah, bless Sa'ad -with health and oomplete his 
Hijrat". Sinoe then whenever T recall to mind that moment 
I feel the soothiog sensation of the holy hand of the Holy 
Prophet (peaoe and blessings of AHah be upon him) to the 
depth of my ihnerself \ (Al"Adab-ul-Mufrad) 

Hadrat Zaid b, Arqam (Allah be pleased with him) 
relates : *'Once my eyes beeame sore. Th* Holy Prophet 
(peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) visited me to 
enquire after my health an&said : **Zaid, what do yon do 
when yeu are suSering from sore eyes", I submitted : "I 
endure this illnesa with patience". The Holy Prophet 
(peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) observed : If you 

observe patience and endurance while you are affiicted with 
aore eyes, God shall admit you into Paradiae as a rward 
forthie'\ 

Hadrat Ibn 'Abbas (Ailah be pleaeed with him) states : 
"Whenever the Holy Prophet (peace and biessings of Allah 
he upon him) visited a patient to enquire after his health' 



309 

the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon hia) 
used to ait at the head of the ailing person and repeated 
the following prayer 8even times : 

- , • * »- • ,. ... *,,.„.„ ,„ ,, 

, - , , , 

As'alvl!<ih-al-'azima rabb -alarsh-i}'. azimi an yashjiyaka' 

"I beseech Allah Almighty Who is the Lord of Eialted 
Heavens to grant you health" ! 

TheHoly Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 
.upon him) obserred : "The patient will certainly be 
restored to health if this prayer is offered seven times, 
eioept in oase the hour of his death haa eome". (Mishkat) 

Hadrat Jabir (Allah be pleased with him) reports that 
the Holy Prophet (peace and blesainga of Allah be upon 
him) paid a viait to an old lady Umm aa-Saib (God be 
pleaaed with her) to enqaire after her health. Umm 
as-Saib (Allah be pleased with her) was shivering with 
intenae fever. The Holy Prophet (peace and blesaings of 
Allah be upon him) enquired : "How are you feeling" ? 
Thelady submitted : "May God curse this fever whioh 
is oppressing me". On hearing *hi 8 , the Holy Prophet 
(peace and blesaings of Allah be upon him) observed : 
"Don't ourse the fever. It purges the pious of sins just 
as the furnace smelts the iron and purines it of rust". 

{Al-Adab-uUM ufrad) 

When you visit a patient, enquire about his oondition and 
pray for his reoovery. Whenever the Holy Prophet (peace 
and bleaaings of Allah be upon him) visited a patient 
he erstenguired about hia health and then used to observe : 
«M(.ld4l tjj+l ^lKii ba'sa tuMrun in sha allahu. 
"There is no need to worry. By the WilJ of God, this 
illness will diaappear and will prove a means of purgtng you 
of all sins". Afterwards, the Holy Prophet (peace and 

blessings of Allah be upon bim) uaed to pasu his f ight hand 



X 



810 

■ 

«£■*. "gion „, p*. „ d diKBnfort tnd ^ tWf 



prayer : 



- • * -•-., , t 



v auji ^i, ^, ^yiwSJij, 






~~ > -» i * 



4ZfaA«m«« «dAAi6tW«, ra».«».^,< ,-, W ^ 
anta,A., A ^ fe , A </«'« iUa ehifd , uka ^,^ ft 
*«?AAKr« «««««. (*«**«,.•, *«,«,„). 

K ''^ ^ • Rem ° Ve thii P ain - Lord of mankind, grant 
health to tlus person. You are the Healer. There ie none 
from whom we e*pect reoovery from illnee* save You 

alone ^rant suoh recovery that this diseaae inay be 

completely uprooted". 

4. Do notait beside the patient for long, nor make noise . n6M 

. hun. Ho wever, if the sick person is your intimate friend or 
a near relation and himself insists on your sitting beside him 
for a Ionger time, you should oomply with his wishet. 

Hadrat 'Abdullah b. 'Abbas (God be pleased with him) 
statee : "It is part of the Sunnah not to sit for Iong beeide 
& patient, nor to make noiae near him". 

B. Do ask the relations of the patient about his condition and 
eipress your sympathy. Offer them all possible assistanoe 
or oo-operation. I*or eiample, fetoh the dootor, or oonvey 
a message about the condition of the patient, or fetoh 
medioinea eto. or if required, extend Ananoial help also. 

Hadrat Ibrahim b. Abi Habla (God be meroiful to 
him) relates ; "Once my wife fell ill. In thoae days 
I used to pay frequent visits to Hadrat Umm al-Darda 
(God be pleased with her). Whenever I oalied on her, she 
used to enquire ; «Say, how is your wife V I answered • 
"%e. is atiU indispoBed». Thereafter, she used to send 
for food. I 9 at down and dined at her home and then 



311 

came back. One day, when I called on her and she enquir©d 
about my wife*8 health, I replied ; "By the graoe and 
favour of God, ahĕ has nearly reoovered from her iilness. 
Hadrat Umm a]-Darda (God he pleased with her) thereupon 
observed : "When you used to say that your wifo waa 
unwdU I used to arrange a meal for you, Now that she has 
gaintd her health, I need not arrange a meal for ybu'\ 

C. Do visit a non-Muslim patient to enquire after his condition. 
Whenever you get an opportunity invite his attention 
towards Ielam in a discreet manner as illness makee a man 
more inclined towarda God and he gets more receptive to 
the truth, 

Hadrat Anaa (God be pleased with him) reporis : M A 
Jewish boy used to attend on the Holy Prophet {peace and 
blessings of Allah be upon him). Once he fell III. The 
Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) 
visited him to enquire after his health. The Holy Prophet 
(peaoe and blessings of Allah be upon him) s&t at the head 
of the boy and conveyed to him the message of Islam. The 
boy looked to his father, who was standing nearby, as if to 
seek his opinion. The father said to the boy : "My son^ 
submit to what Abul-Qasim says", So the boy accepted 
lalam. The Holy Prophet {peace and blesaings of Allah 
be upon him) came out of his housesaying : (( Thanks God 
Who saved the boy from Hell-Fire'\ (Bukhari) 

7. When you visit the house of a patient to enquire after his 
health, avoid looking about inthe house. Sit in a manner 
that the immates of the house, particularly the women are 
not within your sight. 

Once Hadrat 'Ahdullah b. Mas ( ud (God be pleased 
with him) went to the house of an ailing person to enquire « 
after his health. He was acoompanied by some others also. 
Ohe of his companions started gadng a lady of the house. 
When Hadrat «Abdullah (God be pleased with him) 
perceived it, he observed to his cumpanion : "It would 
have been better for you to gouge out your eyes'\ 



312 

8. Do not go to enquire after the health of those who openly 
indulgein sinful acts and flout the Commands of God 

' unashamedly and obstinately, 

Hadrat 'Abdullah b. 'Amr (God be pleased with him) 
obseryes : «When the drunkards fall £11, do not go to enq- 
uire after their health". 

9. Whenyougo to enquire after the health of a patient, 
request him to pray for you also, It is recorded in 
Ibn Majah: "When yon visit a patjent to enquire after 
his health, request him to pray for you. The prayer of a 
patient is as much effective as the prayer oiTered by 
angels". (The implication ia that the angels offer prayers 

. only at the Command of God and hence their prayers 

are always granted). 



Etiquettes of 
Meeting each other 

1. Whomsoever yoa meet, greet him with a smiljng face, 

Espress your sentiments of felicity and take initiative 

in offering SaJam. It will invoke great blesslngs of Qod 
on you. 

2. Use no words of greeting other than those enjoined by the 
Hojy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) 
i.e., <AssaIamo-'AIaikum'. Shake hands if posgible and 
enquire after his health as well as the welfare of his family. 
The greetings 'Assalamo- c Alaikum' taught by the Holy 
Prophet (peace and blessmgs of Allah be upon him) are 
comprehensive in their connotations and cover all the 
ble88ing8 0fthi8materiallifeas well as our spiritual life 
and religion. These worda signify complete peace and . 
salvation. Whileshaking hands with somebody, keep it in • 
your mind that the Holy Prophet (peace and Messings of 
Allah be upon him) never withdrew his hand first, but 
waited. for the other one to release his hand. 

3. Put on a clean dress when you go to call on «omeone ; do 
not go out in dirty dress nor wear expensive garments 
while going to visit someone in order to impress him with 
your costly dress. 

4. When you intend to vieit someone, make an appointment 
with him nrst. Never visit anybody at inoonvenient 
hours. Suoh a visit is not only an interference in others 
engagements but also degrades yon in their eyes. 

5. When someone calls on you, greet him with an affectionate 
smile. Offer him a seat in a respectful manner and 
ente.rtain him according to the oocasion. 

313 



314 

6. When you call on someone, confine yourself to talking 
about useful matters,, Do not waste time in useless 
conversation, otherwise the people will dislike and avoid 
you. 

7. When you call at somebody's house, stand outside the gate 
and ask for permiesion to enter. When permitted to enter, 
say 'Assalamo^AIaikum' and enter the house. If you get 
no response after pronouncing 'Assalamo'Alaikum* three 
times, don't mind it and return cheerfully. 

8. While visiting somebody, do not forget to carry some suit* 
able gifts with you. Eschange of gifts deepens feeling of 
mutual love and affeotion. 

9. If a nesdy person ealls on you, try to fulfil his need to the 
extent of your means. If he requests you to recommend hia 
case to someone, db it. However, if you cannot comply 
with his request, you should decline in a polite manner. 
Do not keep him in hopeful illusions, 

10- If you call on someone to seek his assistance in need, tell 
him your requireraent in a courteous manner. If he fulfilfl 
your need, thank him. But if he declines, never mind, 
aay *Salam' to him and return cheerfully. 

11. Do not always expect others to call on you. You ahould also 
pay visits to others off and on. It is the most pleaaant 
thing to develop social relations and to serve othera 
in need. Keep it in your mind that brothers in faith aiwaya 
develop relations for good ends. 

12. If you notice a little straw or any other thing clinging to 
the face, beard or clothea of the person whom you happen 
to meet, remove it with your own hands. If the other 
person does the same for you, thank him and pray for him: 

Massahallahu 'anka ma takrah. 

"May God remove all such things from you aa are 
diapleaaing to you'\ * 



316 



^J°V mt * 0ffleene &t ni « ht ' be mind ™ of hi. 

know that he ha 8 gone to bed return cheerf«Ily without 
teelmg retentment. 

M When agroup of people call on someone, the man who is 
talkmg ahould repreeent all his companions. Neyer try to 
pres 8 your importanoe or give prominence to your own self 
■gnonng the preaence of your other campaniona 



Etiquettes-of 
Conversation 

1. Always speak the truth. Nerer heaitate speaking the truth 
even at the greatest riak. 

2. Speak only when yon must, and always talk with a 
purpose. Toomuch talk and uselesa conrersation betwys 
lack of seriousneas. You are aocountable before God for 
«Tery word you otter. The angel of God reoorda. ' 

" s.i. * ,, „ 



MS yalfizumin gaulin illa ladaikt raqibun <atld. 

•v«,r A 9 T r L " 8 ° r remainS Ti « iJant to Preserve on record 
^ery 8peech that ig ^ by ^ ^*, 

3. Always speak politely. Wear a smiie on your face and 
» sweet tone in your speeoh. Always speak in a moderate 

LTk \L ^ * ke6P y ° Ur VOioe 80 l°w m to be inaudible 
totheaddres.ee, nor raise it so loud that the addresaee 

ZLs 0V6r * awed by your voice - The ™y <**•* 



-• ' 



asa". 



7«no anioroJ a««>«7* to«a««tt|. Aawrtr. (31 ■ /oj 

Lo ! the harshest of all the iroices is ihe voice of the 



-~ ~- -P»„ your tongue with dirty talk. Do not speak' 
lU of others. Never indulge in baokbiting. Do^ot 

319 



■ complain againat othera. Never induige in mimicking : 
others to ridicule them. Do not make false promises. 
Nerer laugh at others, nor boast of your own auperiority 
or indulge in se]f-praise. Nerer get unroasonable and rash 
in conversation. Do not pass remarks on others or satime 
them. Do not call someone by a diagraceful name, Avoid 
swearing frequently. . 

5. Always say what is just and fair regardiess of any losa to 
yourse!f, your friend or relative. 



. OJ ^ ^Jj \j\j*\i j^J-J lil j 

Wa idha qultum f* adilu tva lau kana dha gurbd. 

"And when yoii say something, speak what ia |ust even 
if you are talking about your relatiVe M . 

6. Be soft-spoken- reasonable and sympathetio in your eonver- 
sation. Do not utter sharp, harsh and teasing remarki. '■■ 

7. When women happen-to talk *with men, they ehould speak 

in a clear, atraight . and rough manner, They ought not 
speak in delicate, sweet tone lest the. listtoer ahould enter- 
tain any foul expectation. 

&-. If the impudent wiah to entangle you in dialogue or 
altercation offer them 'Salam' politely and leave them. 
Thoae who indulge in loose talk and abnurd conversation 
are the worst lot of the Ummah. 

9. Keep in view tho mental level and outlook of the man you 
are talking to so as to make hlm understand. If the ad- 
dressee caunot hear or is unable to catch your meaning, 
ropeai what yoy ha?e said before without any resentment* 

10. Always be brief and tothe point in your talk. It is unfair 
to prolong discussion without rhyme or reason. 

11. When you wish to exp]aJn the tenets of Islam want to 
speak on the toaohings of Islam be simple and clear and 
speak in a passsionate and heart-warming style. -To seek 



3iS 

reputation tkrough oratory, to try to impre*», people with 
Aowery langnage, to seek popularity ampng; people, to 
adopt a proud and haughty miĕn, or.to deliver speeohes 
only for the sake of fun or recreation— ali these are the 
worst habits that cbrrupt the man to the core of his heart. 

12. Never indulge in Aattery, nor ingratiate with anybody. 
Always mmd your honour and respect and avoid any 

thing below your dignity. . ,. 

13. Do not interrupt aud interfere inothera conversation with 
out their permission, nor interoept others conversation 
in ordĕr to say something youtself. If, however, you 
must speak, do so with the permission of other. 

14. Spĕak slowly in a proper and dignified m&nner. Do not 
speak in a hurried manner nor indulge in fun and jokea 
all the time as it degrades you in the eyea of others. 

16, If somebody puts a question to you, listeri carefully to him 

and make an answer after careful thought. It is simply 

- fopU$h to answer the questions without due considoration. 

s If the questionB are being put to somebody else, do not be 

; ao otScioils as to give answer* yourseIf. . 

16. When someone is narrating something, do not say <we 
, know already'. May be he reveals somethirig new and 

impresses you by his sinoerety and piety. 

17. When you talk to someone, gire due regard to his age, 
status andhis relationship to you. Do not talk with your 
parents, teachers and elders in a manner in which you 
would talk to your friends. Likewise, when you are talking 
to youngsters, speak with affeotion and elderly digriity. 

18. While epgaged in oonversation, do not point out towards 
aay ; one lest he ahould conceive any misunderstanding 
or suspioion. Abstain from eavesdropping on others. 

10, Listen mo.re and talk lees. Po not reveal your secrets 
to others, Once you disolose a aecret to someona, . never 
espeot it to remain a secret any more. 



Etiquettes of 
Correspondence 



I. Always begin your letter with the words 



• „. 



*rJ\ a~J ] ® r* 



BimilM irrahm&nirrahim* 

In the name of Allah the Banencient, the Merciful 
If you wiuh to use an abbreviation, you may write. 



* - 



In the name of Allah, the Exalted 

The Holy Prophet (peace and tlesaings of Ailah be upon 
him) has affirmed: «Any undertaking, whioh doea not 
commence with utterance of the attribute of God <BiBmillah' 
remaina incomplete arid unblesaed". Some people write the 
numerals 786 in place of the words. This praotioe abould 
however be avoided, because it ia the worda that carry 

blesaings not the number. 

2, Do write your own addrees in each letter. Never omit 
your addre*a under the impression that the addressee 
already knowa your address, Your address may not be. 
neoesaarily preserved by the addresaee nor can you be aure 

■ that the addressee remembera your addreas. 

3, Write your address on the right hand aide ie**iog a little 
spaee in- between the margin and the lines o£*te*4d**a*. 
Write your addreea clearly and take care that h IpLoiĕtrect 
and the spellings of each word are alao oorrect. 

4, You muat injiicate the date below your wKlreM, 

819 



1 

5. AStet indioatingthe date, write a brief 'aalutation' t<> tha 
addreaaee. Keep your 'salutation' brief and aimple, such 

w 

*s may communieate feelinga of sincerity and clOse rela- 
tionahip. Avoid words of salutation, which smack of 
artificialty and convey a formal sense. Alongwith the 
aalutation or on the next line after it write 'Salam Masnoon' 
or Assalamo-Alaikun* Do not write words like ,Xdab or 
( TasUma.t\ "3 

0. If you are sending a^letterto a non^Muslim, write words 
like 'Adab' or «Taslimat' inatead 6f < Asaalamo^Alaikum' or 
v -v 'Salam Masnoon'. 

7. ^er the salutation, write down yo.ur message or purpose 
whlbh you wish to conTey to the addressee, Close your letter 

. with a suitable compliment which indicates your relationship 
to the^addreasee such as yours obedientiy, yours sincerely, 
youra truly etc. 

8. Your letter must be legible, elear aud aimple, so that it may 
beeaaittr read and underatood, and may impress the 

*ddreas*e. 

9. Uae*flueht and polite language in your letter. 

10. Be brief, but never misa necessary details to make your 
point ojear. 

11. Throughout the letter, from the salutation to the compli- 
mentarjr close, pay due regard to the status of the 
addressee, 

12. Start with a new paragraph for every new poiht. 

13. Adopt/a serious style in correspondence and avoid frivolity. 

14. Avo/d writing letter in hot temper. Never write anything 
off^i8ive. Always adppt a courteous style in letters. 

15. Do not discuss aecret matiers in general correspondence. 
18. Put a dot at the end of each sentence. 

17, Do not read a letter addressed to someone else w : thuut hh 
permission. This is a grave Yiolation oftrust, Howeyer, 
the elders ahd guardians should, as a mat&r of duty, go 
through tho letters writtenor received by their childreu ap 



321 



z:::c^z ?£* °- to r* prir - te **• * 

iBfin „ „ ™* lfc I8 the responsiblity of the parents to 

* 18. K«»P up » regular oowMpondeooe with vo«r ™i. + - 

friends conveving to themyour wel^re. ' ^**" "* 

18. When someone falls ill, or, God forbid i 8 ^,^ '• 

23- Send. . retora o.rd „, .tiap to tlaK wi ,. 

24. If you wiaii to cmncel a nnrf4 rt « ** -l _■ 

25. While writiog. * tottw , keep in view th„ • * . " 

' *ddre«ee as weli arid do n!+ ° ,atWert of tji ° 

. »= w«, *aa _o not ooncentrat» n» *k«. _ i4 . 

your own choice .nd intereĕt. _ 6n \tnU ___ * 

»unic.te news of th. «*„, aad w„f ^*- ^"»- 
.f«flj but enanir. .^^2 .CL^T,-* *"*. "^ 
Wy of th. addres.ee and do not We Z I * " ** 
eren in letter.. A man .K- H. " 7 ' demand » 

degrade, himjf, ^ ""** **— 7 *m__d. 

* ■ 



Etiquettesof 
Business 

1 Condaot your business diligently and with interest. Earn 
* y 0U r Uving by the Bweat of your own brow and do not live 
1 a parasite on others. On one ocoasion, a man from 
the tribe of Ansar came to the Holy Prophet (peaoe 
and bleesings of AUah be u P on him) and begged or 
assiBtanoe. The Holy Prophet (peace and blesamgs of Allah 
be U pon him) enquired : «Do you have anything at home 1 
Tbe Companion (God be pleased with him) wtantW l: 
•■O Holy Prophet of God (peaoe and blessmgs of Allah ta 
upon you)lWe have two thinge only-a e*nv« whieh 
we L m- bedding as well as a coreriug -heet and a 
bo.! for drinking w.ter". .The Hoiy Prophet peace 
and blessing. of Allah ta upon him) oommanded : Bnng 

those two thing» to me", 

TheCompanion(God be pleased with him) at once 
brought both the things to him. The Holy Prophet (peaoe 
and blesBings of Allah be upon him) auctioned them for two 
dirhams and handing over the money t» the Compamon,. 
observed : "Go, buy some food for one dirham and We 
it with your family, and buy an axe for the other 

dirham". 
' The Holy Prophet (peace and blessinga of Allah be 
- Wm\ fixed a handle to the axe with his own t 

z;^\^ - •!— * the c °tt \ (G c°u d t 

Z Pleaeed with him) : "Go . to the jungle da.ly, oat 
1! wood and sell it in the ba*ar. Come back after 
fifteen daya and report your oondition to me' At -the 
1 of a Ltnight when the Comp.nion (God. be pleased 
with him) returned, he.had aooumulated . a. sum of ten 

322 



828 

r m 
r 

dirhama, The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings •■ of .Allah 
be npon him) wu orerjoyed and obserred : "ThiB hard- 
ea^ned inoome is better for thee than begging from others 
which might ieave a stigma of beggiag on thy face on 
the Day of Judgement M . , 

!, Carry on your buainesa iix right .earnest and eara as much as 
you cansothat you may be free from dependence on 
others.Onoe the people subinitted to the Holy Prophet 
(peaceand blesaingB of AUah be ugon him) : "O Holy 
Prophet of God (peaoe and blessing* of Allah be upon you) t ' 
Whioh b the best form of earning V 1 The Holy Prdphet 
(peawand blesaings of Allah be upon him) obserred;. 
"Eamihg with your own hands and income from the 
business which ia free from dishonesty and fraud M . Hadrat 
Abu ,Qalaba (God be merciful jto him) to observe : 
"Conduct your busineBB in right eamest in the bazar. This 
ia the way to remain attached to religion and freĕ from all 
dependence upon others*\ 

3; Promote your buBinesa by truthful means. Striotly avojd 
awearing falsely in the name of God, The Holy Prophet . 
(peace and blesBinga of Allah be upon him) affirmed : "On 
the Day of Judgement God shall neither addresa, nor look 
jat, nor admit that man to Paradise after purging him of 
jiins who endearours to e%pand his business. by swearing. 
falsely in the name of God'\ (Muslim). Moreover,the 
Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of AUah be upon him) ' 
obseryed : . <4 Atoid swearing falaely inorder to eell your 
. goods, Apparehtly it looks like promoting your business 
but in fact it leta your buainesa dowri and damages the 
goodwill of your business". (Mwslim) 

4, Be honeet and truthworthy in buaineas dĕalings. Do not turn 
your lawful earningB into unlawful income by supply- 
ing defective goods or by . indulging in profiteering, The. 
Prophet ofGod(peioeandbleflaingaof Allah be upon him) 
has affirmed : "A truthM **d honeat trader' will be * 



324 

oompanion of the Propheta, th© righteous and the martyrs 
on the Day of Judgement". {Tirmidhi) 

5. Try to supply the best quality of goods to tlie customers. If 
a cuatomer aeeks your counael, give him the best possible 
adyice. 

6. Take your custoraers into oonfidenee so that they may 

m 

truat you as their well-wiaheTr who will never deceive 

m\ m 

them. The Holy Pjophet (peace and blessings of 
Allah be upon Kim) has obaerved : "He who lived on 
lawful eaminga, observed my Sunnsh and did not cauae 
miachief to the peoplc will be admitted to Paradise". Tho 
people snbmitted : "O Holy Prophet (peaoe and bleaainga 
of Allah be upon ydii) ! There is a great number of auch 
people at the present time". The Holy Prophet (peace. and 
blessings of Aliah bo upon him) observed : "Such people 
\ will existeven after me", ■ • (Tirmidhi) 

't.[ Be punctu&l. Arrive at you/ place of business in time 

and remain there ateady* The Holy Prophet of God 

(peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) has obaerved : 

. "Set out in search of livelihood and lawftU earnings early 

in the morning, for work in the morning ia auspicious and 

m *\ * 

brings prosperity".. .... 

8. Work hard and demand hard and sincarc work from your 
employeea, Diaobarge your obligatkms towarda your 
emptoyees with aelAessneaaaiid generoaity and ina liberal 
and polite manner. Avoid «cowling at them frequently or 
adopting an a£titude of auapicion towarda them in every" 
matter. The Holy Prophet (peace and blaaaings of Allah 
be upon. him) observed : "God never blessos a nation 
with piety where the weak do not get tbeir rig ht", 

9, Be polite and liberal (o your oustomers. .N.ever be harah to 
thoae who aak for Ioan from yon neither disappoint them,, 

"■ nor preas Ihem undnly hard for return ©f your loan. _^the 
Hdly Prophet (peace and bleaainge of Allah be upon him> 
haa *ffirmed : 



"May God blew the p«rion who obeerree politeneaa and 
oourtesy in buaineee dealingi arid in demaading tua money 
bapk/* :(******) 

Moreover, ;the Holy Prophet {peace ftnd MeeeingB of 
Allah be upon him) obaerred : 

"Any peraon who *itm for the proteotion of God 
againat the ftffliction *nd opprewion of the Dfty of 
Judgement ehould aliow enough time to the hard-presaed 
debtor or reliere him of the burden of debt altogether". 

(Muslim) 

10. Avoid eoncealing the def*ot of the goods and making falae 
' 'representations to the oustomer. You thould openly declare 

the defects or inferior queli.ty of ypur goods to the customer. 
Once the Holy Prophet (peace and blessinge of Alleh, 
be upbn him) passed by a heap of grain. The Holy 
Propbet (peace and blessing* of Alleh be upon.him) put his 
hand into th« heap and felt that hisnnger* had «augh* 
,ome dampnese. The Prophet of God (peaoe and blessings 
of AUah be upou him) enquired from the grain deeler, 
"What is this I" The dealer submitted : "0 Holy 
Prophet of God (peace and blessing* of Allah be upon 
you)! Some rain poured over thia heap". Thereupon the 
Holy Prophet (peace and blesainge of Allah be upon him) 
observed : «Why did you not put thĕ wet grain on top of 
the beap so that people may . reedily notice if. ^ The man 
who deceives people has nothiug to do with me". 

11. Do not hoard feodatuffs aatioipating a riae in prices. 
■ ■'■ Strictly avoid causing distrei* toi^he people by auch 

a vioious aot. The Propbat (peac$ and blessings 'of AUah 
be upon him) observed r "The hoard)» is -a ■inn*t*% On 
another occasion.the Holy Prophet (peace and blessing* of 
Allah be upon him) ob«erved •: "How wioked ie the 
hoarder ! When God aaket goods oheap, the hoarder i* 
amicted with sorrow, and when the prices go ub, he rejoioe*".! 



328 

12; Give tbe customer full value of his money. Be honest 

; in weig&ts and measures. Sticktoone standard of give 

and take. Addressing the dealers on wejghts and measures, 

the HoJy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 

him) warned : 

«Yo u havebeen charged with two duties while the 

people before you have perished only because they failed 
to fulfil these dutiea : 

The Holy Qur'ftn *ffin»8 : • . 

** J fr -.T*** '/* ?.' -" •*•*•*** *. •* •* - - - 

''',,'".. ", * .* '■>" M**- 

...^JWi Vv j ^yi fJ a_, fJi ^ f Jj o/^u* 

Wuilultil mutapflnal4adhina HhaUalu 'atan-nasi 
yastdu/una wa iiha kaluhum auwamnuhum yukhsi- 
ruii* aU yatunnu u'laika annahum maVuthuna 
liyauminazlm. Yauma yaqumunnasu U+rabbWaiamln. 

:"W6e unto the defrauders ; those when they take the 
measure frdm others they demand it fuU, but if they 
meaaure unto them or weigh for them they give less, - Do 
such (men) aot consider that they wiil be raised again unto 
an awefol Day, the day when fa]]) mankind atand before 
the Lord of the worlds % n *■■ * (83 ; 2-6) 

13, Do compensate for lapses df business* ethics and give away 
in cash and kind as much as you can in the name of God 
withoutfaih TbeHoly Prophet (peace and blessings of 
Allah be upon him) enjoined upon the traders : 

"O traders and businessmen 1 There is every chance 
of exaggeration and Jie in selling yoar eommoditiee. 



327 

Hence compenaate (yonr faolt.) by .pending « nmch- 
yo « can (to help the poor and needy) l*N *»«*) 

14. And «ever lose sigbt of that businea» which will «core 
yon from the fearfol tortnre. in the tife hereafter and pay 
you in term. of eternal pro.perity, petoe and plearare. The 

Holy Qur'an afflrma : . ' 

.. y 5 ayyuhalladhlna umanu M adullukum 'alatijaratin 

«,« tujahiduna fi saUliaihibi.amwilikumwaanfua.kum 
dhalikum khairullakum *« fc«n{«flt to*fom«n. ; ^ ^ . 

will »ve yoa tom . P««l *°°» • y» the _, 

you, if ye did bnt know". 



CHAPTER IV 



CALL TO RELIGION 



330 



+ % -•<* 



jii "jUC jJj' ii ji =Lpj . <y < ^y" ^ o^ 



. *• - * 



* ■ - * - ■* *• 

JP« wian /lAaanw qaulam mimman da'a ttallShi uxi amila 
$&lhan Wa qala Innani minal Muslimeen. (41 : 33) 

And wbo is better in speech than him who calleth 
towards God , end Doeth Bight and sayeth. 
Lo.l I am of those who eurrender (unto Him). 



Etiquettesof 

Communicating Islam . 

1. Develop fuH appreoiation of the position bonferred upon 
you. You are the succeasor to the mission of the Holy 
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and 
you have to diaoharge the same duty of communicating the 
mesaage of Allah, testiying the truth thwmgh your praotical 
life and propagating the teachings of Ialam whicb the 
Hoijjr Prophet (peace and bleasings of Allah be upon him} 
po rformed all throngh his holy life. Try to develop 
" the aame degree of zeal and fervour for the propagation of 
Islam whieh was the unique and diatinotive charaoteristic 
of the Holy Prophet (peace and blesaings of Allah b* upon 

him). 

The Holy Qur'an amrms : . 

, s „- * * •- , •> 'V- V"Y' 



& j j jJ &> i^ 1 f~* >* r**W|^ 



i 



* .„•*.- 






9 



Huwajtabakum warnd ja'aUt 'alaikum fiddlni min ' 
harajin millata ablkum Ibrahlmahuwa sammaiumul 
muslimin. Min qablu wa fi hadhS Uyakunar-raaulu 
shahidan •alaikum wa takunil shuhada'a alannte. ' 

"He hath chosen you and hath not put yon in any 



331 



332 

hardship in thematter of faith ; follow the faith of your 
father Abraham. He hath given you the nomenclature 
of Muslim long ago and in this (Scripture) <oo,thatthe 
Prophet of Allah may testify the truth before you and 
that you may stand witness to the whole of Mankind". 

In other words, the Muslims are the successors 
tothe misaion of the Holy Prophet of God (peace and 
blessings of Allah be upon him) and arerequired, therefore, 
to discharge the same duty which the Apostle of God 
(peaoeand blessinga of AHah be upon him) performed 
during his auspicious 2ife- In the same manner as 
the final Prophet of God (peace and blessings of Allah 
be upon him) struggled day and night by his words 
and action and made the way of total submission to God 
clear to the people, the adherents t*> Islam have also to 
preach Islarii, the religibn of God, to all tbe people of the 
world and what is more, they have to practise it in their 
every day Iife and testify and proVe it the religion of truth 
with the sarae high sense of duty and missionary zeal. 

2. Always keep in view your rea] position in this world 

and oongtantly endeavour to order yonr life accordingly. 

You are not like the other people of the world. God has 

conferred on you a distinction and a privilege, You have 

been vested with the honour of leading the affairs of the 

world. You don't be]ieve' ia~ extremes and are erpected 

to keep yourseIf firm on the straight path ofAllah with 
moderation, 

The Holy Qur'an affirms : 



333 

Wa kadhalika ja'alnSkum ummalan wasatan-litakunu 
shuhada* a 'alanndsi w* yakunar rasuH 'alaikum 

shahida. 

«Thus we have appointed you a middle nation that ye 
m ay be witnesses against mankind and that the Messen- 
ger may be a witness against j*ou". 
3. Seek knowledge of the real purpose and aim of your life 
and try to achieve it with conndenoe and eonrict.on The 
real mission and task before the Muslims is to estabhsh and 
enforce the religibn as a whole which the Holy Prophet 
Muhammad v peace and blessings of Allah be upon him^ 
commnnicated to the mankind-a religion which contains 
divine guidance and injunctious in eaoh *nd every aspeot 
of life such as beliefs and worship, morality, and social, 
economic and political spheres ete. The Holy Prophet 
(peace and blessings of AUah be ' upon him) during hu 
auspieious days entorcd Islam with all its details. The Holy 
Prophet (peace and bleasings of Allah be upon him) 
taught beliefs, principlca of morality and the modes 
of worship ; he (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 
him) established and organised a society on the pnnciple. 
of Islam and brought about oountless favours and blessings 

to the people* 

God has affirmed : 

** ■** ** l " 

iJ**0i *U0> ""' >>-■■" 

Shara-a lakurn minaddini md wassa bihi Nuhan walUdhi .. 
auhaina ilaika wa ma wassaina bihi Jbrahima ***** 
an aqimud-dlna wa U tatafurraqu fih. (42 i 13) 




334 

"He hath ordained for you that religion whioh He 
commended unto Noah, and that which We inspire ia Thee 
(Muhamraad), and that wbich We commended unto 
Abraham and Moses and Jesus saying : Establish the 
religion and be not divided therein". 

4, Always remaia determined to eliminate evil and establish 
good. This is an obligation you owe to your faith 
to justify your existence as upholders of the truth. 
Live to achieve this aim and die serving this mission. 
God has named you as the best people on earth only 
bec&use you live to uphold the truth and sacriSce even 
your life for this noble cauae. 

( \ \ • - Ol^** JT) . -oiU £_>>$-* ^ ^CuJI ^ ^j4^" j 

* ^ 0* + 

h 

Kuntum kkaira ummatin ukhrijat linndsi ta'muruna 
bilma'aruji wa lanhauna 'anil munkari wa to'minilna 
billah. (3:110) 

<( Ye are tbe best Community that hath been raised 
up for mankind, Ye enjoin right conduct and forbid 
indecency and ye believe in Allah". 

The Holy Prophet ^peace and blossings of Allah bo 
upon him). has affirmed ; 

"I swear by Hini Who has power over my Hfe, you 
must enforce virtue and curb evil, otherwise God shall send 
very soon such calamity r over you that you will cry and 
seek mercy frdra Allah bul you will get nd response. 

* (Tirmidhi) 

5. Develop missionary zeal and exemplary fervour and enthu- 
siasm for the propagation of the message of God and to 
save the people ofGod frbm the fearful torment of Holl. 
The Holy Qur"an has acknowlodgod the uniquo fervour and 



* * 



335 

abounding zeal of the Holy Prophet (peace aad blessings of 
AUah be upon him) in the foIlowing words ; 

^ i #> » s # s # » „| i ^ *. * • ff i* ^ ^ S ^ ^ «■ 



Fala i allaka bakhv~unnaf$aka c ala atha-rihim in-lam. 
yctminu bihddhal hadithi asafa> (18 : 6) 

"Yet it may be, if they believe not in this statement, 
that thou wilt torment thy soul with grief for them. 

The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of All&h be 
upon him) has ^himaelf described hia feeling in these 
words ; 

"I am like & person who lit a fire and w&en the aur- 
rounding area became bright with light, the motha and 
1 insects began to drpp in the fire. The person is now 
trying with all the foroe at hia command to stop theae 
moths and insects from dropping in the fire, but the moths 
and insects are ruahing towards the fire rendering all hia 
efforta ine£fe.ctive. Likewise, I am trying my Ievel best to 
draw you back and keep you away from the fire, yet you 
are bent upon falling in it'\ (Muhkdt), 

One day Kadrat 'A'isfaa (God be pleased with her) 
submitted to the Holy Propbet (peace and blessings of 
Allah be upon him) : "O Prophet of Ood (peace and blesainga 
of Allah be ipon you) ! Have you paased a harder day than 
the day 6f Uhud in your Hfe V 9 The Holy Prophet (peace 
and blessings of Allah be upon him) observed : "Yes, 4 A'iaha! 
The day of <Aqabah was the bardest in my life'\ This was 
the day when, dismayed with the people of Meoca, the Holy 
Prophet (peaoo and blessings of Allah bo upon him) had 



m 

▼isited Ta'if to convey the message of God to the people 
thete. Their ohief «Abd Yalil set ruffiana after 
the Prophet (peace and bleasings of Allah be upon 
him) who hurled atones at him izi response to hia message 
of blessing and salvation. The Prophet of God {peace and 
blessings of Allah be upon him) sustained serious injuries. 
Hie whole body was stained with blood and hefainted. 
Deeply grieved and frustrated, the Holy Prophet (peace 
and blesaings of AlJah be upon him) returned to Mecca. 
When the Prophet {peace and blessingsof Allah be upon 
him) arrived at Qam Aththaalib, he hadover oome his grief 
God aent the angel of calamity to the Prophet (peace and 
blessings of Allah be upon bim). The angel oftorture 
«ubmitted ; *'0 Prophet of God (peaoe and blessings ot 
Allah be upon you) 1 If you wish I shall collide Abu Qubaia 
with Jabal Ahmar and crush all the wicked between the 
two mountains. The benefactor of the world (peace and 

bleasings of Allah be upon him) obaerred : "No, no> let 
me warn my people of the torments of God, May 
God open their . hearts to aocept the truth and concede to 
theDirine Gtiidance or else their succeeding generation 
may submit to the truth. M {Bukhari, Muslim), 

The Meooans were oonstantly busy conspiring against 
the holy Prophet (peace and blessing of Allah be upon him). 
Some said that the Prophet (peace and blesaings of Allah 
be upon him) should be exiled from the city while 
others counselled that he should be assassinated. In 
the mean time a famine struck Mecca. It was such a 
terrible calamity that the Quraibh were constrained to 
eat leaves and bark of thetrees. The children suifered from 
the terrible agony of hunger and the elder felt restless 
but helplew over the affliotion of their childrsn. 

The benefactor of the mankind (peace and blessings of 
Allah be upon him) was deeply moved by the heart rending 
distress of the people. His devoted companiona (God 



337 

be pleased With them) could not bear the grief and un- 
easines of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah 
be tipon himj. The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings 
of Allah be upon him) conveyed his heartfelt sympathy 
to his deadly foes who had always been after him to 
harm and tease him and its nnhappy memories were still 
fresh in his mind. The Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings 
of Allah be upon him) sent a sum of five hundred dinars 
to Abu Sufyan and an equal amount to Safwan with the 
instruction that the money should be distributed among 
the famine-stricken people. 

Truly speaking, to be so.rry for the misguided, to feel 
disturbed over theit wickedness and distress, to be 
ansious to save them from the wrath of God, to be dis- 
tressed at their amiction and to have an extra-ordinary 
craving for their right guidance— such are the attributes 
of a misstonary of truth which create irresistible attra- 
otionin his life and an impression uncommon in history 

6. Serve your people with selAess devotion and do not ask 
for any recompense for your devotion from anybody 
Do whatever good you can only to win. tne favourofGod 
and espect reward and blessings from Him only. The 
desire to earn the favour of God and to demand reward and 
blessings irom Him alone Iends weight to a man's word 
and makes him dynamic. God has always been and will 
remain for ever. He neither sleeps, nor dozes off. No 
move or activity of man is hidden from Him. He never 
lets the reward of any of His devoteea go waste. He pays 
more than ones labour and never deprives any one of 
His blessings. The Prophets (peaoe and blessings of Allah 
be upon them) repeatedly observed to t.heir people : 

"Idemandnot any reward or reoompense from you. 
My reward lies with the Lord of the worlds". 

■ 

7. Do acquire a deep understanding of Islam and be sure'that 



838 

Islata i» the only true religion in the *y*i of God. No mode 
pf worship, except the one enjoined by thia true religion 
has any worth before God, God holds only that religion 
as true and valid which He has revealed iii the Holy 
Qur'an and which the Holy Prophet (peace and bleasmgs 
of Allah be upon him) translated into praetice during 
his auspicious life. The Holy Qur'an enjoin* upon 
the Prophct of God (peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) to make it clear to tho people that he had 
adopted his path with careful deliboration and full aware- 
ness. ■ 



> •- • • _. i * j 



* * *» . 0* *fi 4* *w*w 

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w 

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Qul hadhihi sabilt ad l u ilalkihi *ala baslraiin ana wa 

manittaba^ani wa subhanallahi wa ma ana minal 
mushrikin. {12 : 108). 

"Say, this is my way. I call on Allah with sure know- 
ledge, I and whosoerer foIIoweth me— Glory be to Allah ! 
and I am not of the idoiators". 

God makes clear affirm*tion ; 






.-• ^ • ^ I 



Wa mau yabtaghi ghairal islami dinan falanyuqbaUt 
minku wa huwa fil a/chirati minal khdsirin. 

{3 ; 85) 

"And whoso seeketh as religion other thau the 



m 

aurrender (td Allah) ii will not be aocepted from him and 
he will b« a loser in the Hereafter'\ 

J-. • • I *• ^ •] m * 

In»nad-dina ini-Allah hil IeUm. 
"Tta only religion unto Allah ia the surreader (unto Him)'\ 

(3:19). 

8. Always keep in mind the loftiness and importance of your 
ideal and beware it is for the performance of this grand 
task that God had sent Prophets {peace be upon them) 
one after another — and be conviaced iu your own heart 
that this wealth of religion which the Almighty has 
vouehsafed to you is the key to attain excellen.ee and 
honour in the world and Hereafter. The worldly pomp 
and show which is transitory and short-lired can not 
be compared with the eternal and inestimable wealth of 
religion !The Holy Qur'an affirms : 

"And We have bestowed upon you seven bft-repeated 
verses aiid a great book, the Qur'an. Hence care not for this 
mundane wealth We have conferred on others'\ Addressing 
the believers of other Revealed Books before Quran, the 
Holy Qur'an says : 

i\jj^J\ \j~JU ^ *Jl Jp piJ c-jlXJI UI "L 



• > 



Ta ahlal kitabi lastum 'ala ahai-in hatta tugimuttaurata 
wal-injila v>a ma umila ilaikum. (5 : 68) 

*'Say: People of the scripture ! Ye have naugbt (of 
guidance) tiil ye observe the Torah and the Gospel atid that 
which was revealed unto you from your Lord'\ 
9. Make oonstant efforta to grasp the real spirit of reUgion 



340 

and the wiadom it contains. The Holy Prophet {peace 
and blesaings of Allah be upon hira) has obserred : 

"God endows, whomsoever He wishos to bless with 
goodness, with the real understanding and deep insight 
into religion". (Bukhdri, Muslim) 

As a matter of fact, it is the real knowledge of religion and 
insight into tho spirit of religion which is the fountain*head 
of all goodness and the man who is deprived of this good- 

ness is deprived of the blessinga of this world as well aa of 
the world Hereafter. Such & man can neyer achieve balance 
and consistency in lifo, nor can he truly represent religion 
in any walte of life, 

10. Whatever you wish to proclaim to the world, addresa it to 
yourself first. TeJl yourseIf first what you wish to tell others 
and perform in your own life what you preach to others. 
The distinotion of a missionary of true religion is that he 
tries to project in himself the true model of hie preachings, 
His deeds and character stand testimony to his words. He 
himself yearns for the truths ho propagates to other 
as a souree of goodness. Whenever the f*rophets (peace 
be upon them) rose to call the people to surrender them- 
selveB before God they proclaimed ^L-JI J_>l Ul — Ana 
awwalul muslimin (I am the first to surrender before God^ 

Testify by spoken as well as written word that truth 
is what you represent. Make it evident through your indi- 
vidu*l life, family relations, social dealings and through 

your national and political activities that piety ean only 
be developed by adopting the way of life as enunciated by 
Islam. This system guarantees stability of homes, emer- 
genoe of a morally oriented sdciety and a culture and 
civilization based on justice and equity. Thoae who ignore 
the duty of reforming and training their own character 
and ruminate over the reformation and training of others 
are oompletely devoid of commonsense. Their own house is 
on fire,yet they are carrying about buckets of water 



341 

looking for a blaze anywhere else to extinguish. Such people 
are losers not only in this world but in the Hereafter also. 
Their inaction in this world will render all their preachings 
ineffective and weightless and in the next world they 
shall nndergo the most deterrent punishmenti It is 
most hateful in the sight of Allah that they do not 
practise what they preach and tell others to do what they 
themselvesdo not do 1 . The Holy Prophet (peaee and bles- 
sings of Allah be upon him) has warned such mi&sionaries 
of Islam who do not de what they preaeh, of themost 
fearful punishment. The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings 
bf Allah be upon him) observed : 

"A man ahall be brought on the Day of Judgement 
and will be thrown into the Fire. His intestines will spill 
out due to the Fire. He will then carry around his 
intestines as a donkey goes round the mill, On seeing him 
the denizens of hell will gather around him and enquire : 
"O man, what has become of you ! Are you not the 
one who preaehed to us in the world to periorm 
virtuous deede? Are you not the one who dis- 
euaded us from the perfoxmance of evil acts? Hbw did 
you come into this plaee despite having performed such 
pious deedsr The mati will answer.:"I did teach you 
piety, but never cared for it myself. I forbade you to do 
evil, but performed evil deeds myself". (Muslim, Bukhdri) 

The portentous account of the night of ascension 
which the Holy Prophet (peace and Wessings of Allah be 
upon him) related to the people contains a warning for the 
miBguided to reform themgeives. The Holy Prophet (peaoe 
and blessings of Allah be upon him) observed : 

# 

"I beheld some people in the night of asconaion whose 
lips were being clipped with scissors of fire. 1 enquired 
from Gabriel (God be pleased with him) : Who are these 



K «As-SaP, Veraea^ f 3« 



348 

peopl. r Gabriel (God b* P ,e««d with Wm , „ pIM , 
They are the orators of your Ummah. They praached 

C1Z B r f God to peopK but for * ot t0 fo »- «- 

teaohmgs in thw per8ona , ^,, ^.^ 

aUn Th V" aStri ° U8 Co ^P^ions (God be pleased with them) 
•1.0 HHd to ,„ue .tern warnings to sueh misguided and 

oHne ol Pe ° Ple Wh ° dM "^ f ° ll0V Wh8t th ^ D -^ d - 

Abbas VnTr n ', * r 8 ° n S8Mt °^^ at 'Abdullahb. 

inatrl b6 - Ple * 86d WHh ^) ; "H«drat I desire to 

«.-teuet people in piety and forbid themto commit eril 

H^L 41 !» 18h , *° Pr ° pa « ate reH « i0 ° «moug the people». 

ouat f Iah 6nqUired ^ " HaV6 ^ aC ^ uired th * F«P« 
quahfica ;o n 8 tor becoming a preacher f< The person sub- 

mitted : « YeB , I beliere I a m capable of p6 rfoVming the 

M v t m ! Ml0nar y"- H^rat ibn 'Abbas (God be pleased 
wrtk him) obaerred; «If you do not apprehend any 
condemnat 10 n in the light of three ver s es of the Holy 
Qnr an, do preaoh Islam». Tfce person enguired : «Which 
three ^ra* do you mean V Hadrat ibn <Abbas (God 
be pleased with him) answered : 
The first rerse is : 



•■*-•* »--•-•- » . • 



- s - • > >» — 



«*>M> .^^yjk^-^ 



Ata-murunanntea bilbirri ^ tansauna an/usaHm. 

(2 : 44) 
'Enjoin ye righteousness upon mankind while ye your- 
aelves forget to practiae it 1" 

Ibn «Abbaa (God be pleased with him) then enguired : 
Do you follow this verse in your practical Iife fully V The 
man replied ,.. N o». Ibn Abbas (Godbe pleased with 
nim) then recited the second verse : 



lY *JmH| . OjUJu V U d^jU J 



343 

Lima taqftlnna ma la taf'alftn {61 : 2) 

w 

"O ye who beliere ! Why say ye that which ye do not ? 
Hadrat ihn 'Abhas (God be pleased with him) then 

+ ■ 

asked : "Are you sure you.are ibllowing this verse". 
The man replied : "No". Hadrat ibn <Abbas (God be 
pleased with him) observed : The third verse is : 

«AA >j** . Ui f $ U Ji jXi)W 01 2j £ 

Ma uridu an ukh'alifakum ila ma anhakum 4 anhu. 

(11: 88) 

"I desire not to do behind your backs that which I 
ask you »ot to do," 

Tell me now, have you fully carried out the instruction 
contained in this verse. The man submitted : "No". Where- 
upon Hadrat Abdullah observed: "Go then and instruct 

yourself in piety first and forbid your own self fronfc wiV\ 

11, Perform your prayers with full devotion keeping in 
view its rules, regulations/and conditiona. In addition to 
them also'offer supererogatory prayers. 

No one can propagate religion without establishing a 
cloee communion with God. Prayer is the sure means— a 
means preseribed by God Himself— of establishing adeep 
connexion with God. God affirmed through a reve!ation to 
the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon himl. 



• J z s 



JJl^ Ul . VV ^ 1 J-b j <-Jp *M *Ji 






Fa ayyuhal muzzammilw qumil~laila illa qalllan 



344 

nia/ahu awinqus minhugalilan auzid 'alaihi im rattilil 
Qura'na tartila. Jnna sanulgi 'alaika gaulan thaaila. 

"0 thou wrapped up ir. thy raiment ! Keep vigil the 
mght Iong, aave a httle-a half thereof, or abate a little 
thereof, or add (a Httle) thereto and chant the Quran in 
measure, for We shall charge thee with a word of 

W6ight -" {74 ; 1-5) 

•Charge thee with a word of weight' implies 'Propa- 
gation of the Religion of Truth' and truly this 
responaibiHty is the most burdensome and heavy of all 
duties in the world. In order to be able to discharge this 
dutyit is important for you to derive strengtb. from 
prayer and establish a firm connexion with God. 

12. DeveIop a fondne 88 for and interest in the study of the 
Holy Q U r'an and recite the Book regularly. Recite the 
Qur'an slowly and with deep concentration during the 
prayers as weil as during the period other than prayers. 
When the Qur'an is recited with a interest and concen- 
tration, it becomes easy to understand and reflect upoc 
the meanings of the Holy Qur'an. As soon as one starts 
appreciating the eharms of the word of Allah, his interest 
and inqui 8 itiveness increaees and he goes deeper and 
deeper m the Book ofAUah. The Holy Qur'an is the 
only source of guidance and warning. It has been 
revealed to make the people ponder over its oontents 
and derive benefit from its guidance and wamings, so 
ponder over the meanings of the Holy Qur'an and learn 
wisdom from it. Recite the Qur'an with a firm deter- 
mination to mouldyour ownaelfas well as your society 
as a whole according to the injunctions of the Holy Qur'an. 
Only those can establish the rule of Allah who mould 
their own thought and action according to thc teachings of 
Quran. He, who forsakes Qur'an, can no longer maintain 
his allegiance to the faith, nor can he ccntribute any 
way in the struggle to establish Islamic system of life 
Readers of the Qur'an have been advised : 



345 



ii /&3* £*£> ^w> iM> ^i 51 ^ 



•- * 



*r* ^i . ^U-W 

Kitabun antalnahu Uaika mubamkun liyaddabbaru wa 
liyatadhakkara tilul albab. 

"(This is) a Scripture that Wehave revealedunto thee, 
full of bleesing— that they may ponder its revelations and 
that men of understanding may retlect." {38 : 30) 

Moreover, the readers have been. instructed : "Read 
the Qur*an slowly with pauses." i 73 : 4 ) 

The-Boly Prophet (peace and hlessings of Allah be 
upon him) affirmed : 

"These hearts get rusted as the iron rusts when water 
18 pouredover it." The people submitted : "0 Holy Prophet 
(peace and blessings of Allah be apon you) 1 Tell us 
then what cleanses the rust of the hearts t" The Holy 
Prophet (peace and blessings of AUah be upon him) 
observed : "The rust of the hearts is cleansed when ono 
remembers death frequently and secondly studies the 
Qur'an oiW. {Mishkat) 

13 Be grateful to Allah under all circumstances. Look towards 
those who are below you in terms of material prosperity 
and social status. It will help you develop a aense of 
gratitude to Allah. 

The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) observed : 

"Look at those who are below you in in terms of material 
prosperity and social status. (You will then feel grateful 
to God). • Do not look at those who surpass you in material 
riches, lest you depreciate the bounties and blessings that 
the Lord has oonferred upon you (as it may 'foster 
ingratitude to God)." 



346 

14. Abstain from pleasure-seeking and Iuxurious living. Be a 

watchdogof truth who is always on guard and never 
drops vigil. 

The Holy Prophet (peaee and bleasings of Allah be 
upon him) obserred : 

"How can 1 1ive at ease or seek pleasure in life when I 
know that Jsrafitt stands ready with the trumpet ciose to 
his mouth, to sound the ceII for Doomsday to descend as 
soon ae he receivea the Command of God'\ Addressing the 
Believera, God affirms in the Holy Qur'an : 

* »> * -• - l - • >*.*,* „ , 5 /^ „ ■> %* 

^ • (•*->* o* uij^ ] J ^J^ J ^ 1 J&M ^J^j^ 

* - »> a .* «^- • > ♦ - 5 ^. J 

JFa a'iddu lahim maslat l atum min quwwatin toa min 
ribatil khaili lurhibnna bikt 'aduwwallahi wa l aduw 
wakum wa akhanna min dtlnihim la 'talamunahum. 
Allahu ya ( alamuhum tua ma tunfiqu min shai-in fi sabil- 
illahi yuwajja ilaikum ica anium la tmlamun, (8 : 60) 

(t Make ready for them all thou canst of (arraed) 
force and of horses tethered that thereby ye may 
dismay the enemy of Allah and your enemy, and 
others boside them whom ye know not. AUah knoweth 
them whatsoever ye spend in the way of Allah. It will be 
repaid to you in full aud ye will not be wronged," 



. 1. An »ngol of Allah vested with tbe duty of poutdij gthe «ignaJ 
fo* D«om*d*y, 



3*7 

15, Be prepared to saorifice everything for the sake of 
religion and if needed, be prepared even to migrate from 
your homeland. Check up yourself off and on as to what 
extent you have dereloped thia devofcion. Giving an acoount 
of the emigration of Hadrat Ibrahim (peaoe be upon him), 
the Holy Qur'an has urged beiieyera to be prepared to 
emigrate and offer sacrifices in the foIIowing reraea : 

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lf A~S 1 -^i , Ui <jj *Uo> 



Wadhkur JilkitSbi lbrahlm innahu Jcana siddigan 
nabiyyS idh qala li-ahlhi yaabati lima Vabudu ma la 
yasrrtau v>a la yubsiru tva la yughnl 'anlca shai*&. 
Y&abati innt qad jaa'ni minal Hlmi ma lam ya*tika 
faUabi*nl ahdika siratan sawiyya. Ya abati la ta % abu- 
. dushshaitan. Innashshaitana kana lirrahmani 'asiyya. 
Y& abati Innl akhafu an yamassa adhabum minarrah* 
mani fatakuna Ushshaitani waliyya. Qala araghibun anta 
*an alihati ya Ibrahim. LaHllam tantahi la arjwnannaka 
tmhjurni maliyya. Qala salamun 'alaika sa ( astaghfiru- 
laka rabbl innahu kana bl hafiyya, Wa^ata^ilukum 
wa m& tad 4 una min dunillahi wa ad u rabbl 'asa anlla 
akuna bidWai rabbl shaqiyy&. $9 •' **-^0 

««And make mention (O Muhammad) in fhe scripture 
of Abraham. Lo ! he was » saint, a prophet. When he eaid 
imto his fatber : O my father ! Why worshippeet thou 
that which heareth not nor seeth, nor can in aught avail 
thee ? my father 1 Lo ! there hath come unto me of 
knowledge that whioh came not unto thee. So follow me, 
and I will lead thee on a right path. my father ! Serve 
not the devil. Lo, the devil ia a rebel nnto the Beneficent, 
iny father I Lo ! I fear lest a punishment from the Benefi- 
cent overtake thee so that thou become a comrade 
of the devil. He said : Bejectest thou my gods, 

Abraham ! if thou oease not I shall surcly stone thee. 
Depart from me a long while! He said : Peacebe 
unto thee! I shall ask forgiveness of ray Lord for thee. Lo ! 
He was ever gracious unto rae, I shall withdraw from you 
and that unto which ye pray beside Allah and I ahall pray 
unto my Lord. It may be that, in prayer unto my Lord, 

1 shall not be unblest." 

16. Develop a burning zealfor atriving in the way of God, a 
spirit of Sghting with all your means and soul and a pious 
desire to attain martyrdom in the cause of Qod. Truly 
speaking, 'Jihad' is the test of faith and the heart whioh 
is devoid of the spirit of Jihad is devoid of faith and right 



349 

guidance and may be compared to a desolate ruin in the 
wilderness. It is really a. great privilege to boable to 
reach the field of Jihad and to gain an opportunity of 
sacrincing one 1 s Iife and property in the way of God # In 
case, the circumstances preventyou from availing of the 
opportunity to participate in the Jihad ; if you Iack means 
or wherewithal to proye your conviction in the field of Jihad, 
even thcn you inay be counted among those soldiers in the 
eyes of God, who eithor attained martyrdom while fight- 
ing for His cause or returned from the field aa the winners 
provided your heart is fillod with the zeal of setting out in 
tho way of God, you are ready to sacrifice anything for the 
causo of Islam and have a burning desire to attain 
martyrdom. God always takes into account the feelings 
and sentinlents which stir a raan to perform heroic 
deeds in the way of God. On his return from the 
battle of Tabuk, tho Holy Prophet (peace and blessings 
of Allah be u-pon him) addressed his illugtrious Comp&nions 
(God be pleased with them) on the way and observed : 

"There are some people left behind in Medinah who 
did set out with you and traversed the v&lley and remain- 
ed with you throughout the battle," The Companions 
(God be pleased with them) were astonished and submitted: 
* ( Did they do &ll this while staying behind in Medinah all 
the time !" The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of 
Allah be upon him) observed : "Yes, they did all this 
even while staying behind in Medinah all the timĕ, for 
circumstancos forced them to stay h.aok, otheiwise they 
would not have held themselves back of their own accord*" 

In the Holy Qur'an, God has also praised those people 
who could not take part in Jihad, despite their burning 
zeal and were ever afterwards smittea with sorrow over 
this deprivation. 



' , 1 



350 

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«U <o^i* . Ojicij U Ij4« K( 



*Wa l& alalladhlna idhSL ma atauka Utahmilahum 
qulta la ajidu m& ahmilukum "alaihi tawallau wa 
f Syunuhum iajldu minaddam' % hazanan alla yajidu mcl 
yunfiqiin. * (9 ; 92) 

**Nor unto those whom, when they came to thee 
(aaking that thou shouldest mount them thou didst tell : 
I cannot find whereupon to mount you, They turned back 
with eyes Aowing with teara, for Borrow that they oould not 
find means to apend." 

The Holy Prophet (peaoe and blesaings of AUah be 
upon him) oijserred : "The inan who died without wagiag 
a Btruggle in the way of Qod or had no yearniag in his 
heart to wage sueh a etruggle, haa died in a state of 
hypocmy*\ (Mutlim) 

In faot anybody whose heart is deroid of the spirit of 
Aghting in the way 6f God and of HacriAcing hia life and 
reeouroea for the cause of the Almighty is uot a true 



Etiquettesof 
Preaching 

I. Observe perfeot decorum and propriety while preaching 
and propagating Islam. Adopt sueh an appropriate, 
dignined, and calculated technique to communioate your 
message as to generate fervour and zeal .in the Hstener, 
The Holy Qur'an affirms : 

- - - ~ - - - - „*■- 

'i 

U*o m *abW rablika tiilhikmati walmM-i-zaU. 

hasanati wa jadilhum billati hiya ahean. (16 .- 125) 

"Call unto the way of thy Lord with wisdom and 
iair eshortation and reason with them in the better way". 

ThiB comprehensive yerse of the Holy Qur'an containa 
instruotions regarding three principles : 

(1) The oall must he made in the most appropriate manner. 

(2) The instruotion and guidance must be provided in the 
best possible way. 

(3) Disoussion and reasoniiig.ahould be fair aud courteou», 
Calling m a wise manner means"to communicate your 

message acoording to the situation and circumstances 
aptitude of thepeople, their intellect and understanding and 
their social environments and status-. Do not waste tUt 

351 



352 

preciouA treasure of knowledge and wisdom in a haphaza?d 
way* Addreaa each claas, group or hidividual according to 
their ability, capacity, and their mental level. Always start 
your diacussion from such universal truths as are mutually 
conceded to and pave the way for mutual underatanding 

and agreement; 

Arouse one's best sentiments with sincerity and 
devotion, Create and develop in him an urge and desire to 
know the truth. Thus he will not only achieve- peace of 
mind but adopt and accept the faith as his own inner 
urge. It will serve as a source of nourishment for his 
aoul and a tranquiliaer for his passions and sentiments. 

* To be courteous in criticism and diacussion meana 
that you should offer constructive criticism, Your criti- 
cism ahould reflect your earnostness and sincerity. Your 
Btyle should be so convincing and simple that the intran- 
sigenee, hate> obatinacy t projudice or prido may get no inlet 

Yo.or approach should be so r&tional and impressive and 
yourdiscussion so charming aud thought provoking -as to 

aiake the listener think over your arguments and to feel 
an irresistible -attraction towards the truth, Whenever 
you feel intransigence in attitude* and reasoning, stop dis- 
cussion and take Ieave. 

■ 4 

2. Propagate religion as a whole and do not*add'to or expunge 
anything from its teachings or principles of your own 
accord. The preacher of Islam has no discretion to 
project what he thinks fit and to withhold what he does 

«notthink fit to project. 
God agirms : 

f • } *, <• » > J m » *> ■ •- <i ♦- r • -* • «*,*.* 



353 

I O ^ fl > tf . # 9 # , 



• r v* i »* 






* /^ # >. 9 ** *••*•*.«.*. 



*~ %«* *>* •> 






* • S • M 



Wa4dhcl tutWalaihim ayatunH bayyinSHn qalalladhina 
la yarjuna li^aan&Hbigurdnin ghairi kazd au baddilhu 
qul md yakunu li an ubaddilahu min* tUqai< nafsi in 
attabiu illd ma yilhd ilayya inni akhdfu in ( asaitu rabbi 
l adhdba yaumin <azim. Qul lau shaaltahu ma talautuhu 
'alaikum wala adrdkum bihi faqad labithtujikum umran 
min qablihi afala Vaqilun. Faman azlamwmimmaniftara 
'alallahi kadhiban au kadhdhaba bi-aydtihi. Innahu la 
yujlihul mujrimitn, {jq . 25-17). 

"And when Ourclear iwelations are recited unto them 
,they who look not for the meetin^ with us say : Bring a 
leoture other than this, or change it. Say (0 Muhammad) : 
It is not for me to change it of my own aocord. I only 
follow that which is inspired in me : Lo ! if I disobey my 
Lord I fear the retribution of an aweful day. Say : If Allah 
had so willed I should not have rĕcited it to you nor would 
He havĕ made it known to you. I dwelt among you a 
whole lifetime before it (came to me). Have ye then no 



364 

> 

sense ! Who doeth greater wrong than he who inveriteth 
a lie concerning Allah and denieth His revelations ? Lo ! the 
guilty never are Buccessful. 

However unfavourable the circumstances may be, the 

preacher must prapagate religion ih its true and whole form + 

It ia a htdeous erime to introduce innovations into or to 

make alterations intho principles and teaohings ordained by 

. Allah to suit tho prevailing trends. The people who are 

guilty of such alterationa are the losers in this world as well 
aa in the world Hereafter, Islam is a roligion ordamed by 
God who is All Knowing and Omniptent. His knowledge 
is eternal and there is nothing beyond His knowledge., 
He errs not, at*d has complete knowledge of whole of.this 
universe right. from beginning to the end. Whatever be fhe 
human conquests in the field of scienco and technology, dis- 
coveries and esplanations, all are subject to the Supreme 
Will of Allah. Nobody has got any right to make any ■ 
addition or alteration in the Code of life ordained by Him. 
So much so that the Holy Prophet (p. b. u. h.), through 
whom this code of Iife has heen eonveyed to us, has been 
introduced to us as the most ideal servant of Allah who 
folIows what is ordained to him in letter and spirit and 
dares not overrule His mandate. 

3. Convey the .message of Islam in a natural way, so that 
it may not be taken as an unnatural burden The people 
may take it as a remedy for all their ills and sufferings 
instead of feeling scared and developing hatred against it. 
You should be so polite and rational in conveying the 
message of Islam to the people that they may feel an ireaieti- 
ble attraotion towards lalain. Hadrat Mu'awiya ibn Hakam 
(God be pleased with him) statea: "Once I was sayingpray- 
ers behind tlio Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah 
beupon hiro) wiien a man sneezed. I responded to the sneeze 
by saying «cil *JZ+*j> in the oourse of the prayer. The people 
began to stare at me. I said ; "May God bless you I Why 
are you staring at me % The peoplo indicated to me by 



355 

geatures to keep quiet. I kept quiei. When the prayer 
was over, the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of AUah be 
upon himand may my father and mother be sacriiiced 
for him, never did I see a better guide: and teaeher 
before or after him) neither reproached me, nor beat me, 
nor blamed me. He only said to me "Look. TMb is prayer 
and it is not admissible to talk during the prayer.- Prayer is 
meant to acknowledge the purity, supremacy and esalted- 
ness of God and to recite the Holy CJurW. 

4. Be moderate i» your writing, speech and conversation 
while coiiveying the message and call of Islam so that the 
listeners may feel , hopeful as well as seized wiih awe. 
Neither overstress the terrifying aspects of the punish- 
mentfor sins, lest the people should lose all hopes of 
mercy from Allah and eonsider salvation not only difficult 
but impossible; nor should you present such a rosy 
and one-sided picture of the kindness and forgiveness 
of God that people become feariess and irrcsponsible in 
their actions and feel free to transgress the divine com- 
iriands trusting upon the Munincence and Forgiving Nature 

of the Lord. 

Hadrat 'Ali (God be pleased with him) observed :.. 

■ W 

d 

' "The best scholar is he who invites the pcople to obey 
and submit before Allah in such.amanner that people do 
not lose hope in God ; he neither ■ gives them allowances to 
commit transgressions against the Law of God nor 
makes them fearless of Divine punishment." 

5. Observe perseverance and constancy in missionary aotivi- 
ties. Continue implementing your programme with 
fortitude and a high sense of responsibility. Avoid the 
hab.it of abandoning your programmes half-way and 
chalking out new schemes. Do little, but do it steadily^ 
The Hoiy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) has observed : 



386 



u 



'The beet deed ie the one which, however little it 
may be, is done constantly and regularly*\ 

6. M«et al! hardships and trials that coafront yon while 
preaohing and propagating Islam cheerful]y an& with 
patienceand fortitude 

The Holy Qur'an afBrauj : 

■■ 

i 

Tfa'mttr bilrna e ruft wanha e anil munlari twtibir *al4 rnS 
at&baka, (32; j7j 

"And enjoin kindness and forbid iniquity and perae- 
vere whatever may befall thee'\ 

Hardships and difficulties do come in the way of truth 
and submieaion to Allah, These trials and hardahips 
strengthen faith in Allah and season one's character and 
morala* This is why AUah puts those to trial who olara 
to be His servanta and the trial geta harder and harder 
for those who are better seasoned in faith and devotion* 

God affirms ; 



~ «* - - * m 

. dj^lj 4-J! Ul j 4) Ul IjJU JU-jmw (, tf T, t UI 






307 



• t 



fPo&»nadfc «wwaitwn W*ftat*»m minal khaufi %calj&*% um 

naq«im minatamw&U wal anjusi. taassamarSt tva bash* 
*h%ri*sttbirinalladhina idha a&abatham mmibatun qalU 

innalillahi %ca inntt ilaihi r&ji'un. UWka f alaihim 
mlawStum min rabbihim %ca rahmatun wa HlttHka humul 
muhtaSUn {2: 155-57) 

"And moat certainly shall We try you by means of 
some £eftr # and hunger and Iobb of worldly goods, lives and 
fnzits. and glad tidings to the patient who, when adveraity 
orertakes them, say : Surely Allah's we are, and unto 
Himweareto retnrn. It is they, npon whoni there are 
blessinga of their Lord and (His) mercy and it is they alone 
who are guided aright/' 

'Hadrat Sa f d (God be pleased with him) submitted to 
the HoJy Propbet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 
hitn) : "0 Prophet of God (peace and blosaings of Allah 
be upon you) I Which person is put to the severest trial V* 
The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of -Allah be upon 
him) observed ; "The persons who are put to the severest 
triala are ArstJy the Prophets of God (pe&ce be upon them), 
then those who are nearest to the prophets in conviction and 
derotion, and then those who are next to them in their 
faithand submission, In fact one is tried according to his 
conviction and devotion. Whoever is firm in his conviction 
and devotion is put to a hard test and whoever is weak in 

faith and submiasion , is confronted with a mild trial and 
these trials continue till a man is purged of all traces of 
sin." {Mishkat) 

Eecounting his own esperience, the Holy Prophet 
(peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) observed:' 
"Nerer was a man more persecuted in the way of Allah 
than I was and never was & man more threatened in the 
way '6f Allah as I was. We spent thirty daya and thirty. 



868 

nights in «moh state that Bilal (God.be pleased with him) 
and I had nothing that a living being conld e»t, save some 
Kttle provisions in the small pack which Bilal (God be 
pleased with him) kept under his arm." (Tirmidhi) 

The Holy Prophet (poace and blessings of Allah be 
npon him) also affirmed : 

"Any person who will make an effort to be patient 
shall be granted patience by Allah. And there ia no bless- 
ing which encompasses more good than patienoe," 

(Bukhari, Muslim) 
In fact, trials are eseential for strengthening and 
carrying forward the movement. No movement can aohieve 
suooess without passing through periods of trial, especially 
a movement which calls for a universal revolution in 
hnman society and plans to raise the sooial structure of 
.;. human life on entirely new foundations. 

Remmiscing about the days when the stone-hearted 
Meocans were perpetrating endless tortures on the Holy 
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and 
his illustrioua Companions (God be pleased with them), 
Hadrat Khabbab ibn al-Arat (God be pleased with him) 
related : 

"The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) was resting with a sheet plaoed under his saored 
head in the shade of Bait-AUah (House of God) when we 
reached hi B presence with the oomplaint : "O Prophet of 
God (peace and blessings of Allah be upon you) 1 Don't 
you seek aid for us from God 1 Don't you pray for an end 
to this oppression ! (How long will this period of trial 
oontinue and when will ifc come to an end !). The Holy 
Prophet (peace and blessinga of Allah be upon him) heard 
our complaint and o'bserved : There had been people before 
you who faced unprecedented trials and pppressions. Often 
one of them was made to stend in a pit, half buried in the 
ground, and his body waa sliced into two parts with a saw 



359 

■ like a log of wood, yet tho man refused to renbunce hia faith 
Their fiesh was pierced through with steei combs till the 
iron nails reached the bones and tbo ftbres, yet the devo- 
tees of God did not resile from truth. By God, Islam 
ahall prevail and you will see (such a state of peace and 
socurity) that a man riding from San'aa (the Capital of 
Yemen) to Hadramut will have nothing to fear on the 

way except Allah. The shephords will only fear the 
wolves lest they should carry off their goats. But, alas, 

you show impatienee." (Bukhari) 

Hadrat Mua'wiya (God bĕ pleased with him) relates ; 
"I have heard the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of 
AUah be upon him) observing, "There shali always remain 
a group among my Ummah who will defend Islam and their 
faith. Those who do not support them or opposethem 
shall never be able to destroy or eliminate them till the 
final word ftom Allah. These defenders of Faith ahall 
remain firm in their oonviotion. (Bukhari, Muslim) 

7. Do not show undue toleration, or shower undeserved praiae 
on any one, nor sacrifice principles under any ciroum* 
stances, In affirmation of a virtue of the believers, the 
Holy Qur'an says : 



Ashiddau l alal fcuffdr. 
"They deal strictly with the non-believers. 



?> 



In pther words, thobelievers are extremely strict about 
matters of reKgion and principle and under no circum- 
atances do ^they compromise their. principles or tolerate 
wrong-doing. They can bear anything, but cannot 
sacrifice their religion or principles. God has tranamitted 
through the Holy Prophet (peaee and blessings of Aliah be 
upon him) the followmg to the Muslims : 



860 



f*\#A £t4j vj 0^1 uf piLij ^UiUiiu 



Patidhatika fad*u wastdgim kama umirta wala tattab'% 
ahwaahum. ' 

a Unto this then summon (O Muhammad). And be 
thou upright as thou art commanded, aud follow not 
their luats." 

Aoeommodation for wrong-doing, undue toleration 

and compromise with falsehood are the weaknesses that 
destroy one'B faith and religion, 

The Holy Prophet (peace aud blesaings of Allah be 
upon him) has observed : 

"When the tribe of Israel began to tranagress the 
odmmanda of God, their learned men oheoked them, but 
they did not refrain from their wioked deeda. Their 
learned men inatead of boyootting their society, oontinued 
to attend their oompany and ate and drank with them. 
Consequently God equated these pioua Ulemaa with the 
transgreeesors and curaed them through His Propheta, 
Hadrat Dawud and Hadrat <Iaa (peaoe and blessinga of 
Allah be upon them). God cursed the Israelites because 
they followed the path of disobedience to God and went 
too far on this way." The reporter of this Tradition 
'Abdullah b. Mas*ud (God be pleased with him) relatea : 
"The Holy Prophet (peaoe and biessisgs of Allah be upon 
hiro) ohanged his reolining poature and sat ereot and 
observed : No, I swear by Him Who hath power ovei 
my Iife, you will certainly oontiuue to enforce virtue 
and curb evil and you will hold the hand of the 
oppressor and bend the tyrant before truth. If you do 
not act as you must, you too ehall assimilate with them 
and God ahall withhold all His bleaaings and guid- 
ance from you ahd foraake you compleWty, just aa He 



361 

deprived the Israelites of His clemency. 

8, To train and reform your ohildren and to prepare them 
for the duty of establishing religion is uot'only your fore* 
most otligation, feut a Iogical sphere of yoiir activity. 
On the other hand, it is unwise and unnatural to ignore 
your childron and get yourself busy in missionary ' aotivi- 
vities outside. It is a gross negligence and an esoape 
frora duty. It is as if you leave your own farnily writhing 
in agony of hunger and thirst during famine and go out ' 
in se^roh of the needy to distribute grain among 
them to display your munificence. It shows that you 
are quite incapable of porceiving the suffering ofhunger 
and thirst and are devoid of the sense of kinship and 
love ; nor can you appreciate the wisdom that lies 
behind the act of distributing grain. The Holy Qur'an 
enjoins upon the believers : 

Ya-ayyuhalladhina Hmanu qu anfusahum wa ahlikum 
nar&. 

"0 Believers 1 8ave yourselves and your families from 
thefireof Hell". 

The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah beupon 
him) has eluoidated the same verse as follows : 

"Ea h onc of you is a guardian and is charged with 
a responsibility, and each one of you shall be held 
aooountable for those who have boen placed under your care. 
The ruler is a guardian and he shall be held to account for 
the a£Fairs of his subjects. The husband is the guardian of 
his family ; the woman is the guardian of her husband's 
home and children. So each one of you is a guardian and 
. charged with a responaibility and each one of you shall be 
called to aocount for the affairs of those who have been 
placed under your care". (Bukhari, Muslim) 



362 

Tk 

9. Expend som© care upon reforming and cultivating* 
your neighbours and the people living around you and 
consider this taak as a part of your duty. 

The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings ofAIlahbe 

upon hkn) delivered a sermon one day and in the eourse 

of his sermon praised some Muslims and then observed : 

"Why is it so that some people do not impart religious 

knowledge to their neighbours and do not season them * 

, in religion, neither do they warn them of the fearfuJ 

consoquences of their ignorance of reiigion, nor restrain 

them from eommitting evil deeds ? And why is it so that 

some of you do not careto learn religion from their 

neighbours and do not aoquire an understanding of its 

. purpose and spirit, nor do they try to ascertain the fearful 

: eonsequences of remaining ignorant of religion, By 

\ God ! The people must teach religion to their neighbours 

and inculcate an understanding of religion among them. 

'" " The people should guide their neighboura, give them good 

counsel and restrain them from wrong and evil. Besides, 

it is the duty of people to learn religion from thĕir 

neighbours, acquire anunderstanding of religion and acoept 

their oounsels or else I shall puniah them soon".The Holy 

Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) then 

descended from the pulpit concluding his sermon. 

Those who were present there enquired from eaoh 
other : Against whom tbe Holy Prophet (peaoe and 
blessings of. Allah be upon him) delivered this war- 
ning *" The others said, "The Holy Prophet (peace and 
blessings of Allab be upon him) was alluding in his 
speeoh to the people of the tribe of Ash'ar. Thĕse people 
are well~versod in religion, but their neighbours, who 
live in the Oasis, are ignorant yokels'\ When the 
people of the tribe of Ash'ar came to know of thĕ sermon 
delivered by the Holy Prophet (peace, and blessings of 
Allah be upon him) they presented themselves before the 
Holy Prophet (poace and biessings of AUah bĕ upon him) 



363 

and submitted : "OProphetof God (peace and blessing» 
of Allah be upon you) ! You were pleased to shower 
praise on some people and expressed your dlspleasure to- 
warda us. Kindly let us know what is wrong with us V f 
The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon 
him) obseryed : "It is the duty of the people to teach 
religion to their neighbours ; they ought to preach to 
them, educate thera and restrain thera from wrong and 
evil. Likewise it is the duty of the people to leam 
religion from their neighbours and to accept their counsels. 
They should also oultivate an understanding of religion, 
othĕrwise I shall punish them soon in this world". 
Thepeople of the tribe of Ash'ar again submitted ; "O 
Prophet of God {peace and blessings of AUah be upon youj l 
Should we inoulcate the .spirit of religion among others ? n 
The Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings of Allah be upbn 
him) observed : "Yes, indeed, it is your duty".* Ther*- 
upon the people submitted : "0 Holy.Prophet (peace and 
blessings pf AHah be upon you) ! Allow us a grace period 
of one ysar'\ The HbJy Prophet (peace and blessings of 
Allah be upon him) granted them a grace period of one 
year within whioh they were to teach religion to their 
neighbours and inouloate an understanding of religion 
among them. The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of 
Allah be uponhim) then reeitcd the iollowing verees : 



• * + + •*+•„ •J^Git,,,^ ^ 



r ~.-*.- 



. .l^jLjU^ I y^ U ^^LJ ojkJ JL^* ^p OjaI^L 

Lu-Hnalladhlna kafaru.n\in banl Isrdila ala liadni\:; 
Dauda ii>a Isabni Maryama dhalika hima *asaw wa kdnik 
ya J tadun. Kdnu la yatana batina *an munkarin V* 
faaluhu laWsa ma kdnu yaf : alun*. ■ (5 ; 78-79) '* 



364 ■ 

"Those of the children of Iarael who went astray were 
cursed by the tongue of David, and of Jesus son of Mary, 
That was beoauae they rebelled and used , to transgress, 
They restrained not one another from the wickedness they 
did. Verf]y evil was they used to do". 

10, Respect and gire due regard to the religious beliefs and 
sentiments of the pe*>plo among whom you are perforramg 
your pleasant duty of preaching and propagating religion. 
Do not desecrate the names of their forbears or loaders ; 
neithor attack their beliefs, nor denounce their religious 
doctrines. You should preach your religion in a positive 
manner with sease and wisdom. Your criticism, 
instead of provoking the liateners, shall be earnestly aimed 
at driyiiig home your preachings to them. Impassioned 
criticism and disparaging gpeech never suceeeds in bringing 
about the desired ohange in the addressoe, On the othor 
hand, there is an ever present danger in thia case that 
feelings of pride in ignorance aud prejudice may be igaited 
in the listener and undcr their inAuence he may pass 
irapudent remarks upon God and religion And instead of 
drawing near to religion may go farther astray. 
The Holy Qur'an affirms ; 



«* 



**- 



■ Wa la iasubbulladhlna yad l una min dimillahi Jayasub- ' 
bullaha • adwan bighairi Hltn. 

"{O Believers !) Do not revile those whorn they call 
besides Allah lest they should unknowingly take torevil- 
ing Allah out of enmity r \ 

11. When you become a missionary for spreading the message of 
God, you should confine your activities to calling peopje 
towards God and nothing eise, Do not call the people of 
God towards anything other than God ; do not isaue your 



365 

call in the name of a country, people, race, or language ; 
nor call them on behalf of a party. The objective of the 
believer is to obey the Wili of God. Call people towards total 
sohmission to God and eultivate an assurance among them, 
that the slave's duty is to worship his Creator and Master, 
be it in the sphere of his indiriduai or fatmly life, or in 
social and political affairs. Th« s!ave should obey in ail 
sphcres of his life the order of his Lord and Creator and 
submit to His Law with sincerety and devotion. A Muslim 
can have no objective before him other than this. He 
should, therefore call others also to achieve this 
objcctive. Wheneyer the believer should dare turn his 
back upon tho Commands of God and set up anything else 
than . obedience to the Will of AHah as his objective, he 
shall be condemned aad rejeoted in both the worlds. 

Wa man ahsanu qaulan mimman da^a ilallahi wa 

f amila salihan wa qala innani minal mualimm. 

"Who is better in speech than he who calls people 
towards God, acts righteously and saj'S '1 am surely of 

those who submit"*. 



Etiquettes of 
Discipline and 

Organization 

1« Porm astrong organiiation for propagating roligion and 
make a concentratcd and collective struggle to establish 
Islamio Order. 

wal takuri minhum ummalun yad ( una ilalkhairi wa 
ya*murUna bil ma^rujl u>a yanhauna *anil munkar. 

"And there must exiet at least a group among you 
whioh should call people towards goodness enjoining 
good and prohibiting wrong and evil. 

"Al-Khai*" denotes all that is naturally good and 
which has always been regarded as good by human nature 
and which has been attested as good by the revealed 
Books. A comprehensive and systematio form of all that is 
good and virtuous is the religion of God whieh the 
Apostles (peace be upon thein) have been transmitting to 
the world in every successive epoch and whose final, 
complete, authentio and fully preserved form is fche Quran 
and Sunnah which the Holy Prophet Muhammad (peaoe 
and blessings of Allah be upon him) hequeathed to the 
Ummah. To call peoplo towards this good and to enrich 
the world with virtue it is imperative that Muslims ahould 
form a party and perform this duty in an organized 

366 



337 

manner. They ahould forge strong and welMcint front and 
launch a wel]-organized and concentrated struggle to 
eliminatethe wrong and eril from every aphere oflifo. 
Allah deacribea thia unity and atrength of the MusHms with 
appreciation *aad praise and lauds their colleotive and 
conoentrated «truggle. 



Innallaha yuhibbulladhina yuq&til&na fl sabilihl mffan 
kaannahum bunyanum marsus, 

Verily God lores those who fight in Hia cause arrayed 
in ranks as though they were a atruoture oemented with 
molten lead, 

Stressing the importance of oolleotire struggle and 
adviaing Mualims to live aa an organized body, the Holy 
Prophet (peaoeand blessings of Allah beupon him) obserred; 

"Three mea who li\re ia a jungle are forbidden to live 
together save they ohoose ooe from amoag themselres 
as their Amir (ohief)". . iMuntaga) 

Purther the Holy Prophet (peace aad blessiugs of 
AHah be upon him) obserred: 

"The persoo who wishes to seoure a dwelling pJac© io 
the oentre of Paradiae ought to. remaio ormly attached to 
the "Al.Jama , at" for the devil hauuts a aingle persoo, but 
if two persons join together, the devii runs a.way em 
far as possible. 

"Al-J»ma'at" implies a w«ll-organized sooiety of 

Musliws whicb is goTerned by the rule of Shariah tuider 

t^MuaM* pa^ph fcad iti» Muslima "»;% *nol« agw«.and 

" toilai^tortfj«ii|;Jea4mhip.Ins»i^ 

m b«*rtea^<m,Trh«tiiB»TM. for anv Va«lim to fc«.« 



388 

himself away and aloof from such & society, In case 

such a society and such an organization does not exist 
roake an all out concentrated an<J collective efforts to 
bring about such a society which is called Al-Jama'at 
in Islamic terminology. 

2. Make Islam the fonndation ofyourunity and organiai- 

tion as the distinguishing feature ofan Islamic organisa. 

tion is nothing but total submission to Allah. Any 

brganiaation , unity or alliance based on any thing other 

than total cubmission to Allah shall not be termed as 

Islamic, as it is not based on the foundation of Islam. 

The real baBe of brotherhood and bond of unity is Islam 

and Ialam only. Anything other than Islam cannot 

cement relations of brotherhood and unison. It will rather 

disperse and disintegrate the people and inatead of forming 

a powerful and well-knit unit and organization with 

singularty of purpose and prooedure, they will be divided 

into aeveral sects and jtactions. 

If you form a party, the only objective before you 
should be to establish the rule of Qod and all your 
struggle and efforts ahould be devoted to aohiere thia goal 
only. 



'f£*£i jXi>" jU 3u JjS pllr ii pii 



4)i 



d'fi)U JT» . U1>-1 



Wa'ata»imu bihablillahi jaml'an* wala tafarraqu 
loadhkurii »' 'imatallahi 'alaikum idh kuntum a'adS'an 
fa~allafa baina gulubihum fa-atbahtum binHmatihi 
ikhwdnS. ■ m ) 

The Holy Qur'an affirroa: . 



369 

*'And hold fast all of you together to this rope of Allah 

and do not Beparate. And remeraher Allah's favour unto 

you how ye were enemtes and He made friendship hetween 
your hearts so that ye became as brothers by His graee 

*The rope of God ( means Islam, the 'Religion of 
God\ According to the Holy Qur'an, ifc is Isiam which 
forms the basis of the unity and organisation for 
Muslims. Anything e!se will only divide them into a 
number of factione instead of uniting and unifying them. 

3. Love those working for the cause of Islara from tbe core of 
your heart and eonsider this connexion as the most impor 
tant and the most inestimablo of all eonnexions. 

Describing the characteristics of the believers, the 
Holy Qnr*an affirms: 



I 



«YY J:WI» . f4?jsteJ r#\j* 



La tajidu qauman yuminuna billahi walyaumil akhiri 
yuwddduna man had-dallaha wa rasulahu wa lau kanil 
aba'ahum au abnd ( ahum au ikhwanahum au ashi<ratahum t 

{58:22). 

' "Then will not find folk who be)ieve in AJlah and the 
Last Day loving those who oppose Allah and His Mcssonger 
even though they be their fathers or their sons or their 
brothers or their dan. 

4. Extend support and good counsel to your colleagues in the 
party and keep alive the spirit of mutual guidance and 
advice in your party life, for this is the real key to success. 



370 

IjUp j l>.l ^JJi *fl y*fr JU 0UVl Dl ^JIj 



WaVasri innal insana lafi khusrin ittalladhin avt<^nu wa 
4 amilussalihati wata wasau bil haqqi %va tawasaulissabr . 

By the time, surely raan is ever in a state of losa 
except those who believe and do righteous deeds and 
exhort one another to preach Truth and exhort one another 
to be eteadfaat. 

' w 

6, Observe party discipline with full care, and do not 
consider it only a means. of strengthening your party, but 
deem it as a religious duty. 

God affinns: 
■ • 
*> *. + - • > ^ ~ » »JU t -• * **• •* » *■ - c 

i^r iii j u^j j &\> i>.i ^jji 0jj-«i-*3i ui ■ 



„ * * * J».» s ,- »-• 4 - • _*„»„■& ^ 0„ f „ f ^ - 

* ) *, * i +m$ * J .*•• 5 *■ T > -* .*• •> * -••* 

. <-^j i **>k M^H ^ 1 «-J-sJj 1 -dUyiU-M 

Innamal mo { minunal'4adhlna amanu billahijwa rasulihi 
wa idha kanu ma'ahu 'ala amrin jami- f in lam yadh-habu 
hatia yasta 1 -dhmuhu . Innalladhina yasia 1 dkinii-naka 
ulSikalladhina yo ( minuna billahi wa rasulihi. {24 : 62) 

"They only are true believers who believe in Allah and 
His Messenger and when they are with him on ' aome 
oommon errand go not away until they have asked leaye pf 
him. Lol those who ask leave of thee, those are they who 
believe in Allah and His Messenger", 



371 

Party discipline and loyalty and devotion to the 

leader ie not only a legal point, * trot an important 

issueofShariah, The Holy Qur'an has affirmedthe true 

" faith of thoae who are loyal to party discipline and in no 

case abandon their party duty without leave of their 

leader. 

6. Extend sincere co-operation in all the good works.that 
are being carried out by the party and exert yourself to the 
maxiraum in this. effbrt. Do not stain the purity of 
your moral oharacter by entertaining any evil sentimenta 
such as selfishness, or personal motives and-self-glorifi- 
eation. 

The Holy Qur'an enjoins upon the believerg; 

Wata ( auanil ( akdbirri watiagwd, 

' "And oo-operate with each other in good works of 
piety and God-fearing'\ 

7. Maintain cordial relations with your colleagues. If at times 
a diSerence of opinion arises, resolve the dispute at once 
and keep your heart clear of any feelings of gradge, 

Fattaquttaha wa-aslihu dhaia bainikum. 

*'So fear God and maintain cordial relations among 
yourseIves'\ 

8, Obey the Amir of the Islamic Party with all sincerety 
and in good spirit and remain loyal and devoted to him. 

The -Holy Prophet {peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) has observed; 

"It ia the duty of the Mualims to listen to and obey 
the order of their leader, regardless of the consideration 



372 

whether sueh an order is agreeahle or diaagreeable to them, 
provided such an order does not eonstitute a transgression 
of God's law. In case sttcli an order is issued as is repug- 
nant to God's law, it should not be listened to, tior 
obeyed. (Bukhdri Muslim) 

Hadrat Tamim Dari reports that the Holy Prophet 
(peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) observed: 

"Religion means dovotion and loyalty". The Holy 
Prophet (peace and blessings of Ailah be upon him) 
repeated this observation three times* Thereupon we 
submittcd: "Devotion and Joyalty to whom % n The Holy 
Prophet (peace and bIessingsof Aliah be upon him) obser- 
ved: "De^otion and loyalty to God, His Messenger, His 
Book, the leaders of Muslims and the mass of Muslims." 

(Muslitn) 

9. Avoid party ehauvinism, bigotry and factionalism. Co- 
operate with evoryone with an open heart and in good 
cheer. Esteem those who are working for the canse of 
religion. Deal with them in good faith and sincerity and 
considĕr them as your eolleagues and comrades. AH those 
who work for the cause of religion are in reality supporters 
and helpers of one another. The goal of everyone of them 
is the glory of religion and all of them wish to serve 
religion according to their lights. It is auspicious 
and fnritful to point out each other's faults in a 
spirit of friendship and understanding and to focus 
attention on correct mode of thought and action. On the 
other hand, it is below the dignity and office of the 
preachers of religion to indulge in such de&picable conduct 
as hatred, friction, envy, grudge, confrontation and 
. hostile propaganda against eaoh other, The character 6f 
the preachers must be clear of all these blemishes who 
sincerely and truly wish to expond their energies and 
talents in the way of God and to render some service to 
the causo of Islam during their lifetime. 



Etiquettes of 
Leadership 

1. To lead and guido the Islamic party choose a person 
who excels others in piety and fear of God, Heritago nor 
wealth is the basis of leadership or eroinence in Islam. 
The best person in Tslarn is he who foars God most. 
The Holy Qur'an affirms : 



• ^ , »^ * „• 



9*.*»- 2 ».1-.^-. ^ ^^S * »*J 



jCjui m,jc* r C^ri Dt i>jUj.i jjlj j ^ 



* s > 



Ya-ayyuhannasu mnd khalaqnakum min dhakarin wa 
unthawa ja^alndkum shuuban wa qabai l fa *lita'arafu 
inna akramakum Hndallahi atqdkum. (*9 :13) 

"O mankind ! Lo ! we havo created you male and 
female, and hare made you nations and tribes so that ye 
may know one another. Lo ! the noblest of you in the sight 
of Allah, is the best in oonduct." 
2, Kegard the election of a leader as a saored duty and use 
your vote as a ttust from God only in favour of person 
who in your viow is best qualified to discharge tke onerous 
reaponsibility of leadership. 
God affiyms : 

^ ♦«* , II-* ■ i+ j * - r>>>o^< « 

j»A *U1W . 1*1*1 Jl C&flb$*$J & f,A ^ o\ 



373 



374 

Innallaha ya t murukum an tuaddal am&naii ila ahliha. 

(4:58), 
"Lo ! Allah Commandeth you that you restore 
deposits to their owners." 

This is a prccise principle which encompassos all kinds 
of trusts. ln tho context of this Chapter «trusts 
denote the respousibilities of an Islamic Party *. e. 
the duty of leadership should be vested by open choico in 
such a person who is the best qualifiod among you to ais- 
charge the onerous responsibility of leadorship. To cast 
your vote in this caso in a partisan spirit or to show 
undue favour or to act under tho inAuence of - other 
9xtraneous factors is a breach of trust. The character of 
a believer must be iree from the taint of breach of trust. 

3. If you are to lead an Islaraic Pwty, you should 
be *fully conscious of your responsibilities and should 
discharge your duty with complete honesty,- diligence, 

sense of responsihility and energy, 

The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of AUah be 
upon him) observed : 

"God shall bair the entry of that person into Para- 
dise who is entrusted tho duty of administering the 
affairs of Muslim society aad he betrays their trust". 

(Bukhari, Muslim) 
Tho Holy Prophet (peace and blo&sings ef Atlah be upon 
him) also obseryod : 

'The person who accepts the charge of administering 
the affairs of Muslims and then does not serre their 
. interests and doos not tiro himself out in their serrice to 
tho same extent that ho tires Himself out to fulfil his 
o.wn personal needs, God shall thiow such a man headlong 
into the firo of HeU". (Tabrani) 

4. Treat your subordtnates with tenderness, * affection f 
faimess and large-heivrtedness so that they may co-oper.ate 
with you willingly and God may grant your Party the 



375 



favour of rendering some servioe to Islam. Deacrib- 
ing the virtues of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of 
Allah be upon him), the Holy Qur'an gays : 



rV«A OI^p JT» . ilj^ ^. iJ.asJ v 



.PaJwraa rahmatim minalldhi linta lahum wa lau kunta 
fazzan ghalizal qalbi lanfaddu min haulik. (3 • 159). 

t "It was by the meroy of AUah that thou wast Ienient 
with them (0, Muhammad), for if thou hadst been stern 
and Seroe of heart they would have dispersed from 
round about thee," 

"Moreover, God has urged the Holy Prophet (peaoe 
and blesaings of AUah be upon him) : 



Wakhfid janShaka UmaniUab ( aka minal mo^minin. 

{26 ; 215). 
"And lower thy wing (in tenderness) unto thoae 
believers who follow thee." 

Intheeourseo^aspeeeh^Hadrat «Umar b. Kh&ttab 
(God be pleaeed with him) remarked : 

VQ people ! You owe us a duty to support ue sincerely 
in our abaence and aasist us in pertorming deeds of 
piety." Furthermore he observod : 

^ "Officerst>f the Government ! No tenderneds ia greater 
beforc God ani more profitabIe than the tendernesa and 
leniency shown by the head of the executive. Similarly, 
no lack of wisdom and ineptness is more damaging, 
dangerous and despicable than the indisoretion, whimaical 
natureand haphazard actions of the exe<rative head. 



376 

6. Realke the importanoe of your oolleagues* Reapect 
their aentimenta and pay due regard to their needs» Treat 
them in such a fraternal way that they should look 
upon yoa as their greatest well-wisher, 

Ha^rat Malik ibn Huwarith relates : "Once some of us 
young men who were of the same age group went to stay 
with the Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) and lived in hia auspioioua oompany for twenty 
days. Tbe Holy Apostle of God (peaoe and blesai^gs of 
Aliah be upon him) was no doubt extremeiy kind and 

tender-hearted. When the Holy Prophet (peace and 
bleeeings of Allah be upon him) feit that we were homeeick, 
he (peaoe and blessings of Allah be updu him) enquired 
from us : **What relations have you Jeft behind at home?" 
We Bubmitted detaila, whereupon the Holy * Prophet (peaoe 
and blessings of Allah be npon him) advised us : "You 
should now return home and live with them and teaeh 

them what you have leamt and propagate good deeds 
among them. Tell them the exact hours of prayers and 
when the time of prayer approaches, one of you should 
announee the eall and he who excels all others in Iearaing 
and charaoter among you thould lead the prayers." 
6, Appreciate the worth and importanoe of your colleagues 
and considering them your real assest, take pains to train 
them in right earnest. Do not undorrate them a* poor 
and deatitute nor covet those upon whom God has 
bestowed worldly pomp, grandeur and wealth. 

* „• m f-* »>*- ***** *•• « „* -r -*•* • •- 



i ~ * «■- wr ■ • " > • > •>•** *r t • ** J • ^ -.-- «•- » ^ ,U* f 



5j5>JI U-u X*J j^p £)~* Ad Vj ^j bj^ji 

«n jh^ ! » . ¥& 

Waabir na/saka ma'alladhina yad'una. rabbahtm 



377 



bilghadati wlsathiyyi yuriduna unjhah» wala ^ 
ainika 'anhum turidu tinatal-hay&tiddunya. (18 • 29). 
^ _thy.elf along with those who ' cty mto 

Ind let^nl Z m0rn "* e 7 n !. ag ; 8e6king HiS co ^nance 
and ]et not thine eyes overlook them deairing the pom D nf 

the life of the world." S *° pomp f 

In fact the people who have devoted their 
hves and resourcea to the propagation and preaohing f 
rehgion are the veritable asset of a religious partv 
The duty of the party leader is to reali B e the value of these 

people and conoentrate all hjs attention on their eduoation 
and training. 

7. Settle and exeoute all party matters in consultation with 
your oolleagues. Try to deve!op their interest in theparty 
andconaolidate their support for the actinties of the 
party. Q d, in praiae of the believers, also affirms that 
they settle their affairs by mutual consultation. 

* i - » - i */•>/•.,. 

Wa amruhum ahuri bainahum. 

"And their aiTairs are (settled) by mutual eonsulta- 
tion, M 

God has urged the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings 
of Allah be upon him) to consult hia companiona in matteni 
of special importance. 

♦-* *>• *- *,■ 

Wa *h&mrhum /ihamr. 

"And oonsult them in (important) matterB." 

8. Pisplay generosity and selAessness in party matters, Do 

not seek to advanoe your oto or your family's inierest 

in any party matter. On the other hand, show a liberal 

and unteifiah eondaot so that your colleagues may 




»78 

always be prepsred to make all sacriBces with a willing 
heart and may not feei disillusioned with the party or 
sever their conneotion with it or may not be moved to act 
with se]fish and uiterested rnotives. Hadrat Abu Bakr (God 
be pleased with }iim) once observed to Hadrat 'Umar (God 
be pleased with him) : 

u O son of Khattab 1 I have chosen you and appointed 
you over Muslims so that you may deal with them with 
kindness* You have been a Companion of the Holy 
Prophet (peaoe and blessinga of Allah be upon him). You 
know how the Hoiy Prophet (peaoe and blessings of Allah 
* be upon him) used to prefer our interest to hia own 
interest and that of our family to hia family, so muoh 
ao th*t we often returned as- & gift to the Prophet'a family 

whatever we reoeived from Irim in excess of our needs and 
reqnirement». 

{Kitab aUKharSj) 

9 t Always avoid partiality and nepotism and never show 
undue regard and toleration. Hadrat Yadd b. Sufyan 
(Godbe pleaaed with liim) relates: "When Hadrat Abu 
Bakr (God be pleased w£th him) appointed me ehief 
of the army and sent me towards Syria, he gave me the 
following instructions : 

• O Yazid 1 You have some kinsmen and relations. 
It ifl possible that you may feel tempted to prefer them to 
others for appointment to officea of troet. This is what 
1 fear most about you, 

The Holy Prophet {p^ace and bleaaings of Allah be 
upon him) obaerved : "God will aooept no compenaation 
or eonsideration from a person who is responsible for the 
affaire of the Muslims and appointa a man to an offioe of 
authority over Muslima merely on the basis of kinship ©r 
triendship, so muoh so that God shall oonsign the guihj 
pewon to HelP\ {Kitab aUKkoraj) 



37» 



10. Maintain strict party diacipline as far as is posaible and 
do aot ahow weakness or leniency in matters of discipline. 



God affirms : 






J» J- 




l^a idkasPadkan&ka IWadhi sha^nihim fa'dhan liman 
$hi l ta minhum wa$taghfir lahumullah. {24 : 62) 

u Sp, if they ask thy leave for some affair of theirs, 
give leave to whom thou wiit of thern, and afik for them 
forgiveness of Ailah." 

In other words, when the members of the party assemble 
to attend to some party business and later some membera 
begin to aeek permission to leave on aocount of their 
peraonal needa or disabilitiea, it behovea the leader of the 
party to acoept the requests of those people only whose 
persona! needs are really more pressing than the matters 
oonfronting them in the meeting or of those whose 
disabilitiea juttify their leave by canonioal law and, there 
fore, muat be cohsidered and oonceded* 



CHAPTER V 



SENSE OF DEYOTION 



382 

The Holy Prophet (peace and blesstogs of 
Allah be upon him) observed that God has 

aff irmed as follow : 

«*My creatures ! Each one of you is 
misguided, save the one whom I guide. 
So seek guidance only from Me so that 
I may instruct you. My people ! Each 
one of you is famished, save the Aoi^ Whom 
I feed. So apply to Me only for subsis- 
tence, so that I may grant you Ihelihood. 
My slaves! Fach one of you is naked, 
save the one whom I dress with an 
apparel, so besceh clothing from Me so 
that I may dress you with garments. My 
bondmen ! You commit sins day and night 
and I can forgive all sins. So seek for- 
giveness from Me so that I may forgive 
you your sins. 

(Sahih Musltm) 



Etiquettesof 
Repentance 

1. Never lose hope of accept&nce by God of your repentance 
and petition for forgiveness. Whatever the magnitude of 
your sina, purify your bou! by oSering repentance and be 
hopeful of God's mercy. Despair is the characteriatio of 
unbelievera. It is the diatinctive trait of the belieyera 
that they repent the most and under no circurastances do 
they lose hope of God's clemency. It is disastrous to 
succumb to disraay and lose hope of Allah's Mercy and 
clemency considering tho magnitude of sins. The raoat 
outstanding qua3ity of tho favourites of Allah ia that 
they do not stiok to t.he wrong and guilt but admit their 
ikult cloarly and unconditionally, They are never aupposed 
to be above faults and omisaions» but when thoy commit 

w 

any fault and realise the wrong done, they do all within 
their means to beg forgiveness from Allah aad to purtfy 
themselves of that fault and raisdeed. 



-t 




Jil j/"i ^JU\ \j*m j\ ^Li>-1» lji_*_i lil ^aJlj 
f J j 41 H\ 

Walladhlna idka fa*alu /ahishatan au zalamu anfusahunt 
dhakarullaha fastaghfaru lidhunu bihim wa man 
yaghjirudhdhunuba illdllahu wa lam yuslrru ( ala ma 
fa l alu wahum y l alamun. (3 : 135) 

383 



3*4 

"And thoae who when they do an evil thing or wrong 
themselvea remember Allah and implore forgiveness for 
their sins—who forgiveth sins saye Allah only ?— and will 
not knowingly repeat (the wrong) they did " 

And God affinns in another verae : 
IjjOj jU^I ^ ^Li ^ ISI IjiJl ^JUI j| 

/nnalteiAitta^.^att idhs. maetahum i&ifum minaehth* 
ait&ni tazakkar8 fa*idha*hum mubsir&n. (7 ; 201) 

"Lo ! those who ward off (evil) when a glamonr from 
the evil troubleth them thoy db but remember (Allah*a 
gaidance) and behold them seers". 

i 

» ■ 

And the Holy Prophet (peace and bleasinga of Allah 
be upon him) obse?ved : 

"AU human beings withont exception are sinfu3, but 
the best sinners are those who repent the most'\ 

(Tirmidhi) 

In the Holy Qur'an, God has mentionedit as a distinot 
virtue of the belierers that they offer penanoes before God 
at dawn and repent and seek His Forgivenees and God has 
urged the believer* that they ahonld rest assured that God 
ahall cover their sins with His Forgiveneas and Clemency, 
for He is A13-Forgiving and the Most Affectionate towards 
His creatarea. 

•* mW ++ m+> ^ . w+ 

«4* ,>«*» \ 



385 



Wastaghjiril rabbakum thumma tiibG ilaihi inna rabbi 
rahimun wadud. ,jj . ^ 

"Ask pardon of your Lord and then turn unto Him 
frepentant). Lo I my Lord is Mercilul, Loving. 

2. Always be hopeful of God's BleBsings and reat assured that 
hojever great your sins may be, God' B Munifioenoe is wider 
and all,encompaBeing, When a person who has committed 
a greater yolunie>of sina than the 8 urf of the .ea feel« 
ashamed and olTera sincere penanoe before God, He 
•Ustens to his entreaties and grants him refuge under His 
Meroy. 

-*■*• t*i"'t'Ji * "- '- *> * - -, 

<~j 0* \J^ V ^ Jp \j^\ yfl\ ^u 



/* * /»*-• ^J^S #. „ ,,.jj } 



• --I ff . 



ps^l js ajJ\ jA <J| U^- Vj uj| ju^m b\i\ 






-• ■ > '* ■ > ^ Sj ^ ^^p 



Ya ibadi.yalla4Mna aaraju -ala an/usihim la taanatu 
mtn rahmatillah. Innallaht yaghfirudhdhunuba jamlya 
Innahu huwal ghajurrahlm. Wa anibu ila rabbikum wa 
astmu lahu min gabli an ya'liyakum.ul 'adhabu thumma 
"*•"«*• (39:53,54). 

My 8 laves who have been prodigal to their own heartt 
De 8 pa,r not of the Mercy of Allah who forgiveth all ains. 
Lo I He M the Forgiving the Meroiful. Turn unto Him 
repentant ; and surrender unto Him before there come unto 
you the doom, when ye oannot be helped". 

3. Whenever you feel B hame and remor 8 e and at 



3K6 



what«v*r stage of your Hfe, consider this feeling and 
realisation a special favour of God and be sure that the 
doors are always open for repentance, God aocepts 
repentance of His slaves aa long as they are alive. 
However, when they are at the threshold of death 
and are about to pass over to the next world, tbe 
time for offering repentance espires. The Holy Prophet 
(peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) observed : 

•<God accepts the repentance of His slave, bnt only 
before the slave baa breathed his last". (Tirmidhi) 

The brothers of Hadrat Yusuf (peace be upon him) 
pushed him into a dark well and felt sure that he was dead. 
Ia other words, they stood guiltyof the murder of a 
Prophet. They soaked Yusuf's shirt in blood and 
preaented it as a positive evidence of Yusufs .death to 
their father Hadrat Ya'qub (peace be upon him). They 
assored him that a wo!f had devoured Hadrat Yusuf (peace 

be upon him) -Many years after the commiesion of this 

*rave offence when the sense of guilt prevailed upon them 
they went to their father remorsefully and requested 
him : "Dear father, pray to God on our behalf and inter- 
oede with Him to grant us forgivenes S ". The Mossenger of 
God Hadrat Ya'qub (peace be upon him) did not «hsappomt 
his sons by confronting them with the que 8 tion : " Your 
offence is grave. Many years have elapsed since you 
oommitted this heinous orime, why ask for forgiveness 
dow"? Instead he undertook to offer a prayer to God 
that He should grant them salvation and aseured them 
that God would certainly forgive them, for God is the 
Most-Forbearing and Most Compassionate. 

Q$14 y& abanastagh/irlana dhvnuband innd kunna ■ 
UMUi». ( 22 : 97 >- 



387 



"They aaid. O our father 1 Ask forgivene« B of oor 
sins for us, for Lo I we are Bioful." 



j« s 



0fffo mufa aataghfifu Ukum rabbl innahu hu*walghafur- 
urrahlm. {12 . ^j 

"He said: I shall aak forgiveness for you of my 
Lord, Lo I He is the Forgiving, the Merciful." 

The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of AHah be 
upon him) told a strange tale to his Companions {God be 
pleased with them) witha viewto save them from fall- 
mg a prey 4o dismay. The tale contains the moral 
that whenev.er at any stage of his life a believer feels 
aahamed of hisWsdeeds and he sincerely entreats God 
to forgive him. God shall bestow upo*him salvation and 
He shall never refuse him His favour. 

TheHoly Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 
upou him) observed ; "There.was a man in ancient days 
who had committed ninety-nine murders. He enquired 
from peopie: "Who ia the greatest scholar of the 
time V* The people gave him the name of a God*fearing 
monk. The man approached the monk and said. «Bes- 
pected Sir, I am guilty of ninety-nine murders. Can my 
repentance and petition for forgiveness be aocepted ?" 
The monk replied : "No, you stand no chanees for for. 
giveness. M In utter dismay the man killed the monk too. 
Now he had completed a century of murders. He agaiu 
went round asking the people as to who was the greatest 
religkms scholar on the earth, The people gave him the 
uame of auother roonk, The jnan approached the monk 



388 

to offer repentance, He related his problem in detail and 
enquired from him : Sir, I have committed a hundred 
murders. Tell me. can my repentance be aocepted ? Is 
there any scope for my aalvation ?" The monk replied : 
,( Why not ? Notbing Btands in the way of acceptance of 
your repentance. Go to such and such country. You will 
find a f ew venerable *]aves of God engaged in prayers and 
devotions to Him, Jointhemand devote yourself to the 
worship of God.and hever return to your homeland, aa this 
place is no more virtually suitable for you (In other words, 
it is impossible for you to remain firm upon yoor 
vow of repentance end to strive to reform yourself 
while living in this place.)** The man set out according 
to the directious of the monk. Be had hardly covered 
half the distance when death overtook him. Now the 
angels of grace and the angels of toiment fell into a 
dispute. The angels of grace argued, ,l This man repented 
of his sins and went a long way to offer submission to 
God," The angels of torment countered : «No, he has 
not yet performed a single act of virtue— — — thus the 
argumentation between the angels went on. In the 
meantime an angel appeared in the sbape of a human 
being. The angela requested him to settle their dispute. 
He gaye his verdict : "Meanne the distana^ on both 
sides and determine which side is nearer ; the pla^e from 
where he set out or the place where was he going'\ 
When the angels measured the distance on both the 
sides, it came out that the destination was nearer as 
oompared to the distance he had so far cove/ed. Thus 
Ailah had in fact forgiven him. (Buhhari, Muslim) 

Confess your sins only before God ; beteech Him only 
for forgiveness ; expresB your eense of humility, helpless- 
neas and guilt only before Eim, HumiJity and prostra- 
tion is a tribute which man should pay cn]y to God.* The 
i^nJortunate one, v who pays this tribute of humility and 



389 

prostration to other huraan beings who are as helplesa and 
humble before God as lie himself, beeomes insolvent and is 
Ieft with nothing to pay as tribute to God, Such a man 
is condemned to disgr&ce and ignominy, He goes to 
everybody in searoh of honour and respect but he gets none. 

God affirms : 

• > 4 • > tf*^ *■*.**>**- *•«*«*• > >*r •» tf .<* ■ «p 

o> ^ IjO^. j) jpj- r J J-» wU*JI ^ J~J 

I * - .-• *■ 

* *- 

TFa rabbukal ghafuru dhurrahmah lau yudkhidhu-hum 
bima kaaabu la'ajjala lahumul adh&ba bal-lahum 
mau^idun lan yajidu min dunihi mau*il&. {18 : 58) 

"Thy Lord is the Forgiver, Full of Mercy, If He took 
them to taek now for what they earn, He would 
hasten on the doom for them ; but there is an appointed 
term from whioh they will find no eseape." 

The (Jttran* aflirma : 

l»« > ■ , • > ■ + -- - •,*-*»•« >•* • ^ * tf - > - 

^tuJl^ \jIju j *iU tf> ojdl J-i c^OJI j*j 

^. „ ^ ••* +• 

*» •>«* • «p #* >~ ■** ~ 

TFa-Attux*JZadftt yaqbaluUabata *an ibadihi waya A fu 
aniaaayyi-Sii tw* ya*alamu ma tapalun. {42 : 25) 

"And He it ie Who acoepts the repentanoe from His 
bondmen, and pardoneth. the evil deeds and knoweth what 
yedo." 



390 

In faot, one must himself be convinced that there ie 
only one way to salvation and whoever is denied that 
approaoh, is condemned to ignominy and destitutioa for 
erer. The befitting attitude of mind in a believer is that 
whatever the degree of his offence he should only 
offer penitence to Ood and ahed teara of ahame only 
before Him. There ia aone eicept Allah Who oaly has 
the authority to grant pardon. So mnch so that 
even if aomeone tries to propitiate the Prophet ercluding 
Allah. he will be deprived of favour before Allah. and will 
be discarded ontright. The Prophet of Allah is alao a slave 
of God soliciting Hia favour»and mercy. The Prophet 
haa been appointd to the exalted offioe by virtue of his 
surpassing humility among the oreaturea of God and he 
makes greater penances to God in comparison with 
others. 

The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) observed : 

"O people 1 Seek forgiveness of God for your sins 
and return to Him. Look at me. I offer prayers to God 
for aaIvation htindreds of timea in a day," (Muslim) 

Conoerning the hypooritas. God affirms : 

* *> — <* 

YahUJuna lakum litardau 'anhum fa-in tardau 'anhum 

fainnallaha la yardd 'anil qaumil fa$iqin> (9 : 96) 

* ( They swear unto you/ that ye may ^ccept them, 
Though ye accept them. Allah verily accepteth not wrong- 
doing folk. M 



3&1 

Theterrible episode of Hadrat Ka<ab b. Malik (God 
be ploaaed with him) as related in the Holy Qur'an gives 
usa lesson that man should suger hardships and endure 
all trials, but he should never think of abandoning sub* 
mission to Qod. The triab that come in. the way of 
Islam and the maximum pain and su£Fering he has to 
bear in the way of Allah are means to purify and 
illumine the Iife of man and to elevate his rank. ThiB 
humiliation isthe sure means of securing eternal prestige 
and he who abandons submission to Allah and seeks 
dignity elsewhere shall find it nowhere. Suoh a man will 
meet with disgrace everywhere and no eye on earth 
or in the sky shall regard him with respect. 



U- v Mj&j-jtjuiptei* cju j c^j iL 






A* 5 



<UA.4{jdl| . ^JI 

JFa 'alaththalathatil-ladhlna khullifu hatta idha daqat 
4 afaihimul ardu bima rahubat wa daqat ' 'alaihim 
anfusuhum ww zannu an la malja' minallahi illa ilaih. 
Thumma tdba'alaihim liyatubu Innallaha hmoattawwab- 
urrahim. . ., (9:118) 

"And to the three also' (did he tura in mercy) who * 
were left behind, when the earth, vaat as it is was 
straitened for them and their own souls were straitened for 
them till they bethought them that there is no refuge from 
Allah save towards Him. Then turned Heunto themin 
mercy that they (too) might turn (repentant unto Him). 
Lo I Allah 1 fle is the Relenting, the Jlerciful". 



302 

The three referred to above are Hadrat Ka'ab b, 
Malik, Hadrat Murarah ibn Rabi* and Hadrat Hilal b. 
Umayya (God be pleased with them). The example of their 
penitenoe serves ae a beaeon light for the believera aa long 
as the world exists. Hadrat Ka*ab b. Malik (God be pleased 
with him) who had lost his eyesight in old age and used 
to walk with the help of his son, had himself related 
the instnxctive episode of his eiemplary penitenoe to his aon 
which haa been presorved ia the Books of Tradition. 

When the preparationa were being made for the battle 
of Tabuk and the Holy Prophet (peace and bleeaings of 
Allah be upon him) us.ed to oall upon the people to join 
the war I regularly attended all hia meetings, Whenever 
I heard him speak, I made a resolre that I would join the 
war, However, on returaing home I relapsed into Jaainesa* 
I thought there waa plenty of time yet and I had all the 
provisions of the journey. Moreover, I was in good health 
and oould afford the beet mount. There was nothing that 
oould delay me in joining the battle. In this mood, I 
oontinued to postpone my departure until all holy 
warriors had reaohed the field of battle and I liagered on 
in Medinah entrapped in indecision and lethargy. 

Soon the reports began to pour in that the Holy 
Prophet (peaoe and blessings of Allah be upon him) was 
returning and one day I heard that he had arrived in 
Medinah- and waa staying as usual in the mosque. So I"- 
went to the mosque, On arrival I found that the hypocrites 
were trying to oonrinoe the Holy Prophet (peaoe and 
blessings of Allah be upon hiin) of the genuineness of 
their e«uses on oaths. The Holy Prophet (peaoe and 
blessings of Allah be upon him) heard their inaincere 
speeches and indioated his acceptance of their lame 
esousea by obaerving <May God forgive you\ 

Whenmy turn came, the Holy Prophet . (peaoe and 
blessings of Allah be upon him) enquired ; <Say, what 



393 

prevented you from coming V I aaw that hissmile had a 
trace of annoyanoe, ao I epoke the truth, ''0 Messenger 
of God (peace and blessings of A Hah.be uponyou) ! As 
it happened I had no erouse. I was healthy and prosperous 
*nd posseased the mount. It was^my lethargy and negli- 
geaee whioh deprired ine of this privilege'\ 

On hearing me speak the truth, the Holy Prophet 
(peaoe and blessings of Allah be upon him) observed : 
"Well, then, go and wait the verdiot from AUah'\ Igot 
up and went among the people of my tribe. The people 
of my tribe railed at me and said : "Why did you not 
offer some plausible excuae. You have atways been in the 
forefront in the service of Tslam". However, when I found 
that two other friends of mine had alao told the truth, I 
felt at ease and determined to hold finnly to the truth, 

Afterwards, the Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings 
of Allah be upon him) issued a general proolamation that 
no oneahould speak to ua. As soon as this proolamation 
was issued fprth, the attitudes in Medinah auddenly 
changed for me. I became a helpless stranger atnong 
my own kith and kin. No one in the aooiety exohanged 
greetings or entered into a conversation with me. 
One day, I felt extrcmely depresaed and weat to a 
childhood friend and cousin. Abu Cjatada (God be pleased 
with him). I offered him salam, but he did not recip- 
rocate, I, then, said : "Aba Qatada ! I ask you in 
the name of God, tell me, am I wanting in Iove for God 
and His Messenger (peace and bleaeings of Allah be upon 
him)" Qatada (God be pleased with him) remained 
silent, I repeated my question, but he made no answer. 
When I asked him in the name of God for the third time. 
hesaid: "God and His Messenger ' (peaoe and blessings 
of Allah be upon him) know better". My heart overflowed 
with a aurge of emotion and I burst into tears and 
ret«rne<Hi®me with the burden of ray grief ehhanced. It waa 



394 

dnring those days that a Syrian trader in t)xe bazar 
delivered to m* & letter frora the monarch of Ghassan\ 
The Cbristian monarch had written : "Tt has come to 
our knowledge that your chief ia subjeoting you to 
«ttreme repression, You are not a lowly peraon. We 
know the worth of a man Hke you. Come to ua* We ahall 
treat you as befits your status and rank*\ As soon as I 
read the letter, my tongue uttered ; "Here, is another 
calamity that -has befallen me'\ And I threw the Ietter 
into the hearth. 

Forty daya had paased in thia state when a courier 
of the Holy Prophet (peace aud blesaings of AllaU be upon 
him) delirered his coinmand that X should separate from 
my wife also. Ienquired: "ShalJ I divorce her"? The 
anawer eame : VNo, just live aeparately from.her*\ 
I despatched my wife to the home of her pareuts and told 
her : "Now, wait for the yerdiot from Qod". 

On the fiftieth day after dawn prayers, I waa sitting 
ou the roof of my house highly dejeoted, strioken 
with extreme grief aud consideriug life as no longer bearable, 
when suddenly someone shouted to me: 'Ka'ab ! Congratula- 
tiona*. On hearing this, I understood fchat the hour of my 
deliveranoe had come and fell in proatration to my God. 
Later people rushed towarda me, They came in crowds 
and congratulated me. I rose and went gtraight to the 
preaence of the Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessinga of 

I w 

Allah be upon him) . I saw hia august face glowing with 
happiness. When I moved forward and greeted him, the 
Prophet (peaoe and blessings of Allah be upon him) 
obserred : ( K*a'ab ! Congratulations l Thii is the happieat 
day of your life'\ I submitted : "Prophet of God (peace 
and blessings of Allah be upon you), is this olejneuoy a 
favpur from you or from God V* The Holy Prophet (peace 
and blegsings °f Allah be upon him) obserred: "This 
is a favpur from God" and then reoited the verses of Surah 
Taubab (9). 



8d5 

5. Do not delay in offering repentance, Nobody knows when 
hia Ufe will end, and the next moment will bring death 
to him or his life shall oontinue. Always remember yotir 
fast approaohing end and oontinue to cleanae the impurity 
of sins from your heart and soul and mind and speech. 

The Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessinga ofAllahbe 
upon him) observed : 

"God extends His mercy during the night so that the 
peraon who oommitted a aiu during the day should return 
to Him in the night. God estends His mercy during the 
day ho that the person who has eommitted a sin during the 
night may retum to his Lord in the day tirae nnd seek His 
forgivoneae until the sun riaes from the east". (Muslim) 

The erpression ( God eitends His mercy, means that 
God beckons His sinful slaves towards i^imself and 
deaires to cover their sins with His blessinga. If the 
person has committed a sin under the pressure of a 
temporaiy impulse, he should- immediately turn towards 
his Kind and All-Forgivisig God and should lose no time, 
for sin begets sin. The Satan constantly Ues in ambush 
for the human being and aever misses an opportunity to 
lead man astray . 

6. Offer repentance with auoh true and deep ainoerity of heart 

that the entire oourse of your Ufe is altered aud after 
repentance you may appear an entirely diAerent man. 

God decreea : 

^j ^ ^j^ ty? &\ Ji fyj L^* 1 &$* ktk 

r - ^ »>>i * * - * s Ji * > * *** J |*>« - •- 



«A j^5>oJii 



«JHJ 

r<J ayyuhaUadhlna amanu tubu iUAlahi tauhatan 
naĕuhti. asa rabbukum an yukajjira *ankum eayyi&iikum 
wayudkhilakum janndtin tajrt rnin tahtihal anharu 
yauma la yukhzillahun nabiyya walladhin amanu ma % 
ahU. (66 : 8) 

41 ye who believe ! Turn unto Allah in sincere 

repeatance ! It may be that your Lord wili remit from 
you your evil deeds and bring you into Gardeng 
underneath whioh rivers flow on the day when Allah 
will not abase the Prophet aud those who believe with 
him. 

In other words, offer euch sinoere and true repentance that 
not & trace of any temptation to return to the sin remaina 
in your heart or mind. Suoh a repentance has three or 
four ingredients. If the ain rel&tes to a transgresaion of 
God's right, repentance should have three elements : 

(1) Man should be sincerely ashamed of his sins. 

(2) Maa should firmly reaolve to avoid ain in 

fature. 

(3) And man should put his heart and soul in the 

taak of reforming and embellishing hia life. 

If a man has committed a sin which involves 
the vioIation of a human right, repentance should 
oonsist of a fourth element also : 

(&) Man should restore the right of another hnman 
heing or seek forgiveness of the person whoee right 
he has violated. 

This is the repentanoe whioh really eleausea the man 
of all his ains, His soul is oleared of sins and adorned 
with pious deeds, is presented before Allah and is 
awarded a dweiUng place in His Paradise. 



397 

The Holy Prophet {peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) observed : 

"When man commita a ain, Kis heart is sbained with 
a dark spot. Now if he — 

* renounces the sin ; 

* is ashamed of his sia and seeks salvation ; 

* and turns to God with a firm determination to 
avoid sin in future ; 

God illumines his heart. But if he again comraits sin, 

the dark spot is enlarged until it covers the whole of his 

heart. This is the rust about which God affirms in His 
Book ; 

Kalla bal rSna *al& qtilubihim tna kSnu yahibun. 

"Nay, but that which they have earned is rust upon 
their hearts." (83 : 14) 

7, Take a finn resolve to remain true to your repentance 
and be vigilant day and night that the commitments 

you have made before God are duly fulfilled. Test the 
Srmness of your resolve by constant effort* to purify and 
reform yourself. If, despite all your egbrts to guard 
against evil t you slip and oommit an offence, do not lose 
hope even then, On the oontrary seek refuge in the Mercy 
of God and offer fervent prayers to hhn : *0 Creator ! 
I am w^k and infirm. Do not baniah me in disgrace from 
Your threahold. For, I can seek asylum nowhere except 
in Your Meroy". 

Repentance of a wrong-doer invites the pleasure of 
God. Taubah (Repentance) literally means 'return, to 
turn to*. When thoughts and emotions go astray and one 
gets entrapped in the quicksand of sin, his connescion with 



3OT 

God is severed and he i» eo far removed from God as if 
he is lost to God. And when such a man returnB and turna 
to God in uttor shame for his sin«, it ia as ifalo*t 
,lave has come baok to hia master. This situation has 

been graphically desoribed by the Holy Prophet (peace 
and blessings of Allah bo opon him) in the folIowing 
eloquent allegory : 

"If one of yon loaes bis csmel in a waterless 
desertwith all his provisionB of food and water laden 

on the lost oamel and having vainly searched for the 

camel in all direotions of the desert he despaira 
of his Kfe and lies down under a tree awaiting death 
and in this state he suddenly beholds his camelladen 
with all the provisions standing by his side, imagine 

then his happiness ! the happraess of your Lord and 

Creator far stirpasses the happiness of this man when 
His lost slave returns and having gone astray resumea 
allegiance to Him". (Ttrmidhi) 

On another occasion, the Holy Prophet (peace and 
blessings of Allah be upon him) eluoidated the same fact 

by means of another impreasive allegory : 

Some prisoners of war were brooght before the Holy 

Prophet. The group included a woman ' who had lost her 

infant. The maternal instjnct w overpowered the woman 

that ahe found no peace or rest unless she picked up and 

breastfed any baby she found near her. On seeing the woman 

in suoh state the Holy Prophet (peace and blessingB of 

Allah be upon him) enquired from the Companiont(#ed be 

pleased with them) : Can you imagine that mar*ma& 

will Aing her baby into fire with her own hands!" The 

Companions submitted : "0 Messenger of God (peaoe and 

blessings of Allah be upon you) ! Learing apart the matter 

of throwing the ohild herself, ahe would stake her life to 

„ave the ohild if it were falling by itself ". The Prophet 

(peaoe and hlessingB of Allah be upon him) thereupon 

obierved ; 



390 

"God is by far even more Compassionate and Kind 
to His alaves than this woman is conaiderate towards her 
ohild". 

8. Offer repentanoa to and seek forgiveness of the Lord oon- 
tinuously. There are oountless offenoes whioh a man 
commits from morning tili evening ; sometimes man ia not 
even oonsoious of these transgressions. Do not imagine 
that repentance is called for only when a oapital sin has 
been committed ; man needs to repent and pray for his 
Balvation at all times, because he is liable to make a slip 
at every step. The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of 
Allah be upon him) himself used . to repent and pray for 
his aalvation seventy or even hundred times in a 
day, (Bukkari, Muelim) 

9. Do not look down upon a sinner who repents and reforms 
his life. Hadrat 'Imran b. al-Haseen (God be pleased with 
Mm) has reported an incident of the time of the Holy 
Prophet (peaoe and blessings of Allah be upon him) : "A 
woman of the tribe of Juhainah presented herself before 
the Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings of Ailah be upon 
him). She had beoome pregnant as a result of an unlawful 
relation. She submitted : "O Messenger of God (peaoe and 
blessings of Allah be upon you) 1 I deserve punishment 
for adultery. Enforoe the Shariah in my case and 
punish me". The Holy Prophet (peace and bleasings of 
Allah be upon him) sent for the guardian of this woman 
and observed to him : "Treat this woman well and when 
sh* has delivered the ohild, bring her to me". When the 
woman returned after th>~> delivery of - her ohild, the Holy 
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) 
commanded that her garments should be tied fast around 
her body (so that the garments may not slip off during 
stooing and her physical veil may not bo torn off)^and 
when this" had been don^, the Holy Prophet (peace and, 
blessings of Atlah be upon him) ordered that ahe should be 



400 

stoned to death. The order was carried oat. The Holy 
Prophet (peaoe and blesaings of Allah be upon him) later 
offered funeral prayerB for her. Hadrat 'Umar(Godbe 
pleased with him) submitted to the Holy Prophet (peace 
and blessings of Allah be upon him) : "0 Me»senger of 
Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon you)! This 
woman oommitted the offence of adultery and you are 
saying runeral prayers for her". The Holy Prophet (peace 
and blessings of Allah be upon him) thereupon observed : 
"She repented and offered repentanoe of auoh magnitude 
that if it were portioned among seventy men of Medinah, 
it would seoure their salvation. Did you see any one better 
than the one who presented the gift of life to God" 1 
10. Say the <finest prayer' to God. The Holy Prophet (peace 
and blessings of Allah be upon him) observed to Hadrat 
Shaddad ibn Aus (God be (pleascd with him) <This is the 

jUi^l j! Sayyed-ul-IstaghJSr' ('the nnest prayer'). 

ui j jlb* «ui vi «ji n oj cji ^i 



i 



■y. ii^ i^i c-j*ju-( u iiJ^jj ^ J* ta J 



„•„ s ,* •#* *•,*-/**•*> •*• 



AllShumma anta rabbi 12 ilSha illS anta khalagtanl v>a 
an&'abduka wa and alS 'ahdilca wa wa'adika wistataHu 
aiidhu bika min tharri mS sana'tu abu*u laka bini 
'matika 'alayya wa ab&u bidhanbi faghfirli Jainnahu la 
yaghjirudh-dhunuba %M anta* {BukhSri, Tirmidhi). 



401 

"God 1 Thou art my Creator ! There is no deity 
eicept Thee. Thou created me and I am Thy slave. I ehall 
remain faithful to the pledge of devotion which I have 
given to Thee to the beet of my capabiiity. I seek asylun^ 
with Thee against the fearful consequences of my sina. I 
acknowledge all the blessings Thou hast conferred on me 

and I confess that I am a sinner Hence, O My 

Creator. Forgive my sins. Who else escept Thee will 
forgive my sins *" 



Etiquettes 
of Prayer 

1, Pray to God only, Do not call upon any one else escept 
God to fulfil your needs. Prayer is the esaence of 
worship and worship ahould be rendered to God alone. 

The Holy Qur*an affirma ; 
-**> * *•- - • > ■ ,* »> • ^ „# ■ * - * - • *-• ^ i - 




^ #.*,- 



U, «u £JL-J *UJi Jl «^J-T Jx-.LT VI *jb -^J 



l - «• 



Lahu da'awatul haqqi walladhtna yad'una min dunihi 
la yastapbuna lahum bishai-in itt& kabiTaiti kajjaiki 
ilalmai liyablugha fa l hu wamahuwa bibdlighihl wa ma 
du* dul hajirlna illa fl dalal. (13 : 14) 

"Unto Him is the real prayer. Those unto whom 
they pray beside Allah respond to them not at all> save 
as (is the response to) one who stretches forth his hand, 
towards water (asking) that H may come to his mouth and 

it will nerer reach it, The prayer of disbeliever goeth 
(far) astray". 

In other words all powers to fulfil prayera and to 
dispose of things lie in the hands of God. All powers vest 

402 



403 

in Him and no power Hes with any one elae, All are 
dependent upon Him, There is none eieept Him Who 
hears the petitions of human beings and fulfils their 
prayers. 

. o^wji ^i >k aij-4>i ji *i>ai ,^ji ^ui i^l 

i\« >Wli 

Fa ayynhann$$ aniumulfuqardu ilallaki wallahu htiwal 
ghaniyyul hamid. (35 : 15) 

"0 mankind 1 Ye are the poor in your relation to 
Allah, And Allah ! He is the Absolute, the Owner of 
Praise". 

The Holy Prophet (peace and bleasings of Allah be 
upon him) observed : 

"God affirms, ( My creatures ! I have deelared tyranny 
unlawful for Me, So you should also conaider acta of 
oppression and excess on each other as forbidden. My 
slavea 1 Each of you is misguided, except the one whom I 
guide on the right path. So seek guidance from Me alone, 
so that I may guide you aright. My people 1 Each of 
you is hungry, exeept the one whom I feed. Hence call 
upon Me for sustenance, so that I may proride for your 
KveIihood. My servants I Each of you is naked, except 
the one whom I have blesaed with garments. So entreat 
Me to confer dress on you and I shall provide you clothing. 
My worshippers ! You commit eins in the night as well 
as in the day and I shall forgive all sins" I (Sahih Muslim) 

The Holy Prophet (peace and blessinga of Allah be 
upon him) also observed : "Man should call upon God 
alooe to provide for all his needs, eo much so that even 
if a shoe-lace is broken, man should pray to God to orovide 
a ehoe-laee, and if he needs salt, he should beseech God to 
eend it to him"« > (Tirmidhi) 



404 

The implication is that man ought to turn to God for 
the fulfilment of his most insigniSeant and ordinary needs. 
None except God can hear theprayers and none ercept 

Him can fulfil wants/ 

2« Ask God for only that which is lawful and good, To 
beseech Qod's help for the execution of unlawful purposes 
and sinful acts is Ihe height of impertinence, immodesty 
and irreverence, To pray to God for the fulfllment of 
unlawful and forbidden desires and to make vows for suoh 
desires is to perpetrate tho basest joke on reltgion. 
Similarly, do not offer prayers to God to change those 
raalities which He has determined onoe for all and 
which are now unalterable. For example, a short 
man should not pray to God to make him tall, nor should 
a tall man pray to God to make him short: nor indecd 
ahould a man pray to God for eternal youth so that he may 

never experience old age etc. eto. 
The Holy Qur'an affirms : 

r - -» ■ >>■>■« • - •»> m * ■>«*• >> * >* -* •*• 

** + + ** + * 

Wa aqimu wujuhakum Hnda hulli maajidtn tvad'uhu 
mukhlhlna lahuddin. (7 ■' ®J 

"And set your faoes upright (towards Him) at every 
place of worship, and call upon Him, making religion pure 
for Him <only)'\ 

He, who would present his needs before God, should not 
take to the path of infidelity and pray for the fulfilment 
of unlawful desires, but should display good character and 
virtuous passiona and beseech God for the fulfilment of 
lawful wants. 

3. Say prayer with profotmd sincerity and a righteous 
disposition and with the conviction that God Whom 



405 

you beeeech is perfectly aware of your condition and i6 
Moat Considerate towards you ; it is He alone Who hears 
the petitions of His serrants and fulfils their prayers. 
Always offer a pure prayer unruixed with all taint of exhibi- 
tion, display, deception or polytheism. -. 

The Holy Qur'an affirms : 

Fad ( ulldha mukhlisina lahuddln, (40 ! 14) 

"Call ye, then Allah devoting your obedience wholly to 
Him". 

And Surah Baqarah bears the command ; 

?\JS\ ljfis JJU J j <*}U ^ &£* dU^ S# J 



. O^ ^UI J j^Jj J j~*M-> <^ bl 
' * - » *• 

Wa idha saa'laka Hbadt 'annl /ainnl^ qaribm ujibu da'- 
awataddaH idha da'ani falyastajlbuli walyo'minubi 
la'allahum yarshudiin. ( 2 ■' ^J* 

"And when My servants queation thee conceming Me, 
then surely I am nigh. I answer the prayer of the 
suppliaut when he crieth unto Me. So let them hear 
My oaU and let them trust in Me, in order that they may 

be led aright". 
i Offer prayer with perfeot oonoentration and devotion of 
mind and heart and with a positive conviction of God s 
favour. lnstead of gazing ab the.enormity of your sins, look 
towards the unlimited meroy, kindness and the couutless 
bounties and blessings of God. The prayer of an inattentive 
man whose thoughts are not concentrated on God and who 



406 

ia oiily mumbling a few worda half-heartedly at a whim 
without anticipating the favour of God is vain. 

The Tradition relates : 

(t 0ffer payer with the firm conviction of God'8 favoar. 
God does not accept a prayer aent forth by an inattentive 
heart". {Tirmidhi) 

5. Say prayer in utmost humility with awe aiid fear of God. 
Your heart shouid be aatir with the awesome majesty, 
grandeur and power of God and fear of God should be 
obrious from your physioal poature. Your head should be 
bent and eyea downcast. Your voice should be muffled, 
limbs limp, eyes damp with tears and the whole demeanour 

-' should present a picture of helfHess misery before God. 
The Holy Prophet (peace and blesaings of AHah be upon him) 
oo beholding a man stroking his beard during worship, 
observed : "Had he the fear of God in his heart, his 
body too would have been overcome by it M . 

In point of fact while praying a man ahould tremble 
with the realisation of his destitution and helpless misery 
and with the fear that if he were repulsed from the 
thresholdof God, he would not find refuge anywhere. He 
should have deep awareness of the fact that he possesses 
nothing of his own ; everything he has is a bounty from 
God;if God withholds, no other power in the world can 
bestow auything on him. God ia the Master of everything ; 
He alone holds the treasure of ererything ; man is only a 
miaerable beggar. 

The Holy Qur'an commands : 

* £ > < • >s + •> »> 

\*s& ^Cjj \j>*\ 

Vd l u rabbakum tadarru^an. 
"Call your Lord with humility"- 

The dignity of worship consists in the servant calling 
upon his Creator in desperate humility and in a lowly 



407 

manner so that his heart and intelloct, emotions and feeling» 
and all parts of his body. should be bent in homage to Him 
and the servant's soul and body should bear evidenco to 
his destitution and plea for help. 

6. Say prayer in a muted, faint voice. Do present your 
petition before God in a desperate m&nner, but never 
display your desperation and misery openly. Man should 
display his humility, lowlinees and the plea of misery only 
before God. 

There is no doubt that sometimes you may say prayers 
in a loud voiee, but only in privacy, or amid a congregation 
so that the others may say *Amin*. Generally, howeveiy 

you should say prayer quietly in muffled tonos and take full 
care that your espression of misery and destitution and 
your supplication is not just a show intcnded for other 
people . 



„6 ^ • >« * * 



C/'j*^ 1 &J*J l -¥-J t*j-~& S-JJ J ilij jSMj 



Wadhkur rabbaka ft nafsika tadarru ( an wahhltatan wa 
dunal jahri minal qauli bilghudwwwi waldsdli tm la 
takun ma^al ghafiUn. (7 ; 205) 

"And do thou (O Muhammad) remember thy Lord 
within thyeelf humbly and with awe ielow thy breath 
at morn . and evening. And be thou not of the 
neglectfur*, 

The Hoiy Qur'an praiees the beauty of the worship 
offered by Hadrat Zakaria (poace be upon him) in these 
worda : 



408 



5 * * * f ** * .*• 



idA nt2<2a rabbahu nidacm khajlyya. (19 : 3) 

"When he cried unto his Lord a ory in seoret". 

7. You should esecute some pious deed before saying a prayer. 
For instance, make some aacrifice, give alms, feed the 
hungry one or offer supĕrerogatory worship or observe a 

fast. In crase, God forbid, you land in some trouble, 
offer prayĕr to God mnindlag Him of a)l thwe pious deeds 
which yoti have perfbrmed with true smcerity of Ueart for 
Hissake only. 

The Holy Qur'an says : 
****** # >-,-*.-/<■* * ~* > ■ £ •- ••• 

teisi ~JLv*Jl J**ilj ^MJ\ piO ***H «*» ■ 






0» :>UM) 

/&nAt yas f adul kalimuUayyibu wal ^amalussdlihu 
yar/au^hu (S5 : 10) 

"Pure utteranoes asoend towards Him only and pious 
deeds propel them to higher altitudes". 

The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) onoe related the incident of three men who were 
entrapped in a cave dwmg a very dark night, They 
prayed to God reminding Hi-m of their truly sincere deeds 
and God rescued them from the o&lamity* 

It so happtoed "fchat dtiring a datk night a group of 
three men took rettige hra cave, As God Will&d, a rock 
slided down the hilland fallkig over the mouth of the 
cave closed the passage completely. It was a mafcsive rock 
and was too heavy for them to push aside and clear the 
passage. On consultation among themselves, they resolved 
to pray to God reminding Him of their truly ainoere deeds 
in anticipation of His Favour to rescue them from.this 



409 

ealamity. In.aocordanoe with thia resolution, one of them 
related his pious deed as follows : 

I used to take goats for graaing in the forest and earned 
my living by means of this occupation. On re^urning from 
the forest I used to offer milk first to my old parents and. 
then to my children. One day, I arrived late. My old 
parente had gone to sleep. The children were awake and 
hungry. But l oould not bear to feed the ohildren before 
myparentshad taken the milk, nor did I wish to put 
them to inoonvenienoe by waking them up. So I stood 
all night at the head of their beds holding the oup of milk 
in my hand. The ohildren clung to my feet and eried for 
milk aU the night, but I remained unmoved and stood 
there until night. gave way to morning. 

"O God 1 I performed this deed for Your sake only. 
Remove this rook from the mouth of the cave in reoompense 
for my deed". And God oauaed the rook to move aside 
just bo muoh as to let in a view of the sky. 

The ueoond man spoke thuo : I put some labourers 
to- work and paid wages to »11 of them except one man who 
went away without reoeiving payment for his, labour. A 
short while later when the man returned to olaim his wage 
I said to him : "All these oows, goats and servants are 
yours. Take them where you will". He «aid : "For 
God's sake, don't out joke with me". I answered : "This is 
not a joke. All this is yours. I invested the money which 
you hadleft behind in businesB. By the Graoe of God, the 
business thrived. All this whioh you see iB the pront 
derived from that busineas. Take ife with an easy mind. 
AU this belongs to you. And that man went away taking 
eyerything with hiin. Oh God 1 I'aoted in this way to 
earn Your Goodwill alone. Oh God 1 Remove this 
rOOk i» WOOWeO*} of W deed". Vy the graciouB wi}\ 

of God the rock moved further away from the mouth of 
the cave. 



410 

The third one narrated the fo llowing aooount of hia 
pious deed : I had a oousin sister for whom I coneeived 
an extraordinary liking. She asked for 60me money 
which I supplied. But when I sat close to her to 6 atisfy 
my need, shc said : "Fear God and refrain from this aot". 
I rose at once and I pronounced that sum as a gift to her. 
Oh God ! You know perfectly well that I did this to win 
your favour only. Oh God ! Open the mouth of the 
cave as a reward for this pious deed". God removed the 
rock from the passage of the cave and liberated the three 
men from this oalamity. 

8. Alongwith offering prayers for the fulfilment of pious 
purposes, try to reform and adorn your life in conformity 
with the Ordinances of God. Avoid ail sins and forbidden 
things. Respeot and observe the Commands of God in all 
matters and lead a pious life. It is the height of folly and 
insolenoe to eat and drink forbidden things, clothe 
yourself out of unlawful gains and fatten your body 
on illioit earnings and then antioipate acoptance of. 
your prayer. If you wiah your prayer may be aocepted, 
your wordj and aotion both should conform to the teneta 
of religion . 

The Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings of Allah be upon 
him) observed : 

"God is Pure and He aceepts only pure goods. God 
has enjomed upon the pious the same deeds as He had upon 
tlie Messengors. God anirms : 

Ya ayyuharrumlu kulu minattayyibati wa-malH 
sHlihU. 

"Q Messengers ! Partake of lawful provisions and 

perform good aots". 

AddWMing the pious, God enioins ; 



411 

ijj L. c~W ^ IjJT 1^1 ^JJI UhU 



r-C^J 



Ja ayywAai/o^Alna amanu kulu min tayyibdti ma 
razaqnakum. 

"0 ye who beliere t Partake of those lawful and 
pure things whioh We have bestowed on you'\ 

The Holy Prophet (peaoe and bleasings of AUah be 
upon him) then referred to the ca3e of a mau who traveis a 
long distance and arrives at a sacred spot to pay homage ; 
he is oovered all over with dust ; he raises both hands 
towards the sky and says : 'My Lord', *0 My Lord\ yet 
because he partakes of unlawf al food and drinks and dresses 
out of forbidden gaina and fattens his body on iliioit 
earamgs, how can the prayer of such a contumaoious and 
disobedient person be accepted ? (Sahih Muslim) 

9. Offer prayers regularly* The expression of one's humility, 
destitution and sense of loyalty to God ib in itself a 
worship. God Himself haa oommanded His servants to 
offer prayer to Him. God has said : "Whenever the serrant 
oalls Me I listen to him>\ Do not get tired of offering 
prayer, Do not be tied down by the doubt whether prayer 
would ohange your destiny or not. The obstinacy or 
flexibility of fate or the aooeptanoe or rejeotion of prayer 
depends on the Will of God Who is All-Knowing and 
All-Wise. AU the same, it is the duty_of the slare to 
offer prayer to Him iike a beggar aud destitute person and 
not to oonsider himseif independent of Him for a single 
moment. 

The Holy Prophet {peace and blessings of Allahbe 
upon hita) observed : 

"The humblest peraon is the one who is humble in 
pr*yer*\ (Tabtani) 

Tn addition to that the Hoiy Prophet (peaoe and 



412 

Messings of Allah be upon him) affirmed : "God conaiders 
nothing as nobler and as more honourable than prayer". 

(Tirmidhi) 
The most luminous trait of the believer is that in 
diatress or ease, pain or pleasure, poverty or prosperity, 
adyersity or luxury— — under ali sorta of condition he 
turns to God only and presents his needs to Him alone 
and prays to Him regnlarly for grace. 

The Holy Prophet (peaoe and bleasings of Allah be 
upon him) observed ; 

"The person who does not pray to God invokes 
wrath of God'\ (Tirmidhi) 

10. Put complete faith in God as to the acceptance of your 
prayer. Nerer commit the blunder of renouncing prayer in 

desperation if quiok rosults of the acceptance of your 
prayer are not forthcoming. Concentrate on offering 
prayer instead of feeling ftnxiou* about the acceptanoe of 
your prayer. 

Hadrat 4 Umer (God be pleased with him) obserred : 

"I ari not concemed about the aooeptance of my 
prayer. I am oaly anxious to pray. When the favour 
of o£Fering a prayer haa been granted to me, the acceptance 
will also be granted". 

The Holy Prophet (peaoe and bleasings of Allah be 
upon him) observed : 

"When a Muelim turns towards God to ask for some 
favour, God ineritably supplies his want. Either his 

wish is granted or God adds the thing desired to the 
balanoe of reward which the Muelim will receive in the 
eternal world. On the Day of Judgement, God shall 
summon a pious man to His Presence and enquire from 
him face to face : "O My sl»ve I I ©ommanded you to 
pray and promised that I sball grant your prayer. Did 
yoa then o£fer prayer V f The man will submit : "Yes, 



413 

I offered prayer". God will then observe ; "I granted 
vphatever prayer you offered, Did you not pray to Me on 
that day for the alleviation of aorrow and pain which had 
seteed you and I had succoured you". The slave will 
subrait : "True, O Creator". God then will <>beerve : "I 
granted that prayer and fulfillod thSt desire of yours in 
the mortal world. But on that other day you were 
struck by another calamity and you prayed to Me for 
succour, butyou found none and, therefore, oontinued to 
labour ander pain and sorrow". The slave will aubrait : 
"Yes, it is true beyond doubt, My Creator". Thereupon 
God will observe ; tf In Paradiae many bounties have I 
reaerved for you in reward for that prayer,"— *nd in 
the same manner God shall ascertain other needs and make 
a similar observation in regard to all of them". 

Afterwards, the Holy Prophet (peace and bleesings of 
Allah be upon him) observed : 

"There shall not be a single prayer oiTered by a pious 

pereon coneerning which God will not state. "I granted 

this prayer of yours in the world and I added that desire 

of yours to the balance of your reward in eternity". The 

pious person will ponder then : "Would that none of my 

prayers had been granted in the mortal world t Hence 

the servant should continue to pray under all conditionB". 

(Hakim) 

11. Observe aH esternal etiquettes» purity and cleanlinesa at 
the time of prayer. Keep your heart elear of all evil 
passions, illicit designs and absurd be!iefs. 

The Holy Qur'an affirmB : 

* + - * ~ m 

Innallaha yuhibbuttawwabina tua yuhtbbul mutatahhirin* 



414 



"Truly, they are the favourite« of God who repent 

most and thoae others who keep themeelvee pure and 
olewi". 

In Surab Muddaththir, God enjoins :- 



+ #■ ** 

Wa rabbaia /akabbir wt thiyibaha /atahhir. 

"Thy Lord magnify and thy raiment purify'\ 

12. Offer prayer for othera a]ao, bnt begin with yourae!f. Seek 
favour for youraeIf firat and then for others too. The 
Holy Qur'an i^produoea two prayers offered by Hadrat 
Ibrahim and Hadrat Noah (peace and blesainga of Allah 
be upon them) whioh bear the above moral : 

v^i f>* fx u^-j^jj ^^jtjjja^i Uj 

^ *»^ ^ ^ ^ mW *+ 

Rabb^alni muqhn-a$'$alSti tm tnt» dfcft-r-f*tyyaft 
ro66fl«a wa JagaMaJ i«'a Rabbanaghjir li-wali ut&lidayya 
\tm lihruSminina yatma yaqum~t4-his&b {14 : 40*41) 

"My Lord I Make xne to eetabtish proper worahip and 
some of my poaterily (alao) our Lordt and aeoept the 
prayer. Our Lord I Forgive me and my parents and 
believer» on the day when the aeeount ia oaat". 

++*+ ****** m% ^ + *P *+ +* 

tm • * • > " . 



(YA:^) *U.JJtj 



41 B 

Rabbighfir U wali-walidayya wa timdn dahhala 
baitiya mo s minan wa lilmo^minina %pal+mo*minclt * 

(77 ; 28) 
"My Lord I Forgive me and my pareats and him 
who entereth my house believing ( and balieving men 
and believing women and increase not the wrottg doers in 
anght save ruin". 

Hadrat Ubayi b. Ka'b (God be pleased with him) 

reporta : "Whenever the Holy Prophet (peace and blesa- 

ings of Allah be upon him) happened to mention some 

person, he (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) 

used to offer a prayer for that peraon and commenoed the 

prayer by asking God's favour for himself first". 

(Tirmidhi) 

3. If you are aoting aa leader in the prayer, you should 
always offer prayer on behalf of the whole congregation 
using plural parts of speeoh. The prayers which bave been 
reproduced in the Holy Qur'an generally contain plural 
parts of epeeoh. The leader in, faot is the apokesman for 
bhe whole congregation. When he utters a prayer using 
plurals, the oongregation should utter 'Amin* at the end 
of each prayer offered by them. 

I. AToid prejudice and selfishnesa in prayer. Do not fall into 
the error of considering the vast and conmon blessing of 
God as limited and thus prayipg for the grant of His 
Grace and Bonnty to you especially. 

Hadrat Abu Huraira (God be pleased with him) 
relates : "A beduin entered the mosque of the Prophet 

(peace aijd blessings of Allah be upon himj and said hia 
prayers and then eaid : et O God : Grant your favour to 
me and to Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon him), and to none else besides us," On hearing 
this»the Holy Prophet (peace and blessinga of Ailah be 
wpoTk \&%a) o\>aetved ; 



416 



Laqad tahajjarta wiĕi f an 

"You have narrowed the vast limita of God'a 
blessings." <*«»*■•) 

15. Avoid formal and consdouB rhyming in prayer. Utter 
yonr prayer in a simple manner with profonnd sinoerity, 
Abatainfrom singing or rhymrag, • However, it does not 
matter if by ohanee your tongne does utter a rhymed 
speech or an alliteration. A few such prayers as have an 
informa! rhyme and perfect balance in stress are raported 
to have been nttered by the Holy Prophet (peaoe and 
blessings of Allahbe npon him). For inatance, Hadrat 
Zaid h. Arqam has reported a very comprehensive prayer 
offeredby theHoly Prophet (peace and blessings of Ailah 

be npon him) : 



(^•M 1 ) 






^toAwmrooMtnlo'^»!?' 6**o «*» 3 oi6 » n i»*!ff»**«*«'« 
«» na/«»n &Kaan&a'u wo '«min M-yan/a'u wo aVwo«in 
IS-yuttajabu IdhS. (TirmidM) 

"God I seek thy refuge from the he»rt whioh is devoid 
of thy fear, from the being th»t l»ok» oontentment, frora 
the knowledge th»t ia nnprofit»ble and from the pr»yer 
whioh i» unaooept»ble." 

16. Offer praiie and th»nkugiving to the Lord before pntting 
your needs and requirements before Him. Afterward8, 
9 ay two Rak»ha of tupplementary prayer and s»y 'pe»oe 
and bleasings be on tho Holy Prophet* at the beginning 
and end of your prayer. 



417 



Tb* Holy Prophet (pwce and bleseings of Allah be 
npon him) has obserred : 



"At timea when apereon *eek« the favourofGod or 
the auistance of man in oonnection with iome need or 
rwjiiirement, the needy person should perform ablution, 
s&y two Mib of prayer, offer praise and thankggiving 
to the Lord and eay «peace and bleasingt of Allah be on the 
Holy Prophet\ (Afterwards, he should put Jus need 
before God)». (Tirmidhi) 

TheHoly Prophet {peaee and blessings ofAIJah be 
upoa him) affirmed the faot tbat the prayer of a man which 
ii aeoompanied b^raise and thanksgiring to the Lord and 
by the inToe&tion of God's peace and blesaings on the person 
ot theHoly Prophet is granted the honour of fulfllment. 
Hadrat Padala (God be pleased with him) narrates : 
"The HoJy Prophet (peace and blessings of Aliah be upon 
him)<wa« seated in the moaque when a man entered, 
periormed the worship and at the end uttered. J^l ^l 
AU*hummaghfirti (God grant me pardon). On hearing this, 
the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah beupon 
him) said to the man ; " You wero rather quick in offering 
the prayer. When the worship is over, you should first 
of all render praise and thanksgiving to the Lord, invoke 
peaee and bleasings npon the Prophet and nnally aay your 
prayer. As the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah 
be npon him) was apeaking to the person, another man 
eame in, offered worsbip and at the end, rendered praise 
to God and invoked His peace and blessings npon the 
Holy Prophet. The Holy Prophet, therwpon, obseryed 

to him : "Now say your prayer", it shall be grantad." 

(Tirmtdhi) 

17. Offer prayer to God at ali timea and at every «tep, for He , 
5b never tired of hearing the prayers of His slaves, However, 
traditions reveal to us that there are oertain apeoial times 
and cirenmstances in which prayers are accepted very soon 



418 

Hence, do not miss the opportunity of offering prayer at 
these hours and oircumatances : 

(1) In the stillness of the latter part of night when 
most people are enjoying sweet slumber, the man who- 
gets up and engages in communion with God and places 
hia needs before the Lord in sincere humility shall be 
bleesed with special favour of God. 

The Holy Prophet (peaoe and Wessings of Allah be 
upon him) has observed : 

"God holds court on the sky of the world every night. 
When the Iatter part of the night remaias God obaerres, 
"Who calls Me ? I will accept his prayer. Who begs 1 1 
will fnlfil his need. Who asks for salvation ? I will grant 
him salvation." (Tirmidhi) 

(2) Offer the maximum nnmber of prayers in the night 
of Shab Qadr, for in auspiciousness this night is better 
than a thouaand months. Say the fo!lowing prayer especi- 
ally : 



Allahumma innaka *afuwwun tuhibb*ul>*afwa fa*fu 
*annf t 



"God : Thou art All-Forgiving. Thon likest showing 
Mercy the best. Hence Forgive me*\ 



(3) In the $eld of ' Arafat when the 'guests of God' assemble 

there on the 6th Dhil-Hajj, (Tirmidhi) 

(4) At a particular moment on Friday which falls between 

the commenoement of the aermon and end of the 
worship or from the time when the *Aar prayer is 
over till the hour of the Maghrib worahip. 



410 

(S) At the hour of the announoement of the Prayer-Call 
and *t the time when the Holy warriors are being lined 
up for battle nTths field* 

The Holy Prophet (poaoe and blesainga of AUah be 
opon hiin) has observed : 

<*Two things are never repuleed from theCourtof 
God. One, the prayer o£fered at the hour of the announoe- 
ment of Prayer-Call. Second, the prayer nttered at 
the time of lining np for battle in the field". 

{Abu DtwGd) 

(6) In the interval between the announoement of the 

Prayer-Call and the Takbir. 

Tho Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings ofAllahbe 
upon him) observed : 

"The prayer offered in the interval between the Adhan 
(Prayer-Call) and the Aqamah is never rejected". The 
illuatrious companions (God be pleased with them) 
aubmitted : 0, Prophet of Allah, what should we pray 
during thia period, The Holy Prophet obaerved : Say 
this prayer. 



Allahutrma inni as 9 atuiaVafaa waU'afiyata fiddunya 
waUAkhirah. 

f( Qod ! I implore of Thee forgiveneas, kindnees and 
protection in this world and in eternity 5 ** 

(7) During the auapioious days of Ramadan and Bpecially at 

the time of breaking f»st. (Bazaz) 

(8) After the performance of obligatory prayers whether 
you offer prayer individually or in a oongregation. 

(9) In the atate of proatration. 



420 

The Holy Prophet (peaoe and bleeaings of Allah be upon 
him) has obaerred : 

"In the state of prostration, the slave gains the 
neareet proximity to his Lord, Hence offer the optimum 
prayer while you are lying in proatratioa before God'\ 

(10) When you are^iaed by a eerions calamity or the 
deepest aoirow and pain* (Hakam) 

(11) When a religioua aaaemblage takes place for the 

purpose of remembrance and worahip ofGod. 

(Bukh&r i> Mwlim) 

(12) When a reading of the Holy Qor'an is completed. 

(Tabrani) 

18. OSer pr&yers at the following places» eapecially, On the 
eve of hia departure from Mecca to Basra, Hadrat Hasan 
Basri (God be merciful to him) wrote a letter to the 
residents of Mecca stating the importanoe of puttmg up 
in Mexa and the favours thereof and also clearly 
mentioned that prayera offered at the following fifteen 
places in Mecca are especially aceepted by God : 

(1) Near the Multazam (2) Below the Mizab 

(3) Inside the Ka<bah (4) Near the fount of Zam 

Zam 

(5) At Safa and Marwa (6) Near 8afa and Marwa 

at the plaee where 'Sa'i f 
ia perfbrmed 

(7) At the rear of the 'Plaoe (8) In 'Arafat 

of Ibrahim' 

(9) In Mu*dalifa (10) In 

(U) Near the three Jamarat (HUne B****») 

19. Make oonstant effort8 to memorise the aame words of prayer 
to God w are oontained in the Holy Qur'an and the 



421 

Tradition* of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of 
AHah be upon him), It is olear that no better wordi of 
prayer and no bettar manner of offering prayer can be 
found than that whioh God taught to Hia Prophets (peace 
and blesaings of Allah be upon them) aud to His pious 
slaves (may God bepleased with them). Besides there is 
no speech whioh can possibly surpass the word taught by 
God and adopted by His Messengers in eSect, sweetness, 
comprehensivenes3, graoe and acceptability ! The 
repetition of the prayers taught by the Holy Qur'an and 
the Traditiona and a thoughtful ooneideration of their 
meanings traina and eduoates one*s mind as to what wishes 
and prayors should a pious person entertain. What deeds 
are worthy of his striving and what goals should he set for 
himeeir'. There is no doubt that prayer transcends all 
oarriers of ianguage, style or diction. Man is free to beg 
anything frora God in any language or styie. It is, 
however, a supplementary Bleeaing of God that Hfc has 
revealed to us what to ask for and in what manner ? ^ By 
prescribing words of prayer. Moreover, God taught* the 
pious what attitude to adopt for aohieving grace in 
religion and in seouiar matters and what wishes and 
aspirations should a pioue man entertain in hie heart. 
There is no religious or «ecular need as well as there is no 
aspect of gTace, for which a prayer has not been presoribed. 
It is more propitious, therefore, that you should pray tb 
GK& in those words which are contained in the Holy Qur'an 
and the Traditions and you should repeat only those 
prayers which are inoorporated in the Qur'an or thoso 
which were uttered at varioua times by the Holy Prophet 
(peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) himself. 

However, until such time as you oommit to memory 
the words of the prayers contained in the Holy Qur'an 
and the f raditions, you ought at ieast to reproduce their 
sense in your prayers. 



422 

We reprodnoe in tha tdllowing pages some oomprehen- 
*ir* prayere from the Holy Qur'an u well m from the 
Traditions of tha Holy Prophet (peaee and hlmsing* 
of Allah be npon hhn). You «honld learn theee prayera 
by heart gradually and then repeat only theee praye*s 
afterwarda. 



Comprehensive 
Quranic Prayers 



Praycr for Mercy wd Forgivcae»s : 

■ 

£,#■* Jl^- **#,* «**■» «*«* ***-*£ ♦ ^ +w$*m ****** *&** 

p jJj&J lu-Jj U >* jj 0lj U-iM Lutt Lj ; 



* • 



ifo66a*U zalamn& anfusanS wa in tam taghfir lana wa 
tarhamnd lanakiinanna min-aUkh&sirtn. (7 : 23) 

Our Lord ! We have wronged ourselvea. If Thou 
forgive ua not and have not meroy oa us, surely we 
areof the loat. 

No doubt unless God abaolves man of his aine 
and ahowers endless Mercy on him, man wil] go to ruin. 

Prayer for Grace In both tbe Worlds 

mU* Lij iJL* S>-Vi jj <i-*- LJJJI j tol Uj 

et*\i*Afi) -Js\ 

Babbana Satind JMJunyi ha$anatan wa fi,Umkhirati 
^hasanatan toa qina < oiA<J&-a«~»£*\ {2 : 201) 

"Our Lord 1 Give nnto us in the world that which 
ib good and in the Hereafter that whioh ia good and 
guard us from the doom of the Rre". 

423 



424* 
Puyer for Forbe*rajQce »nd 9ortitnde : 



*-*• 



f jl)l Jp U^artj M.UI C-?j l^ Up £>l Ujj 



* ♦ 



(Yo.:»yJI) -oi/UCJI 

Rabbana afrigh 'alaina $abran wa thabbit aqd$man& 
wansurna 'alal^aurnil-k&Arln. (2 ; 250) 

Our Lord I Besto* on as enduranoe, make our foothold 
eure, and give us help against the disbeliering folk. 

Prayer for Protection agatost the MlscUef of the Devll ; 



<U i^v : o^jJI) O 0j>* 



Rabbi a*udhu biha rnin hamazat-i$h-*hayatini wa aitdhubika 
rabbi an yahduriln* (23 ; $? t gg\ 

My Lord I I seek refuge in Thee from suggeetiona 
of the evil ones and I seek refuge in Thee, my Lord 1 
lest they be prasent with mo, 

Prayer for Protecdon against tbe torment of Hell : 

L.i> Jtr Q£ oi p^ wil* l£ ljjS\ Uy 



Rabbana$rif l ann& 'adh&ba jahannama inna 'adh&bahd 



425 

hana gharama Innaha ad* ai mu4taqarran wa muqdma: 

(25 : 65-66). 

Our Lord 1 Avert frora us the doom of hell : Lo t the 
doom thereof is anguish. Lo I it is wretohed as abode and 
station* 

Prayer for the CorrectJoii of Heatt : 

H* • J • •*•* • **** w+*+ • m m* *+ ■ #» *+mW + 9} • 9 +* m*0** 



.* s 



(A : OI^p JT> . ^LajJI CJI dtil 5 



Rabbana la tuzigh qulubana ba*da idh hadaitana wa 
hablana min ladunka rahtnah innaka antal+Wahhab. 

(3:8) 

Our Lord I Cause not our hearts to atray after Thou 
hast guided us, and bestow upon ua mercy from Thy 
Presenoe. Lo I Thou, only Thou art the Bestower. 

Puyer for the Puriilcation of Heart : 

*$% Mk '*£* '#& mjJi/ 8 >i Cj 

m *+ mw ****** ** 

t 

«*# s *■ > „ m % *. s J. • .».*» *. • s* 5 % * • >> • 

o ^j kJ}j iUI Uy Ij^l jUU>U LLjjJi J 
(V- ijmity 

Rabbanaghjir lanS wa U-ikhwaninaUladhina aabaqund 
biUiniani wa la taj 4 al jl gulubina ghillal-Uhladhtna 
a&manu rabbana innakara , u/'Ur~RaMm, {59:10) 

Our Lord 1 Forgire us and our brethreo. who were be- 
fore us in the faith, aad plaoe not in our hearts any 
ranoour towards those who believe. Our Lord ! Thou 
art full of pity, Meroiful, 



426 



Prayer for Favourable Taro of Erents : 



~ • .. • ^. ^ ■ *> S*.. •„„«>«« ^ | ^ % ^ 



u 
(\* :uif<Jl) .UAj 

Rabband datina min ladunka rahmatan %va hayyi* lana 
min amrtna rashada, (i$ > 10) 

"Our Lord ! Give mercy from Thy presence and shape for 
us right conduot in our plight." 

Prayer for Sahation ; 

-• * **+ + •*.*. «. ■ ^ # ^ „ „# * - «^, „ s^ 

(!■* : 6>jJi) 

Rabbana aamanna faghfir lana warhamna wa anta 
hhair-ur-rahimln. (23 ,* 109) 

Our Lord ! We beliere therefore forgive ub and have 
n^eroy on us for Thou art best of all who show meroy. 

Prayer for the graot of satisfaction and peace in the family : 

uu^i « /k-pI a j 



(V£ :0li>Jl) , UUI ^ill 



- * 



Rabband hab lana min aztmjitid wa dhur-riyyatind 
qurrata a'ayunin waj'alna liUmuttaqina' imama. 

(25:74) 

Our Lord 1 Vouohaafe us oomfort of our wives and of 
our offspring, and make us patterns for (ali) thoB© who ward 



/ offi(evil). 



■ ■ 427 

In other words, gr&nt na mioh a pure andnoblelife 
that the pious ehould take us as a model and emulate our 
example. 

Prayer for Pareot* : 

■ *> ****** 

Rabbanaghfir U wa lUwalidayya wa Hl-mJminina yauma 
yaawm-ul-hia&b. ' " ' 

'■ Our Lordl Forgive me and my parents and the 
believers on the day when the account is cast. 

Prayer for Protection from trials and tribalations : 

«- - s • , - •. r ' ,.'. ,'*•" 



u» 



'* - * 

(TAV: S^2JI) ^ui/^ 1 

Rabbant Id tu % &kh\dhnd innastnd au akhta*na rabband 
wa la tahmil 'aUind isran hama hamaltahu 'alaltadKt- 
na min qablina rabbana wa la tuhammilnd ma la tdqata 
land bihi wa % fu 'anna waghjir land war hamna anla 
mauldna /ansttrnd *al*al-qaurn-il~kdfirin* (2:286) 

Our Lord 1 Condemu ua uot if we forget ot err : Our 
Lord 1 Lay not on ua auoh a burden arThou did Jt4ay on 



428 

those before us ; Our Lord ! Impose not on us that whiph 
we have not the strengtb to bear : Pardon us, absolve 
us and have mercy on us. Thou, art our Protector 
and give us victory over the diabe lieviug folk. 

Prayer for gettiiig rid of the disbelterers* domination. 

o u^WI {jM UsJ U*f V U,j ^Wj M Jp 
<A*-A«: ^jj) . ^>l4l f *2i ^. dkl^ i2j 

MZ«JJ<JW tawakhalna rabbana U ta$ l aln& /itnatan* 
Ul*qaim-iz*2&Umtn. Wa najjind birahmatika min-al- 
gaumil lc&firln. (10 ; 85) 

In Allah we put trust. Our Lord 1 Oh, make us not 
a lure for the wrongdoing folk. And of Thy meroy, 
save us from the fo!k that disbeliem 

Prayer for a propitious end. 

(V * \ : ^i-ji) . o^UJli JJWI j LL Jij^ 

Patir-aa^sdmawati waUardi ant& waliyyi fid+duny£ 
wal-aakhirati tawaffani musliman wa allhiqni bissalihln* 

{10:101) 

Creator of the heavens and the earth Thou art 
my proteoting Friend in the world and the Hereafter. 
Make me to die aubmissive {unto Thee), and join me to 
the righteoud. 

j^i 01 bLtyi ^Ll* LoL^ u*** u;i l^» 



429 



jp U-U-pj L. Ua*j U-u o jW* C" ^ J 



> .-- ^ ' •> 



A*fcm£ tnnan* *am*'»* *m«a~<%an »tfftlft ***»« 

an aaminu 6irab6 to /«' ****« "* 6 f « £*£ 

& M ^.ift M tfMi ~ **■' ' own * *w /»» wa 

tau>affana m** <*"?• BaWa " J ***^ !"? 7 
« «a» r«-K*a *ril W yau^yarnaU 

innaka la tukhUf-uUml'Sd. V > iy *> ^ 

Our Lord 1 Lo ! We have heard a crier calling unto 
F*th ■ Believe yo in your Lord 1 So we beheved Our 
W^ihere" re forgive us our sins, and remit from us 

0, r Lord ! And g ive us that which Thou hast P rom lS ed 
to ub by Thy messengers. Confound us not upon the 
Bay of Resurrection. Lo ! Thou breakest not the trust. 



Some Prayers 

of the Holy Prophet 

(p.b.u.h.) 

The Muhaddithin (Reportera of Traditions) have worked 
hard and devoted whole of their lives in oollecting and com- 
piling the books of Traditiona,. the prayers which the Holy 
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) 
used to offer during journeys and in camp. Alongwith the 
prayers incorporated in the Holy Qur'an, you should also 
utter these prayers of the. Holy Prophet (peace and blessings 
of Allah be upon him). These prayera are not only com- 
prehensire, impressire and propitious, but also teach 
the correct thinking to the believer as well as the desires and 
ambitions he should cherish. Iq fact, a man's real nature is 
reAected in his desires, especially moments when he Is 
satisfied that no other human being is preeent and that his 
murmur can only be heard by his Creator. Each word of 
the prayers offered by the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings 
of Allah be upon hira) in the darkness of thenight, in 
privaoy, in the midat and outside the oompany of the 
people, is characterised by profound sinoerity, devotion and 
eagerness and one feels that the ntterer of suoh prayers is 
the most eialted person who i* p«rfectly aware of his status 
as the servant of God and he constantiy begs from bis Lord 
as a needy person. Moreover, his eageraess and devotion 
is constantly inoreasing in depth and intensityas he continues 
to offer prayers to God, The essence of all his prayers is 
as follows : ,( God! Draw me oloser 1 Spare me from Thy 
wrath! Beatow upon me Thy favour 1 Give me sucoess and 
grace in Eternity. 

«0 



431 
Prayers to be offered io the Morning and Erening : 

Hadrat 'Uthman b. 'Affan (God be pleased with him) 

narrates : "The Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings of Allah be 

upon him) obser^ed : No harm oan oome to a man from any. 

thing who utters the following prayer morning and evening" : • 

- - ' ',' , t ' - »--&***» « , 

. *# mw $ # M + $ m *9 

C-u».l x~.) , ^_UJ| ^J\ ^j ^UJi j 

Biamilla^hil-ladhl la yadurru ma 4 aamihl $hai*un fil- 
ardi wa l& fia-eamai wa hutoaa-aami'ul 'alim. \ 

{Mu$nad Ahmad), 
In the narae of God by rirtue of Whosename naught in the 
hearen nor earth doth hurt and He ie the Hearer the 
Knower. 

. Hadrat 'Abdullah b* 'Umar (God be pleaaed with him) 
reporta : "The Holy Prophet (peaoe and blea&iaga of AUah 
be upon him) uaed to offer the following prayer in the 
morning and evening regularly without.respite" ; 

*>i- ^- » «pf -•£ «. „ i.* >. j. ^ ._ 9m H)%- 

r$\ . ijJH\$ UoJl j UJUJi dJJUL-l Jl pjBJ 



• ^- *» ,- *J - * 



JaIj tfU>j ii-J-> J UJUJlj jj^\ iJJLL-l Jl 



^ji^i ^riuij ^ij jij>* jD ^?f juj 




; > JUJI 61 ALuJiL ijjj cjji ^ 



Allahumma inni aSalukal-' &fipata fid-duny& wat-Oakh* ., 



432 



irata, Allahumma . inni as'alukal-'afwa wal-'afiyata fi 
dini wa dunyayi wa ahli wa mali. Allahummastur 
'aurati wa aamin rau'ati. Allahummahfaznl min baini 
yadayya wa min khalfi wa 'an yamini wa 'an shimSlt wa 
min faual wa 'aildhu bi 'azmatika an ughtala min tahti. 

(Tirmidhi) 

God ! Behold, I beg of Thee peace in thia world and the 
hereafter. God I Behold, I beg of Thee forgiveness ind 
safety in my faith, in my world, in mine household and in 
my wealth. Godl cover my detecta, andgive me peace from 
mine apprehension. O God! protect me from my front and 
from my rear, from my right and from my ieft also from 
above me; and I seek refuge inThee lest I be Bnrprised from 
beneath me ! 

PTayer against Lethargy and Cowardice : 
Hadrat Anaa b. Malik (God be pleased with him) states : 
■■I u8 ed to remain in attendanoe on the Holy Prophet (peace 
and bleasingB of Allah be upon him) »nd I uied to hear ium 
offer this prayer very often": 

cjj^sij y^\j o>>Jij ^i (f £k »**» ^ r* m 

^ - - m *• 

jL^*ji QS j J^Lm £-Lij Cff>^j J^Ml* 
, ~ * - - 

(pJL, i ^» . 

Allahumma inni 'audhu bika min-aUhammi wa-Ukuzni 
wal-'ajzi wal-kasali wal-bukhli Wal-jubni wa dala'id- 
daini m ghalabatir.rijali. (Bukhari, Muslim) 

God l Behold, I seek refuge in Thee from aniiety and 
grief, from iuability and sloth, from faint heartednens, 
and niggardliness, from the burden of indebtednesa and the 
domination of men. 



433 

Prayer for the Attalmaent otPiety and Pority ; 
» , * * - - - * i^ i^»* >-•- . « ^ 

AUahumma inni aa f alubU*huda wat-tuqa waWatdta 
wal-ghina, 

God 1 Behold I beg of Thee, guidance, piety, purity and 

contentment. 

This is the meat oomprehensive prayer, In these four 
words the Eoly Prophet (peace and blessings of *Aflah be upon 
him) has asked for everything that a believer needs. 

Prayer for Protectlon against degradation in this world 
and the Hereafter : 



**>-*>* b >'j W^ J^ 1 J U*>W ^l _Jj 

(JtjjW) . . 5>Vl V u£ UjU| 

Allahumma ahaln 'aqibaiana fil~umuri hulliha wa ajirna 
min hhizyid-dunyd wa 'adhab-il-aakhirah* (Tabrani) 

"God! End all our actmties in graoe and protect us from 
the torment of degradation in thia world and in the Here- 
after". 

Prayer to be offered after Worship : 

Hadrat Mu*adh <God be pleased with him) states that oae 
day the Holy Prophet (peaoe aod blessings f Allah be upon 
him) took my hand and obserred : "O Mu'adh! I lore thee', 
and then proceoded to affirm: "0 Mu ( adh! ! I advise you that 
you should never mias uttering the folIowing worda after each 
prayer : 

«iUjLjP r^j «1,0, &jS* . L* t L*\ ^iJi 



434 
Allahumma afinn% 'aladhikrika %oa shukrika wahuani 

t 

ibadatika. 

Lordt help me in remembering,Thee, in expressing grati- 
tude to Thee and ih worahipping Thee in the best manner. 
WHl of tht Ho!y Prophet (p.b.u.h.) : 

Hadrat Shaddad b. Aus (God be pleased with him) states : 
"The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be npon him) 
advised me : Shaddad ! when you see the worldly people buay 
in amassing gold and silver, you should gather the blissful 
treasure by uttering the following words off and on M : 



„ «, « ^ > ^ ., * ~ * * >J ~ 



j_p 'U-i>Jlj ^\ j oLjJI *JUbJ jl ^i\ 



*t 



iijlu ^j Iiu*; ^O ^JiUij ; *u>Ji 

+ M + 0*0 * m - - * • - *• . * *V ." 

dUUL-t jLbU ULJ j UJu- ULi dUUIj 



* * #„#« >*.**-**• - >•*<"- *"•->' • ~ • 



iJyJ^lj ^JUJ L^ ^ il ^lj ,^w U j^ p 
(j^l jc~,) . ^jJJ» r ^> CJI AiJl pi-u UJ 



Allahumma imi as' aluk-ath-thabata fil-amri wal-'azi- 
mati 'alar-rushdi m as'aluka shukra ni'matika wa 
husna 'ibddatika wa as'aluha qalban aallman wa lisanan 
sadi^an wa as'aluka min khairi m* ta'lamu wa a-Hdhu 
bika min sharri mH ta'lamu wa astaghjiruka lim& ta'- 
lamu innaka anta 'allamul ghuyiib. (Musnad Ahmad) 

God ! Behold, I beg of Thee steadtastnee» in ke*ping 
(Thy) command aiad nrmness of resolution in (pursuing) 
the right course. I beg of Thee (the Ceeling of ) thankfulness 
for Thy grace and (ability for) adoring Thee best. I beg 



436 

of Thee a aound heart and & truthf ul tongue. I beg of 
Thee the good of that which Thee Knowest, and I seek 
refuge in Thee from the evil which Thee Knowest I seek 
Thy forgiveneas for all of my wrong» thou knoweat. No 
doubt Thou knoweet all that ia unknown to us. 

Prayer for Forgiy«ness and the Favoor of AHah 

Hadrat Abu Huraira (Ood be pleaaed with him) statee that 
the Holy Prophet (peaoe and blesaings of Allah be upon him) 
while bequeathing a will to Hadrat Salman Farsi (God be 
pleased with him), had obaerred; "I wish to bequeath a few 
words to you. Beseeoh the Most Kind in these words. 
Buah towarda the Most Kind and offer prayer to Him in 
these worda day and night ; 

I 



j UUjlj aUjCJ i^> dijLl Jl j^JU 



•^j^ <&> <**-jj c^ * m 'irH WL ^-> J^ 



* «- * .- - 



Allahumma inn% as'aluka sihhatan fl Imanin wa Imanan ' 
,/t A«sn* khulqin wa najahan yaiba,uhu /alahun wa rah- 
matan minka wa 'ajiyatan wa . maghjiratan minka wa 
rMv>*n*- (Tabrani y Bakam), 

God! Behold! I beg of Thee vigoar and health in my 
faith. and effeot of faith in my dealings and behaviour 
and success leading to peace and meroy from Thee; and also 
■eourity, forgiveness and Thy pleasure. 
Prayer for PurJAcation from Slns : 

Hadrat Umm Salama (God be pleaaed with her) narrate*: 
"The Holy Prophet (peaoe and biesBings of Allah be upon 
him) used to offer the following prayer ; 



486 



'-• - • • ~*~ * *,, 



AUahumma naqqi qalbl mina4-khatayS kama naqqaita~ 
ththaubaUabyada min~ad danaa. Allahumma ba'id 
baini u>a baina khati f ati kamd ba f adta bain-al-ma$hriqi 
wal-maghrib. {Moajam Kabir), 

God! olean my heart from aina, juat aa you cl©an white 
cloth of dirt. God! cause as great a dietance between 
me and my faults, as there ia between East and Weet. 

Prayer for the Attainment of Respect among the People : 



J ^j U>£* J***j tj*++ ^ 1 r^ 1 

- - - *» 

m 
*+ m 4*4*?** 

Allahummafalni $aburan waj y alnl $hak&ran toaj^alnl Jl 
*ainl saghlran wafl a^yuninn&ĕi kablrd. 

Allahl make me patient and thankful to Thee, and make 
me «mall in my own eyes, but great in other peopleaeyes. 

A compreheosire Prayer : 

Hadrat 'Aisha (God be pleased with her) atatea: "It so 
happened onoethat when the Holy Prophet (peace and blessinga 
4>f Allah be upon him) oame to see me Iwaa engaged in offering 
worship, The Holy Prophet (peaoe and bleasinga of Allah be 
upon him) needed me immediately but I was delayed, where- 
tapon the Holy Prophet (peaoe and bleaainge of Allah be upon 



437 



him) obserred: 'Xisha, you should utter brief and comprehen«v 
prayera. When I came to the Holy Prophet (peaee and 
blessings of Allah be npon him) I snbmitted: "0 Messenger of 
A31ah! (peace and blessings of Allah be upon you) I Teaoh me 
a brief and comprehensive prayer". The Holy Prophet (peace 
and blesaings of AUah be upon him) observed: "You should 
utter the following prayer: 



m* 



*• **>*•****.** .,, ■ > ■ f t ^ 



'- '* -* - jS • - >>>.„., ', 

^JI dUl—lj ^l»! jJUj «_^ c^]p-U <U-lj aJU-U- 

jUI ^ £i> ije-h J^J/jJJ ^"l2i Vj^" l -*J 






- -•- i ^ • «-^. 






— • 






Allahumma innl as'aluka min-aUkhairi kullihl 'Sjilihl 
m ajUihl ma'alimtu minhu wa ma lam a'alamu wa 
a'udhu bika mm-ashsham kullihi ' ajilihi wa ajilihi 
ma • alimtu minhu wa ma lam a'alamu wa asalukal- 
jannata wa mS qarraba Uaiha min gaulin au 'amalin wa 
'a'udu Uka min-an-nari wa ma qarraba ilaiha min 
qaulin au 'amalin wa as'aluka mimma sa'alaka bihl 
Muhammadun wa a'udhu bika min ma ta'awwadha 
minhu Muhammadun wa ma qadaita U min qada'in 
/af at -aaibatahu rushdd. (Hakam). 



438 

O Allahl I ask of Thee all the good which is in the present 
or in the future t and I aak of Thee paradise, and the work» 
ahd deeds, whjch wonld take me nearerto the same, aixd I 
Beek refuge in Thee from Tire and the worka aad deed» 
whioh would take me nearer to the same. And I ask of 
Thee that which waa sought by Muhammad, and I seek 
refuge in Thee from that regarding whioh Muhammad 
aought Thy Protection, and that the end of all Thy decrees 
ahove me ahouid be good. 

Prayer for Holdlng Firm to Islam : 



1j»U ^5U Vli jti*Aj USU '%%* % JJiW ^l 

****** * i J *t~ m ~* • • * -* ~ 

ija-p ^ cu^A-g Vj UJlj f ->U YU J^\j 



. U^U 



A llah%mmahfaznl biUiĕl&ml qa*iman wahfaznl biU 
isldmi q&*4&an tvahfazni bU-isUtmi rHq\dan wa l& tushmit 
bl 4 adutouHtn ha&idS. 

Allah! maintain my faith in Islam, while I am standing 
or while I am sitting or while I am lying and let not the 
enemy, the enrious pass sarcastic remarks about me. 

Ptnyet of a New ConTert to Islam : 

Hadrat Abu Malik Ashjai (God be pleaaed with him) 
reports: "My father narrated that whenever a peraon 
embraced the religion of Ialam, the Holy Prophet (peace 
and blesaings of AHah be upon him) nsed to teach him 
Sftlat and also the following prayer" ; 



4S9 

* * r " . .*. - 

O AUah! forgive me, have mercy on me, guide me, grant me 

peaoe and give me austenance. 

Prayer for the Avoidance of Dlssension and Immorality : 






ABoAnmma *Ml a'«dA« otta mt» «nwlw«^-rf«^ 
^-«'amali wal-ahu^i. Allahumma innt a'Mhu bika 
min-ash-»hiqaqi wan-nifaqi wan 8 *-il-akhUq. 

O AUahl I seek reruge in Thee from evil morals deeds 
and desires. O Allaht Behold, I seek refuge » Thee from 
Bchism, hypocricy and evil morals. 



Darud and Salam 



Inveca«oq of Peace and Blesslogs on the HoJy Prophet 
(p. b,o. h.) 

Inrokepeace and blessings of Allah npon ycur yenerable 

benefactor Hadrat Muhammad (peaoe and bleseings of 

Allah be upon him). Truly, we can raake no recompense 

for hia countless favoura and limitleas Iove and affection* 

What we can do, however, is to invoke the peace and bleasings 

of AHahon him with the deepest sense of reverence, love, 

devotion and loyalty to his person We should pray to God, 

"Creator ! Your Messenger (peace and blessings of AJIah be 

upon him) hadto sufiFerterrib]e torments in his task of com- 

municating your message to us. He (peace and blessingaof Allah 

be upon him) took great paina to guide us on the path of right- 

eousnesa, Creator 1 We can make no return for this favour. We 

implorĕ You, O Creator S to shower Your boundless bene- 

factions upon the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon hun), 

to eralt him in Your favour ; to protect his religion from 

the onslaught of* Jaleehood j to extend his religion and to 

beatow upon him a higber rank than all other favoorite 

oompaniona of Yours in the eternal world." The Holy Qur'an 

enjoins upon the Muslims : 

*• *^ • )+++ •— • £ „ 



Innallaha wamalSikaiahu yussalluna alannabiyyi y& ayyu 



44Q 



441 

halladhlna Hmanii tallu 'alaihi wa saltimu taslima* 

(33 : 56) 

Lo I Aliah and hia angels, ehower bleBBinga on tbe Prophet 
ye who believe 1 Ask blessings on him and aalute him 
with a worthy salutation." ' 

The Holy Prophet (peace and WessingB of AUah be 

npon him observed to Hardat Ubayi b. Ka'b (God be pleased 
with him) : 

"Obayi 1 If you devote all your time to invoking peace 
and blesainga of Allah npon the Propbet, Qod shall take it 
npon Himaelf to provide for your sustenanoe in this world 
and in eternity." (Musnad Ahmad) 

Hadrat Anas b, Malik (God be pleased with him) narratea 
that the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 
npon him) obaerved : 

"A peraon who invoke* peaoe and blesBings of Allah 
on me is recompensed by Allah in the folIowing manner ; 

"Allah showers blessings on him ten times. Allah 
adds ten virtuea and erases ten vices from his record of 
deeds. And Allah elevates his rankby ten gradea/' (Naa&M) 

In additios to thia, the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings 
of Allah be npon him) aAirmed : 

"The angels opatmue to invoke the blessings of God upon 
a man aa long as he devotes himself to invoking peace and 
blessing of Allah upon me." 

(Ahmad and Ibn Majah) 

The Holy Prophet (peace and blesainga of Allah be 
upon him) observed ; 

"The man who hears my name mentioned yet fails 
to invoke the peaoe and blessings of Allah on me is a miser," 

(Tirmidbi) 



448 



The Holy Prophet (peaee and blessings of AUah be upon-> 
him) deolared the person most deserving of the honour of his 
oompanionship and attendance in the life hereafter who inrokea 
the peaoe and blessings of Allah on him the most, 

The Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings of Allah be upon 
him) observed: 

«'The person who invokes peace and blessings of Allah on 
me the most, will be the best deaerving my companionship 
and attendance on the D»y of Judgemeat". (Tirmidhx) 

There is a slight yariation in the wordings of the texts 
of the invocation o'f peace and blessings of Allah which the 
Ho\y Prophet (peace and blessinga of Allah be upon him) 
taught to the illustrious companions (God be pleased with 
them) 011 various occasions. You may use any of theae texts. 
The text which is generally recited in worship and which has 
been deolared as the most propitious one by Hadrat 'Abdullah 
b. 'Abbas (God be pleased with him) is as follows : 

,,„.«- -. s-> . .-* *-> ' - ' ' e % 



„ sk- * • * * 



6 -• -• II»"* *■* 



1 '_ __ - ■ ' -F i* - -^ 



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\ _•» •» 



jr - 0' 

##»#*■>>*** -• . ■ - •"" 

■; .. . » «• - * 

(JU»-l X--» t «u- ^1»«^) 

Allahumma salli *aU Muhammadin wa'aU aali 
Muhammadin hama aallaUa 'aU Ibrahtma wa 'al&aali 
Jbrahima innaka Hamidun Majld. AlUthumma barik 
•ala Muhammadin wa'aU aali Muhammadin kamd 
barakta 'ala Ibrahtma wa 'ali &li IbraMma innaka 
Bamldun Majtd. ($ih<ih Sitta, Musnad Ahmad). 



443 

OAHahl Shower Thy mercy upon Muhammad and the 
follower a of Muhammad, ae thou didst shower Thy mercy 
upon Abraham and the followers of Abraham! Behold Thou 
art Praiaeworthy, Glorioas! O Allah! 8hower Thy bleBsing 
upon Muhammad and the follower8 of Muhammad, aa Thou 
didst shower Thy bleaeingB upon Abraham & the followeri 
of Abraham Behold, Thou art Praiseworthy, GlonouB. 

Hadrat 'Abdullah b. Ma»'ud (God be pleased with him) 
obseryed to the people: «You should inroke peaoe and bles- 
singa of Allah on the HolyProphet in a proper manner. Who 
know8 thi. invocation may be preaented before the Holy 
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be «pon himjl Ine 
people reouested him to teaoh the proper invocation to them. 
Thereupon he observed: «You ehould recite the mvocation 

thua. ■ . 

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444 

Allakummaj^al salalaka toa rahmataka wa barakdtika 
'al5 6ayyid-ihmuT$allna wa imam-il~mut*laqlna wa 
khdtim-in-nabiyylna Muhammadin 'abdika wa rasulika, 

imam-il~khairi wa qa'id~il-khairi warasul-ir-rahmaU^ 
Allahummab' athhu magaman yaghbituhu bihil-awwalun. 
AUahumma salli ( ala Muhammadin wa 'ald aali Muha* 

mmadin kamd sallaita 'ala Ibrahima %oa *ala aali 
Ibrahlma innaka Hamidun Majid. Allahumma bdrik 
4 ala Muhammadin toa *ald aali Muhammadin kama 
barakta f alS Ibrahlma wa *aU aali JbraMma innaka 
Hamidun Majid. (Ibn-e-Majah) . 

God! Shower Your favour, blessing and benefactions upon 
the lord of Propheta, leader of the pious and the seal of 
Prophets, Muhammad who is Your servant, Your Messen- 
ger, a model of Good, a guide to peace and a Messenger t of 
Blessings. God! elevate him to an exalted position which 
may be the envy of his predecessors. Godt Show Your 
blessings. to Muhamtaad and the progeny of Muhammad aa 
You hlessed Abraham and the progeny of Abraham. 
Truly, You possess the purest attributes and are Great. 
God! Show Your favour to Muhammad and the progeny 
of Muhammad as You showered favour on Abraham and 
the progeny of Abraham. Truly, you possess the purest 
attributes and are Great". (Ibn Majah) 

Hadrat Abu Mas ( ud Ansari (God be pleaaed with him) 
narratea: "Onoe Bashir b. Sa'd (God be pleaeed with him) 
submitted to the Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings of Allah 
be upon him) : In what manner should weinvoke peaee and 
blessings of Allah on you? The Holy Prophet (peaoe and 
bleasings of Allah be upon him) remained ailent for a while and 
thon observed; Say theae words: : 



446 

ji j^, i-** &-> dAi $*A Jl d-> 



* •* 



uwJL^il 



CfM 

iUKAwna aaiK 'a!<J Muhammadin wa'alaali Muhammadin 
kama aaUaita <al5 aali lbrahltm wa barik •ala Huhammadin 
wa 'alS aali Muhammadin kama bdrakta 'aU Ibrahlma 
fil.'Slamlna innaka Hamidun Majid. (Muslim). 

Allah! Bhowe'r Thy mercy upon Muhammad and the 
foUowers of Muhammad <w Thou didst shower Thy 
mercy upon the followers of Abrahami Behold! 
Thou art Praiseworthy, Giorious. Allahl shower Thy 
blessings upon Muhammad and the followers of Maham- 
mad, aa Thou didst shower Thy bleasings upon Abraham 
in the worlds. Behold Thou art Praiseworthy, Glorious. 



The Suppllication 
of Sacritice 

Lay down the animal parallel with the direction of the Qtbla 

and utter the followiag prayer first: 

„ „.„ ,,* - - - . * + . * >■ ■ # -*- 



• > 






. £fc;*j dU -+JJ1 o^ — Ji o* ^J ^ 1 ^ *Ay 

iww wajjahtu wajhiya lil-ladhi jatar-as-samawati wal- 
arda hanljan wa ma ana min-aUmu&hrikin. Inna 
salati wa nusuki v>a mahyaya wa mamati lillahi rabb- 
iWalamin. La aharika lahu wa bidhalika omirtu wa 
ana min-al-muslimin. Allahumma laka wa minka. 
Behold I have turned my face earnestly towards Him Who 
originated the hearens and the earth and I am 
not of polytheists. Behold, my salat, mine offering, my 
iiving and mine dying are all for God, Lord of the worlds. 
No partners hath He, concerning this I have been bidden 
and I am of the Muslims O God! ( I offer this) to you and 

You gave it to me, 

" >> • + >i * * * 

After reciting this prayer, Say j^— 5" 1 ^ ^ f~i 

0* ** 4* 

'BUmillahi Allahuakbar\ (In the Name of Atlah Who is Great) 
and out the throat of the animal with a aharp-edged knife. 
Having performed the slaughter, read this prayer: 

446 



447 



, r *>Ulj SjUil U^wIp j$ iL^j 

Allahimma tagabbalhu minni kama taqabbalia min khall- 

Uka Ibrahlma wa habibika Mukammadin 'alaihiman- 

salatu was-salam, 

"God ! Accept thia saorificc oSered fay me as Thou accepted 
the saorifice offered by Thy friend Abraham and that 
o&ered by Thy ]qved one Muhammad. May peace and 
blessings desoeud upon both*\ 

Although it is permissible to Iet someone else perform the 
slaughter of your sacrificiaJ animal, yet % ia better if you 
perform thts act with your own hands. While you perform the 
slaughter, try to think aad feel in the same way ae you express 
through the words you utter at the time of sacrificing the 
animali.e all that we have got belongs to Ali*h and it is all 
tobe spent in His .way only. The act of saorificing the 
animal in Hi$ name is in submisaion to His will and i{ ev©r 
reqtiired we shall readily sacrifice even our own Iife in the 
way of Allah and shall be grateful to Him that He oon~ 
ferred upon us the honour of martyrdom by affording us 
auopportunity to shed our blood in His namo. 



I. If the animal i a joiatly «hared by Beveral partners, aay Cr* 



mste»d of ^.t** aod tnen aanotmoe the namoa of *Up*rfctxot«. 



Aqiqa Prayer 



c Aqiqa'refers to the goat or ram which is eaorificed on 
behalf of a new-bora child on the aeventh day after hia birth, 

The Hoiy Prophet (peaee and Me&smga of Allah be upon 
him) obaerred: 

"On the seventh day a a*'tae ehould be presoribed for the 
otiild, Its hair and all filth ahould be remored and aacriBoe 
should be performed on hia behalf*\ 

Before aacritbing the aaimal, nrst make ife lie down parallel 
with thedireotion of the Qibla and reoite the prayer wbioh i« 
uttered at the slanghter of a sacrifioial animal i.e. from ' 
c** j jl > to ' dju j dJ ' Mterwards eay * ^Tl A\ M ^ * 
and out the throat of the animal with a sharp-edged knife and 
thea reoite the following prayer: 

^ • s - -. - ,- > •« * * * +0 * i * >i ^ 




s^jwt u^-jp p-*W ^-j •*-* * 

•^^ L*j«** 4-^Lj L^->J -m4-j Lfo ^iUlj 

0*0*0* 

^JJa&umma &ad%tAf aqlqaiu ..-tojoi&alAt* iamJ 

(aja&daWrt min Aa6fi»fea J£ttAammad*n wa £AaII-Uia 
Ibrahlma 'dt&i&imas-talatu wassalHmu damuhS bidamihl 

lahmuht bilahmihl *ha*ruhX bi*ha*rihl azmuh& bi~azm%hi. 

448 



449 

"O Allah! ThisUthe Aqiqah ofl Aooept it as 

Thou acoepted the <Aqiqah offered by Thy loved one 
M/ahammad (peace and bleasings of Allah be upon him) and 
by Thy friend Abraham (peace be upon him), The blood 
of this saorifioe is ranaom for the blood of the ohild, its 
fleah is the ransom ior the flesh of the ohild, ita hair are a 
ransom for the child's hair and its bonea are the ransom 
for the child'8 bones. Godt Accept it'\ 

The people who possess means muat offer saerince on behalf 
of their. children. 'Aqiqah ia a desirable aaorinoe, Two lambs 

or goats on behalf of the male child and a aingle goat or iamb on 
behalf of the female. It ia permissible also to sacrifice a single 
goat on behalf af a boy. However, for those who laok meana, 
it is certainly improper to perform the aacrinoe by begging 
Ioans. 

Noncooked ■ Aqiqah meat may be distributed, It is preferable, 
howerer, to aend cooked meat to the beggars, the poor and 
your neighboura. On the eve of the *Aqiqah of Hadrat Haaan 
(God be pleaaed with him), the Holy Prophet (peace and bles- 
sings of Allah be upon him) inatructed; "Send one ohopped leg 
of the animal to the midwife and eat the reab yourself and feed 
others".* (Abu Dawud) 



1, m laaert tbe nam* of tbe ohild wbose 4 Aqiqah it being perforraed after 
tbe worda. 



The Taravih Prayer 

The word <Taravih' is the plural form of *Tarviha*. 
*Tarviha* denotes the period of rest and relaxatton at the end 
of every four R&kahs of prayer, It is in.fch.is coutest that this 
supplementary prayer of the month of Ramadan is called 
'Tara^ih'. Tarviha, i. e. fco pause and relax at fche end of every 
four Rakahs ofprayer, is a Sunnah. 

The folIowing pr&yer should be recited during 'Tamha' : 






ijj\'i£s OlL- , Ctjdljlj £lLJl & CiC^ 



. Ojj^Jlj »li^XJlj SjJLiJlj U-^Kj <-Ji*Jlj 



. Oj-*-r Vj f L^. S ^JUI ^Jl dUJI L^ 

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Subhana dhiUmulki wal-malakut . Subhana dhiU 
izzati toaWa^mati ioal~haibati wal-qudrati wal-kibri- 
ydH wal-jabarut. Subhan-al-malik-il-hayyil-ladhi l& 
yanamu tva la yamutu, subbiihun quddusun rabbuna %oa 
rabb-ul-maWikati toar-ruh. AUahumma ajirna min- 
an-nari ya mujlru ya mujlru ya mujir 

"Pure is the Ruler and the Sovereign. Pure is the Esalted 
and the Supreme, the Awesome and fche Poiverful and the 

450 



461 



Gre at Wielder of Authority. Pu« » *» *■ -J*J 

Sovereign Who neither sleeps, no. w.ll ever d.e Purest 
. t and free from all blemishes i. our Suata.ner Who » the 
Provider of angela and of Gabnel. 
Godt Grant us asylum frpm the Fire of Hell. O Protec- 

tor, Protector, Protector*. 

Offer the 'Taravih' prayer in congregation and if possible 
lirteo to the recitation of the Ml te*t of the Holy Qur« 
during <Nama Z '. Offer •Taravih' behind a 'Han*- (the one who 
has memorised the full te>t of the Holy Quran) who reotes 
the Qur'an with full reverence, devotion and eagerness in 
moderate pace and with proper pauses and correct aocents so 
that the listeners do not get tired and the Qur an may be 
reoitedso clearly as to make every word of .1 «dable «d 
distinet. H is a gre.t inju^tice with the Holy Qur an to read * 
rapidly without understanding a, if you are trymg to get 
rid of a burden. The Book of Allah deserves to be read with a 
will, devotion and concentration pondering over ita meamng 
and implications and trying to grasp iti real sense and .p.r.t. 

Similarly the -Taravih' prayer must be offered with ease 
and concentration showing no haste and hurry To perform 
Ruku and Prostration fat rapid 8 uccess,on without know ng 
what is being uttered araounts to eheer disregard of the 

Sl^.- ■*** »• - iish ofreal ta8teand 

enjoyment of worship* 



Qunut-i-Nazila 



Whenever, God forbid, the Muslims are faced witha critical 
situation and the menaoe and terror of the enemy has pver- 
oome them, they should reoite Qunut-i-Nazila during prayers, 
especially in the oourse of the dawn prayer. After the pecond 
Rakah of the morning prayers, recite the foIIowing prayers in 
the standing posture before performing the prostration. Tradi- 
tions reveal that this prayer was recited during worship by the 
Holy Prophet {peaoe and blessings of Allah be upon him) and 
his illustrioua companions (God be pleased witb them) at criti- 
oal times, they offered this prayer eapecially during morniog 
worahip; 

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452 



463 



?*. •> -. • - .- -• •. * •/„' •. •'*." 

^ ^ *• <*+ m 

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UUjj-Ij j-^Jt <Jl 




Alldhummahdind flman hadaita tva *afina fi-ma% l dfaita 
wa tawalland fl-man tawallaita wa barik land fl-ma 
a'ataita wa qina sharra md gadaita fa-innaka taqdi wa la 
yuqdd 'alaika innahu la yadhillu man walaita wa la 
ya'izzu man 'ddaita tdbarakta rabband wa ta y alaila 
nastaghfiruka wa natubu ilaika, Allahumma 'adhdhib-il* 
kafaratal4adhlna yasudduna l an sabllika wa yukadhdhi- 
buna rusulaka wa yuqdtiluna aulid*aka> Allahummaghjir 
lil-mo f minina wal-mo^mindt, wal-musUmina wal-musli-^ 
mdt, wa aalih dhdta bainihim wa allif baina quh]bihim, 
irnj^al fl qulubihim-ul-imdna wahhikmata wa thabbi- 
thum <ala millati rasulika sallal-ldhu <alahi wa tsallam 
wa auzVhum an yufu bi f ahdik-al-ladhi <dhadtahum 
<alaihi t wansurhum <ala 'aduwwika wa J aduwwihim ildh- 
al-haqqi waj f alnd minhum. 

O Allah! guide us amongat those whom Thou hast guided 
aright, and preserve us among those whom thou hast 
preserved. Include us amongst those whom Thou hast taken 
under Thy protection, Bless us in that which Thou hast 
bestowed upon us and protect us from the erilotih&t 
whichThou hast ordained, for it is Thou Who ordainest 
md none can ordain again&t Thee indeed 1 Never is he 



abased.whom Thou takest as friend and none is respected 
Whom Thou takest as a foe. Blessed art Thou Our Lord 
and eialted* We ask repentance from Thee and tnrn to 
Thee ; Allahl aend torment upon the unbelievers, who 
prevent us from following Thy way and refute Thy 
messengers, and fight against Thy friends. Allah! grant 
forgiveness to us and to the Faithful males and females 
& Muslim men and women and bring reconoiliation 
among them and foster affection (for one another) in their 
hearts and bless them with oonviotioii and insight and 
make them firm and unwavering followers of the Holy 
Prophet {peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and 
enable them to fulfil the pledge You have taken from them; 
help them againsl Thy enemies and against their enemies 

O Real Deity ! hear our prayers and deal us with these 
peopla l" 



Prayertorthe 
Fulfilment of a need 



. Whenever any need, big or small, arises, yoti should 
atand before God and offer two Rakahs of superoragatory 
prayer, (Salat al-Hajat). After<vards, ofFer thanksgiving and 
praiae to God and invoke peaoe and blessings upon the Holy 
Prophet, Then utter the following prayer. There is every hope 
that Ood will not rejeet your prayer. The Holy Prophet 
(peace and blessings of Allah b© upon him) observed: 

"Whan aomeone seeka fulfilment of a need from God or 
man, he should first carefully perform ablution, aay two Rakahs 
of superoragatory prayer and then offer thanksgiving and praiae 
to the Lord; afterwarda, he should invoke peace and blesainga 
of God on the Holy Prophet; and finally utter this prayer to 
God; 

4W 4* & 4* 4+1* 

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455 



458 

La iUha illallahul-halimuUkarlm. Subhanallahi rabblU 
'arshiUatlm. Walhamdu lillahi rabbil-' ĕlamin. 
As f aluka mujibati rahmatika wa * atH* imi maghjiratika 
waUghtinlmata min kulli birrin was-mlamata min 
kulli ithmin la tada* ll dhanban ilta ghafartahu wa la 
hamman illa /arrajtahu wa la hajatan hiya laka ridan 
UU qadaitaha ya arhamar-rahimln. f {Tirmidhi). 

There iano deity eave God the Clement tbe Bountiful. Glory 
be to God* Ldrd of the MagniBcent Throne! Praiae be to 
God, Lord of the Worlds! I beg of Thee the meana of 
(obtaining) Thy mercy and seouring Thy pardon ; 
participation in every righteousn&ss and protection from 
every sin. Leave no ain of mine unforgiven no aniiety 
unrelieved and let no need of mine unfulfilled where- 
with Thou art pleased O Thou the Moat Merciful of Those 
w ho ahow mercy 1 



Prayertor Memorizing 

Qur'an 



To learn the Holy (Jur^an by heart and to memorize ita 
text for ever you should offer the prayer which waa taught 
to Hadrat /Ali (God be pleased with him) by the Holy Prophet 
(peaee and blessings of Allah bo upon him), 

Hadrat 'Abdullah b. 'Abbaa (God be pleased with him) 
report*: "Once we were sitting in the company of the Holy 
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) when ( Ali 
(God be pleased with him) arrived and complained about his 
memory: Messenger of God (peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon you) t My mind does not retain the versea of the Qu*ran. 
I oannot remember what I have learnt previously'\ The 
Holy Prophet (peace and Wessiags of Allah be upon him) 

obserred: 

„0 Abul Hassan ! Let rae teach you a prayer which will be 
of beriefit to you and to those whom you will teach this prayer 
and having learnt this prayer whatever you commit to 
memory ehall be retained and you shall always remember it". 
Hadrat <AH (God be pleased with him) submitted : <( 
Messenger of God (peace and blessings of Allah be upon you) t 
Do teaoh me thia prayer". Whereupon the Holy Prophet 
(peace and blessings of AUah be upon him) observed 
concerning this prayer: "Say this prayer on Friday night 
and offer it on three, fire or seven Thursday nights in 
successiori. By the Will of God, this prayer will prove efficaci- 
ous. I swear by His Name Who haa entrusted me with the 
Reiigionof Truth, this prayer by the believers never goea 

w m 

unauswered". 

^Continaing his narration, Hadrat 'AbduHah b. *Abbas 

* 457 



458 

(God be pleased with him) says: "Five or seven Thursday 

nights had passed when Hadrat l Ali (God be pleased with hitn) 

came to the company of the Holy Prophet {peace and blesaings 

of Allah be upon him) and submitted: "O Messenger of God 

(peace and bleesings of Allah be upon you) ! Before this 

whenever I memorised fotir verses, my memory failed me 

when I tried to reproduce them. Now, howerer, the 

position is that I memorise forty verses and when I wish to 

reproduee them, it appears as if the Book of God is lying open 

before me. Similarly, I used to hear a tradition and later failed 

to reprodnce ifc but now I hear several traditions and retain 

them so weil that I hardly misa a singie word while reproducing 

those traditions", 

On hearing this, the Holy Prophet Muhammad (peace and 
blessings of Ailah be upon him) observed: "I swear by the 
Lord of Ka ( bah that Abul Hassan is a true believer", 

piving detailed instructions about this prayer, the Holy 
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) observed: 
/'Say this prayer on Priday night. When the sons ofmy 
brother Ya f qub requested him to pray for their redemption, 
Ya<qub replied ; «Yes, I shall offer a prayer for your redemp- 
tion shortly". Ya'qub meant that he would pray for their 
redemption on the next Friday night. So 'AH ! Rise at the 
hour of 'Tahajjud' on Friday night, for this is the most pro- 
pitious time for the fulfilment of prayer; one's soul is eager at 
this time and the heart is fully devoted to God. If perchance 
you are unable to rise in the later part of the nigbt, get up at 
midnight. If you can't wake up at midnight, then offer four 
Rakahs of supererogatory prayer in the first watch of the night 
in the following order: In the First Ratah, recite Surah 
Fatiha and after this Surah Yageen;! in the eecond Rakah, 
recite Surah Fatiba and Surah Ad-Dukhan,2 in the third 
Rakah, read Surah Fatiha with Surah Alif Lam Mim Sajdah;3 
and in the fourth Rakah, recite Surah Mulk 4 after Surah 

I, Sura-36. 2. Surab-44. 3, Surah-32. 4, Burah-67 



459 

Fatiha. Atterwards, having recited 'Attahiyyat' and offered 
Salam on both sidea, offer thanks to God and praj^ tlim. 
Invoke God'B peace and blessings upon the Holy Prophet and 
allother Messengers in a proper manner. Implore Him to 
grant redemption to all the belieying men and believmg women 
and offer prayer for the salyation of -those brethren who pre- 
oeded you in faith. And finally aay thia prayer: 

.,..-., « * SJi ' 



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All&humpiarhamni bilarkil-ma l dsi abadan ma abqaitanl 
warhamni an atakallaja ma ld.jfa*ninl warzuqni husnan- 
nazri fl-ma yurdika 'anni, Allahumma badi*a6samawati 
wal-ardi dhaljaldli wal-ikrami wal-Hzzatil4ati Id tur- 
dmu ajaluka yd Allahu yd Rahmanu bijal&lika wa nilri 
wajhika an tuhima qalbi hifza Utdbika kamd 'allamtani 
warzuqni an atluwahu 'alan-nahwiUladhi yurdika 'anni. 
Allahumma badr as^amdwdU wal-ardi dhaljatdli waU 
ikrdmi wal-H^mtihlatl l& turdmu. Aa*aluka y& Allahu 
y& Rahmdnu bijaldlika wa nuri wajhika an tunawwira 
bikitdbika bamri wa an tutliqa bihi lisdni wa an tufar+ 
rija bihi l an qalbi wa an tashraha Uhi sadri wa antagh* 
sila bihi badani fa*innahu IS yu'inuni ( alaUhaqqi ghai* 
ruka wa Id yu^tihi ilta anta trn la haula wali quwwata 
illa bi-llahil tAliyiUatim. {Tirmizi). 

Godl Be Thou gracioua unto me by enabling me to 
eachew sins altogether aa long as Thott suffereat me to !ive; 
aad have mercy upon me lest I concern myself with ought 
which is of no consequence to me. And vouohaafe me the 
aesthetic aight which will cause Thee to be well pleaaed 
with.me. ■ 

Go#! Originator of the hearens and the earth Lord of 
Majesty and glory and of Might is oomprehenaiblel I 
beeeeoh Thee god, beneCcent Lord iu the name of Thy 



481 

Majesty and of the Light of Thy oountenance to oause mine 
heart to retain Thy expiaint as Thou hast taught to me. 
And grant that I may reoite it iu suoh manner aa will 
cause Thee to be well pleased with me. O God, 
Originator of the heavens and the earth, Lord of Majesty 
and Bounty arfa 6f Might Who ia unchallengable. I 
beseech Thee O God, O Benefioent Lord! in the name 
of Thy Majesty and of the Light of Thy countenanoe, to 
illuminate my sight with Thy scripture, make my tongue 
Auent with its words to comfort mine heart therewith, to 
make me fully receptive to it and to wash my body olean 
with ita blesaings. For indeed, None aideth me in 
(attaining) the truth besides Thee and now giveth it unto 
me besidee Thee. There *s no strength nor power aave 
in God, the Eialted, the MagniBcent. 



Prayer of gaining under- 
standing of the Qur'an 

The favourite worship of the pious is to reoite the Holy 
Qur'an and to meditate and refleot upon its meaning. Love 
of Qur'an is proof of attachment to God as it is also a means to 
establiah oommunion with God. The belierer obtains spiritual 
blias by contenJplating and meditating on the meaniugs of the 
Qur'an and it is through this process only that he securea aooess 
to the founts of wisdom oontained in the Qur'an. 

The Holy Qur'an is undoubtedly an easily comprehensible 
Book. As regards obtaining guidance from it and oarrying out 
its injunotions, the teaohings of the Holy Qur'an are very 
simple, clear and free of al! ambiguity or oompleiity of 
meaning. However, to grasp its inner meanings and signirl- 
oanoe and to derive wisdom from it, it is imperative that 
you should study the Qur'an affcer having fulfilied all the oondi- 
tions and obligations for gaining oomprehension if it; refleot upon 
its oonteuts with sinoere application and never adopt a oareless 
and listless attitude towards tha Book, but study it conatantly 
for the rest of your lifo. 

* 

It is quite natural that at oertain pointe during etudy, y*u 
will cotne across a text upon whioh you wWI deliberate Iong and 
hard without arriving at any one interpretation which your 
mind will aocept/ You wili then feel at a loas. But if you are 
a deroted student of the (Ju^aa, don*t ever feel dejeoted or lose 
heart, nor should you entertain any impudent notion of lerel- 
Jing critioism upon the Holy Book- And feeling hopelees, don't 
abandon the praotioe of deliberating and meditating upon the 

462 



463 

meanings of thc Qur'au. On the oontrary, you should tum 
towards 6od with full oonoentration and reposing oomplete trust 
inHim you should seek His aid in the unravelling fthis 
problem. Do not make an impudent bid to make a whimsieal 
eiposition of the Qur'an or to give it an interpretation which 
oonforms to your ideas. Like a true seeker of Truth, gtiok to 
the meaning wbioh the text of tbe Qur'an makes plain and pray 
to Qod in eitreme humility and with a sense of helplessnesa: 
'0 God! Eliminate my oonfusion; make the true meaning 
maaifest to me and let my heart be oontent with that inter- 
pretatation and meaning whioh is really true.' $V>r this 
purpose, recite the Holy Q ur 'an rather loudly but distinotly 
with pauses in the oourse of supererogatory prayers at night. 
©ffer the prayer reproduood below. It is hoped from God' that 
the prayer wili prore enicaoiou*. 

The Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings of Allah be upon 
him) obserred: "Any perspn who offers this prayer while in a 
state of sorrow and distress, God shall alleriate his suffering 
and bestow upon him felicity and rejoioings." 



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464 

Allahumma innl 'abduka, ibnu 'abdika, ibnu amatika 

ntoiyati biyadika, midin fiyya hukmuka, 'adlun fiyya 

qad&"uka, as'aluka bikulli ismin huwa laka, sammaitu 

bihi najsaka an anzaltahu fi kHabika au 'allamtahu 

ahadan min khalqika awista'tharta bihi fi ' ilmil-ghaibi 

■indaka an taj'alal-Qur'ana rabi : a galbl wa nura sadri 

wajala'a huzni wadha haba hammi wa ghammi. 

(Musnad Ahmtd, Ibn-Hiban) 

«God! I am Thy slave. I am the son of Thy bondman 
and the son of Thy bondmaid. My brow is in Thy grip. 
I am under Thy oommand. Thy judgement in regard to 
me is JMt and fair. In the Name.of all Attributes appli- 
oable to Thee and &U Attributes whioh Thou hast reseryed 
for Thyself, or thoBe which Thou hast revealed in Thy 
Book, or have transmitted to one of Thy oreatures or. have 
kept them hidden in the treasury of the unseen with Thee 
in the Name of all these Attributes I implore Thee to 
make the Holy Qur'an the joy of my heart, the light of my 
boaom, a paneoea for my distress and a oure of my sorrows 

and perplesity". 

The narrator of this Tradition Hadrat "AbduUah ibn 
Mas'ud (Qod be pleaaed with him) states that the people 
Bnbmitted to the Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings of Allah be 
upon him) : "Shall we learn this prayer"? Whereupon the 
Holy Prophet (peaoe and blassings of Atlah be npon him) 
obserred: "Any one who heara this prayer, must learn it and 
memoriae it". 



The Friday Sermon 



The Friday sermon is an extremely effeotive and disciplined 
means of arousing Islamic sentiments, keeping the Faith alive 
and carrying out the duty of remembering God oonstantly and 
in an orderly manner. It . is a unique religious institution 
designed to remind the Muslims of their obligations each week 
in a perfectly natural way and to inculcate in them a sense 
of the requirements of reiigion and an impassioned spirit to 
serve Islam, But you can raake an effeotive use of this 
institution only when you address the congregation in their 
vernacular. 

As regards the second sermon, it must be delirered in 
Arabic; however, the first sermon ought to be delivered in a 
speech which the audience can understand. It ia proper for 
you to prepare a brief but comprehensive address on tho 
requirements of religion in the conteit of current offairs and 
try to develop the mind of the people and rouse them to action 
each week regularly and in a disciplined manner. If for some 
reason it is not possible for you to prepare an addresa yourself t 
you should at least read the Arabic text and deliver its meaning- 
ful translation in the vernacular of your audience. Among the 
Arabio tests, your best choice ia a sermon delivered by tho 
Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) or the 
illustrious companions (God be pleased witK them). Below are 
reproduced quotations from the authentic speech of the Holy 
Prophet (peace ,and blessings of Allah be upon him). One of 
these is the historic sermon which he (peace and blessings of 
AHah be upon him) delivered on the first Friday after his 
migration to Medina. The second address contains an 
eloquent call to the Muslims to aoquiro a deep sense of the Holy 

465 



m 

Qur'an and to deliberate and ponder over its meanings 
oonataatly for it is impoBBible to hold on to.religion without a 
firm attaehment to the Holy Qttr'an. 

The Firat Sermon of the Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessingB 
of Allah be apon him) iu Medin*. 



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Al-hamdu lillahi AhmaduhA wa asWlnuM wa astagh- 
firuku wa astahdiki toa H'minu bihl wa 15. akjuruhu wa 
H'&di man yalejuruhu wa askhaduan la-ilSha ilMlahu 



«9 



wahdahu IS sharika lahu wa ashhadu anna Muhammadan 
•abduhu wa rasuluh. Arsalahu bilhudi wannuri 
walmau-i-zatl 'ala fatratin minar-rusuli wa aillatin 
minal ilmi ioa dalalatin minannSsi wanqitai'n mina- 
tamSni watunuwwin minassa'ati wa qurbin minal ajali 
wa man yutu'illaha wa rasulahu faqad raehada wa man- 
ya 'eihima faqad ghawS wafarrata wa dalla dalalan ba'ida. 
Uslkum bitaqwallahi fa-innahu khairu mS ausa bi-hih 
mualimu. Almualima an yahuddahu ' alal dkhirati wa an 
ya'murahii bitaqwallShi fahdharu. Ma hadhdharakum- 
ullahu min-nafsihi wata afzala min dhalika nasihatan 
wala afzala min dhalika dhikran wa inna taqwallahi 
Uman amila bihi alS wajalin wa makhafatin min rab- 
bihi auna sidqin ala m& tabghuna min amril Skhirati wa 
man yuslihilladhi bainahu wa bainaUahi min amrihi 
fissirri wal 'alSniyati IS yanwi bidhSlika illS wajhallihi 
yabin lahu dhikran fi 'ajili amrihl wa dhukhuran fi-ml 
b'adal mauti hina yaflaqirulmar'i' illS mS qaddama wa - 
mS kSna min sitoa dhalika yawaddu lau anna bainaha 
wa bainahu amadan ba'idan wa yuhadhdhiru kumullahu 
nafsah» wallahu raufun bil'ibSdi walladhl sadaqa 
'aaulahu wa anjaza wa'adaM la khulija lidkalika fa- 
innahii yagulu 'azza wajalla mS yubaddalul qaulu 
ladayya wa ma ana bizalla min lilabidi fattaqullaha fi- 
Sjili amrikum wa Sjilihi Jissirri waWalSniyati fa- 
innahii man yattaqillaha yukaffir'anku sayyi-SHhi wa 
yu'azzim lahu ajra. Wa man yatluqillaha faqad faza 
fauzan aztma wa inna taqieallahi yuwaqqi 'uqubatahu 
wayuwagqi sukhutahu wa inna taqwallahi yubayyidul 
wuj&ha wa yurdirrabba wa yarfa'udarajah. KKudhu 
bihazzikum walS tufarritu fl janbillahi wa qad aUamakum 
ullahu kitSbahu wa nahaja lakumsabllahu liya'alama!lad 
hina .sadaqii wa ya'tamal kSdhibln- Fa-ahsanu kamS 
ahĕanallĕhu ilaikum u«i f adu a*adiahu wa j&hidu Jillahi 
hatfqa jihddihi hutcajtabakum w* tamm&kumul muslimina 



«0 

liyah-lika man halaka *an bayyinatin wa yahya man hayya 

bayyinatin wa la guwwata illa bill&hi. 

Fa akiharil dhikrallihi wa f malu limS bd f adal yaumija 

innahu man yuslihu ma bai7hahii wa bainallahi yak$- 

hill&hu ma baina hu wa bain~an*n&*%. 

Dh&Uka bi annallaha t/agdi atan nfoi wa U yagiUna 

alaihi wa yamliku minan n&ai toa la yamlikuna minhull&ho 

akbaru wa la quwwata illa bill&hil azim. 

"Thanksgiving and Praise be to AHah. I pay Him grati- 
tude. I invoke His aid. I beseech His Forgiveness and 
seek Guidance irom Hira; and I put my faith in Him; and 
I disbelieve Him nor and I consider him as my eneiny who 
disbelieve Him. And I bear witness that there is no- deity 
except AUah; He is Alone and has no partner; and I bear 
testimony that Muhammud is the servant of Allah and Hi$ 
Apostle, Allah sent him with guidance, light and exhorta- 
tinn and instituted him aa His Meseenger at a time when 
the office of Prophethood had long remained dorment; the 
light of true knowledge had faded; evil was dominant; 
society was in a state of upheaval; doom was hanging 
overhead; and death was hovering over the head of each 
man. Hence he who believed in the Messenger and obeyed 
Allah and His Messenger was righteous. And he who 
defied the both went astray, trangresaed limits and fell 
into shortsightedness and having lost the path of 
rjghteousness advanced far into wrong. - ■■ 

Iinstruct you to fear God. The best counsel that a 
Muslim can offer to another Muslim is that a Muslim 
should persuade . the other to make provision for the Iife 
hereafter and urge him to fear God* Fear God as 
hath He ordained you tp fear Him. Hence no 
exhortation is better than this, nor ean there be d 
better reminder. The fact is that awe and fear of God is 
the real aid to seoure a propitious deatiny in the eternal 
world for the man who passes his li^ in oohstant fear " 



471 

Mighty and the Eralted afirma: "My word Buffera uo ohange 
and I never do the leaat iAjustice to any of My people", 
Herice fear God in all the publio and private affiairs relating to 
thia world or the life Hereafter, Yerily Allah tedeems the sins 
of a peraon who feara Hia wrath «nd He enhanocs the reward of 

suoh a person to the maximum degree. And he who oonatantly 
fears Him achieves the higheat snoceas; and behold, the fear of 
God aavea man froin Hia punishment, proteote him from Hie 
wrath and behold the feap of God makea your facea radiant 
and lively ;it pleaaea the Lord and elevatea the maa before God 

Almighty. 

So, gather virtuea of your share and never fail< or lack 
in rabmisaion to Hie Commands, especially when He has taught 
you what is right and*what ia wrong through His Book and 
haa gnided you to the right path. This is to differentiate the 
trathful from those who are liars. Behave well with the 
people, aa AHah haa treated you with kindnesa. Conaider 
His enemies as your own, ajid strive hard in the way of Allah. 
He has choaen you and haa deaignated you 'Mualim\ so that 
one who is to perish should meet his doom with manifeat 
reason and logic and one who is to live, should Hve with 
manifest reason and all power and authority rests in Allah and 

Allahalone. 

So, ever* remember and mention AUah and mind your 
deeds and actiona keeping in view the day to c^me ; for the 
man who sets the matters botween him and the Alraighby, Ailah 
aufficeshim in all the matters between Him and the «ankind 
because Aliah deoidee the fate of the mankind and the man- 
kind wields no authority over Him. God is the Master of every 
thing that men possess; men exercise - no power on any- 
thing divlne^ He ia Paramouat and there rests no power but 
with AUah". 

Adriee to Deve)op Interest in the Qi*T>an 



472 



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Innalhamda lillahi ahmaduhu tcw aaiaHnuhu tm 
n f aiizubill#hi min shururi anjutina wa min sayy^ati 
a' 'arnalind man yahdi hillahu/ala mudilla lahu wa #w* 



47S 

yudlUhu fala Mdiya lah. Wa a$h~hadu an l& ilSha 
ilialUhu l& tharika lah&. [Inna ahsanal hadlthi kit&bul- 
lahi qad a/laha man zayyanahuWhu fl qalbihl wa 
adkhalahujil itlami ba*adal-kufri wakhtirahu *al& ma 
ĕiw&hu min ah&dlth innMi. Innahti andaqul hadithi wa 
ablaghuhU ahibbu man ahabball&ha wa ahibbuiUha min 

kutli qulubikum \oa lStaqsu 'alaihi qulubahum. 
'WobudulliSha wala tushri ku bihl shai-an. Ittaqullaha 
haqqa tuqdtihi wa eaddiqu s&liha m& ta'atnaWna 6i- 
afwShikum wa tuhSbbU birauhUUhi bainakum wasealdmu 
'alaikum wa rahmatullahu , (Ijaz ul Quran ; 476) 

*'Verily, thanksgmng and praiae are due to Allah alone. 
I offer Him gratitude and praise and beg Hia aid; and 
we eeek aeylum with Him against our raisdeeds and 
wrongs committed by us. Whomsoever He guideth (and 
He guideth only those who really look for His guidance) 
no one can lead him astray, Whomsoerer He deAects from 
the right path (and He deneots only those who yearn not 
the gnidance) no one can guide him aright. 

I bear witness that there is no deity save Allah. He is 
Alone. He has no partner. 

Yerily, the best word is the Book of God. Indeed, 
suocessful is he who adorns his heart with the word of Allah 
and whora Allah has favoured with Islam and turned 
him away from pagamsin and who preferred the word of 
Allah over all the human thinking and theories. Verily 
the word of AHah is the truth, most impressive and 
most effeotive. I»ove him who loves the word of Ailah 
Develop real love and attaohment with Allah with your heart 
and souL Let not the recitation of the word of Allah 
and reraembering Him bore you and let not your hearta 
be indifferent and adamant to the word of Allah. Worahip 
AlIa%alone ; and attribute none as His partner or assooiate, 
fear Him ever to the estent He should be feared. Connrm 
your pious deeds by your words also i< e. say what is proper 



474 

and beooaing of you ; and lore e*oh other for the oause of 
Allah and in total submiwion to Him. May Peaoe and Mercy 
of Allah be upon you ! . 

Toe Seeond Serraon 



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-4ZAafrtiw lill&hi hamdan kasiran v?a88alcltu wassaUmu 
'ala rasulihi araalahulttthu ehahidan wa nadhira,- Wa 

dSiyan ilall&hi bi-idhnikl wa sirajan muniran wa 
*ald alihi wa ash&bihi wa aallama taeliman kasiran 
kaaira, 

Amma ba*adu-faya-ayyuhanna8u Uaikum bitaqwallahi 
fa+inna taqwallahi mil&kul ha&an&t. Wa- ( alaikum bitta 9 
ati fa*innahu man yutiHllaha wa rasulahu faqadfaza 
fauzan azima* 

Wa qdlallahu ta*ala fl kitabi-hiUmajid. Innallaha wama 
l$i'katuhu yuaalluna 'alannabiyyi. Ya ayyuhalladhina 
amanu sallu 'alaihi wa satlimu taalima. 

Allahumma salli *ala myyidina wa maulana Muham- 
madin wa ( ala alihi wa aahabi hilladhincti-tabauhu fi. 
8a*atil 'usrati. Allahumma amtir shaabiba ridwanika 
*alaa 8abiqinal awwallna minal muh&jirina wal anmri 
khususan al& afzalil bashari ba 'dalambiydi bittahqiq 
amiril mo 9 minina sayyidina Abl Bakrini3siddiq 
radiallahu ta'ala anhu wa <alal amiril mo f minina 
sayyadina umara nilfdruqi raiialUhu ta f &lS 'anhu. 
Wa l ala amiril mo*minina sayyidina ^Usmatwb" 
ni Aff&n radiallahu ta'al& anhu wa *ala amirii 



411 

mo 9 minlna sayyidina *AU-tbni Abt T&lib karramaUShu 
wajhahu wa *ald waladaihis-ea f idaini aayyida shababi 
ahlil jannale a&Sasanu walSuswinu radi allahu 
ta 9 &l2 *anhuma wa *al$ ummihima sayyidatinnisSi ahlil 
jannaii F8timatazzahrai radi allahu ta*&la 'anh& wa ala 
sdiris sahSbati wattSbrina ridwanull&hi ta*dl& 'alaihim 
ajmain' Allahum/mansur man nasara dlna Muhammadin 
saUall&hu e alaihi wa eallam wapalnĕ minhum wakhdhul 
man khadhala dina Muhammadin sallallihu * alaihitoaml* 
lam wala tafalna minhum Hbddullahi rahimakumuUahu. 
Innallahd ya'muru biV adli wal ih&Hni wa U8idhilqurb& 
wa yanhd anil fahshai wal munkari wal baghyi ya*i~ 
zukum la 9 allakum tadhakkarun udhkurulldha yadhkurknm 
wad'&hu yastajib lakum waladhikrullahi ta'al& a'alu wa 
aula wa a % aztu wa ajaUo wa ahammw wa a y azamu wa 
akbar. 

The praise 10 due to AHah, the abundant praise, and be* 
nediction and peaoe be upon His Measenger wliom Allah haa aent 
as a witness, a waraer and an inviter towards AUah with His 
mandate and as a radiant light and may peaoe and abundant 
peace be on his progeny, followers and Companions. 

Thereafter, mankind, I exhort jou to fear God, 
for reriiy fear of Ailah is supermoat virtue and inoumbent 
upon you is the obedience. And verily he, who obeys 
AHah and His Mesaenger» aehieves great suocesa, Allah, the 
eialted, has deolared in His. Dignified Book (the Quran) : 

Verily, Allah and Hia angels iavoke benedibtion on the Apostle. 
so, Oye who believe, invoke blessings on him and seek abund- 
ant peaoe for him, 

Allahl Bestow on our Master and our Lord Muhammad 
and on his progeny, foliowera and his companions who obeyed 
him in adveraity. Allah! Shower Thy perfeot pleasure on 
those who excelled (to afflrm faith) amongst the emigrants 



478 

*nd the helpers, particularly on the unanimously admitted 
the most exoellent of mankind, next to the Prophets, the 
Amir of the believers, our master, Abu Bakr the most 
truthful (may Allah be pleased with him) and on tho Amir of 

the believers, our master Umar AUFarooq (may Allah be 
pleaeed with him) and on the Amir of the believers, our master, 
Usman b, Affan (may Allah be pleased with him) and on the 
Amir of the believers, our master, Ali (may Allah glorify his 
faoe) and on his two noble sons, the masters of the youth of 

the inmetes of Paradise Hasan and Husain (may Allah be 
pleased with both of them) and on their mother, the leader 01 
of the ladies of the paradise, Fatimataz-Zahra (may 
Allah be pleased with her) and on ali the companions ofthe 

Holy Prophet and their successora (may Allah be pleased 
with aU of them), 

Allah 1 Grant sucoeas to thosĕ who uphold the way of 
life taught by the Deen of Muhammad (peace and blesaings of 
Allah be upon him) and make us amonget them; and humihate 
those who humiliate the teaohings of Muhammad (peace and 
blessings of AUah be upon him) and make us not among$t them., 
servants of Allahl May Allah show meroy on you. Verily 
Allah, enjoins juatioe and kindness, and giving to kinafoIk, 
and forbids indeoenoy, abomination and ,transgreasion. He 
exhorts you so that you always remeraber. Remember Allah, 
He will remember you (in adveraity) Pray unto Him, He 
wiU respond to you. Indeed, the remembrance of Allah ia the 
most high, most excellent, most dignified most superior, 
most grand and the greatest. 



The Nuptial 
Sermon 

It is propitious to read a sermon at a wedding oeremony m • 
order to erplain the signincanoe of 'Nikah' (niamage contraot) 
in dmne law, and to bring home to the parties the reouire- 
ments and heavy responsibilitiea imposed by this oontraot. 
With a view to derire the maximum benefit from the sermon, 
it is advisable for the preaoher to translate the sermon and 
offer a brief eiegesis of the text in the vernaoular so that the 
assembly may fuliy appreciate the sermon. To this end we 
reproduoe below the teit of . the Nuptial Sermon aiong with 
its translation. 

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** * 



Innalhamda lill&ki nastalnuhu wa nastaghfiruhu wa 
na*udhu billahi min ehururi anfusind man yahdihilldhu 
fald mudilla lahu watnan yudlilhu fala Mdia lahu toa ash- 
Sj£ hadu an la-ildha illallahu xva aah-hadu anna Muhammadan 

'abduhu wa rasiiluhu. Yd-ayyuhalladhina dmanut- 
taqulldha haqqa tuqMihi wala tamutunna illd wa 
antum mualimun. 



481 



Ya-ayyuhannd, uttagS rabbakumulladhl khalaqaku m min 
nafsin wdhidatin wa khalaqa minhd mujahd wa bassa 
»>» huma Hjalan kathiran wa nisa'. WattaguUa- 
halladhl tasdaHuna _ blhi wal arham. Innallaha kana 
'alaikum raqtba, 

Ywyyuhalladhina amanuttaquUdha wa qulu qaulan 
sadldan yuelih lakum a'amSlakum wa yaghjirlakum 
dhunubakum wa man yuti 'illaha wa rasulahu faqad 
Jazafauzan azima. (Mishkat). 

Wa qala raeulullahi sallallahu 'alaihi wasatlam. 
Wallahi inni ia akhshShum lillahi cna atqSkum lahu wa 
taktnni asiimu wa uftiru wa usaUi wa arqudu wa 
atazawwajun nisda' faman ragitika ' an sunnati falaiaa 

minni. .„ , , 

(Bukhari) 

"Thankagmng and praiae « 6 due to Allah aioiie, we seek 

™ *«>m H,m aloae; aad we beseech forgiveae 8s of our 
«ne from fli m oaly . and we coniJ . w fc h 

***» of Allah against tha evils of our aouls and agam^l 

l*27'« ^' Wh0m80e ^ A11 » h S^ oa the straight 
Path (aad He put 8 him oaly oa the 8 traight path who aiaoe- 
'eiy desires to walk aloag that way), ao one can lead him 
wtray. Aad whomsoever God deaocts (aad He dehects 
only him who yearas to be deAeoted), ao oae oan put him 
on the straight path. And I bear witness that there is ao 
deity exoept Allah aad I testiiy that Muhammad is the 

bondman of Allah aad His Messeager. 

^ Believers! Fear Allah, as He should be diily feared- and 
oie not save you be Muslims. 

mankind ! Pear the wrath of your Lord Who created 
you from a single soul and from it oreated his spouse; and froz* 
themtwam hath spread (all over the world)a multitude of men 
and womea. Fear Allah, in Whom you c ] a im your rishts 
fromoneauother and (be o ar eful ia obsemng your duty to) 
the wombs (that bore you)./So! Allah ia Watchful over you 



. 482 

J 

O Belierera I Fear God constantly ; and utter what ie 
fair and sound God, then, will rectify your deeds and oover 
up your sina with forgiveness ; and whosoever obeys Allah 
and His Messenger, he indeed shall secure a glorious aucoeas", 

The Holy Prophet (peace and bleasings of Allah be upon 
hira) says. "By God! I fear Allah more than all of you; I save 
myael? frora the wrath of Allah more than do »11 of you; but I 
observe faat and soraetimes I do not keep fast, I say prayers at 
night and I sleep alao; and I also take women in marriage. 
Hence whosoever turns away from my way, he bears no relation 

with mo". 



Istikhara 



Do have 'Istikhara* on the eve of suoh important events 
of Iife as journey, Nikah (marriage contract), employment and 
in commerci&l matters. 'Istikhara' means 'to beseoch good- 
nesa and welfare\ When your inintd is in doubt as to which 
aspect of an important and lawiul problem ia propitious for 
you, you must perform an 'Istikhara' and, then, adopt the 
oourse suggested by your heart, taking it as the will of God, 
Whenever you are confronted with an issue of extraordinary 
importance. and find it difficult to reach the correot decision 
and adopt the right course, perform two Rak^ahs of superero- 
gatory prayer at any hour outside the unpropitious and 
forbidden timings* Afterwards, offer the 'Istikhara' prayer. 
Hadrat Sa'd b. Abi Wftqas (God be pleased with him) 
reporta that the Holy Prophet {peace and blessings of Allah be 
upon bim) obaerved: 

"It ia propitious for the progeny of Adam to beaeech good- 
ness and weHare from God; and it is also propitious for the 
progeny of Adam to snbmit to the Will of God; and it is 
most unfortunate for the progeny of Adam if they do not 
beseeoh goodness and welfare from God and are not happy in 
the Will of God", (Musrmd Akmed) 

TheHoly Prophet (peaoaand blessinga of Allah bW upon 
him) also observed: ^^ 

"One who observes 'latikhara' is never disappointed; and 
the one who takes counsel is never put to ahame; and the one 
who observes economy does not have to depend on othera". 
(Tabarani) 

Hadrat Jabir (God be pleased with him) states; "As the 

483 



484 



Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of AUah be upon him) 
taught us the Qur'an, so also he ^peaoe and btessmgs of Allah be 
upon him) instructed us to obser™ Hstikhara' in every matter. 
The Holy Prophet (peaoe and blessings of Allah be upon him) 
used to observe: When anyone among you i 8 perplesed over an 
important matter, he should perform two Rak'ahs of super- 
erogatory prayer and taen offer thia prayer; (Bukhari) 



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1 ^ 



^itoAummo tnTwestoMiruAa biHlmika wa astagdiruka 

biqvdratika wa as'aluka min fadlikaU'azimi /a-innaka 

tagduru wa la agdiru wa ta'lamu la. a'lamu wa anta 

'allSmul-Ohuyyub. 

Allahumma in kunta ta'lamu anna hadhal-amra khairun 

ll fi dlnl wa maHahaiti wa 'aqibati amrifaqdurhu U wa 

yassir.hu U thumma barik li fihi wa in kunta ta'lamu 



485 

anna hadhal-amra eharrun U fl dini wa ma*Uhati wa 
dqibati amrl fasrifhu 'annl %oasrifni anhu wagdurli* 
yal-khaira haiihu kctna thumma ardinl bihl. 

Allaht Iaskof Thee thegood through Thy knowledge, 
and ability through Thy power and heg (Thy favours), out 
Thine infinite bounty. Eor, bahold, Thou hast power; I 
have none. Thou knowest, I know not; and Thou art the 
great knower of things hiddon, 

h 

O Allah! If i u Thy knowledge this* matter be good for 
my faith, for my lirelihood, and for the issue of mine 
affairs, then ordain it for me, and make it easy for me and 
bless me therewith. But if in Thy knowledge, this matter 
be bad for my faith, for my livelihood, and for the issue of 
mine affairs r then turn it away from me, and turn me 
away therefrom. and ordain for me the good whererer ifc 
be, and cause me to be pleased there with. 



1. At thia point, the aupplicant shouid deaoribe hie need m place of 
tbe espression or uhould think of hia need while uttering. 



The Excellent 
Attributes of GocJ 

The most authentic and safe means of achieving purity of 
B oul and contentment of heart is to devote your tongue to the 

InTbrance of God, to commemoratoHis Attribu**; to pond. 
pV6r the signincance of these Att*butea, and to ^ accus^m 
Lr S ef to absorb . these Attributes in your mmdand heart m 

perfect faith and awateness. The Holy Q«t'an amrms: 



• 



«t 



Ya-ayyuhalladhlna amanudhkurullSha dhikran kathiran 
wa sabbih&hu bukratan wa asila. (* 3 * 42 >- . 

.«O Believers< Remember Allah abundantly and co- 
mmemorate Him morning and evening*\ 

„ *, t » * . •/« >-• -• '. 

Wa lillahil asmaul husna fad'uhu biha. 
And Surah 'Xraf reveals: 
"And for Allah are ercellent names. Invocate Him by them. 

The detail and vast signirlcance of these names has olearly 
been revealed in the Holy Qur'an. The Holy Prophet (peace 
and blessings of Allah be upon him) has also told us thexr 

486 



487 

number and detail and pointing out the . great reward that 
their retention in mind entails, he (peace and blessings of Allah 
be npon him) has urged frequent remembrance of these Attri- 
butea. The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be 

upon him) has said: 

<f God has ninety-nine — one short of a hundred 



names, Whosoever preserves these namee in his memory shall 
enter Paradise". (Bukhari). 

The preservation of the Divine Attributee in your memory 
implies that you ahould understand their significanco, absorb 
them, absorb their spirit and order your lives inconformity 

tothem thebest course to achieve this end is that you 

should recite the Qur'an with zeal and fervour; deveIop the 
habit to study the meanings of the Qur'an ; and makeita 
rule to reflect upon and evaluate the mandate of the Qur'an 
regularly, Study also with devotion and concentration those 
Traditions of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah 
be upon him) whioh esplain the meaning and significance 
of these Attributes of God. In addition, make it a point 
to recite such propitious submissions to Allah and prayers 
having sanction of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of 
Allah bĕ upon him) with concentration and devotion as 
incorporate these Attributes of God. Tho scholars of the 
Qur'an have coUeoted these ninety-nine excellent namos of 
God from the text of the Qur'an itself. 

ALLAH *S 

This is the Personal Name of the Creator of the universe 
Who is the ^bunt of all exalted virtues, goodness and 

blessings. No one ever has beon called by this name before, 
nor is it lawful to call any one now by this namo. Allah is the 
true object of all your devotions; to Him alono is due all your 
worship and sacrifice; and His protection is the only refuge 



488 

againat all apprehensions, Hence cherish lore for Him in your 

heart, offer true worship to Him only, and put all your truat 
and relianoe upon Him alone. 



Walladhlna SmanU ashaddo hubban lillaki. 

(AU£aqarah) 

"And those who beliere, oherish deep love for Allah". 
J * m * ■* t *• * 00-* V -» • ~ ■ •* *•**,» c 



--* • V 



I — ** -< 



/nna anratmi tkrta? &ttata bilhaqqi /a^abudillaha 

mnkhlimn lahuddina ala lillahiddlnil khalis. (39 : 2). 

"(0 Prophet, Veri]y, We have sent down theBook to thee 
with trath. So, worship Allah alone, with pure devotion for 
Him. Know well that obedience and devotion are the dues of 
AJlah only". 



i - 



Qul innamtl umirlu an a y abudallaha wa l& ushrika bihl 

"Say, I have been commanded to worehip Allah only and 
not to appomt any one as His Partner'*. 



^ *J* *~9* C 



* m * 

Wa 'alalldhi /alyatawakkalil mvtawakkilun 
"And the trusting repose trust in Allah only", 



480 



2. AL-RAHMAN JrUpT 



He Who is rery zealous in beneficence and Whose Mercy. 
knows no bounds; the one who out of His Mercy has beatowed 
great bounties on mankind. 

9 

Arrahmanu aUamal gurttna khalaqal int$na 'alUmahul 
hay$n> 

"The Rahman (BeniAcent) taught the Qur'an, created man 
and conferred on him the faculty of speech'\ 

The greateat expression of God's Beneficence is that He 
bestowed upon mankind such a supreme bounty as the Qur'an 
and then by conferring on man the faou!ty of speech, God 
elevated him to a distinotive positton among the liring species. 

3. AL-KAHIM jLU^J! 

He Whose Blessings are constantly descending, Whose 
perennial bounty nerer ceases. As in the world, man obtains 
sustenance, progresses forward, advanees on the path 
of righteousness, and is enjoying an opportututy to act under 
the oonstant shade of God's Blessings, so also in the eternal 
world the pious ahall secure a Iife of peace and luxury in a 
comfortabie abode like Paradise by the graoe of this Attribute 
of God. 

• prj jj^ & d\ Uj-^.: V &\ WI>UJ d\j 



Wa in ta'uMB ni 9 mataUahi la tuhauha Innallaha 
lagha/Orurrahlm, 



*00 

"And if you enumerate the bonntie» of God, you would 
not ©noompass them. Verily, He iBForgiving, MerrifuL 

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Botoalladhl yusalll 'alaikum wamal&VkatuhH %«*ftrt- 
ja&ttm tninas zulurn&U ilannuri wa k&na bilmo*minina 
rahlma. Tahiyyatuhum yauma yalqaunahu salamun wa 
a f adda lahum ajran karlma, 

"It is He Who bestows blessings upon you and His angela 
(pray for blessings on you) in order that Ho may redeem 
you from darknesa and bring you into Light; He is excee- 
dingly Merciful to the believers. Their salutation on the 
day when they shall meet Him will bc: Poace. And He haa 
prepared for them a good recompenso. 

4. AL-MALIK dlijl 



Keal King of the universe, Whose authority is supreme 
in both worlda. 

£ > * > ** J | * m* * ■ 

. J»J! iilJI &\ JUjli 

fj» ■ m 

Fata'&lallahul-malikul kaqqu. , 
*'So, Supreme is AilaK, the real King'\ 

5. AL-QUDDUS JriJUUr 



401 

t 

Completely free frora all defeot8 and errora, Hence the 
Law He has transmitted to us i. infallible. 



^ :$ - 



6. AS-SALAM r ^Ui 

Free from and immune to all foibles or failings. 

7. AL-MU'MIN a-JJjl 

Saviour and proteotor from all calamities and torment». 

8. AL-MUHAIMIN fl*rf.ffl 

Gtiardian t>f the oreaturesj He Who protects from sins. 

9. AL-AZIZ >oJjl 

The only Bonroe of dignity and authority. One Whow 
sovereignty reigns supreme over all. 



Innal izzata lillahi jamZ*an (10 ; 65) 

'!VoriIy, all Dignity is for God". 



10. AL-JABBAR jU^JI 



The all powerful overlord, the Mighty; One Who sets right 
the destmy of His creatures. 



11. AL-MUTAKABBIR L^Hjl 



Eount of grandear and sovereignty; Who has no partner in 
aovereignty, c 



492 

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. Up £( ^J^jCtJl jL»Jl >i>JI ^.*Jl £*>H 

-» ^ ^ ^ ■" 

^ •/ • / 

(tr j£*&$ o ujS>e 

Huwall&hulladhi la-il&ha ill&hu Almalikul guddusus 
salamuUmo f minul-7nuhaiminul azizul jabbarul Mutakab- 
bir. Subhanalldhi l atwma yushrih&n, ( 59: 23) 

"He ia Allah, save whom the^e ie no dĕity. The Sovereign 
Lord, the F]aw]ess and the Holy One, Dispenser of Peaoe 
and tranquillity ;Guardian, Lord of all ; AH powerful and 
Supreme; the Superb and GIorified over and above all 
tbey assign to Him as partners". 

12. AL-KHXLIQ jJU^jf 

Repository of befitting powera and faculties and beatower 
of the beat form. 

13. AL-BARI *^jCj1 

The nonauch Inventor, who brings into being all from 
nonentity. 

14. AL-MUSSAWIR jS-*ijl 

One who givea various ahapea and forma to His creation, 

/ *»*» - • - m • -• »>>*-■>-* * -*/ 

(Ol^* JT) *Uu CaS fU- ji\ J f? jj**i iS^ j* 

-. -. * ^ ^ 

Hutvalladhi yusawwirukum Jil arh&mi kaifa yash&u* 

{3:6) 



J 
493 



"It is He alone Who shapea you in the womb» of 
your mothers as He wills (APImran) 

. . f jj*> Jr^ u ^ ■>*"> 

Wa sawwarakum fa-ahsana mwarakwm,. 
"He ahaped you and shaped you welT. 

£& lCl m X j^ k>0< jjLiji m ^ 



HuwalUhul-kUliqul-b&ri-ul-mus8awv>iru Iahul asmau'1 

huena. <* ' *> 

«He is Allah ; the Creator of the Universe, the origina- 
tor, the Artist ; all the good namea, indeed, belong to Him; 

16. AL-GHAFFAR jUljT 
All*rorgiviag and All Foregoing. 



f a auUustaghJiru rabbakum innahu kana ghaff&ra. 

{71 : 10). 

"AnA I said; Seek forgxvenesa froxn Your Lord; He is All- 
Forgiving M 

16. AL-QAHHAR M& 

Full Sovereign and Perfeot Authority over ffi s 
creatures. 



434 



17. ALWAHID JL\£lf 



ONE, Who has no partner in His Person, Attributea, 
Powers and Privileges, 

. jybl o^l^JI i ^Ji llLJI ^Tl 



L*mant7 mtt^-aJyawwo Ullahil wahidil Qahh$r, 

"In Whom doth the sovereignty vest this Day? In 
AHah, the One, All Dorainant. 

18. AL-TAWWAR LfJJi 



One wbo relents to His creatures and accepta tbe repent- 
anceofthe wrongdoers. 

^jt ^kyji _,* m m \j,jd ^ ^ ft 

Thumtna tdba ataihim liyatubu inn-allaha huwat tawwabur 
rahim. 

"God, then, turned to them So that they may repent 
In faet Allah is the Most Relenting and Most MeroifuI" 

19. AL-WAHHAB v^Jjf 
SelAess Benefactor; and Generous, 

> C^ -**•**#•-. <»^r> .*'* » ■ * „ »,.*•. 

V U^JI CJI dUI t#*y ilUJ ^ LJ ^ 

FPa Aa6 Za»a tnin la-dunka rahmatan innaka antal 
wahh&b. 



405 

i 

"Confer Thy Meroy upon us. Truly, Thou art highly 

+ 

Generous". 

20. AL KHALLAQ <J**N 

Creator of everything, at all times and in all manners. 
Perfeot Creator. 



. piJl JttJI ^j Jj ^ 



.dwa&ma&wttt tAaJagoaaawtawS** wa2 arda 6*gJ<ftrt»t 
'aW a*yaSAZ«ga mtaJaAw» &aW waAuwa* iAaJMgttl 'aft«t. 

"Has He, Who oreated heaven and earth, not the power to 
oreate the like 1 Why not! He ia the Great Creator and 
AU-Knowing"- 

21. ALRAZZAQ S&M 

Generous Suatainer of His creaturea ; Who meets all 

their needs and demands. 

22. AL-MATEEN v £-^3» 

All atrength and Power. 

. yUjt JjOJlji JljjJl jJ> 4»! 01 



InwStliJAa hifwarrazz&qw &hulqumva&il matin. 

"Verily, Allah is the Most Generous Sustainer, Mighty, 
Stroug", 



496 



23. AL-FATTXH £lLuT 



Fair Judge of His creatures Reliever of »11 hardshipa. 



24. AL-'ALEEM LjJuf 



H 



Directly aware of every word and action, feeling and 
thought of His bondmen. 

c ia\ j»j "pu i^ ^i f * ilT, l"J1~ £JJ jj 



t .. ♦ 



o pJ-Jl 



Q«{ ycym au bainana rabbuna thumma yaftahu*bainana 
bilh<iqqi wa huwal faUahul-*atim. 

"Say : Our Lord will aasemble us; then He will Adjudicate 
among us with justioe. Verily f He is the Fairest Judge, 
AU-Knowing". 

25. AL-MUHtT L*£j\ 

He Who' encompasses ail creations; nothing is outside the 
puryiew of His knowledge and authority, 

****** * 

Wall&hu min wardihim muheet. 

"And Allah enoompasses them from every aide". 

. * 

26. AL-QADtR JlejLajl 

Has got fi^l*power and authority over everything. 



497 



* Jji jk, iw *oj 3) olj jj4i p Ji jr£ ai si 



. LUp 



4 

.4nnaJfaA* 'oM kuUi-shayinn-qadeer. Wa annallSha qad 
ahata bikulli shai-in-'ilma. 

(It is a f«t) that Allah has got full authority over every- 
thing and that His Kaowledge enoompaases everything. 

27. AL-HAUM f^f^ 

Not eager to put people tp torment; He Who allows every 
ohance to tbe people to reform tb.emselveB; Extremely Tolerant. 

28. AL-GHAFUR £!*# 

Most lorbearing; He Who eorers up the faults and sins 
with His utmost Meroy. 

29. AL-APUWW 



All-Forgiving. 

30. AL-SHAKOOR j^-SCiJT 

One who fully appreciates the good aotions of His bond 
men. 

3*3 'ch *- %P '^ **£$* °^~ il ******* m 

\r " " " 



0B* ol «JUu ^ 4—^1 ^* W^ 1 >J 



09 J - 



{i \ >uJi) • bs& 



m 

i 

InnaUaAa yumeiku&sam&ie&ti waUarda an tazula Wa\ 
la-in z£la4a in ammkahuma min ahadim min baadihi 
Innakii Mna Hatiman Gha/ura. (35 : 41), 

"Yerily AUah prerenta the heaven and earth from collap- 
aiag: and if they should oollapse, there is no one beside 
Allah Who oau prop them up, Verily> God ia the Most 
Porbearing and All-Forgmng M * 

* • j^ &>*•*» -■ - - * ■>»** •*>••» *«■» >i - - 
Ij^ii IjJp *&! oK"j *4^p '_>**-i ^ *** i>^ 

'Asallahu an ya*afutva 'anhum wa kanallahu ^A/uwwan 
Ghajoora. 



<£ 



M&y bo God will Pardon them. God is All-Pardoning 
AlI-Forgiving". 

j^iii U, j 61 ^O^JI U* fcj»H ^JUI A -u>JI lj) tfj 



(fi >UJI) jjci 

Waqalul hamdulillah^il-ladhi adh'haba 'annal hazana 
Inna Rabbana lagha/ooriin shakilr. (35 : 34). 

**And they will say; AU praise is due to Allah Who re- 
Heved us of our sorrow, Verily, Our Lord is AIL 

Fogiving,Mosi Appreciating". 



31, AL>AZIM il^-Oi' 



Great and Venerabie in His Beins and Attributee. 



• *• -• ** • • m+ 



{\% i v* : lAjn . ^ ^.j r ^t cr* 

Pasabbih hismi rabbika-l**azim* 



m 



«And you shoald oonstantly comemmorate the Name of 
your venerable Creator". 



t .'*' 



32. AL-W&SI £>>" 

All embraoing, Most over-whelming, Most liberal bene- 
faotor bf His slaves. 



(ti^ m/s 5>Ji) . tj&tyttj M "^^ 

WalUthu wasi.un-'alm yo'M hibmata man yaahau 
m man yo'tal hikmata faqad iitiya khairan kathlra. 

(2 > 268- 2o&) 

«And Allah is estremely Liberal, All-Knowing. He oonfers 
wisdom on whomseover He Wills; and whosoever » 
awarded wisdom, he in faot obtains great goodness. 

33. AL-HAKIM ^**-* Al-Hakimu 

•* 

The Most WUe controller of the whole system of the 
universe and the affairs of His bondmen. 



- 9 



m £ * » * 00 *> ■ - <*l 



aij j '*u* 1* • l- Jti u£ uj* «** # oi 



s - 



( n ;yuil) O.UJ» IUp piJ^t^wWi 

/•noHoAa 43n* 00MM hakiman yudkhil» man yashau 
fi rahmatihi wazzalimina a'adda lahum 'adhaban alinu. 

{76 i 3ty 

«Truly, God is AU-Knowing, All-wise. He admits into the 



500 

fold of HisMercy whomsoever He Willa and for the oppre- 
sscJtb, He haa prepared a painful torment". 

34, AL-HAYYU ^JI 

Pount of Life. Immune from de&th, aleep or doaing off. 



WcUawakkal 'Alal-Hayyilladhl la yamut. 

<Aivl repose your trust in the Ever-Lasting Who is never 
suhjeot to death". 

35. AL-QAYYUM JJ*£ff 



Administratior and Maintainer of the universe. 

Alldhu la-ilaha illa hwwalhayyul qayyiim ta trtlchu* 
dhuhu sinalun wala naum. 

'Allah, there is no deity except Him. the Immortal, 
the Maintainer. He neither doaes off, nor sleejte*" (2 : 266) 

36. AS-SAMI ^JJi 

Hearer of t-he petitions of His hondmon ; completely aware 

of -His ereatures. 

*m AL-BASIR A*JI 

Keeps watch orer the deeds and affairs of His bondmen 
bo that He may Judge between them fairly. 



501 

&L N *&y Wh. cM '<& 1A % 



ITaBSte SW»* & "'« walladhlna yad'una min 

duniht U yaoduna bishai-in InnaUaha ***** «I- 
„ „ (Al-mumn: 20) 

baair. 

-And AUahgives correct judgement. As regards thoae 
whom they hwoke beside Him, they haye no power to 
adjudicate. Verily, Allah is All-Hearing All Observing'\ 

38. AL-LATlF UM» 

Bxtremely Astute ; Very minute in His plans and 

their execution. 



} * *> 9 -T 



39. AL-KHABlR j^^ 

He who fuliy keeps abreast of everything concerning His 
slftves, 

j - -- - ■** > ' f V ( r s ,. tfil 

' S>w» J *j££<$S*j** ^ -V" ^ 4 ^ ^ V fcfe 






»- +• 0- II- p " 



«jj«l 1» o 1 ^ 1 Ui ^ (A** 1 J >' t ^~ J1 <* J l 



*, 



75 bunayya innaha-intako mithqala habbatin min 
khardalin /atakun fi sakhratin aupsamaudti au fit 
ardi ya'U bihallahu. Innallaha Lalifun Khabtr. 

{31 : 16) 

my dear Bon Lo ! thoiigh it, be b«t the weight of a grain 



502 

of mustard seed and thotagh it be in a rook or in the h©aveni 
orinthe earth, Allah will bring it forth. Verily AlUh 
ia rabtje and aware. 

40. AL-ALIYYU J-*J! 

Supreme and Highly Exalted. 

41. AL-KABIB £a-£fi 

Very Venerahle and Great, Who has no partnĕr or rival in 
Greatness. 

f 

42. AL-HAQQ (£S\ 

Whose exiatence is an undAiable truth and its denial by 
anybody makes no differenoe, 

<J ^ ^ ^jjoO-j U Olj j>JI yjk 4»! 0U tiWi 



DhaliJca bi-annall&ha hwwahhaqqu wa anna md yad ( una 
min dunihil-batilu xva arinallaha huwal ( aliyyut kahlr. 

{31 ; 30) 

"It is becauae Allah is the Reality and those whom 
they invoke heside Him are false and aleo that Allah is the 
Exalted and Great." 

43. AL-MUBEEN -w**iV* 



He who unravels and rindicates the truth. 

Gji J . . m^ ! J^ 1 >* «3»» ^ 1 M*sj 

W<t ya % alamuna annallaha huwalhaqqul mubln* 

{25 : 24) 



\ 




503 

"And they shall know that verily, AJlah He is the 
manifest Troth, 

44. AL-MAULA 'jjljl 

Supporter and Sustainer of the believera. The True 
«te*; One who meets all the needs of mankind. . 

4fi. AL-NASEER 

Helper and Stipporter of the believers. 

J^, V &.HOI OIj l>.l ^.JJI J r ^ SL, dUli ; 

(\\ *) - (^ 

DAaKto &van*aK5fca t«atfteHa<to*fta Smanutmannal 
k&firlna l&mauld lahum. (47 : 11) 

That ia beoause Allah is patron of those who believe and 
T&cause the disbelievers have no patron. 

>• « 

( VA^J») "• >J8-** 

FTa'atajtfft£ 6tWaft* hwwa'tna«fai«m/ani 'maJ mawM u>a 
mW»«rfr - (22 •' 78) 

And hold fast to AUah. He is your Proteotor, what a blessed 
Patron aad what a blessed Helper 1 

46, AL-KAREEM Ji^3f 

Magnanimous Forgivet and Magnanimous in Dealings, 



504 



Ya-ayyuhaUinsanu ma gharraka bi rabbikal karimal* 

ladhi khalaqaka Jasawwaka Ja-*adalaka fi ayyi turatin 

ma shda* rakkabak. W : 6-8) 

*'Q Man! What hath made thee careless.concerning Thy 
Lord the Bountiful; Who created thee, then fashioned, then 
proportioned thee* Into whatever form He willed, He 

oasteth thee, 

47 AL-GHANI u-sAJI 



Independent of all species of creatures and unmindful of them. 



48. AL-HAMEED X^J l 



Praiseworthy in Himself: Who needs no praiae or 

thanksgiving from any one. 

&» * ~t » " ** ^- ■ - - * -» jj*~- ** s * ■ -* * • * * ** 

;* «5»! uU jJ^ sj <-ijJ J& UJL» -j&a ^j 



<s' 



* • - 



<VJ u^) 



Wa man yaskkur fa-innamd yashkuru li-nafsihi wa man 
kajara fa-innallaha <jhanyyvn Karnld. {31 • 12) 

M Whosoever offers gratitude, he offers gratitude for his 
own good and whosoevcr refuseth Lo 1 Allah is Absolute 

and Praiseworthy". 



S05 
49. AL-QAWIYYU &£% 



Mighty, before whom no power mattors . 
50. ASH-SHADEED a*UJI 

Extr«nely striot Arraigner, whom nobody can dodge. 

•p «n »* •» *» «*- * m 

> * ,* j> ** | ff * • J * J\ } } + m m * \ 



•UiJl 



Ra-da f bi 3li firauna walladhlita min qablihim 
Kafaru hi-SyBtUUhi fa-akhadhahumulUhu bi^dkunubi- 
him. Innattaha qawiyyun shadtdul Hqdb, 

"Like the people of Pharaoh and those who preoeded them 
they denied signs of Allah; and Allah arraigned them for 
their Bins. Verily, AJlah is mighty Powerful, striot in 
chastisement". 

81. AR RAQEEB t^ijS\ 
Yigilant over the deeds atid affaira of Hia servantB. 

Innall&ha kdna alaikum rageeba. (4 : 1) 

Veriiy, Allah is watcMul orer yoa". 



«1 



52. AL-QAREEB 4i-^J'' 



Cloiest to Hia bondmen. 



53. AL-MUJIB L ^m'*fi 



Who entertains andgrants the prayers of.Hia bondmen. 

% mm •-» 9 * -I # # * * «* « - ^ ^ «* «* «* 

^loll i>a ^j»-! l»«-i.r* <i U ti* tf*V ^ U bl -> 



(M1 »yJI) . dto ISi 

Wa idha *a*alaka 'ibddi 1 anni fa inni qarib, Ujibu 
da 9 waiaddSi idha da 9 Sni. (2 : 186) 

"And when My bondmen ask you about Me; (tell them) I 
am oloseet to them; I reepond to the oall of the oaller the 
moment he oalls Me": 

Fastaghfiruhu thumma tubu ilaihi, Inna rabbi garibun 
mujib, 

"So ask His forgiveness and turn in repentenoe to Him. 
Surely, My Lord is near and reaponda (to the prayers)". 

54. AL-WAKIL 'jJjA 

Who boItcs the problems of His bondmen and meets their 
demands and reqnirements, One wbo undertakea to fulfil the 
wants of manktnd. 

(\Vf DI^p JT) ; j^-Jl p; 2»! £1 \jiUj 

WaqSlH ha&bunall&hii %oa ni*mal wakiL 

{3: 173) 

"And they said: Allah is sufficient for us, the best Sup- 
porter. 



607 



? » <•»-, 



56. AL.HASEEB s-*-f^ 

i ■ 

Who puts His bondmen to taak and thoroughly 
soratinisee all of thei* aotB and deeds. 

( ai *ui) o ui- C^ Jr ji oV ii 01 

InnaUSha kina c aW t«W* *Aai-tn-Aa*f6a. (* ■ *«) 

"Yerily, Altah callH for aocount eaoh and everything". 



J 



56. AL-JAMT ^LjJI 

Whowillreshape the body with it$ particles and gather 
all Hia bondmen* 

. Rabband innaka j&mi *unna$i U-yaumin Uraibajihi. 

{3:2) 

"0 our Lordl Surely Thou wilat gather mankind on the 
Day about whioh there is no doubt". 

57. AL-QADIR jidjT- 

Whohaa the cap&city and power to aooomplish erery* 
thing. 



oi j* &*** J« ^^ er* ^ ^ ou * ^^ 1 



r- ~» * v* 



Ayahmbul ins&nu an lan na ( 3ma f a izawah& t bal& 
qadirina 'ala an nuaawwiya ban4nahu* (76 : 3-4} 



608 



"Thinketh man that We shalt not aaaembleTiis bonea! 
Yea, verily yea. We are able to restore his very pores", 



58. AL-HAFEEZ iL^JSl 



Saviour of His bondmen from all oalamtties and hardahips. 



. ±^*^<f&tsiJ& 



f t 



Inna rabbi ( ala kulU 8hai~in*kafiz. 
Verily, My Lord is the Protector of everything'" 



j • _>»rf 



59, AL-MUQEET 

Hewhobas full power to apportion fair shares amotfg 
creaturea; the Suatainer. 

9 £ • - *■> | *■ I ?.**** 

o U-4-* ^ JT Jj» Al OBj 

-* jr ** * 

JPa kanallihu ( ala kulli shai4n muqlla.. 
"And God has the power to apportion a fair sbare to one 
andall". 

60. AL-WADUD *>>£ 

Who oherisbea bouudless love for His bondmen. 
6i AL-MAJEED £*-3 

Venerable and Dignified. 

( VM f ^') o -L>*Jl uM l J* **•>« -^ 1 -** 

FP a hu-wal ghafurul wadoodu dhul-'arahil majld. 

{85 : 14—15) 

"And He is the Forgiving, the Ioviag Lord of the throne of 
Glory". 



609 



62. ASH-SHAHEED i*£f 



Omnipreaent; Omnisoiently aware of ererything. 



Wall&hu <ala kutli shai-in-shahid. 
"And Allah is witness of ererything". 

68. AL-WAMTH ijtjjl 
ReaJ pwner of everything, whose owner*hip will nerer 

1&PB6* 

64. AL-MUHYI ^^Jl 

. Bestower of life upon Hie creation. 



ITa inna lanahnu riuhyt wa nomeetu wa nahnul 
warieu*. (i5 . 23) 

"And it ie We who grant life or make one suffer death 
and We alone are the Real Suooessor'-'. 

S5. AL-WALIYYU jjJl" 

Patron and Supporter of the belierera. 
68. AL-FATIR iilijT 

Oreator of eaoh and ertry thing in the Univene. 

i>Vlj UoJI j J, cji ^jYlj c^_j| j.\j 






Pitirat eamSwSti wal-ardi anta waliyyi jiddunya wal 
aihirah. f22 . j^ 



510 



^trlnl* h T nS ftQd tLe eartht Thou •* my 
«•ot«otor m the world and the Hereafter". 



67. ALMALIK djCjf 

1- 2? h" 1161 ° f ^^* befWe *»» •» are power. 

* * -*• -*• 

■tf#i« yaumiddin* . 
"Maater of the Day of Recompense». 

68. At-MUQTADIR jj £ j j\ 

aepe^::: 9 •° m * ~ "•*** *■ *- « «* „ 

; 69. AL-MALEEK d^_Ujf 

AH-PowerfuI King, 



• -' * • 

-•- • — s J. 






O _)4iw. 
"Verily, the God ■ fearing wi u diffe j, amrt 



*.«-•- 



70, AL^AWWAL . JjV t 

He who pre-etisted of .JJ the creations. 



511 



". AL-AKHI* SJ3l 



Wh ° Wi " 6Xiflt — «*« **■ - of the „hole creatioo , 
72. AL-ZAHiK i*LlLjf 

78. At-BATIN ^L^T 
Invi«ble aud Hidden from the ey«- 

»«/ «»«,«. «„, miru m r^ ^ 6m9 

"He » the P ri-«i,^ aod oatUv«g » m0 ng J^k i 
to all, » n d yet i n vieibl 6 ». ^ ' M * mfci * 

7*. AL.QAHIB ^Ujl" 



bondm©n . 



~» - * 



- M 



• ^ J^ >»L3l jjy 



r« 



Wa-huwal gahirtt fauq a 'ibadih. 
*** He coo.pteteiy domiQato<| H . f ^^^ 



75. ALKAFI ^j^J,- 



Who >Dffioes 
m«n. 



« Hi ffl8 elfto all the «eeds orHi. boao 




AAMn«U1.1 .«I 



512 
"Is.not Allah «ufficient by Himself for His bond men". 

76. ASH-SHAKIR 'jS^' 

Appreoiator of tke atruggle and deeda of Hia bondmen, 

0% m 0*9% + 4* + . 

Wa kanallahu shdkiran 'aUma, 
"And God is the Appreciator, All-Knowing'\ 



77; AL-MUSTA<XN oUlxl<jf 



The Bĕing from Whom help is aonght. 



*r 



1fa2I£A«{ mii*fa'£nift, 
And Allah is the only one from Whom help can be*ought'\ 



78. AL-BADEE* ^^1* 

Original Creator ; Unriralled Inventor 

MatohleaB Inventor of the heavens and tho earth" 
AL-GHAPIR ir*Ujf 

Fo*gise/ of flins. 

Qhafiridhdka,flbi Wa qabilit4aubi 
(, Forgiver of sin and Acceptor of repentance' 



513 



80. AL-H&KIM rf ^ 
Ruler over Hi* creation; The only Authority and Law- 



3iver, 



Inil hukmu illa lill&h, 
'Sorereigaty bolooga to Allah alone" 



8L ALGHALIB 






Hftving full authority and coraplote oonjii^l. 

•^ • - * * J| .. 
•<•*' J-* ^Ut <&Ij 

ITaKoAw ^A4Zt6ttw ( afcl atnnA* 
(, And Allah haa ooraplete oontrol ow Hit operation» 

$2* AL-HAKAM jlxijf 
Dispenser of full justioe. 

* •* + • *■*«*» 1 ^*.*.*^ 



»» 



Afgaqhair-allahi dbtaghi hakaman 
"And «o! Should I seek a judge beside Allah 



»r 




:cc .12121:31 



AJga^hair-allahi dbtaghi hakaman 
"And ao! Should I seek a judge besidt* Allah", 



83. AL-ALIM 



> -•- 



u 



514 

t 

(V: J*;i) . JU1J1 ^^CJi Sii^jtj v jji Up 

^K»n«J pAait» t«t*A*AoAadorri-itairr.«|.«i M <a' 1 JZ, 

{13: 9) 
Knower of tbe unseen and the manife B t, Great Exalted. 



85. AL-RAFP * * ' * 




Who eajoys the most lo% and Exalted ranka. 

*' * - - s >♦ _ 

Safi'uddarajSti dhui Arah 
"Of Eialted ranks, Lord of Throne". 

86. AL-HAFIZ JiiUJr 

Proteotor from oalamities and aooidonts. 

■ * - ■ ** - *% . 

■ . ljajl». j^. &\j 



FallShu khairun hajiia. 
"So, AUah is the Best Proteotor". 

87. AL-MUNTAQIM ,.» ' Jjj j 



oiHia Jraithiuh 



* - *•+*> • ^ 



ll^L^^j l^^l ^_aj| . GX ! U 



-*♦ * >• 

Fardaqomnd minalladhlna ajramil wa k&na Kaaaan 
'alaw<inaarulmo<minin. 



515 

"Then We wreaked vengeance on those who had committed 
o£Fences and it was ineumbent on us to support the 
believers, 

88. AL*QA*1M BIL QIST J»I»L *5l2f 

Who admimsters juatice and fairpUy. 

89. AL-ILAH iWT 



Deity, save whom none deserves devotion. 

Qaintan bilqist la il&ha illahit. 

"One and the only Deity who administers justice and 
fairplay." 



9 * li 



90. AL-HADI ^UJI 

■ Who guides to the right path, Sender of the Prophet and 
the Book. 

. pgSw kl^ J 1j-i*l ^JJI ^ -5il Dlj 

* ^ ^ - . .- ■ •* - 

i JFa anndllSha la-hSdilladhina amanu ila siratin 

musiaqfm, 

"Surely Allah guides those, who believe» on to the right 
path. 




I 

"Surely Allah guides those, who believe, on to the right 
path, 

91. AR-RAUF Jj/-lf 



(I 



516 
And AlUh ie Moit Beneficent to Hii bondmon". 



92. AN-NOOR jJj-JI 

Who illuminatea both the worlds; Source of Light 



Allihu n&rus aam&w&ti wal ardi. 
■'AHtth is the Light of Hearens and the Earth"* 

93, ALAKRAM ^jT^ 

Noble&nd Dignified; Mftgn*nimoti» in dealing nrith Hia 

bondmen. 

l^ra^toa rabbukal akramu. 
"*Read and your Lord ia Most BeneAcent". 

94. AL-'ALA Ji^ 

Paramount and Supreme. 

t • -# .# • * • * -» 

. J_p VI dU> p-l 

Sabbi-himA rabbiial a*al(i. 
Praise th« Name of your Supereme Lord 

85 AL-BARR — Jt 



i? 



Who show* favour to Hia creatures; MuniAeent to His 

bondmen. 



«I 



617 



Yerily, He is the Most Mnnifioent, Meratiil". 



96. AR-RAB vP' 

i 

Sustaioer and Guardian. He Who protecte from all 
dangeri and afford* all mean» of development to perfection; 
Lord; Master. 

**«■*■»* 

Al+hamdti lillahi rabbil 'alamln. 
"Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds'\ 



97. AL-HAFIYYU ^JI 

MoBt Mindful Benefactor of Hia creation. 

Innahu h&na bi hajiyyd 
"Truly, He is Most Kind towards me". 



98. AL-AHAD Ml 

Uuique, Unparallelled, Unrivalled,*Who has no equal. 

99. ASSAMAD ^S\ 

Independent, relying on none; upon Whom all are depen- 
deut, 

|j*. S ^i - * ~* *\ -* J . 

G^JAu walUhu ahad. All&h ue samad 

"Say, He ia Allah, the One Allah, The eternally beaought 
ofalP\ 



Prophetic Prayers 

at a Glance 



MemoriBe prayers inoorporated in the Holy Qur*an 
and Traditions whioh are meant to be uttered on varioua 
ocoasions and at different timings round the clook and oomme- 

morate them. Offer these prayera jegularly with sinoerity and 
underatanding, eageraess and conoentration and with oomplete 
devotion until these prayera and supplications^become the true 
yearnings of your heart. To beseech God, to beseeeh oon- 
y stantly f to beeeeoh in the worda inatruoted by God and beseeoh 

what has been besought by His Beloved people—this is the 
glory of the pious and this alone entails Graoe of Allah in both 
worlds, 

In pursuanoe of this ideal a seleotion of the prayers from 
the Qur r an and Traditiona have been inoorporated in this book. 
Since, howevĕr, these prayers are interspersed throughout the 
book under different headings in various chapters, the 
reader may find it rather difficult to trace them as and when 
needed for use or referenoe. Hence we are giving an index 
of these prayers, The prayers have been arranged in alphabeti* 
oal order with page numbers. 



518